List of nationality transfers in sport

This is a list of sports persons who have moved to compete for another country. Not included in this list are:

  • Players who could choose to play for a new country after the dissolution of their former country. This mainly affected players from the former Soviet Union, such as Viktor Onopko, and the former Yugoslavia, such as Davor Šuker.
  • Players who represented the country they moved to in childhood. Frequently, the home countries of such players are former colonies of their future countries (such as Patrick Vieira, born in Senegal but moved to France in childhood). Another example of such a player was Marcel Desailly, a Ghana-born player who was adopted in childhood by a French diplomat and raised in France.
  • Players who could have chosen to represent more than one country due to their birthplace, parentage, ancestry (i.e., at least one grandparent), and/or residence. Some notable examples:
  • However, players who actually represented one country, either at junior or senior level, before representing a second country are included, even if they qualify by ancestry. For example:


  • Alpine skiing 1
  • Archery 2
  • Athletics 3
  • Auto racing 4
  • Badminton 5
  • Baseball 6
  • Basketball 7
  • Biathlon 8
  • Bobsleigh 9
  • Boxing 10
  • Bridge 11
  • Canoeing 12
  • Chess 13
  • Cricket 14
  • Cue sports 15
  • Curling 16
  • Cycling 17
  • Diving 18
  • Draughts 19
  • Equestrianism 20
  • Fencing 21
  • Field hockey 22
  • Figure skating 23
  • Football (soccer) 24
  • Freestyle skiing 25
  • Gymnastics 26
  • Handball 27
  • Ice hockey 28
  • Judo 29
  • Lawn Bowls 30
  • Luge 31
  • Motorcycling 32
  • Netball 33
  • Nordic skiing 34
  • Rowing 35
  • Rugby League 36
  • Rugby Union 37
  • Sailing 38
  • Shooting 39
  • Short track speed skating 40
  • Skeleton 41
  • Ski orienteering 42
  • Snowboarding 43
  • Softball 44
  • Speed skating 45
  • Squash 46
  • Surfing 47
  • Swimming 48
  • Table tennis 49
  • Taekwondo 50
  • Tennis 51
  • Triathlon 52
  • Volleyball 53
  • Wakeboarding 54
  • Water polo 55
  • Weightlifting 56
  • Wrestling 57
  • Notes 58

Alpine skiing

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Kilian Albrecht  Austria[1]  Bulgaria
Katrin Gutensohn  Austria  Germany
Elfi Eder  Austria  Grenada
Marc Girardelli  Austria  Luxembourg
Sascha Gritsch  Italy  Moldova
Urs Imboden   Switzerland  Moldova
Christophe Roux   Switzerland  Moldova
Christa Kinshofer  Germany  Netherlands
Mirko Deflorian  Italy  Moldova
Alexandra Coletti  Italy  Monaco
Alessia Dipol  India  Togo


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Natalia Valeeva  Moldova  Italy
Natalia Nasaridze  Soviet Union  Turkey


See List of nationality transfers in athletics

Auto racing

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Jochen Rindt  Germany  Austria
Bertrand Gachot  France  Belgium
Nelson Piquet, Jr.  Germany  Brazil
Gino Bianco  Italy  Brazil
Gil de Ferran  France  Brazil
Bertrand Gachot  Luxembourg  France
Darryl O'Young  Canada  Hong Kong
Ralph Firman  United Kingdom  Ireland
Chris Alajajian  Australia  Lebanon


Jimmy Auby  South Africa  Lebanon
Alex Khateeb  United Kingdom  Lebanon
Allam Khodair  Brazil  Lebanon


Daniel Morad  Canada  Lebanon
Graham Rahal  United States  Lebanon

 United States

Rikky von Opel  Germany  Liechtenstein
Robert Doornbos  Netherlands  Monaco


Adam Khan  United Kingdom  Pakistan
Enrico Toccacelo  Italy  Pakistan  Italy
Toulo de Graffenried  France   Switzerland
Andreas Zuber  Austria  United Arab Emirates
Mario Andretti  Italy  United States
Herbert MacKay-Fraser  Brazil  United States
Roberto Guerrero  Colombia  United States



Name of athlete From nation To nation
Pi Hongyan  China  France
Xu Huaiwen  China  Germany
Mia Audina  Indonesia  Netherlands
Yao Jie  China  Netherlands
Xin Xu Bing  China  Spain


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Alex Rodriguez  United States  Dominican Republic
Mike Piazza  United States  Italy
Rod Barajas  United States  Mexico
Jerry Hairston Jr  United States  Mexico
Scott Hairston  United States  Mexico
Augie Ojeda  United States  Mexico
Sharnol Adriana  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Ivanon Coffie  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Yurendell DeCaster  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Chairon Isenia  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Andruw Jones  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Jair Jurrjens  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Eugene Kingsale  Aruba  Netherlands
Calvin Maduro  Aruba  Netherlands
Diegomar Markwell  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Shairon Martis  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Hensley Meulens  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Sidney Ponson  Aruba  Netherlands
Randall Simon  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Hainley Statia  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Cal Bruton  United States  Australia
Ricky Grace  United States  Australia
Darryl McDonald  United States  Australia
D.J. Mbenga  Democratic Republic of the Congo  Belgium
Henry Domercant  United States  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Priest Lauderdale  United States  Bulgaria
Noelle Quinn  United States  Bulgaria
Maurice Whitfield  United States  Czech Republic
Howard Carter  United States  France
Luol Deng  Sudan  Great Britain ( England)
Shammond Williams  United States  Georgia
Marko Pešić  Serbia  Germany
Teoman Öztürk  Turkey  Germany
Mithat Demirel  Turkey  Germany
Michael Jackel  Canada  Germany
Chris Kaman  United States  Germany
Nick Galis  United States  Greece
Tal Brody  United States  Israel
Derrick Sharp  United States  Israel
Mike D'Antoni  United States  Italy
Gregor Fučka  Slovenia  Italy
Carlton Myers  United Kingdom ( England)  Italy
Mason Rocca  United States  Italy
Rasheim Wright  United States  Jordan
Chantelle Anderson  United States  Lebanon
Sam Hoskin  United States  Lebanon
Joe Vogel  United States  Lebanon
Jackson Vroman  United States  Lebanon
Frank Lubin  United States  Lithuania
Jeremiah Massey  United States  Macedonia
Ryan Stack  United States  Macedonia
Omar Cook  United States  Montenegro
Chris McGuthrie  United States  Netherlands
Chris Mims  United States  Netherlands
David Logan  United States  Poland
Jeff Nordgaard  United States  Poland
Becky Hammon  United States  Russia
J. R. Holden  United States  Russia
Kelly McCarty  United States  Russia
Ariel McDonald  United States  Slovenia
Wayne Brabender  United States  Spain
Juan Domingo de la Cruz  Argentina  Spain
Charles Kornegay  United States  Spain
Clifford Luyk  United States  Spain
Johnny Rogers  United States  Spain
Chicho Sibilio  Dominican Republic  Spain
Mike Smith  United States  Spain
Warner Nattiel  United States  Switzerland
Rasim Başak  Azerbaijan  Turkey
Mirsad Türkcan  Yugoslavia  Turkey
Asım Pars  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Turkey
Ermal Kurtoğlu  Albania  Turkey
Korel Engin  United States  Turkey
Reque Newsome  United States  Uruguay
Hakeem Olajuwon  Nigeria  United States


