List of public art in the City of Westminster

The equestrian statue of Charles I (Hubert Le Sueur, 1633) at Charing Cross. This is considered to be the official centre of London.

There are more than 400 public artworks in the City of Westminster, a borough in central London. Those discussed in this article include freestanding statues, busts and other kinds of permanent sculpture, memorials (excluding plaques without a sculptural element on buildings), fountains, murals, gates and exterior mosaics. Among the sculptors of note represented by works in the area are Auguste Rodin, Sir Alfred Gilbert, Sir Jacob Epstein, Henry Moore and Dame Elisabeth Frink. A separate article lists architectural sculpture in the borough.

There is more public sculpture in the City of Westminster than in any other area of London.[1] This reflects the borough's central location containing most of the West End, the political centres of Westminster and Whitehall and three of the Royal Parks (with parts of Regent's Park and Kensington Gardens), as well as London’s official centre at Charing Cross. Many of the most notable sites for commemoration in London lie within its boundaries, including Trafalgar Square, Parliament Square and the Victoria Embankment. Other monuments of note in the borough include the Albert Memorial and the Victoria Memorial. After World War I many memorials to the conflict were raised in the area, the most significant being the Cenotaph in Whitehall. So great is the number of monuments in the borough that Westminster City Council has deemed an area stretching from Whitehall to St James’s to be a "monument saturation zone", where the addition of new memorials is generally discouraged. The same restriction applies in Royal Parks within the borough.[2]

In addition to the permanent works which are the subject of this article, the City of Westminster is also host to several temporary displays of sculpture. The most prominent of these is at the Fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square, which has shown works by contemporary artists on rotation since 1999. Temporary outdoor displays of sculpture can also be seen at the Royal Academy, the Chelsea College of Arts and the Economist Plaza in St James’s. In 2010 Westminster City Council inaugurated the City of Sculpture project, which has seen contemporary sculpture installed in locations across the borough.[3]

Aldwych / Strand

Strand is the thoroughfare that has linked the City of London with Westminster since Saxon times;[4] Aldwych is a crescent at its eastern end created during urban improvements in the early 20th century. Among the examples of architectural sculpture in this area, of particular note are Jacob Epstein’s reliefs of the Ages of Man for Zimbabwe House (formerly the British Medical Association building). These figures were the sculptor’s first major works in Britain and the subject of heated controversy due to their nudity in a public setting.[5] Much of the recent public art in this area was bequeathed to the London School of Economics in 2005 by Louis Odette, a Canadian alumnus of the university who also founded the Windsor Sculpture Park in Windsor, Ontario.[6]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
George III and Father Thames
Sculptural groups Somerset House, Edmond J. Safra Fountain Court

1790c. 1790 Bacon, JohnJohn Bacon Sir William Chambers The King, in the upper group, leans on a rudder and is flanked by a British lion and the prow of a classical barge; the Thames is represented below him as a river god. The maritime theme refers both to the function of the building, as offices for the Royal Navy (among other institutions), and to the King himself as steering the ship of state.[7] Grade I
Memorial to William Ewart Gladstone
Memorial with statue and other sculpture Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

1905 Sir Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft John Lee Unveiled 4 November 1905. Allegorical figures around the base represent Courage, Education, Aspiration and Brotherhood. Also represented are the arms of Gladstone’s constituencies, Midlothian, Oxford University, the Duchy of Lancaster and Newark.[8] Grade II
Johnson, SamuelSamuel Johnson
Statue Strand, behind St Clement Danes

1910 Fitzgerald, Percy HetheringtonPercy Hetherington Fitzgerald
Unveiled 4 August 1910. Fitzgerald was an amateur sculptor and something of a self-appointed authority on Dr Johnson, who was a parishioner of St Clement’s. A portrait medallion of James Boswell is set into the pedestal, which is a post-war replacement for the original.[9] Grade II
Civil Service Rifles War Memorial
Memorial Somerset House, River Terrace

1923
Sir Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 27 January 1924 in the centre of the courtyard of Somerset House; relocated in 2002. The painted stone flags are a feature that Lutyens originally intended to employ on the Cenotaph in Whitehall.[10] Grade II
Memorial to Andrew Young Plaque with portrait relief Strand, rear of central block of Bush House

1924 Bradbury, EricEric Bradbury
Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ ANDREW YOUNG F.S.I/ FIRST VALUER TO THE LONDON COUNTY COUNCIL/ 1884–1914/ HE LABOURED TO BEAUTIFY/ THE LONDON HE LOVED. Young oversaw the building of Aldwych and Kingsway in 1899–1905.[11]
Mosaic Mosaic Clare Market, St Clement’s Building (LSE)

1961 Wilson, Harry WarrenHarry Warren Wilson[12]
The mosaic represents the River Thames and subjects taught at the LSE.[13]
Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding
Statue Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

1988 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart, C. A.C. A. Hart Unveiled 30 October 1988 by the Queen Mother. The pose has been described as "deliberately unheroic".[14] St Clement Danes is the Central Church of the Royal Air Force.
Nehru, JawaharlalJawaharlal Nehru
Bust India Place

1991 Katt, LatikaLatika Katt Leach Associates, PeterPeter Leach Associates Unveiled 14 November 1991 in India House.[15]
Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Arthur Harris, 1st Baronet
Statue Strand, in front of St Clement Danes

1992 Winter, FaithFaith Winter Hart and Michael Goss, T.T. Hart and Michael Goss Unveiled 31 May 1992 by the Queen Mother. The decision to commemorate Harris ignited a major controversy, and was criticised by the mayors of Dresden and Cologne. The unveiling was met by a public protest.[16]
Eagle Sculpture Clement’s Inn, Outside Tower One (LSE)

