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List of premiers of Manitoba

 

List of premiers of Manitoba

Greg Selinger is the current Premier of Manitoba.

The Canadian province of Manitoba was created in 1870.[1] Manitoba has a unicameral Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the Premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Premier is Manitoba's head of government, and the Queen of Canada is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. The Premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of Manitoba, and then presides over that body.[2]

Members are first elected to the legislature during general elections. General elections must be conducted every four years from the date of the last election, but the premier may ask for early dissolution of the Legislative Assembly. An election may also happen if the governing party loses the confidence of the legislature by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.[3]

Manitoba has had twenty-one Premiers since the province was formed, of which six were non-partisan, six were Progressive Conservatives, four were Liberals, and four were New Democrats. However, during the early years of the province and until 1874, leading ministers were not titled "Premier".[4] Furthermore, they were officially non-partisan and were chosen by elected members of the Legislative Assembly from among themselves before the province began to use a party system in 1888.[5] This article only covers the time since the province was created in 1870. Before that, the territory was part of the District of Assiniboia in Rupert's Land, and was loosely controlled by the Hudson's Bay Company.[6]

Contents

  • Premiers of Manitoba 1
  • Living former premiers 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Premiers of Manitoba

      Non-partisan       Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba       Progressive Party of Manitoba       Manitoba Liberal Party       New Democratic Party of Manitoba

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
District
Term of office Electoral mandates (Assembly) Political party


1
Alfred Boyd
(1835–1908)
MLA for St. Andrews North
16 September[7] 1870

14 December[7] 1871
Non-partisan


2
Marc-Amable Girard
(1822–1892)
MLA for St. Boniface East
14 December[7] 1871

14 March[7] 1872
Non-partisan


3
Henry Joseph Clarke
(1833–1889)
MLA for St. Charles
14 March[7] 1872

8 July[7] 1874
Non-partisan


none 8 July 1874

2 December 1874
 (1st Assembly)
Non-partisan


Marc-Amable Girard was the de facto premier as the Provincial Secretary.[7][8]
4
Robert Atkinson Davis
(1841–1903)
MLA for Winnipeg and St. John until 1874
MLA for Winnipeg
3 December[7] 1874

16 October[7] 1878
Non-partisan


5
John Norquay
(1841–1889)
MLA for St. Andrews South until 1879
MLA for St. Andrews
16 October[7] 1878

24 December[7] 1887
Non-partisan


6
David Howard Harrison
(1843–1905)
MLA for Minnedosa West
26 December[7] 1887

19 January[7] 1888
Non-partisan


7
Thomas Greenway
(1838–1908)
MLA for Mountain
19 January[7] 1888

6 January[7] 1900
Liberal


8
Sir Hugh John Macdonald
(1850–1929)
MLA for Winnipeg South
10 January[7] 1900

29 October[7] 1900
Conservative


9
Sir Rodmond Roblin
(1853–1937)
MLA for Woodlands until 1903
MLA for Dufferin
29 October[7] 1900

12 May[7] 1915
Conservative


10
Tobias Norris
(1861–1936)
MLA for Lansdowne
12 May[7] 1915

8 August[7] 1922
Liberal


11
John Bracken
(1883–1969)
MLA for The Pas
8 August[7] 1922

14 January[7] 1943
Progressive


12
Stuart Garson
(1898–1977)
MLA for Fairford
14 January[7] 1943

13 November[7] 1948
Liberal–Progressive


13
Douglas Lloyd Campbell
(1895–1995)
MLA for Lakeside
13 November[7] 1948

30 June[7] 1958
Liberal–Progressive


14
Dufferin Roblin
(1917–2010)
MLA for Wolseley
30 June[7] 1958

27 November[7] 1967
Progressive Conservative


15
Walter Weir
(1929–1985)
MLA for Minnedosa
27 November[7] 1967

15 July[7] 1969
Progressive Conservative


16
Edward Schreyer
(b. 1935)
MLA for Rossmere
15 July[9] 1969

24 November[9] 1977
New Democratic


17
Sterling Lyon
(1927–2010)
MLA for Charleswood
24 November[7] 1977

17 November[7] 1981
Progressive Conservative


18
Howard Pawley
(b. 1934)
MLA for Selkirk
30 November[9] 1981

9 May[9] 1988
New Democratic


19
Gary Filmon
(b. 1942)
MLA for Tuxedo
9 May[9] 1988

5 October[9] 1999
Progressive Conservative


20
Gary Doer
(b. 1948)
MLA for Concordia
5 October[9] 1999

19 October[9] 2009
New Democratic


21
Greg Selinger
(b. 1951)
MLA for St. Boniface
19 October[9] 2009

New Democratic



Min. Minority government
Co. Coalition government

Living former premiers

As of May 2015, four former premiers of Manitoba are alive, the oldest being Howard Pawley (1981–1988). The most recent former premier to die was Sterling Lyon (1977–1981) on December 16, 2010.[10]

Name Term Date of birth
Edward Schreyer 1969–1977 (1935-12-21) December 21, 1935
Howard Pawley 1981–1988 (1934-11-21) November 21, 1934
Gary Filmon 1988–1999 (1942-08-24) August 24, 1942
Gary Doer 1999–2009 (1948-03-31) March 31, 1948

See also

References

General
  • "Dates of Manitoba General Elections". Elections Manitoba. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  • "Provincial Premiers". Elections Manitoba. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
Specific
  1. ^ "Entered Confederation: 1870". Library and Archives Canada. May 10, 2001. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Roles and Responsibilities". Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Legislative Terminology" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. Government of Manitoba. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ Davd Burley, "The Emergence of the Premiership, 1870-1874," Manitoba Premiers of the 19th and 20th centuries, Barry Ferguson and Robert Wardhaugh, eds., Great Plains, 2010
  5. ^ "Friendly Rivalries: Manitoba Elections Since 1966". CBC. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Territorial Evolution, 1870". Natural Resources Canada. April 6, 2004. Archived from the original on June 28, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag "Biographies of Deceased Members". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. August 4, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Manitoba Premiers". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Biographies of Living Members". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. November 4, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Former Manitoba premier Sterling Lyon dies". CBC News. December 16, 2010. Retrieved July 18, 2011. 

External links

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