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Elena Khrustaleva  Russia  Belarus
Natalya Sokolova  Russia  Belarus
Olena Zubrilova  Ukraine  Belarus
Nathalie Santer-Bjørndalen  Italy  Belgium
Elena Khrustaleva  Belarus  Kazakhstan
Anastasiya Kuzmina  Russia  Slovakia
Jakov Fak  Croatia  Slovenia
Alexei Aidarov  Belarus  Ukraine


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Lascelles Brown  Jamaica  Canada
César Gonzalez  Dominican Republic  Netherlands
Damjan Zlatnar  Slovenia  Serbia


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Naoufel Ben Rabah  Tunisia  Australia
Kostya Tszyu  Russia  Australia
Vardan Zakaryan  Armenia  Germany
Dariusz Michalczewski  Poland  Germany
David Diaz  United States  Mexico
Robert Guerrero  United States  Mexico
José Nápoles  Cuba  Mexico
Sugar Ramos  Cuba  Mexico
Brandon Rios  United States  Mexico
Fernando Vargas  United States  Mexico
Miguel Dias  Cape Verde  Netherlands
Richel Hersisia  Netherlands Antilles  Netherlands
Hüsnü Koçabas  Turkey  Netherlands
Orhan Delibaş  Turkey  Netherlands
David Ayrapetyan  Armenia  Russia
Juan Díaz  Mexico  United States
Andrew Golota  Poland  United States


Parenthetical datespans such as (1935–1937) or (1935–1935) report first and last representative appearances in World and European championship tournaments, according to the World Bridge Federation and European Bridge League shared database (WBF People Finder or EBL Player Lookup). This list does not cover, say, US immigrant participation in United States Bridge Championships competition to determine US representatives—so to speak, transfers of national eligibility not consummated by play as national representatives.

Single dates imply one known representative international appearance, such as one-time play in the now-biennial Bermuda Bowl tournament.[2]

Player name From nation To nation
Markus, RixiRixi Markus[3]  Austria   (1935–1937) Great Britain   (1951–1976)
Décsi, LászlóLászló Décsi[4]  Hungary   (1934–1936)  Brazil   (1955 1964)
Rosenberg, MichaelMichael Rosenberg[5]  Scotland
Great Britain   (1978)
 USA (1992 2013)
Lev, SamSam Lev[6]  Israel   (1975 1987)  USA   (1993 2008)
Mahmood, ZiaZia Mahmood[7]  Pakistan   (1980 1992)  USA   (1997 2009)
Fallenius, BjörnBjörn Fallenius[8]  Sweden   (1982–2000, 2010)  USA   (2004)
Molson, MarkMark Molson[9]  Canada   (1984–1995)  USA   (2005)
Hampson, GeoffGeoff Hampson[10]  Canada   (1991–1993)  USA   (2005)
Gitelman, FredFred Gitelman[11]  Canada   (1991–2002)  USA (2005 2011)
Multon, FranckFranck Multon[12]  France   (1986–2009?)[13]  Monaco   (2012–2014)[14]
Fantoni, FulvioFulvio Fantoni[15]  Italy   (1986–2009)  Monaco   (2012–2014)[14]
Nunes, ClaudioClaudio Nunes[16]  Italy   (1988–2009)  Monaco   (2012–2014)[14]
Helgemo, GeirGeir Helgemo[17]  Norway   (1988–2008)  Monaco   (2012–2014)[14]
Helness, TorTor Helness[18]  Norway   (1979–2008)  Monaco   (2012–2014)[14]
Gordon, FritziFritzi Gordon[19]  Austria Great Britain   (1950–1976)
Koytchou, BorisBoris Koytchou[20]  France  USA   (1957)
Rosenkranz, George [21]  Hungary  Mexico   (1972–1996)
 USA   (1983)
Zogheb, Loula deLoula de Zogheb[22]  Egypt   Switzerland   (1983)
Levitina, IrinaIrina Levitina[23]  Soviet Union  USA   (1996–2013)
Zimmermann, PierrePierre Zimmermann[24]   Switzerland  Monaco   (2012–2014)[14]
 France 2009?[13]
Truscott, AlanAlan Truscott[25] Great Britain   (1958–1962)  USA (npc Bermuda, Brazil)
Garozzo, BenitoBenito Garozzo[26]  Italy   (1961–1985, ^2005)  USA
Shivdasani, JaggyJaggy Shivdasani[27]  India   (1984–1988)  USA
Pszczoła, JacekJacek Pszczoła[28]  Poland   (1990–2002)  USA   (coach 2005 2008)


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Sergiy Bezugliy  Ukraine  Azerbaijan
Valentin Demyanenko  Ukraine  Azerbaijan
Maksym Prokopenko  Ukraine  Azerbaijan
Kristian Dushev  Bulgaria
Mićo Janić  Yugoslavia  Croatia
Stjepan Janić  Yugoslavia  Croatia
Babak Amir-Tahmasseb  Iran  France
Michael Kolganov  Uzbekistan  Israel
Josefa Idem  Germany  Italy
Natasa Dusev-Janics  Yugoslavia  Hungary
Michał Śliwiński  Ukraine  Poland
Marcel Glavan  Romania  Spain
Sebástian Cuattrin  Argentina  Brazil
Benjamin Boukpeti  France  Togo
Benoît Peschier  France  Greece
Dalma Ružičić-Benedek  Hungary  Serbia
Krisztina Bedocs  Hungary  Serbia
Olimpia Dusheva  Turkey  Serbia
Fabien Lefèvre  France  United States