2000 Duquette, A.A. Duquette
A small bronze of an eagle′s head. This and the five works that follow are part of the Odette bequest of 2005 to the LSE.[6]
Salutation Sculpture Portugal Street, rear of the Peacock Theatre (LSE)

2002 Hicks, RalphRalph Hicks
An abstracted representation, in stainless steel, of a human figure bowing its head to passersby. Another version is at the Windsor Sculpture Park.[17]
Baby Tembo
Sculpture Clare Market, outside the Old Building (LSE)

2002 Hudson, Derrick StephanDerrick Stephan Hudson
This work and Yolanda vanderGaast’s Penguin were sited on Clare Market as the LSE crèche was at that time at the top of the street, and it was thought that these sculptures might appeal to children. The crèche has since moved.[6]
Three Fates Sculpture Clement’s Inn, opposite Tower Three (LSE)

2003 Katz, MortonMorton Katz
[6]
Equus Sculpture John Watkins Plaza, outside the British Library of Political and Economic Science (LSE)

2003 Sandys, EdwinaEdwina Sandys
A bronze copy of a smaller marble original of 1977, produced during the artist’s "Stone Age" period.[18]
Penguin Sculpture Clare Market, outside St Clement’s Building (LSE)

2009 vanderGaast, YolandaYolanda vanderGaast
VanderGaast′s original Penguin of 2002[6] stood in Clare Market from 2005. In 2009 it was stolen; the thieves left only the flippers behind. The replacement statue is more firmly secured to the ground than its predecessor.[19]

Bayswater

See the List of public art in Paddington

Belgravia

Part of Belgravia lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Belgravia is predominantly residential district, laid out in the 1820s by Thomas Cubitt and Thomas Cundy, with a high concentration of embassies and diplomatic buildings.[20] These have determined the character of much of the public art in the area, particularly in Belgrave Square, where most of the works are associated with the Latin American countries whose embassies are on the square.[21]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Memorial to Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster Drinking fountain Junction of Pimlico Road and Avery Farm Row

c. 1870
An Italian Renaissance-style drinking fountain of Portland stone and granite, with mosaic panels.[22] Grade II
Fountainhead Sculpture Halkin Arcade[23]

1971 Wickham, GeoffreyGeoffrey Wickham
Commissioned by Sotheby's, this work won the Royal British Society of Sculptors’ Silver Medal in 1972 for the most distinguished new sculpture in London.[24]
Bolívar, SimónSimón Bolívar
Statue Belgrave Square

1974 Daini, HugoHugo Daini
Unveiled by James Callaghan, then Foreign Secretary, and the Venezuelan president Rafael Caldera. The statue of Bolívar in London is said to represent him as a maker of constitutions, in contrast to those in Madrid, Rome and Paris, which are equestrian. The quotation on the pedestal stresses his admiration for British institutions: I am convinced that England alone is capable of protecting the world’s precious rights as she is great, glorious and wise.[25]
Great Flora L Sculpture Chesham Place

1978 Koenig, FritzFritz Koenig
The sculpture stands outside the extension to the German Embassy, with which it is contemporary.[26] It was conceived as "a fragile ‘call-sign’ in the heart of the surging metropolis".[27] Flora I, a work by the same artist, is in the garden of the German Chancellery in Berlin.[28]
Hercules Statue Ormonde Place

1981 (erected)
A small, bronze replica of the Farnese Hercules. Pedestal inscribed HERCULES/ THIS STATUE IS EXHIBITED/ BY WATES LIMITED/ MAY 1981.
Homage to Leonardo
Leonardo da Vinci
Sculpture Belgrave Square Gardens 1982 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta and Mark Holloway
Based on Leonardo’s drawing of the Vitruvian Man. Completed by Holloway, Plazzotta’s studio assistant, after the elder sculptor’s death in 1981. Funded by the American construction magnate John M. Harbert.[29]
Columbus, ChristopherChristopher Columbus
Statue Belgrave Square

1992 Bañuelos, TomásTomás Bañuelos
Given by the people of Spain in commemoration of the 500th anniversary of Columbus’s voyage. His birth date is mistakenly given as 1446 on the pedestal.[30]
General José de San Martín Statue Belgrave Square

1994 Ferraro, Juan CarlosJuan Carlos Ferraro
A gift of the Anglo-Argentine community in Argentina, unveiled by the Duke of Edinburgh.[31] San Martín is depicted in general’s uniform with his bicorne hat held casually in his right hand, while in his left he holds a trailing sword below the hilt. An inscription reads His name represents democracy, justice and liberty.[32]
Mozart, Wolfgang AmadeusWolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Statue Orange Square, corner of Ebury Street and Pimlico Road

1994 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson
The composer is depicted aged 8, when he stayed in a house on Ebury Street for the summer and autumn of 1764; he wrote his first two symphonies there. The statue was proposed to mark the bicentenary of Mozart’s death in 1991.[33]
Westminster, Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess ofRobert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster
Statue Wilton Crescent

1998 Wylder, JonathanJonathan Wylder
The developer of Belgravia is shown studying plans of the area, his foot resting on a milestone inscribed CHESTER/ 197/ MILES, a reference to his estate at Eaton Hall in Cheshire. On either side sit two talbots, the supporters from his coat of arms.[34] An inscription on the pedestal reads When we build, let us think we build for ever – a slight misquotation from John Ruskin’s Seven Lamps of Architecture (1849).[35]
Armillary sphere Armillary sphere Belgrave Square 2000
A gift from the Duke of Westminster to mark the beginning of the third millennium. The inscription on the rim is taken from William Blake’s "Auguries of Innocence" (1803): To see a world in a grain of sand and a heaven in a wild flower, hold infinity in the palm of your hand and eternity in an hour.[36]
Prince Henry the Navigator Statue Belgrave Square

