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List of political parties in Iceland


List of political parties in Iceland

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

This article is a list of political parties in Iceland. Iceland has a multi-party system with numerous political parties, in which often no one party has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.


  • Political parties 1
    • Contemporary 1.1
      • Parties in the parliamentary elections of 27 April 2013 1.1.1
      • With parliamentary representation in April 2009 - April 2013 1.1.2
      • Active parties, without participation in the 2013 parliamentary election 1.1.3
      • Parties with uncertain continuation 1.1.4
    • Defunct 1.2
  • See also 2
  • External links 3
  • References 4

Political parties


Parties in the parliamentary elections of 27 April 2013

The law automatically grants the right for the parties having participated in the previous election, to continue using the same list letter. The Ministry of Interior announced, that in order for any party to participate in the 2013 election, an application for a specific list letter should be submitted no later than 9 April, while new parties were also required to deliver minimum 300 electorate signatories expressing support for their participation, within each constituency it intended to run. The final approval was conditional, that the party in each constituency also submitted a valid candidate list comprising twice as many candidates compared to the total number of seats in the constituency, at the latest on 12 April. An official list of 15 approved parties (incl. all their specific candidate lists), was subsequently published by the National Election Committee (Icelandic: Landskjörstjórn) on 16 April.[1] In total 72 candidate lists were approved, as 11 parties had opted to run in all six constituencies, while 2 parties (Humanist Party and People's Front of Iceland) opted only to run in two constituencies, and the final 2 parties (Rural Party and Sturla Jónsson) were only present in one constituency.[2] The table below is a summarized list of all parties which the National Electoral Commission has approved for participation in the 2013 elections.
English name[3] Icelandic name[1] List[1] Website[4]
Bright Future Björt framtíð A [1]
Progressive Party Framsóknarflokkur B [2]
Independence Party Sjálfstæðisflokkur D [3]
Right-Green Movement Hægri Grænir G [4]
Humanist Party
(related to International Humanist Party)
Húmanistaflokkurinn H [5]
Households Party
(New party founded 19 March 2013, as a merger of 8 groups:
Republican Party, Sovereign Union, Sjálfstæðir Sjálfstæðismenn,
Þjóðarflokkurinn, 3 interest groups, and a split from Solidarity)[5][6][7]
Flokkur Heimilanna I[8] [6]
(New party founded in March 2013)[9][10][11][12]
Regnboginn J[13] [7]
Sturla Jónsson Sturla Jónsson
(formerly known as Framfaraflokkurinn)
K[14] [8]
Democracy Watch
(a new party split from Dawn)[15][16]
Lýðræðisvaktin L [9]
Rural Party
(New party founded 23 February 2013)[17][18]
Landsbyggðarflokkurinn M[19] [10]
People's Front of Iceland Alþýðufylkingin R [11]
Social Democratic Alliance Samfylkingin — jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands S [12]
Dawn Dögun T [13]
Left-Green Movement Vinstrihreyfingin — grænt framboð V [14]
Pirate Party[20] Pírataflokkurinn Þ [15]

With parliamentary representation in April 2009 - April 2013

Five parties were elected at the April 2009 election. Since then, the parliamentary representation for one of these, Citizens' Movement, first mostly moved to The Movement and then, in March 2012, to the new party Dawn. In January 2012, Solidarity was founded by an MP from Left-Green Movement. Another new party, Bright Future, was formed in February 2012 with the involvement of two Members of Parliament (MPs), leaving respectively the Progressive Party and Social Democratic Alliance. One MP who had been elected for Citizens' Movement left to establish her own party in 2012, the Pirate Party. Two Left-Green Movement MPs split and formed the new Rainbow Movement in March 2013. The box below show the distribution of seats in the incumbent parliament, as of the last working day of the parliaments term on 28 March 2013.[21]

Name List Ideology Spectrum Leader MPs
Social Democratic Alliance
S Social democracy, Pro-Europeanism, Feminism Centre-left Árni Páll Árnason 19
Independence Party
D Liberal conservatism, Classical liberalism, Euroscepticism Centre-right Bjarni Benediktsson 16
Left-Green Movement
Vinstrihreyfingin - grænt framboð
V Democratic socialism, Eco-socialism, Euroscepticism, Feminism Left Katrín Jakobsdóttir 11
Progressive Party
B Liberalism, Nordic agrarianism, Euroscepticism Centre-right Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson 9
Bright Future
Björt framtíð
A Social liberalism, Green liberalism, Pro-Europeanism Centre to Centre-left Guðmundur Steingrímsson (left B)
Róbert Marshall (left S)[22][23]
T Populism N/A Margrét Tryggvadóttir
Þór Saari
J N/A N/A Atli Gíslason (left V)
Jón Bjarnason (left V)
Pirate Party
Þ Pirate politics N/A Birgitta Jónsdóttir (left T) 1
C N/A N/A Lilja Mósesdóttir (left V) 1

Active parties, without participation in the 2013 parliamentary election

English name[3] Icelandic name[4] List[4] Website[4]
Solidarity Samstaða C [16]
Liberal Democrats
(It will most likely not run in the election)
Lýðfrelsisflokkurinn [17]
Christian Political Movement [24] Kristin stjórnmálasamtök [18]

Parties with uncertain continuation


See also

External links

  • Icelandic election statistics


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b The Reykjavík Grapevine's Election Guide 2013 (scanned version) (Html version)
  4. ^ a b c d
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Blog of Bjarni Harðarson
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
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  24. ^
  25. ^
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