See List of nationality transfers in chess


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Kepler Wessels[29]  South Africa  Australia
 South Africa
Jonathan Trott  South Africa  England
Craig Kieswetter  South Africa  England
Grant Elliott  South Africa[30]  New Zealand
Kruger van Wyk  South Africa[30]  New Zealand
Neil Wagner  South Africa  New Zealand
Andre Botha  South Africa  Ireland
Luke Ronchi  Australia  New Zealand
Thinus Fourie  South Africa  Ireland
Reinhardt Strydom  South Africa  Ireland
Albert van der Merwe  South Africa  Ireland
Max Sorensen  South Africa  Ireland
Jan Stander  South Africa  Scotland
Dewald Nel  South Africa  Scotland
Ryan Watson  South Africa  Scotland
Neil Carter  South Africa  Scotland
Bernard Loots  South Africa  Netherlands
Wesley Barresi  South Africa  Netherlands
Bradley Kruger  South Africa  Netherlands
Eric Szwarczynski  South Africa  Netherlands
Alexei Kervezee  South Africa  Netherlands
Stephan Myburgh  South Africa  Netherlands
John Traicos  South Africa  Rhodesia
Anderson Cummins  Barbados ( West Indies)  Canada
Amjad Khan  Denmark  England
Ed Joyce  Ireland  England
Eoin Morgan  Ireland  England
Jeremy Bray  Australia  Ireland
Trent Johnston  Australia  Ireland
Dave Langford-Smith  Australia  Ireland
Flavian Aponso  Sri Lanka  Netherlands
Peter Cantrell  Australia  Netherlands
Peter Borren  New Zealand  Netherlands
Balaji Rao  India  Canada
Rizwan Cheema  Pakistan  Canada
Nolan Clarke  Barbados ( West Indies)  Netherlands
Adeel Raja  Pakistan  Netherlands
Sammy Guillen  Trinidad and Tobago ( West Indies)  New Zealand
Dipak Patel  England  New Zealand
Roger Twose  England  New Zealand
Paul Hoffmann  Australia  Scotland
Faoud Bacchus  Guyana ( West Indies)  United States
Clayton Lambert  Guyana ( West Indies)  United States

Cue sports

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Stefan Mazrocis  England  Netherlands
Stefan Mazrocis  Netherlands  England


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Shari Leibbrandt-Demmon  Canada  Netherlands
Lars Vågberg  Sweden  Norway


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Andreas Mueller  Germany  Austria
Christiane Soeder  Germany  Austria
Elena Tchalykh  Russia  Azerbaijan
Igor Abakoumov  Belarus  Belgium
Pino Cerami  Italy  Belgium
Andrei Tchmil  Moldova  Belgium
David Boucher  France  Belgium
Marion Clignet  United States  France
Zolt Der  Serbia  Hungary
Jaanus Kuum  Soviet Union  Norway
Linda Villumsen  Denmark  New Zealand
Daniel Caluag  United States  Philippines
Steffen Wesemann  Germany   Switzerland
Sergey Lagutin  Uzbekistan  Russia
Guido Trenti  Italy  United States
Chris Froome  Kenya  United Kingdom


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Irina Lashko  Russia  Australia


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Alexander Baljakin  Belarus  Netherlands


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Rodrigo Pessoa  France  Brazil
Jos Lansink  Netherlands  Belgium
Samantha McIntosh  United Kingdom  Bulgaria
Franke Sloothaak  Netherlands  Germany
Meredith Michaels-Beerbaum  United States  Germany
Jessica Kürten  United Kingdom  Ireland
Santiago Lambre  Brazil  Mexico
Sven Rothenberger  Germany  Netherlands
Susan de Kleine  Netherlands  Netherlands Antilles
Eddy Stibbe  Netherlands  Netherlands Antilles
Jean-Claude Vangeenberghe  Belgium  Ukraine
Björn Nagel  Germany  Ukraine
Katharina Offel  Greece  Ukraine
Phillip Dutton  Australia  United States


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Luan Jujie  China  Canada
Igor Tikhomirov  Russia  Canada
Hajnalka Kiraly-Picot  Hungary  France

Field hockey

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Gaby Garreta  Argentina  Belgium
Vitali Kholopov  Belarus  Belgium
Tom Green  South Africa  Canada
Marilyn Agliotti  South Africa  Netherlands
Laurence Docherty  Scotland  Netherlands
Amjad Zia  Pakistan  United States