2002 (erected) after José Simões de Almeida (the younger)
Unveiled 12 February 2002 by [37] A cast of a statue in Vila Franca do Campo on São Miguel Island, erected in 1932 to commemorate the quincentenary of the arrival of the Portuguese to the Azores.[38] The Portuguese Embassy is at 11 Belgrave Square.[39]
Basevi, GeorgeGeorge Basevi Bust Belgrave Square Gardens

2002 Wylder, JonathanJonathan Wylder[40]
Basevi was responsible for the design and construction of Belgrave Square in 1825–40.[41]

Charing Cross / Trafalgar Square

Charing Cross, at the junction of Strand and Whitehall, was the site of the first public monument in what is now the City of Westminster,[1] the Eleanor cross (q.v.) commissioned by Edward I late in the 13th century in memory of his queen, Eleanor of Castile. Destroyed by order of the Long Parliament in 1647,[42] the cross was replaced after the Restoration by the equestrian statue of Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur (q.v.), the oldest public sculpture now standing in the borough.[43] In 1865 a fanciful replica of the cross (q.v.) was erected in the forecourt of Charing Cross railway station. Charing Cross was declared the official centre of London in 1831[44] and a plaque marking this status was installed near Le Sueur’s statue in 1955.[45]

Immediately to the north of Charing Cross lies William IV, but sufficient funds were never raised for the latter statue.[47] Most of the memorials since added have had a military or naval flavour, an exception being the statue of the physician Edward Jenner (q.v.), erected in 1858 but moved to Kensington Gardens only four years later. Another work which originally stood on the square is Hamo Thornycroft’s statue of General Gordon (q.v.); this was removed during World War II and reinstalled on the Victoria Embankment in 1953. Since 1999 the formerly empty fourth plinth has become London’s most prominent showcase for temporary new sculpture.[48]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist / Designer Architect Notes Listing
Charles I
Equestrian statue Charing Cross

1633 Le Sueur, HubertHubert Le Sueur Wren, ChristopherChristopher Wren The earliest Renaissance-style equestrian statue in England. Originally commissioned in 1630 by Charles I’s Lord High Treasurer, Lord Richard Weston, for his estate in Roehampton (then in Surrey). Erected on the site of the Charing Cross in 1674–5, when it was set on its current pedestal.[49] The reliefs were carved by Joshua Marshall, Master Mason to Charles II.[50] Grade I
James II
Statue Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

1686 Gibbons, GrinlingGrinling Gibbons with Pierre van Dievoet, Laurence Vandermeulen and Thomas Benniere
Commissioned by the royal servant Tobias Rustat for a site outside the Palace of Whitehall. One of three statues of Stuart monarchs commissioned by him, the others being those of Charles II at the Chelsea Royal Hospital and Windsor Castle. Erected on present site in 1946.[51] Grade I
George IV
Equestrian statue North-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

1830 Chantrey, Francis LegattFrancis Legatt Chantrey Barry, CharlesCharles Barry Originally intended to be the crowning feature of [52] Grade II
Nelson’s Column
Admiral Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson
Statue on column Centre of Trafalgar Square

1839–42 Baily, Edward HodgesEdward Hodges Baily Railton, WilliamWilliam Railton Nelson is portrayed without an eyepatch, but is unidealised by the standards of the time. The figure is given stability by the coil of rope behind. Portland stone was chosen over bronze as the statue then "would not be resorted to as plunder in revolutions".[53] Grade I
The Battle of Trafalgar or The Death of Nelson Bas-relief South face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–9 Carew, John EdwardJohn Edward Carew
Nelson is depicted immediately after receiving his mortal wound; Captain Hardy turns back towards him whilst sailors to the left take aim at the marksman who dealt the blow. Inscribed at the bottom ENGLAND EXPECTS EVERY MAN WILL DO HIS DUTY.[54] Grade I
The Battle of the Nile Bas-relief North face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–50 Woodington, William F.William F. Woodington
Nelson has been taken below deck after being wounded in the head during the attack on the French fleet in Abu Qir Bay. Captain Edward Berry stands by his side.[55] Grade I
The Bombardment of Copenhagen Bas-relief East face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–54 Ternouth, JohnJohn Ternouth
Nelson, on board his flagship HMS Elephant, applies his seal to an ultimatum directed at the Crown Prince of Denmark. The city of Copenhagen is visible in the background.[56] Grade I
The Battle of Cape St. Vincent Bas-relief West face of pedestal of Nelson’s Column 1846–54 Musgrave Watson and William F. Woodington
Nelson is on board a Spanish ship, the San Nicolas. A Spanish officer kneels in front of Nelson, surrendering the swords of his fellow officers. Watson died in 1847 before he could complete the work.[57] Grade I
General Sir Charles James Napier
Statue South-western plinth, Trafalgar Square

1855 Adams, George GammonGeorge Gammon Adams
Unveiled 26 November 1856. Napier holds a scroll out in his right hand, a gesture which symbolises the giving of government to Sindh. The statue was much criticised, The Art Journal calling it "perhaps the worst piece of sculpture in England".[58] Grade II
Major General Sir Henry Havelock
Statue South-eastern plinth, Trafalgar Square

