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List of national parks of Pakistan

 

List of national parks of Pakistan

Pakistan has 29 protected areas known as national parks. As of 2012, 22 of these are under supervision of respective provincial governments and remaining are in private care.[1] Only some of these are under the conservation scope of IUCN. Protection and conservation of the environment of Pakistan was included in the concurrent constitution of 1973. As a result, Environment Protection Ordinance was enacted in 1983, which was mainly regulated by the Environment and Urban Affairs Division. Later, a new system of 'Modern Protected Areas' legislation began at the provincial level which assigned the protected areas with designations such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and game reserves. Further recommendations of the national parks of the Indomalaya ecozone were highlighted in the IUCN review of 1986.[2] Nevertheless, the development of national parks was mainly carried out by National Conservation Strategy of 1992. Due to more awareness about their importance in conservation of biodiversity, 10 national parks have been established during the time period from 1993 to 2005.[1]

According to the 'Modern Protected Areas' legislation, a national park is a protected area set aside by the government for the protection and conservation of its outstanding scenery and wildlife in a natural state. It is accessible to public for research, education and recreation. In order to promote public use, construction of roads and rest houses is permitted. Use of firearms, polluting water, cleaning of land for cultivation, destruction of wildlife is banned in these areas.[3] The oldest national park is Lal Suhanra in Bahawalpur District, established in 1972.[4] It is also the only biosphere reserve of Pakistan. Lal Suhanra is the only national park established before the independence of the nation in August 1947. The main purpose of this area was to protect the wildlife of Cholistan Desert.[3] Central Karakoram in Gilgit Baltistan is currently the largest national park in the country, spanning over a total approximate area of 1,390,100 hectares (3,435,011.9 acres). The smallest national park is the Ayub, covering a total approximate area of 931 hectares (2,300.6 acres).


National parks

National park Established Area District(s) Province Coordinates
Ayub
931 ha (2,301 acres)[5] Rawalpindi Punjab
Shandure-Phander National Park 2012[3] 3,312 ha (8,184 acres)[6] Ghizer Gilgit Baltistan
Broghil Valley 2010[7] 134,744 ha (332,960 acres)[7] Chitral Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Central Karakoram 1993[3] 1,390,100 ha (3,435,012 acres)[1] Gilgit and Skardu Gilgit Baltistan
Chinji 1987[3] 6,095 ha (15,061 acres)[1] Chakwal Punjab
Chitral Gol 1984[3] 7,750 ha (19,151 acres)[1] Chitral Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Deosai 1993[3] 358,400 ha (885,626 acres)[1] Skardu Gilgit Baltistan
Deva Vatala 2009[4] 2,993 ha (7,396 acres)[8] Bhimber Azad Kashmir
Ghamot 2004[9] 27,271 ha (67,388 acres)[8] Neelum Azad Kashmir
Gurez 2009[10] 52,815 ha (130,509 acres)[8] Neelum Azad Kashmir
Hazarganji-Chiltan 1980[3] 15,555 ha (38,437 acres)[1] Quetta Balochistan
Hingol 1988[3] 165,004 ha (407,734 acres)[1] Awaran, Gwadar
and Lasbela
Balochistan
K2
233,468 ha (576,912 acres)[11] Gilgit Gilgit Baltistan
Kala Chitta 2009[4] 36,965 ha (91,343 acres)[7] Attock Punjab
Khunjerab 1975[3] 226,913 ha (560,714 acres)[1] Gilgit Gilgit Baltistan
Kirthar 1974[3] 308,733 ha (762,896 acres)[1] Dadu Sindh
Lal Suhanra 1972[4] 87,426 ha (216,034 acres)[1] Bahawalpur Punjab
Lulusar-Dudipatsar 2003[3] 30,375 ha (75,058 acres)[3] Mansehra Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Machiara 1996[3] 13,532 ha (33,438 acres)[8] Muzaffarabad Azad Kashmir
Margalla Hills 1980[3] 17,386 ha (42,962 acres)[1] Rawalpindi Punjab
Murree-Kotli Sattian-Kahuta 2009[7] 57,581 ha (142,286 acres)[12] Rawalpindi Punjab ?
Pir Lasura 2005[3] 5,625 ha (13,900 acres)[1] Kotli Azad Kashmir
Poonch River Mahaseer 2010[7] 4,500 ha (11,120 acres)[7] Kotli, Mirpur and
Poonch
Azad Kashmir
Qurumber 2011[7] 74,000 ha (182,858 acres)[7] Ghizer Gilgit-Baltistan
Saiful Muluk 2003[3] 4,867 ha (12,027 acres)[3] Mansehra Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Sheikh Buddin 1993[3] 15,540 ha (38,400 acres)[1] Dera Ismail Khan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Toli Pir 2005[3] 5,045 ha (12,466 acres)[1] Poonch Azad Kashmir
Panjal Mastan 2005[3] 5,045 ha (12,466 acres)[1] Bagh District Azad Kashmir

Pictures

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Review of 'Protected Areas System' in Pakistan: Present status and problems concerning future development (Page 8, 9, 15)" (PDF). dergiler.ankara.edu.tr. Ankara University. 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Pakistan Protected Areas: Meeting Proceedings" (PDF). iucn.pk. IUCN, Pakistan. 1994. Retrieved September 29, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u "Country Report on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture – Pakistan" (PDF). parc.gov.pk. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Canadian Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, an international journal: Current issue (Number: 4, Volume: 2, June 2010) Online ISSN 1920-3853" (PDF). cjpas.net. SENRA Academic Publishers, Burnaby, British Columbia. 2010. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Ayub National Park". wdpa.org. World Database on protected Areas. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Improving Sub-Watershed Management and Environmental Awareness in the Ayubia National Park". wwf.panda.org. WWF -Pakistan. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "List of National Parks in Pakistan". pakwildlife.org. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Protected areas of AJK". forest.ajk.gov.pk. Government of Azad and Jammu Kashmir. 2009. Retrieved September 7, 2010. 
  9. ^ "(Fourth national report) Biodiversity of Pakistan: Status trends and threats" (PDF). cbd.int. Convention on Biological Diversity, International. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Musk Deer National Park, Guraiz (MDNPG) conflict: Who is responsible?". kashmirnewswatch.com. Kashmir News Watch. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  11. ^ "K2 National Park". wdpa.org. World Database on protected Areas. Retrieved September 8, 2010. 
  12. ^ """National Assembly Secretariat - "Questions for oral answers and their replies (PDF). cybervision.com. April 20, 2011. p. 26. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
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