Figure skating

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Vazgen Azrojan (2)  Russia  Armenia
Samuel Gezalian (2)  Germany  Armenia
Tom Nutley (2)  United Kingdom  United States
Anastasia Grebenkina  Russia  Armenia
Evgeni Borounov (2)  Lithuania  Australia
Anthony Liu  China  Australia
Alexander Pavlov  Russia  Australia
Dmitri Matsjuk  Ukraine  Austria
Barbora Silná  Czech Republic  Austria
David Vincour (1)  Czech Republic  Austria
Barbara Hanley  Latvia  Azerbaijan
Alexandr Kirsanov (1)  Russia  Azerbaijan
Igor Lukanin (2)  Germany  Azerbaijan
Igor Pashkevich  Russia  Azerbaijan
Daria Timoshenko  Russia  Azerbaijan
Sergei Davydov  Russia  Belarus
Tatiana Navka (1)  Ukraine  Belarus
Julia Sheremet  Russia  Belarus
Julia Soldatova (1)  Russia  Belarus
Juri Kurakin  Estonia  Bulgaria
Maxim Shabalin (1)  Russia  Bulgaria
David DeFazio (1)  United States  Canada
Egor Golovkin  Russia  Canada
Victor Kraatz  Germany  Canada
Justin Lanning  United Kingdom  Canada
Arseni Markov  Russia  Canada
Piper Gilles  United States  Canada
Jessica Miller  United States  Canada
Utako Wakamatsu  Japan  Canada
Kaitlyn Weaver  United States  Canada
Jennifer Don  United States  Chinese Taipei
Annette Dytrt (1)  Germany  Czech Republic
David Vincour (2)  Austria  Czech Republic
Diana Rennik  Russia  Estonia
Florent Amodio  Brazil  France
Marina Anissina  Russia  France
Paul Duchesnay  Canada  France
Isabelle Duchesnay  Canada  France
Vanessa James (2)  United Kingdom  France
Ekaterina Zaikina  Russia  Georgia
Annette Dytrt (2)  Czech Republic  Germany
Samuel Gezalian (1)  Belarus  Germany
Igor Lukanin (1)  Russia  Germany
Aljona Sawtschenko  Ukraine  Germany
Andrejs Vlascenko  Soviet Union/ Latvia  Germany
Nelli Zhiganshina  Russia  Germany
Benjamin Blum  United States  Germany
Ashley Foy  United States  Germany
Ekaterina Zaikina  Russia  Georgia
Eric Neumann-Aubichon  Canada  Greece
Christa-Elizabeth Goulakos  Canada  Greece
Maria-Elena Papasotiriou  United States  Greece
Katherine Hadford  United States  Hungary
Ami Parekh  United States  India
Vadim Akolzin  Russia  Israel
Tamar Katz  United States  Israel
Sergei Kotov  Ukraine  Israel
Sergei Sakhnovski  Soviet Union  Israel
Roman Serov  Russia  Israel
Julia Shapiro  Russia  Israel
Michael Shmerkin  Soviet Union/ Russia  Israel
Fedor Sokolov  Azerbaijan  Israel
Ekaterina Sokolova  Azerbaijan  Israel
Jenna Syken  United States  Israel
Diane Gerencser   Switzerland  Italy
Ondřej Hotárek  Czech Republic  Italy
Rinat Farkhoutdinov  Russia  Japan
Alexander Markuntsov  Russia  Japan
Yuri Razguliaiev (1)  Uzbekistan  Japan
Chris Reed  United States  Japan
Cathy Reed  United States  Japan
Alexei Tikhonov (1)  Soviet Union  Japan
Yelena Berezhnaya (1)  Russia  Latvia
Yuri Razguliaiev (2)  Japan  Latvia
Evgeni Borounov (1)  Russia  Lithuania
Katherine Copley  United States  Lithuania
Nicolette Amie House  United States  Lithuania
Clover Zatzman  United States  Lithuania
Laura Munana  United States  Mexico
Luke Munana  United States  Mexico
Emily Naphtal  United States  Mexico
Sonja Mugoša  Serbia  Montenegro
Melissa Bulanhagui  United States  Philippines
Victoria Muniz  United States  Puerto Rico
Maria Bińczyk  Germany  Poland
Laura Czarnotta  Germany  Poland
Dmitri Khromin  Russia  Poland
Vazgen Azrojan (1)  Ukraine  Russia
Yelena Berezhnaya (2)  Latvia  Russia
Julia Soldatova (2)  Belarus  Russia
Yuko Kawaguchi  Japan  Russia
Tatiana Navka (2)  Belarus  Russia
Julia Obertas  Ukraine  Russia
Tatiana Volosozhar  Ukraine  Russia
Maxim Shabalin (2)  Bulgaria  Russia
Alexei Tikhonov (2)  Japan  Russia
Kate Louise Bagnall  United Kingdom  Serbia
Demid Rokachev   Switzerland  Serbia
Melania Albea   Switzerland  Spain
Taras Rajec  Ukraine  Slovakia
Nikola Višňová  Czech Republic  Slovakia
David DeFazio (2)  Canada   Switzerland
Jocelyn Ho  Canada  Chinese Taipei
Charissa Tansomboon  United States  Thailand
Victoria Maxiuta  Russia  Ukraine
Vitaliy Baranov  Ukraine  United Kingdom
Vanessa James (1)  Canada  United Kingdom
Daniil Barantsev  Russia  United States
Tanith Belbin  Canada  United States
Oleg Fediukov  Russia  United States
Mathew Gates  United Kingdom  United States
Kyoko Ina  Japan  United States
Rena Inoue  Japan  United States
Alexandr Kirsanov (2)  Azerbaijan  United States
Chuen-Gun Lee  South Korea  United States
Sergei Magerovski  Russia  United States
Denis Petukhov  Russia  United States
Vasily Serkov  Latvia  United States
Gorsha Sur  Soviet Union  United States
Peter Tchernyshev  Russia  United States
Tatiana Malinina  Russia  Uzbekistan
Alexander Shakalov  Ukraine  Uzbekistan
Trifun Živanović  United States  Yugoslavia

Football (soccer)