1861 Behnes, WilliamWilliam Behnes
Unveiled 10 April 1861. The pedestal inscribed at the front with a quotation from one of Havelock’s pre-battle speeches, and to the rear with a list of British and Indian regiments commanded by him during the Indian Mutiny. This was the first statue ever to be modelled from a photograph.[59] Grade II
Queen Eleanor Memorial Cross
Eleanor of Castile
Memorial with sculpture Forecourt of Charing Cross railway station

1865 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp Barry, Edward MiddletonEdward Middleton Barry A replica (with some artistic license) of the original Eleanor cross at Charing, with some details inspired by the Oxford Martyrs’ Memorial. It stands some distance away from the original location of the Charing Cross.[60] Grade II*
Four lions
Statues At the foot of Nelson’s Column




1867 Landseer, EdwinEdwin Landseer
Unveiled 31 January 1867. Landseer, an animal painter with no previous experience in sculpture, was assisted by Carlo Marochetti.[61] Grade I
Baker, John LawJohn Law Baker Memorial Drinking Fountain Drinking fountain with sculpture Churchyard of St Martin-in-the-Fields

1886
A truncated fluted column with lion’s-head fountains on two sides, their basins now filled in. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF JOHN LAW BAKER/ FORMERLY OF THE MADRAS ARMY/ BORN 1789 – DIED 1886.[62] Grade II
Humphry, William GilsonWilliam Gilson Humphry Memorial Drinking Fountain Drinking fountain Adelaide Street, adjacent to corner with Duncannon Street

1886
A basic granite drinking fountain set into the churchyard wall of St Martin’s, where Humphry was vicar from 1815 until his death in 1886. Restored with a replica bronze lion mash spout in about 1989, but this is no longer visible on the memorial.[63] No listing, but wall and railings listed Grade I
Edith Cavell Memorial
Pylon with sculpture St Martin’s Place

1920 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 17 March 1920 by Queen Alexandra. The earliest World War I memorial project in England; plans for it began soon after Cavell’s death in 1915. The inscription FOR KING AND COUNTRY was felt to be a travesty of Cavell’s beliefs; in 1924 another was added with her words, PATRIOTISM IS NOT ENOUGH/ I MUST HAVE NO HATRED OR/ BITTERNESS FOR ANYONE.[64] Grade I
Washington, GeorgeGeorge Washington
Statue Lawn in front of the National Gallery, Trafalgar Square

1921 after Jean-Antoine Houdon
Unveiled 30 June 1921. A bronze cast of Houdon's 1796 marble statue for the Virginia State Capitol. The state of Virginia offered the cast to London in 1914 to mark the centenary of the Treaty of Ghent, and thus of Anglo-American peace.[65] Grade II
Memorial to Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe Bust, and fountain with two sculptural groups Western fountain and balustrade of Trafalgar Square


1948 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens The Jellicoe and Beatty memorials were unveiled on 21 October 1948 (Trafalgar Day) by the Duke of Gloucester. They were adapted from the fountains designed by Sir Charles Barry and installed in 1845; Lutyens retained Barry’s cusped quatrefoil-shaped basins and added the vase-shaped central fountains. Each memorial consists of a fountain with a bronze sculptural group and a bust of the admiral in question. During the 2003 refurbishment of the square the busts were moved to the eastern side of the new steps; they previously faced their associated fountains.[66] Grade II*
Memorial to Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty Bust, and fountain with two sculptural groups Eastern fountain and balustrade of Trafalgar Square


1948 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens A square plaque near the centre of the square marks the dedication of the fountains: THESE FOUNTAINS AND/ THE BUSTS AGAINST THE/ NORTH WALL OF THE/ SQUARE WERE ERECTED/ BY PARLIAMENT TO THE/ MEMORY OF THE ADMIRALS OF/ THE FLEET EARL JELLICOE/ AND EARL BEATTY TO THE/ END THAT THEIR ILLUSTRIOUS/ SERVICES TO THE STATE/ MIGHT NEVER BE FORGOTTEN[67] Grade II*
Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope Bust Balustrade of Trafalgar Square

1967 Belsky, FrantaFranta Belsky
Unveiled 2 April 1967 by the Duke of Edinburgh. The bust contains a half-pint bottle of Guinness and a note written by the sculptor.[68]
Platform murals Murals Charing Cross tube station 1979 Gentleman, DavidDavid Gentleman
The murals on the Northern line platforms depict the construction of the medieval Charing Cross; they are reproduced from woodcuts by Gentleman at twenty times their original size.[69] The murals for the Jubilee and Bakerloo lines feature photographs of Nelson’s Column and paintings in the National Gallery.[70]
Tile murals Tile murals Subway under Trafalgar Square 1992[12] FreeForm Arts Trust
A scheme depicting scenes from the history of Trafalgar Square.[71]
A Conversation with Oscar Wilde Memorial with sculpture Adelaide Street, near St Martin-in-the-Fields

1998 Hambling, MaggiMaggi Hambling
Unveiled 30 November 1998. A bronze sculpture of Wilde's head and hand (complete with cigarette) emerges from a granite, coffin-shaped plinth. Inscribed with a quotation from Lady Windermere's Fan (1892), We are all/ in the gutter/ but some of us/ are looking at/ the stars.[72]
Christ Child
Sculpture Portico of St Martin-in-the-Fields

1999 Chapman, MichaelMichael Chapman
A relief of a newborn baby with the umbilical cord still uncut, seemingly emerging from a block of Portland stone. The inscription running around the sides reads IN THE BEGINNING/ WAS THE WORD – AND THE/ WORD BECAME FLESH/ AND LIVED AMONG US/ St John 1:1,14.[73]
Poem
Natalie Skilbeck
Inscription around balustrade North of St Martin-in-the-Fields

2008 Perkins, TomTom Perkins (lettering) Parry, EricEric Parry The balustrade of a light well is inscribed with a poem by Andrew Motion in stainless steel letters, individually cast.[74] Natalie Skilbeck was a traveller on her gap year killed in a road accident in Mauritius in 2004.[75]

Covent Garden

Part of Covent Garden lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here, see the List of public art in Camden.

