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List of non-marine molluscs of Slovakia

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Title: List of non-marine molluscs of Slovakia  
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List of non-marine molluscs of Slovakia

Slovakia is a land-locked country, and therefore the molluscs of Slovakia are all land and freshwater species. There are 247[1] species of molluscs living in the wild in Slovakia. In addition there are 9 gastropod species living only in greenhouses.[2]

There are a total of 219[1] species of gastropods, which breaks down to 51[1] species of freshwater gastropods, and 168[1] species of land gastropods, plus 28[1] species of bivalves living in the wild.

There are 8 non-indigenous species of gastropods (3 freshwater and 5 land species) and 3 species of bivalves in the wild in Slovakia. This is a total of 6 freshwater non-indigenous species of wild molluscs.

Summary table of number of species
Slovakia
freshwater gastropods 51[1]
land gastropods 168[1]
gastropods altogether 219[1]
bivalves 28[1]
molluscs altogether 247[1]
non-indigenous gastropods in the wild 3 freshwater and 5 land
non-indigenous synantrop gastropods 9
non-indigenous bivalves in the wild 3
non-indigenous synantrop bivalves 0
non-indigenous molluscs altogether 20

There are 2 extinct species in Slovakia (locally extinct): Theodoxus transversalis and Esperiana esperi.

There are endemic species of molluscs in Slovakia:

History

Grid distribution maps of all species has been made by

List by Čejka et al. (2007)[2] has included 245 species. List by Horsák et al. (2010) has included 247 species.[1]

Freshwater gastropods

The list is in zoological order rather than alphabetical order.[2] Freshwater gastropods in the Slovakia include:

Neritidae
Viviparidae
Thiaridae
Hydrobiidae
  • Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gray, 1843) - non-indigenous[5]
  • Alzoniella slovenica (Ložek & Brtek, 1964) - endemic in Slovakia (and in Moravia in the Czech Republic too), synonyms: Belgrandiella alticola Ložek & Brtek, 1964, Belgrandiella bojnicensis Ložek & Brtek, 1964.
Amnicolidae
  • Bythinella austriaca (von Frauenfeld, 1857) s. lat.
  • Bythinella hungarica Hazay, 1881
  • Bythinella metarubra Falniowski, 1987[6]
  • Bythinella pannonica (Frauenfeld, 1865) - synonym: Sadleriana pannonica (Frauenfeld, 1865)
Lithoglyphidae
Bithyniidae
Valvatidae
Acroloxidae
Lymnaeidae
Physidae
Planorbidae

Land gastropods

Land gastropods in the Slovakia include:

Aciculidae
Ellobiidae
Cochlicopidae
Orculidae
Chondrinidae
Pupillidae
Argnidae
Pyramidulidae
Spelaeodiscidae
  • Spelaeodiscus tatricus Hazay, 1883
Valloniidae
Vertiginidae
Enidae
Clausiliidae
Succineidae
Ferussaciidae
Punctidae
Helicodiscidae
Discidae
Gastrodontidae
Euconulidae
Oxychilidae
Pristilomatidae
Vitrinidae
Milacidae
Limacidae
Agriolimacidae
Boettgerillidae
Arionidae
Bradybaenidae
Helicodontidae
Hygromiidae
Helicidae

Freshwater bivalves

Freshwater bivalves in the Slovakia include:

Unionidae
Corbiculidae
Sphaeriidae
Dreissenidae

Synanthropic molluscs

These 9 species do not live in the wild or are not recorded in the wild yet, but they live in greenhouses and similar biotopes as "hothouse alien" species. All 9 of them are gastropods.

List (alphabetically according scientific name):

See also

Undescribed species of Slovakia include Hauffenia sp. nov. (not counted in this list).

Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries:

References

External links

  • Table of molluscs (Mollusca) of The Czech Republic and Slovakia (not up to date)
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