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Adrien Mbome  Cambodia  France
Koldo  Spain  Andorra
Sebastián Gómez  Uruguay  Andorra
Carlos Peppe  Uruguay  Andorra
Hiraç Yagan  Belgium  Armenia
Marcos Pizzelli  Brazil  Armenia
Apoula Edel  Cameroon  Armenia
Nikita Rukavytsya  Ukraine  Australia
Ivica Vastić  Croatia  Austria
Badri Kvaratskhelia  Georgia  Azerbaijan
Andrezinho  Brazil  Azerbaijan
Ernani Pereira  Brazil  Azerbaijan
Fábio  Brazil  Azerbaijan
Leandro Gomes  Brazil  Azerbaijan
Marcos  Brazil  Azerbaijan
Sergei Sokolov  Russia  Azerbaijan
Aleksandr Chertoganov  Ukraine  Azerbaijan
Branimir Subašić  Serbia  Azerbaijan
Igor de Camargo  Brazil  Belgium
Luis Oliveira  Brazil  Belgium
Luis Cristaldo  Argentina  Bolivia
Gustavo Quinteros  Argentina  Bolivia
Carlos Trucco  Argentina  Bolivia
Alex da Rosa  Brazil  Bolivia
Edivaldo Hermoza  Brazil  Bolivia
Pablo Escobar  Paraguay  Bolivia
Ricardo Baiano  Brazil  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Dialiba Diabang Boubacar  Senegal  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Mirko Hrgović  Croatia  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ivan Radeljić  Croatia  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ivan Lendrić  Croatia  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tiago Silva[31]  Brazil  Bulgaria
Lúcio Wagner  Brazil  Bulgaria
Benoît Assou-Ekotto  France  Cameroon
Sébastien Bassong  France  Cameroon
Ali Gerba  Cameroon  Canada
Tomasz Radzinski  Poland  Canada
Oscar Fabbiani  Argentina  Chile
Matías Fernández  Argentina  Chile
Daniel Morón  Argentina  Chile
Marcos González  Brazil  Chile
Jorge Valdivia  Venezuela  Chile
Alfredo Di Stéfano  Argentina  Colombia
Alexandre Guimarães  Brazil  Costa Rica
Victor Núñez  Dominican Republic  Costa Rica
Eduardo  Brazil  Croatia
Shabani Nonda  Burundi  Democratic Republic of the Congo
Alfredo Esteves  Portugal  East Timor
Marcelo Elizaga  Argentina  Ecuador
Ariel Graziani  Argentina  Ecuador
Javier Klimowicz  Argentina  Ecuador
Marcelo Fleitas  Uruguay  Ecuador
Nildeson  Brazil  El Salvador
Williams Reyes  Honduras  El Salvador
Alexandre de Oliveira Honorato  Brazil  Equatorial Guinea
Átila and André Neles  Brazil  Equatorial Guinea
Danilo  Brazil  Equatorial Guinea
Daniel Martins  Brazil  Equatorial Guinea
Fernando  Brazil  Equatorial Guinea
Ronan  Brazil  Equatorial Guinea
Ibrahim Agbo  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Christian Bon  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Viera Ellong  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Thierry Fidjeu  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Samuel Itondo  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Francis Mbome  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Martial Mpilé  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Lucien Moutassie  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Jean-Maxime Ndongo  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Achille Pensy  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Valéry Tenfa  Cameroon  Equatorial Guinea
Rui  Cape Verde Spain  Equatorial Guinea
Fousseny Kamissoko  Ivory Coast  Equatorial Guinea
Ben Konaté  Ivory Coast  Equatorial Guinea
Fernelly Castillo  Colombia  Equatorial Guinea
Rolan de la Cruz  Colombia  Equatorial Guinea
Danny Quendambú  Colombia  Equatorial Guinea
Anatole Ngamukol  France  Equatorial Guinea
Oscar Amoabeng  Ghana  Equatorial Guinea
Seth Appiah Larbi  Ghana  Equatorial Guinea
Lawrence Doe  Liberia  Equatorial Guinea
Daniel Ekedo  Nigeria  Equatorial Guinea
Kelvin Onosiughe  Nigeria  Equatorial Guinea
Oscar Ferreira  Paraguay  Equatorial Guinea
Mamadou Baldé  Senegal  Equatorial Guinea
Birama Diop  Senegal  Equatorial Guinea
Abdoulaye Ndoye  Senegal  Equatorial Guinea
Yago  Spain Ivory Coast  Equatorial Guinea
Jean-Alain Boumsong  Cameroon  France
Guy Tchingoma  Republic of the Congo  Gabon
Cacau  Brazil  Germany
Podolski  Poland  Germany
Paulo Rink  Brazil  Germany
Marko Marin  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Germany
André Ayew  France  Ghana
Kevin-Prince Boateng  Germany  Ghana
Denilson Costa  Brazil  Honduras
Cristiano Cordeiro  Brazil  Hong Kong
Gerard Ambassa Guy  Cameroon  Hong Kong
Leandro  Brazil  Hungary
Cristian Gonzáles  Uruguay  Indonesia
Roberto Colautti  Argentina  Israel
Raimundo Orsi  Argentina  Italy
Luis Monti  Argentina  Italy
Enrique Guaita  Argentina  Italy
Attilio Demaria  Argentina  Italy
Mauro Camoranesi  Argentina  Italy
Dino da Costa  Brazil  Italy
Anfilogino Guarisi (Filó)  Brazil  Italy
José Altafini  Brazil  Italy
Angelo Sormani  Brazil  Italy
Thiago Motta  Brazil  Italy
Alcides Ghiggia  Uruguay  Italy
Juan Schiaffino  Uruguay  Italy
Alex  Brazil  Japan
Wagner Lopes  Brazil  Japan
Ruy Ramos  Brazil  Japan
Túlio  Brazil  Japan
Andrejs Perepļotkins  Ukraine  Latvia
Luís Fernandez  Brazil  Lebanon
Marcílio  Brazil  Lebanon
Gilberto dos Santos  Brazil  Lebanon
Jadir Morgenstern  Brazil  Lebanon
Newtom  Brazil  Lebanon
Luis de Agustini  Uruguay  Libya
Udo Nwoko  Nigeria  Malta
Antonio Battaglia  Argentina  Mexico
Alfredo Acosta  Argentina  Mexico
Carlos Blanco  Argentina  Mexico
Carlos Lara  Argentina  Mexico
Guillermo Franco  Argentina  Mexico
Gabriel Caballero  Argentina  Mexico
Lucas Ayala  Argentina  Mexico
Vicente Matías Vuoso  Argentina  Mexico
Antônio Naelson  Brazil  Mexico
Leandro Augusto  Brazil  Mexico
Felipe Zetter  Chile  Mexico
Antonio Hütt  Costa Rica  Mexico
Joaquín Urguiaga  Spain  Mexico
Lorenzo Camarena  Spain  Mexico
José López Herranz  Spain  Mexico
Julio Lores  Peru  Mexico
Vladimir Volkov  Serbia  Montenegro
Jonathan de Guzmán  Canada  Netherlands
Zesh Rehman  England  Pakistan[32]
Demitrius Omphroy  United States  Panama[33]
Pablo Abdala  Argentina  Palestine
Alejandro Naif  Argentina  Palestine
Roy Wegerle  South Africa  United States
Edgardo Abdala  Chile  Palestine
Roberto Bishara  Chile  Palestine
Roberto Kettlun  Chile  Palestine
Hernán Madrid  Chile  Palestine
Bruno Pesce  Chile  Palestine
Leonardo Zamora  Chile  Palestine
Roberto Acuña  Argentina  Paraguay
Néstor Ortigoza  Argentina  Paraguay
Ricardo Ismael Rojas  Argentina  Paraguay
Ramón Quiroga  Argentina  Peru
Jerry Lucena  Denmark  Philippines[34]
Neil Etheridge  England  Philippines[35]
Demitrius Omphroy  Panama  Philippines[36]
Stephan Schröck  Germany  Philippines[37]
Ray Anthony Jónsson  Iceland  Philippines[38]
Roger Guerreiro  Brazil  Poland
Emmanuel Olisadebe  Nigeria  Poland
Deco  Brazil  Portugal
Liédson  Brazil  Portugal
Pepe  Brazil  Portugal
Eusébio[39]  Mozambique  Portugal
Nuno[39]  São Tomé and Príncipe  Portugal
Emerson  Brazil  Qatar
Fábio César  Brazil  Qatar
Marcone  Brazil  Qatar
Lawrence Quaye  Ghana  Qatar
Sebastián Soria  Uruguay  Qatar
Akhrik Tsveiba   Abkhazia  Russia
Mukhsin Mukhamadiev  Tajikistan  Russia
Yuri Nikiforov  Ukraine  Russia
Oleg Salenko  Ukraine  Russia
Ilia Tsymbalar  Ukraine  Russia
Andy Selva  Italy  San Marino
Zdravko Kuzmanović   Switzerland  Serbia[40]
Neven Subotić  United States  Serbia[41]
Aleksandar Đurić  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Singapore
Egmar Goncalves  Brazil  Singapore
Paulino Alcántara  Philippines[42]  Spain
Mariano Pernía  Argentina  Spain
Juan Antonio Pizzi  Argentina  Spain
Alfredo Di Stéfano  Argentina Colombia  Spain
Catanha  Brazil  Spain
Diego Costa  Brazil  Spain
Marcos Senna  Brazil  Spain
Donato Gama da Silva  Brazil  Spain
Julio Álvarez  Venezuela  Spain
Fernando Amorebieta  Venezuela  Spain
Jeffrén Suárez  Venezuela  Spain
Tobias Linderoth  France  Sweden
Henri Siqueira  Brazil   Switzerland
Bill  Brazil  Togo
Cris  Brazil  Togo
Fabinho  Brazil  Togo
Fábio  Brazil  Togo
Hamílton  Brazil  Togo
Mikimba  Brazil  Togo
Eloge Ahodikpé  France  Togo
Ludovic Assemoassa  France  Togo
Floyd and Jonathan Ayité  France  Togo
Thomas Dossevi  France  Togo
Christophe Grondin  France Madagascar  Togo
Alaixys Romao  France  Togo
Yao Mawuko Sènaya  France  Togo
Éric Akoto  Ghana  Togo
Richmond Forson  Ghana  Togo
Emmanuel Mathias  Nigeria  Togo
Jose Luis Seabra  Brazil  Trinidad and Tobago
José Clayton  Brazil  Tunisia
Francileudo Santos  Brazil  Tunisia
Mehmet Aurélio  Brazil  Turkey
Andriy Khomyn  Ukraine  Turkmenistan
Pablo Mastroeni  Argentina  United States
Alex Ely  Brazil  United States
Benny Feilhaber  Brazil  United States
Carlos Metidieri  Brazil  United States
Jorge Siega  Brazil  United States
Joe Gaetjens  Haiti  United States
Preki  Yugoslavia  United States
Oleksandr Aliyev  Russia  Ukraine
Aleksei Bakharev  Russia  Ukraine
Marko Dević  Serbia  Ukraine
Artem Milevskiy  Belarus  Ukraine
Massimo Margiotta  Italy  Venezuela[43]
Fábio dos Santos  Brazil  Vietnam
Shane Duffy  Northern Ireland  Ireland
Darron Gibson  Northern Ireland  Ireland
Marc Wilson  Northern Ireland  Ireland
James McClean  Northern Ireland  Ireland
Aiden McGeady  Scotland  Ireland