Covent Garden, noted for its former fruit and vegetable market which is now a shopping and entertainment area,[76] is a district on the eastern edge of the West End, between St Martin’s Lane and Drury Lane.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Young Dancer
Statue Broad Court, off Bow Street

1988 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta
Unveiled 16 May 1988. A gift to Westminster City Council by the sculptor’s estate.[77]
Neptune Fountain Fountain with sculpture Churchyard of St Paul's, Covent Garden

1995 Thomason, PhilipPhilip Thomason Insall, DonaldDonald Insall Part of the southern gate of the church, reconstructed to Inigo Jones’s design after it had been removed in 1877. The material used is a very close match to Coade stone,[78] the recipe for which has been lost.
Agatha Christie Memorial Memorial with sculpture Corner of Great Newport Street and Cranbourn Street

2012 Twiston-Davies, BenBen Twiston-Davies
Unveiled 18 November 2012. Marks the 60th year of the run of Christie’s play The Mousetrap, the longest in theatrical history, which is staged nearby at St Martin's Theatre. The memorial takes the form of a book as Christie is also the world’s best-selling novelist.[79] Miss Marple, Hercule Poirot, the Orient Express and a country house are depicted in relief on the book’s cover.[80]

Fitzrovia

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Green Park

Green Park is one of London’s Royal Parks and lies between Hyde Park and St James’s Park. Much of the present landscaping is the result of remodelling by John Nash in the 1820s, and the park had been cleared of its buildings, dating to the time of Queen Caroline, by 1855.[81] Governments have traditionally been reluctant to situate memorials in the Royal Parks, and there were none in Green Park until the installation of the Canada Memorial in 1994.[82] Since then two further war memorials have been added, with the second (dedicated to the memory of RAF Bomber Command) drawing criticism for "the un-greening of this section of Green Park".[83]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Gates Gates and piers Piccadilly

early 18th century
Wrought-iron gates with piers in the Lord Heathfield. When this was demolished in 1837 they were bought for Chiswick House, but in 1897 they were removed to Devonshire House, which was owned by the same family. This in turn was demolished in 1921, after which the gates were moved to their present site.[84] Grade II*
Diana Drinking fountain with sculpture Near the entrance of Green Park tube station

1951 Estcourt James (Jim) Clack
Unveiled 30 June 1954 on the site of an earlier fountain by Sydney Smirke. The new work was a gift of the Constance Fund, a trust fund set up in accordance with the wishes of the artist Sigismund Goetze to commission sculpture for London’s parks.[85] The fountain was moved to its current, more prominent position in 2011, when some gilding was added.[86]
Leaves Tile motif Green Park tube station, Victoria line and Jubilee line platforms 1979 June Fraser
Fraser’s tiling scheme in bright red and green replaced (on the Victoria line platforms)[87] an abstract design of 1969 by Hans Unger, representing a bird’s-eye view of trees in Green Park.[88]
Canada Memorial
Memorial Green Park

1994 Pierre Granche Ove Arup and Partners Unveiled 3 June 1994 by Queen Elizabeth II.[89] A pyramid of Canadian granite bisected by a passageway, forming the shape of an arrow pointing from Halifax, Nova Scotia, whence Canadian soldiers sailed for London in order to fight in both world wars. Inscribed bilingually in English and French.[90]
Memorial Gates
Four stone pillars supporting lamps and, nearby, a chhatri Constitution Hill

2002
O’Connor, LiamLiam O’Connor Unveiled 6 November 2002 by Queen Elizabeth II. Inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ THE FIVE MILLION/ VOLUNTEERS FROM/ THE INDIAN/ SUB-CONTINENT/ AFRICA AND/ THE CARIBBEAN/ WHO FOUGHT WITH/ BRITAIN IN THE TWO/ WORLD WARS.[91]
Watering Holes Sculptural Drinking Fountain Green Park

2012 Titman, MarkMark Titman Robin Monotti Architects One of two winners of an international competition to design "a new, top-quality, low-cost, model drinking fountain",[92] the other being the Trumpet fountain installed in Kensington Gardens.[93]
RAF Bomber Command Memorial
Sculptural group inside pavilion Green Park

2012 Philip Jackson Liam O’Connor Unveiled 28 June 2012 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial is classical in style, but its roof is lined with aluminium from a Halifax bomber, behind a stainless steel lattice inspired by the geodesic fuselage construction of Wellington bombers.[94]

Hyde Park

Hyde Park, a Royal Park since 1536, covers an area of over 350 acres.[95] Its present landscaping dates largely to the 18th century, when Queen Caroline introduced the Serpentine among other features, and to the 1820s, when Decimus Burton made improvements including the park’s triumphal entrance at Wellington Arch.[96] This was originally crowned with a colossal equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington, removed later in the 19th century. In the immediate vicinity of the arch, at Hyde Park Corner, there is a high concentration of military memorials.[21]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer / Landscape architect Notes Listing
Wellington Monument
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Statue Off Park Lane

1822 Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott
Unveiled 18 June 1822. Wellington is represented symbolically by the hero Achilles, although the head is said to be modelled on the Duke’s.[97] The statue, partly inspired by the classical sculptures of the Dioscuri on the Quirinal Hill in Rome, was cast from captured French cannon.[98] The first public nude statue in London since antiquity.[97] Grade II
Dell Megalith Former drinking fountain The Dell, Hyde Park

