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List of power stations in South Africa

 

List of power stations in South Africa

South Africa produces around 240,300 gigawatt-hours (865,000 TJ) electricity annually.[1]2007 est. Most of this electricity is consumed domestically, but around 12,000 gigawatt-hour[2] is annually exported to Swaziland, Botswana, Mozambique, Lesotho, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and other Southern African Development Community countries participating in the Southern African Power Pool.[3] South Africa supplement its electricity supply by importing around 9,000 gigawatt-hours per year from the Cahora Bassa hydroelectric generation station in Mozambique via the 1,000MW Cahora Bassa high-voltage direct current transmission system.[4]

Most power stations in South Africa are owned and operated by Eskom and these plants account for 95% of all the electricity produced in South Africa and 45% of all electricity produced on the African continent.[5][6]

A noteworthy mention is that besides Eskom, South Africa has globally trusted IPP’s (Independent Power Providers) like USP&E Africa[1] that specialize in EPC (Engineering, Procurement and Construction) and O&M (Operations and Maintenance) of power stations.

The following is a list of electricity generating facilities within South Africa. It contains currently operational facilities as well as notable facilities that are under construction or have been decommissioned.

Contents

  • Coal fired 1
  • Gas turbine 2
  • Hydroelectric 3
  • Nuclear 4
  • Wind power 5
  • Concentrated solar power 6
  • Solar PV power 7
  • Landfill Gas Power 8
  • Biomass Power 9
  • See also 10
  • External links 11
  • References 12

Coal fired

South Africa has rich coal deposits concentrated in the north-east of the country and as such the majority of South Africa's coal-fired plants are located in the Mpumalanga province. Around 77% of South Africa's energy needs are directly derived from coal[7] and 81% of all coal consumed domestically goes towards electricity production.[8] Historically this has given South Africa access to cheap electricity, but it is also one of the leading causes why the country is in the top 20 list of carbon dioxide emitting countries.[9][10][11]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Arnot Power Station Mpumalanga 1975 2,100 Operational [12]
Bloemfontein Power Station Free State 102 Operational [13]
Camden Power Station Mpumalanga 1967 1,600 Operational [14]
Duvha Power Station Mpumalanga 1980 3,600 Operational [15][16]
Grootvlei Power Station Mpumalanga 1969 1,200 Operational [17]
Hendrina Power Station Mpumalanga 1970 2,000 Operational [18]
Kelvin Power Station Gauteng 1957 600 Operational [19][20]
Kendal Power Station Mpumalanga 1988 4,116 Operational [21][22]
Komati Power Station Mpumalanga 1961 1,000 Operational [23]
Kriel Power Station Mpumalanga 1976 3,000 Operational [24][25]
Kusile Power Station Mpumalanga 2014–2018 (projected) 4,800 Under construction - Delayed - Latest expected unit switch on dates are from 1st half 2016 to 2nd half 2019[26] [27][28][29]
Lethabo Power Station Free State 1985 3,708 Operational [30]
Majuba Power Station Mpumalanga 1996 4,110 Operational [31]
Matimba Power Station Limpopo 3,990 Operational [32]
Matla Power Station Mpumalanga 1983 3,600 Operational [33]
Medupi Power Station Limpopo Starts on 24 December 2014 4,800 Under construction since 2007 - Delayed - Latest expected unit switch on dates are from 1st half 2015 to 2nd half 2017[26] [29][34][35]
Pretoria West Power Station Gauteng 1952 180 Operational [36][37]
Rooiwal Power Station Gauteng 1963 300 Operational [36][37]
Tutuka Power Station Mpumalanga 1985 3,654 Operational [38]
Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Athlone Power Station Western Cape 1961 180 Decommissioned (2003) [39]
Colenso Power Station KwaZulu-Natal 1926 160 Decommissioned (1984)
Driehoek Power Station Gauteng 1898 2 (June 1906) Decommissioned (1911) [40]
Ingagane Power Station KwaZulu-Natal 1963 500 Decommissioned (1990)
Kroonstad Power Station Free State 30 Decommissioned
Mount Road Power Station Eastern Cape 1906 Decommissioned (1980s) [41][42][43]
Orlando Power Station Gauteng 1942 300 Decommissioned (1998) [44][45][46]
Swartkops Power Station Eastern Cape 1954 Decommissioned

Gas turbine

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Acacia Power Station Western Cape 1976 171 Operational [47]
Ankerlig Power Station Western Cape 2007 1338 Operational [48]
Gourikwa Power Station Western Cape 2007 746 Operational [48]
Newcastle Cogeneration Plant KwaZulu-Natal 2007 18 Operational
Port Rex Power Station Eastern Cape 1976 171 Operational [47]