Freestyle skiing

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Dale Begg-Smith  Canada  Australia


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Ágnes Keleti  Hungary  Australia
Anna Dogonadze  Georgia  Germany
Donghua Li  China   Switzerland
Katia Pisetsky  Ukraine  Israel
Anna Pobokova  Russia  Netherlands
Anna Pavlova  Russia  Azerbaijan
Yulia Inshina  Russia  Azerbaijan
Annia Hatch  Cuba  United States


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Andrej Klimovets  Belarus  Germany
Oleg Velyky  Ukraine  Germany
Bogdan Wenta  Poland  Germany
Ivo Díaz  Cuba  Hungary
Carlos Reinaldo Pérez  Cuba  Hungary
Vladimir Rivero  Cuba  Hungary
Bojana Radulović  Yugoslavia  Hungary
Roberto Julián Duranona  Cuba  Iceland
Katarina Bulatović  Serbia  Montenegro
Ana Đokić  Serbia  Montenegro
Irina Pusic  Croatia  Netherlands
Katja Nyberg  Finland  Norway
Lina Olsson Rosenberg  Sweden  Norway
Iztok Puc  Croatia  Slovenia
Talant Dujshebaev  Soviet Union  Russia
Julio Fis  Cuba  Spain
Rolando Uríos  Cuba  Spain
Arpad Sterbik  Serbia  Spain

Ice hockey

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Vladimir Rubes  Czech Republic  Australia
Jeremy Rebek  Canada  Austria
Sean Selmser  Canada  Austria
Mike Stewart  Canada  Austria
Mark Szucs  Canada  Austria
Sami Lipsonen  Finland  Belgium
Miroslav Brumerčik[44]  Slovakia  Croatia
Viliam Chovanec  Slovakia  Croatia
Martin Ancicka  Czech Republic  Germany
Tomáš Martinec  Czech Republic  Germany
Omar Ennaffati  Canada  Hungary
Roger Holéczy  United States  Hungary
Rastislav Ondrejcik  Slovakia  Hungary
Tamás Sille  Slovakia  Hungary
Aaron Keller  Canada  Japan
Chris Yule  Canada  Japan
Dave Livingston  United States  Netherlands
John MacDonald  Canada  Netherlands
Lenny Eriksson  Sweden  Norway
Mattias Holmstedt  Sweden  Norway
Juha Kaunismäki  Finland  Norway
Mattias Livf  Sweden  Norway
Petteri Lotila  Finland  Norway
Jonas Norgren  Sweden  Norway
Hans Persson  Sweden  Norway
Erik Ryman  Sweden  Norway
Jorma Virtanen  Finland  Norway
Joakim Wiberg  Sweden  Norway
Martin Voznik  Czech Republic  Poland
Martin Reichel  Czech Republic  Germany