1861
John Thomas The remains of a drinking fountain originally formed of several large blocks of granite, possibly quarried at Moorswater, Cornwall. This became defunct in 1887 and only a single stone was still standing by 1900.[99]
Boy and Dolphin Fountain with sculpture Rose Garden, South Carriage Drive

1863 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro
Moved in 1962 from Hyde Park to the Broad Walk, Regent’s Park. Returned to Hyde Park in 1994, in a different location from its original setting.[100] Grade II
Conduit House Memorial Urn on pedestal Serpentine Road

1871
Marks the site of a conduit house which supplied the precinct of Westminster with water until the spring was cut off by drainage works in 1861. The building was demolished in 1868.[101] Grade II
Byron, George Gordon Byron, 6th BaronGeorge Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron
Statue Achilles Way traffic island, Park Lane

1880 Belt, Richard ClaudeRichard Claude Belt
Unveiled 24 May 1880. Inspired by a line from Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812–18): "To sit on rocks and muse o’er flood and fell". Byron is depicted with his Newfoundland dog, Bo’sun. The marble pedestal, supplied by the Greek government, was added in 1882.[102] Grade II
Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke ofArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Equestrian statue Hyde Park Corner

1888 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm Ince, HowardHoward Ince Unveiled 21 December 1888. The pedestal is flanked by four soldiers representing the four nations of the United Kingdom. Alfred Gilbert, an assistant in Boehm’s studio, claimed to have modelled the horse.[103] Grade II
Diana
Fountain with sculpture Rose Garden, South Carriage Drive

1899 Gleichen, Lady FeodoraLady Feodora Gleichen
Made for the garden of Sir Walter Palmer’s house Frognal, in Ascot, Berkshire; presented to Hyde Park by Lady Jean Palmer in 1906.[104]
Peace
Quadriga Wellington Arch, Hyde Park Corner

1908–12 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Burton, DecimusDecimus Burton Unveiled 2 April 1912.[105] Burton originally intended for a quadriga to surmount his arch, but in 1845 an equestrian statue of Wellington was installed in its place. This was removed to Aldershot when the arch’s orientation was changed in 1883. Edward VII commissioned the present group, but did not live to see its completion.[106] Grade I (with arch)
Memorial to the Cavalry of the Empire
Equestrian sculpture with stone screen Serpentine Road

1924 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Sir Burnet, John JamesJohn James Burnet Unveiled 21 May 1924[107] at Stanhope Gate; moved in 1961 for the widening of Park Lane.[97] The armour was based on that of the [107] Grade II
Machine Gun Corps Memorial (David)
Memorial with sculpture Hyde Park Corner

1925 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood
Unveiled 10 May 1925 by the Duke of Connaught. Re-erected on current location in 1962. The second bronze model for the figure stood in Chelsea Embankment Gardens from 1963 until it was stolen in the 1970s; it has been replaced by a replica.[108] Grade II*
Memorial to William Henry Hudson Stone screen with relief sculpture West Carriage Drive

1925 Epstein, JacobJacob Epstein Gill, EricEric Gill (lettering) Unveiled 19 May 1925 by Stanley Baldwin.[109] Located near the Bird Sanctuary erected in Hudson’s memory, the memorial depicts the bird-spirit Rima, a character from his novel Green Mansions (1904). A controversial early work by Epstein which was dubbed "the Hyde Park Atrocity" by its detractors.[110] Grade II
Royal Artillery Memorial
Memorial with sculpture Hyde Park Corner

1925 Jagger, Charles SargeantCharles Sargeant Jagger Pearson, LionelLionel Pearson Unveiled 18 October 1925 by the Duke of Connaught. The regiment demanded a "realistic" memorial and got one, crowned with a howitzer rendered in stone. The figure of a dead soldier shrouded in a greatcoat was still, however, found to be unsettling.[111] Grade I
Memorial to George Lansbury Plaque Hyde Park Lido Pavilion

1953 Parker, H. WilsonH. Wilson Parker
Lansbury established the Hyde Park Lido in 1930.[95] The plaque in his honour was installed as part of the post-War reconstruction of the Lido Pavilion.[112]
Mosaics Mosaics Marble Arch pedestrian subway

1962 Mitchell, WilliamWilliam Mitchell
Mitchell was chosen for this commission by the architect Sir Frederick Gibberd, with whom he had collaborated previously. The murals use a combination of traditional and experimental mosaic techniques. Another set of mosaics which was part of the same redevelopment scheme, at Hyde Park Corner, has been removed.[113]
Four Winds Fountain Fountain with sculptural group Hyde Park, near Park Lane

1963 Huxley-Jones, Thomas BaylissThomas Bayliss Huxley-Jones
Unveiled 25 June 1963; the site was formerly occupied by Munro’s Boy and Dolphin (see above). Originally titled Joy of Life, this was the last commission of the Constance Fund. The fountain basins were redesigned and the work’s name changed in 2000–1.[114]
Little Nell Fountain with sculpture Patte d’oie north of east end of Serpentine, Serpentine Road[115]

1975 (after an original of 1896) after William Robert Colton
A replica in artificial stone of a lost Art Nouveau original, described as depicting a "winged child with fish".[99] The name "Little Nell" has apparently only been attached to the work more recently;[116] it has also been referred to variously as the "Colton Memorial" and the "Mermaid Fountain".[117]
Norwegian War Memorial
Commemorative stone mounted on three smaller stones Hyde Park, west of Ranger’s Lodge