Hydroelectric

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme Free State 1981 1,000 Operational [49]
Gariep Dam Free State-Eastern Cape border 1971 (or later) 360 Operational [50]
Ingula Pumped Storage Scheme KwaZulu-Natal 2015 (Projected, originally 2012) 1,332 Under Construction [51]
Kouga Dam Eastern Cape 3.6 Mothballed [52]
Ncora Dam Eastern Cape 2.1 Operational [53]
Palmiet Pumped Storage Scheme Western Cape 1988 400 Operational [54][55]
Steenbras Dam Pumped Storage Western Cape 180 Operational
Vanderkloof Dam Northern Cape Sep-1977 240 Operational

Nuclear

The two reactors at Koeberg are (as at 2010) the only commercial nuclear power plants on the African continent[56] and accounts for around 5% of South Africa's electricity production.[5] Low and intermediate waste is disposed of at Vaalputs Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility in the Northern Cape.

Power plant Province Date
commissioned
Installed Capacity
(Megawatt)
Status Coordinates Notes
Koeberg nuclear power station Western Cape 1984 1,800 Operational [57]

Wind power

Klipheuwel Wind Farm, Western Cape
Turbines at the Darling Wind Farm

There are currently no large scale wind farms operational in South Africa, though a number are in the initial planning stages. Most of these are earmarked for locations along the Eastern Cape coastline.[58][59][60]

Eskom has constructed one small scale prototype windfarm at Klipheuwel in the Western Cape and another demonstrator site is near Darling with phase 1 completed.

The South African Department of Energy allocated 634 MW of wind capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme - Bid Window 1.[61][62][63] and in the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: Window two 562.5 MW capacity was allocated.[64][65]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (planned)
Installed Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual Output
GWh
(expected)
Capacity factor % (expected) Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Coega Wind Farm Eastern Cape 2010 1.8 (45) Operational Electrawinds [66][67]
Darling Wind Farm Western Cape 2008 5.2 13.2 28 Operational Eskom [68][69]
Klipheuwel Wind Farm Western Cape 2002 3.16 4 15 (20-26) Operational (Prototype/Research) Eskom [70][71][72]
Sere Wind Farm Western Cape (October 2013) (100) (233) (27) Under Construction Eskom [73][74][75]
Dassiesklip Wind Energy Facility Caledon, Western Cape (May 2013) (26.19) (88.2) (37.3) Operational Biotherm Energy [76]
Van Stadens Wind Farm Eastern Cape (Feb 2014) (27) (80) (34) Under construction MetroWind [77][78]
Hopefield Wind Farm Western Cape May 2014 (Feb 2014) (67) (190) (30+) Operational Umoya Energy [79][80][81][82]
Noblesfontein Wind Farm Northern Cape (July 2014) (73.8) (219) (34) Under construction Gestamp Wind [83][84]
Red Cap Kouga Wind Farm - Oyster Bay Eastern Cape (2014) (77.60) (290.5) (41.5) Under construction Red Cap Investments [85][86][87]
Dorper Wind Farm Inkwanca Municipality, Eastern Cape (2014) (100) (267 ) (30) Under construction Sumitomo Corporation and Dorper Wind Development (A Rainmaker Energy Company) [88][89]
Jeffreys Bay Wind Farm Eastern Cape (Dec 2013) (138) (362) (37) Operational Globeleq [90][91][92]
Cookhouse Wind Farm Eastern Cape (Nov 2013) (135.00) Under construction African Clean Energy Developments [93]
Waainek Wind Farm Grahamstown in the Eastern Cape (2014) (23.4) (94) (45) Under construction InnoWind [94][95][96][97][98]
Grassridge Wind Farm Eastern Cape (Q4 2014) (59.8) (223) (43) Under construction InnoWind [95][98][99]
Gouda Wind Facility Western Cape (July 2014) (138) Contracting phase Acciona Energy South Africa [100][101]
Amakhala Emoyeni (Phase 1) Eastern Cape (2016) (137.9) (374) (30.5) Contracting phase Windlab [102][103][104][105]
Tsitsikamma Community Wind Farm Tsitsikamma in the Eastern Cape (94.8) (355) (43) Contracting phase Cennergi [106]
West Coast 1 Wind Farm Western Cape (2014) (90.8) (293.4) (37) Contracting phase Micawber 862 [107][108]
Chaba Wind Farm Eastern Cape (Q4 2014) (20.6) (77) (43) Contracting phase InnoWind [98][109]
Red Cap - Gibson Bay (110)
Longyuan Mulilo De Aar 2 North Wind Energy Facility (139)
Nojoli Wind Farm (87)
Longyuan Mulilo De Aar Maanhaarberg Wind Energy Facility (96)
Khobab Wind Farm (138)
Noupoort Mainstream Wind (79)
Loeriesfontein 2 Wind Farm (138)

Concentrated solar power

The South African Department of Energy allocated 150 MW of Concentrated solar power (CSP) capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme - Bid Window 1.[61][62][63] In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: Window 2, a capacity of 50 MW was allocated[64][65] and in the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: Window 3, a capacity of 200 MW was allocated.