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Maria Pekli  Hungary  Australia
Semir Pepic  Slovakia  Australia
Faycal Bousbiat  Algeria  Canada
Davor Vlaskovac  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Germany
Ramaz Chochosvili  Ukraine  Georgia
Jenny Gal  Netherlands  Italy
Arsen Galstyan  Armenia  Russia
Dmitrij Gerasimenko  Russia  Serbia
Sandra Borderieux  France  Spain
Ferrid Kheder  France  Tunisia

Lawn Bowls

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Morgan Moffat  Scotland  New Zealand


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Miroslav Zajonc  Czechoslovakia  Canada
Miroslav Zajonc  Canada  United States


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Travis Pastrana  United States  Puerto Rico

 United States


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Leana de Bruin  South Africa  New Zealand
Irene van Dyk  South Africa  New Zealand

Nordic skiing

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Mikhail Botvinov  Russia  Austria
Katerina Smutna  Czech Republic  Austria
Ivan Babikov  Russia  Canada
Jan Jacob Verdenius  Netherlands  Norway
Jan Schmid   Switzerland  Norway
Akseli Kokkonen  Finland  Norway
Johann Mühlegg  Germany  Spain
Antonina Ordina  Soviet Union  Sweden


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Igor Lucić  Serbia  Azerbaijan
Luka Đorđević  Serbia  Azerbaijan

Rugby League

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Brent Webb  Australia  New Zealand
Nathan Fein  Australia  New Zealand
Setaimata Sa  New Zealand  Samoa
 New Zealand[45]
Brad Thorn  New Zealand  Australia[46]
Tonie Carroll  New Zealand  Australia[47]
Willie Mason  New Zealand  Tonga
Lote Tuqiri  Fiji[49]  Australia
Lesley Vainikolo  Tonga  New Zealand[50]
Maurie Fa'asavalu  Samoa[51]  United Kingdom
David Barends  South Africa  United Kingdom
Christiaan Roets  South Africa  Wales
Rangi Chase  New Zealand  England