1978
Inscribed THIS STONE WAS ERECTED BY THE ROYAL NORWEGIAN NAVY/ AND THE NORWEGIAN MERCHANT FLEET IN THE YEAR 1978/ WE THANK THE BRITISH PEOPLE FOR FRIENDSHIP/ AND HOSPITALITY DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR/ YOU GAVE US A SAFE HAVEN IN OUR COMMON STRUGGLE/ FOR FREEDOM AND PEACE.[118]
Holocaust Memorial
Commemorative stones Hyde Park, east of the Dell

1983 Badger, MarkMark Badger Richard Seifert; Derek Lovejoy and Partners Unveiled 28 June 1983; the first public memorial in Britain to victims of the Holocaust.[119] The largest boulder bears an inscription from Lamentations (3:48) in Hebrew and English: FOR THESE I WEEP/ STREAMS OF TEARS FLOW/ FROM MY EYES/ BECAUSE OF THE DESTRUCTION/ OF MY PEOPLE.
Household Cavalry Memorial Raised slate floor plaque in hedge enclosure South Carriage Drive

1985
Commemorates the four soldiers of the Blues and Royals regiment who were killed in the IRA bombing of 20 July 1982 near this spot.[99] The horses killed by the bomb are commemorated by a water trough, which was moved from the Victoria Embankment to Hyde Park in 1985 to serve as a memorial.[120]
Memorial to Queen Caroline of Ansbach
Urn on pedestal Hyde Park, west of the Dell, overlooking the Serpentine

1990
Inscribed To the memory of/ QUEEN CAROLINE/ wife of George II/ for whom/ the Long Water/ and Serpentine/ were created/ between/ 1727–1731
Queen Elizabeth Gate
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Gates Hyde Park

1993 Wynne, DavidDavid Wynne Lund, GiuseppeGiuseppe Lund Unveiled 6 July 1993 by Queen Elizabeth II.[121]
Tile murals
Tile murals Hyde Park Corner pedestrian subway 1995 FreeForm Arts Trust
900 m² of murals depicting the history of the area, painted by a team of six artists led by Alan Rossiter.[122]
Reformers’ Tree
The Reform League
Mosaic Hyde Park

2001 Gray, HarryHarry Gray Flint, RozRoz Flint Depicts a tree near this site which burnt down during the Reform League Riots in 1866, the stump of which became a notice board for political demonstrations.[97]
Australian War Memorial
Stone screen Hyde Park Corner

2003 Laurence, JanetJanet Laurence Tonkin Zulaikha Greer Architects A curving granite wall inscribed with the names of 24,000 Australian towns and villages and of battles in both World Wars. Water runs down parts of the wall and slabs up against it bear the country’s coat of arms and military badges.[123]
Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fountain
Diana, Princess of Wales
Fountain Hyde Park, near West Carriage Drive and Rotten Row

2004
Gustafson, KathrynKathryn Gustafson Unveiled 6 July 2004 by Queen Elizabeth II.[124] A low, granite oval, 210 metres in circumference, with water coursing along it.[97] The fountain was plagued by blockages and injuries and had to be closed off twice for repairs in its first two years.[124]
Animals in War Memorial
Stone screens with sculptures Park Lane

2004 Backhouse, DavidDavid Backhouse
Unveiled 24 November 2004 by Princess Anne. Two heavily laden mules are shown trudging towards an opening between two swelling Portland stone screens; beyond lies a grass mound with a cavorting horse and dog.[125]
New Zealand War Memorial
Stelae Hyde Park Corner

2006 Dibble, PaulPaul Dibble Hardwick-Smith, JohnJohn Hardwick-Smith Unveiled 11 November 2006 by Queen Elizabeth II. Consists of 16 bronze X beams (or "standards"), six of which are arranged in the shape of the Southern Cross constellation.[126]
7 July Memorial
Stelae Hyde Park, near Park Lane

2009
Carmody Groarke Architects et al. Unveiled 7 July 2009 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall, on the fourth anniversary of the terrorist bombings. The 52 victims are commemorated by stainless steel stelae.[127]
Isis
Sculpture Hyde Park, near West Carriage Drive, overlooking the Serpentine

2009 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon
Unveiled 7 September 2009. 1,000 plaques around the base were sold to donors for personalised inscriptions at £1,000 each,[128] as a way of funding the park’s Isis Education Centre for introducing young people to the study of nature. Donated to the park by the Halcyon Gallery.[129]
Freeman Family Drinking Fountain
Drinking fountain North Carriage Drive, near Marble Arch

2009 Harber, DavidDavid Harber
Unveiled 23 September 2009.[130] A stainless steel sphere decorated with petals of oxidised bronze.[131] Donated to the park by Michael Freeman, a property developer and trustee of the Royal Parks Foundation, and his wife.[132]
Still Water
Sculpture Marble Arch

2010 Fiddian-Green, NicNic Fiddian-Green
Unveiled 14 September 2010. The largest freestanding bronze sculpture in London at 33 ft high. Replaces a previous version temporarily installed on this site; commissioned by Sir Anthony Bamford and his wife, it is now on their estate in Daylesford, Gloucestershire.[133]

Kensington

Part of Kensington lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Kensington is an area of west and central London; only some parts of Kensington Gardens and South Kensington fall within the boundary of Westminster. When the contemporary sculptor Anish Kapoor held an exhibition of his work in Kensington Gardens in 2010 he remarked that the gardens are "the best site in London for a piece of art, probably in the world".[134]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Coalbrookdale Gates Gates, cast iron South Carriage Drive