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual Output
GWh (expected)
Capacity factor % (expected) Energy Storage [hours] Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Khi Solar One Northern Cape (2014) (50) (190) (43) 3 Under Construction Abengoa [110][111][112]
KaXu Solar One Northern Cape (2014) (100) (320) (36) 2.5 Under Construction Abengoa [113][114]
Bokpoort CSP Project Northern Cape (50) (200) (45) 9 Under Construction Acwa Power [115][116][117]
Xina CSP South Africa (100) Financing closure
Ilanga 1, Karoshoek Consortium (100) Financing closure
Ilanga 2, Karoshoek Consortium (100) Proposed

Solar PV power

The South African Department of Energy allocated 631.53 MW of solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme - Bid Window 1.[61][62][63] In the Renewable Energy IPP Procurement Programme: Window 2, a capacity of 417.1 MW was allocated.[64][65][118]

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual Output
GWh (expected)
Capacity factor % (expected) Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Kalkbult Northern Cape Sep 2013 (72.50) (135.9) (21) Operational Scatec Solar [119][120][121][122]
SlimSun Swartland Solar Park Western Cape (2013) (5.00) (8.7) (20) Under Construction Slimsun [123][124]
RustMo1 Solar Farm North West (2014) (6.8) Under Construction RustMo1 [125]
Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV De Aar Northern Cape (2014) (9.65) Operational Mulilo Renewable Energy [126][127][128]
Konkoonsies Solar Northern Cape (9.65) (18.6) (22) Under Construction Biotherm Energy [129]
Aries Solar PV Energy Facility Northern Cape (July 2013) (9.65) (18.6) (22) Under Construction BioTherm Energy [130]
Greefspan PV Power Plant Douglas, Northern Cape (10.00) AE-AMD Independent Power Producer 1 [131]
Herbert PV Power Plant Douglas, Northern Cape (19.90)
Mulilo Renewable Energy Solar PV Prieska Northern Cape (19.93) Operational Mulilo Renewable Energy [132]
Soutpan Solar Park Waterberg, Limpopo (28.00)
Witkop Solar Park Polokwane, Limpopo (Aug 2013) (30.00) (60) (23) Under Construction Core Energy [133]
Touwsrivier CPV Solar Project Touwsrivier, Western Cape (36.00) Under Construction Soitec CPV-type [134][135][136][137]
De Aar Solar PV Pixley Ka seme, Northern Cape (48.25) (89.4) (20.4) Operational
SA Mainstream Renewable Power Droogfontein Kimberley, Northern Cape (Oct 2013) (48.25) (89.4) (20.4) Operational Mainstream Renewable Power South Africa [138][139]
Letsatsi PV Project Bloemfontein, Free State May 2014 64.00 Operational SolarReserve [140] [141]
Lesedi PV Project Northern Cape May 2014 64.00 Operational [142] [143]
Kathu Solar Energy Facility Northern Cape (2014) (75.00) (172.5) (26) Under Construction Building Energy [144][145][146]
Solar Capital De Aar Northern Cape (2014) (75.00) (166.4) (25) Under Construction Solar Capital [147][148][149]
Solar Capital De Aar 3 Northern Cape (Feb 2015) (75.00) (166.4) (25) Under Construction Solar Capital [150][151]
Sishen Solar Facility Northern Cape (mid 2014) (74.00) Under Construction Building Energy [152][153]
Aurora Solar Project Western Cape (2014) (9.00) (18.7) (20) Aurora-Rietvlei Solar Power [154]
Vredendal Solar Power Park Western Cape (2014) (10.395) (19.0) (20) Under Construction Solairedirect [155]
Linde Solar Project Northern Cape (36.80) (77.8) (24) Scatec Solar [121]
Dreunberg Solar Project Eastern Cape (69.60) (147.2) (24) Scatec Solar [121]
Jasper Solar Energy Project Northern Cape October 2014 96.00 (180) (21.4) Operational SolarReserve [156][157][158][159][160][161] [162]
Boshoff Solar Park Free State (60.00)
Upington Solar PV Northern Cape (8.90)
Adams Solar PV 2 (75)
Tom Burke Solar Park (60)
Mulilo Sonnedix Prieska PV (75)
Electra Capital (75)
Pulida Solar Park (75)
Mulilo Prieska PV (75)

Landfill Gas Power

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual Output
GWh (expected)
Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Johannesburg Landfill Gas to Electricity (18)

Biomass Power

Power plant Province Date
commissioned (expected)
Installed Capacity
MW
(planned)
Annual Output
GWh (expected)
Status Coordinates Operator Notes
Mkuze KZN (16.5) (130)

See also

External links

References

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