Rugby Union

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Enrique Edgardo Rodriguez  Argentina  Australia[52]
Patricio Noriega  Argentina  Australia[53]
Diego Domínguez  Argentina[54]  Italy
Gonzalo Canale  Argentina  Italy
Martin Castrogiovanni  Argentina[55]  Italy
Ramiro Pez  Argentina  Italy
Luciano Orquera  Argentina  Italy
Julian Gardner  Australia  Italy[56]
Matt Pini  Australia  Italy[57]
Luke McLean  Australia  Italy
Joshua Furno  Australia  Italy
Brian Smith  Australia  Ireland[58]
Brent Cockbain  Australia  Wales
Steve Devine  Australia  New Zealand[59]
Craig Gower  Australia[60]  Italy
Luke McLean  Australia[61]  Italy
Hayden Smith  Australia  United States
Tom Court  Australia  Ireland
Steve Mafi  Australia  Tonga[62]
Craig Wing  Australia  Japan[63]
Vincent Debaty  Belgium  France
Robert Barbieri  Canada[64]  Italy
Steve Atherton  England  South Africa
Freddie Brooks  England  Rhodesia
Jamie Salmon  England  New Zealand
Isoa Damudamu  Fiji  England
Alipate Tuilevuka  Fiji  United States
Ilivasi Tabua  Fiji  Australia
Joeli Vidiri  Fiji  New Zealand
Lote Tuqiri  Fiji[66]  Australia
Manoa Vosawai  Fiji  Italy
Richard Tardits  France[67]  United States
Dean Mumm  New Zealand  Australia
Mike Harris  New Zealand  Australia
Joe Tomane  New Zealand
Kevin Putt  New Zealand  South Africa[68]
John Plumtree  New Zealand  South Africa[69]
Frano Botica  New Zealand  Croatia[70]
Riki Flutey  New Zealand  England
Henry Paul  New Zealand  England[71]
Shontayne Hape  New Zealand  England[71]
Dan Ward-Smith  New Zealand  England
Mark van Gisbergen  New Zealand  England
Dylan Hartley  New Zealand  England
Perry Freshwater  New Zealand  England
Thomas Waldrom  New Zealand  England[72]
Andy Ward  New Zealand  Ireland
Isaac Boss  New Zealand[73]  Ireland
Sean Lineen  New Zealand  Scotland
Glenn Metcalfe  New Zealand  Scotland
John Leslie  New Zealand  Scotland
Martin Leslie  New Zealand  Scotland
Brendan Laney  New Zealand  Scotland
Shane Howarth  New Zealand[74]  Wales
Matt Cardy  New Zealand  Wales
Brett Sinkinson  New Zealand  Wales
Glenn Panaho  New Zealand  Australia
Tony Marsh  New Zealand  France
Legi Matiu  New Zealand  France
Paul Griffen  New Zealand  Italy
Kaine Robertson  New Zealand  Italy
Matthew Phillips  New Zealand  Italy
Josh Sole  New Zealand  Italy
Manny Edmonds  New Zealand  Australia
Huia Edmonds  New Zealand  Australia
Jeremy Kyne  New Zealand  Canada
Vaughan Going  New Zealand  Hong Kong
James Arlidge  New Zealand  Japan
Andrew McCormick  New Zealand  Japan
Andrew Miller  New Zealand  Japan
Adam Parker  New Zealand  Japan
Luke Thompson  New Zealand  Japan
Graeme Bachop  New Zealand  Japan[75]
Pat Lam  New Zealand  Samoa
Apollo Perelini  New Zealand  Samoa
Tasesa Lavea  New Zealand[76]  Samoa
Gavin Williams  New Zealand[77]  Samoa
Paul Williams  New Zealand[77]  Samoa
Hayden Mexted  New Zealand  United States
Abdelatif Benazzi  Morocco  France
Michael Jones  Samoa  New Zealand[78]
John Schuster  Samoa  New Zealand
Alama Ieremia  Samoa[80]  New Zealand
Frank Bunce  Samoa[80]  New Zealand
Jerry Collins  Samoa  New Zealand
Stephen Bachop  Samoa  New Zealand
Va'aiga Tuigamala  Samoa  New Zealand
Manu Tuilagi  Samoa[83]  England
Lee Dickson  Scotland  England
Jack Gage  South Africa  Ireland
 South Africa[84]
Dion O'Cuinneagain  South Africa[85]  Ireland
Brett Wilkinson  South Africa  Ireland
Kyle Tonetti  South Africa  Ireland
Robbie Diack  South Africa  Ireland
Richardt Strauss  South Africa[86]  Ireland
Stuart Abbott  South Africa[87]  England
Nick Abendanon  South Africa  England
Geoff Appleford  South Africa  England
Brad Barritt  South Africa[88]  England
Brain Black  South Africa  England
Mouritz Botha  South Africa  England
Mike Catt  South Africa  England
James Davey  South Africa  England
Hendre Fourie  South Africa  England
Trilby Freakes  South Africa  England
Reginald Hands  South Africa[89]  England
Stan Harris  South Africa  England
Murray Hofmeyer  South Africa  England
Michael Horak  South Africa[90]  England
Jan Krige  South Africa  England
Nick Labuschagne  South Africa  England[91]
Frank Mellish  South Africa  England
 South Africa[92]
Sid Newmann  South Africa  England
Tuppy Owen-Smith  South Africa[93]  England
Harry Small  South Africa  England
Matt Stevens  South Africa[94]  England
Mathew Turner  South Africa[95]  England
Clive van Ryneveld  South Africa[96]  England
Steve White-Cooper  South Africa  England
Rupert Williamson  South Africa  England
Kim Elgie  South Africa  Scotland
Chick Henderson  South Africa  Scotland
John Allan  South Africa  Scotland
 South Africa[97]
Andrew Aitken  South Africa  Scotland
 South Africa[98]
Roland Reid  South Africa[99]  Scotland
Matthew Proudfoot  South Africa  Scotland
Hal Luscombe  South Africa  Wales
Eric Mellville  South Africa  France
Pieter de Villiers  South Africa  France
Brian Liebenberg  South Africa  France
Steven Hall  South Africa  France
Roland de Marigny[100]  South Africa  Italy
Gert Peens  South Africa  Italy
Carlo Del Fava  South Africa[101]  Italy
Jaco Erasmus  South Africa  Italy
Quintin Geldenhuys  South Africa[102]  Italy
Benjamin de Jager  South Africa  Italy
Wim Visser  South Africa  Italy
Cornel van Zyl  South Africa  Italy
DuRandt Gerber  South Africa  Italy
Tobie Botes  South Africa  Italy
Clyde Rathbone  South Africa[103]  Australia
Tiaan Strauss  South Africa[104]  Australia
Ryan Constable  South Africa  Australia
Mark Swanepoel  South Africa  Australia
Justin Turner  South Africa  Australia
Daniel Vickerman  South Africa[105]  Australia
Greg Rawlinson  South Africa  New Zealand
Christian Stewart  South Africa[106]  Canada
 South Africa
DTH van der Merwe  South Africa  Canada
Philip Eloff  South Africa  United States
Juan Grobler  South Africa  United States
Jurie Gouws  South Africa  United States
Owen Lentz  South Africa[107]  United States
Riaan van Zyl  South Africa[108]  United States
Gerhard Klerck  South Africa  United States
Andre Blom  South Africa  United States
Jason Keyter  South Africa  United States
Kevin Dalzell  South Africa  United States
Dallen Stanford  South Africa  United States
JJ Gagiano  South Africa  United States
Matt Hawkins  South Africa  United States
Marco Barnard  South Africa  United States
Piet van Zyl  South Africa  Namibia
Michael Ehrentraut  South Africa[109]  Germany
Michael Poppmeier  South Africa  Germany
Toutai Kefu  Tonga  Australia
Sitaleki Timani  Tonga  Australia[110]
Lesley Vainikolo  Tonga  England[111]
Christian Loamanu  Tonga  Japan
Taulupe Faletau  Tonga  Wales
Billy Vunipola  Tonga
Mako Vunipola  Tonga
 New Zealand
Cooper Vuna  Tonga
 New Zealand
Alex Corbisiero  United States[113]  England
Chris Rodgers  Zimbabwe  South Africa
Adrian Garvey  Zimbabwe[114]  South Africa
Tonderai Chavhanga  Zimbabwe  South Africa
Tendai Mtawarira  Zimbabwe  South Africa
Brian Mujati  Zimbabwe  South Africa
Takudzwa Ngwenya  Zimbabwe  United States
Scott Gray  Zimbabwe  Scotland
Paul Johnson  Zimbabwe  Scotland
David Denton  Zimbabwe  Scotland
David Curtis  Zimbabwe  Ireland
Andy Marinos  Zimbabwe  Wales
Nils Mordt  Zimbabwe  England


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Mitch Booth  Australia  Netherlands
Carolijn Brouwer  Netherlands  Belgium


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Munkhbayar Dorjsuren  Mongolia  Germany
Erdzhanik Avetisyan  Armenia  Russia
Artur Ayvazyan  Armenia  Ukraine

Short track speed skating

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Choi Min-Kyung  South Korea  France
Viktor Ahn  South Korea  Russia
Kim Hyo-Jung  South Korea  United States


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Dirk Matschenz  Germany  Netherlands
Melanie Riedl  Germany  Netherlands

Ski orienteering

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Olga Novikova  Russia  Kazakhstan


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Vic Wild  United States  Russia


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Breedge Quinn  Ireland  Germany

Speed skating

Name of athlete From nation To nation
Emese Antal  Romania  Austria
Emese Hunyady  Hungary  Austria
Marnix ten Kortenaar  Netherlands  Austria
Zsolt Zakarias  Romania  Austria
Bart Veldkamp  Netherlands  Belgium
André Vreugdenhil  Netherlands  Belgium
Pim Berkhout  Netherlands  Czech Republic
Maarten Blanken  Netherlands  Czech Republic
Erik Bouwman  Netherlands  Czech Republic
Hans van Helden  Netherlands  France
Dino Gillarduzzi  Italy  Germany
Zsolt Baló  Romania  Hungary
Henriët Bosker  Netherlands   Switzerland
Ronald Bosker  Netherlands   Switzerland


Name of athlete From nation To nation
Natalie Grainger  South Africa  England
 United States
Peter Nicol  Scotland  England
Vanessa Atkinson  England  Netherlands
Annelize Naudé  South Africa