1851 Bell, JohnJohn Bell Crookes, CharlesCharles Crookes Made in Coalbrookdale for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Installed at the entrance to Lancaster Walk in 1852 and moved to their present location in 1871, during construction of the Albert Memorial.[135] Grade II
Queen's Gate Gates and piers, cast iron Queen’s Gate

1858
[136] Grade II*
Jenner, EdwardEdward Jenner
Statue Italian Gardens, Kensington Gardens

1858 Marshall, William CalderWilliam Calder Marshall Sir James Pennethorne Unveiled by Prince Albert in Trafalgar Square in 1858. After pressure from anti-vaccinationists the statue was moved in 1862 to the Italian Gardens at Kensington,[137] which were conceived by Albert and laid out by Pennethorne. The rest of the sculpture in the ensemble is by John Thomas.[138] Grade II
Memorial to the Great Exhibition
Statue with other sculpture Kensington Gore

1863 Durham, JosephJoseph Durham Smirke, SydneySydney Smirke Erected in June 1863 in the gardens of the Royal Horticultural Society in South Kensington. Moved to its present site in the early 1890s.[139] Another cast of the statue of Prince Albert is in Saint Peter Port, Guernsey.[140] Grade II
Speke’s Monument
John Hanning Speke
Obelisk Junction of Lancaster Walk and Budges Walk, Kensington Gardens

1864
Hardwick, PhilipPhilip Hardwick A red granite obelisk, an appropriate form of commemoration for an explorer so associated with the River Nile. The pedestal inscribed IN MEMORY OF/ SPEKE/ VICTORIA[,] NYANZA/ AND THE NILE/ 1864. The phrasing avoids crediting Speke with the discovery of the Nile’s source, as this was a contentious point.[141] Grade II
Frieze of Parnassus Relief sculpture Podium of the Albert Memorial 1864–72 Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead and John Birnie Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott Depicts 169 individual architects, composers, painters, poets, and sculptors from history.[142] Grade I
Asia Sculptural group Albert Memorial

1865–71 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley Sir George Gilbert Scott A personification of the continent, seated on an Indian elephant, removes a veil to reveal herself. Flanking her are an Indian soldier, a Persian poet, a Chinese potter and a Turkish merchant.[143] Grade I
Africa Sculptural group Albert Memorial

1865–71 Theed, WilliamWilliam Theed Sir George Gilbert Scott A figure in Egyptian costume, representing the continent, rests on a camel. Beside her are an Arabian merchant, a figure sometimes identified as a Nubian, a female European and a tribesman.[144] Grade I
America Sculptural group Albert Memorial

1865–71 Bell, JohnJohn Bell Sir George Gilbert Scott The personification of America rides a bison charging forward, guided by the sceptre of the United States, identified by her starry sash. The other figures represent Canada, Mexico and South America.[145] Grade I
Europe Sculptural group Albert Memorial

1865–71 MacDowell, PatrickPatrick MacDowell Sir George Gilbert Scott Europa, seated on a bull, carries an orb and sceptre signifying her continent's imperial dominance in the nineteenth century. Around her sit Britannia with a trident, France with a sword and laurel wreath, Germany with an open book and Italy with a lyre and palette.[146] Grade I
Agriculture Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Marshall, William CalderWilliam Calder Marshall Sir George Gilbert Scott A husbandman, flanked on either side by figures representing livestock farming (a shepherd boy with a lamb and an ewe) and cereal production, looks up to a female personification of Agriculture.[147] Grade I
Commerce Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Thornycroft, ThomasThomas Thornycroft Sir George Gilbert Scott The group consists of Commerce, bearing a cornucopia, a young merchant in "Anglo-Saxon" dress (said to be modelled on the sculptor′s son Hamo), an Eastern merchant and a rustic with a sack of corn.[148] Grade I
Engineering Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Lawlor, JohnJohn Lawlor Sir George Gilbert Scott The presiding genius of engineering directs three workers: an engineer with plan in hand, a mechanical engineer with a cogwheel, and a navvy. The two bridges over the Menai Strait are represented at the back of the group.[149] Grade I
Manufactures Sculptural group Albert Memorial 1865–71 Weekes, HenryHenry Weekes Sir George Gilbert Scott A female personification of manufactures, accompanied by a blacksmith, looks down on two child labourers, one a factory girl and the other a young potter, representing art manufactures.[150] Grade I
Mosaics
Mosaics Tympana, spandrels and vault of the canopy, Albert Memorial 1866–8 Clayton, John RichardJohn Richard Clayton with Salviati and Co. Sir George Gilbert Scott The enthroned female figures in the tympana are identified by their inscriptions as Pictura, Poesis, Sculptura and Architectura; the last displays the design of the Albert Memorial itself.[151] Grade I
Virtues Statues Flèche of the Albert Memorial 1867–70 Redfern, JamesJames Redfern Sir George Gilbert Scott Personifications of the seven virtues along with an eighth, Humanity. Redfern's plaster models were electroformed in copper by Francis Skidmore’s ironworking firm in Coventry. The resulting figures were gilded after being mounted on the memorial.[152][153] Grade I
Sciences Statues Corners of the Albert Memorial 1868c. 1868 Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead and John Birnie Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott In niches on a level with the spandrels are Armstead’s Rhetoric and Medicine and Philip’s Philosophy and Physiology. Below them, standing on column shafts, are Philip’s Geometry and Geology and Armstead’s Astronomy and Chemistry.[154] Grade I
Albert, Prince Consort
Statue Albert Memorial

1871–76 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley and Sir Thomas Brock Sir George Gilbert Scott Foley was given the commission in 1868 after the death of Carlo Marochetti. Working in the open on the model gave Foley the sickness which ultimately killed him in 1874, and the work was completed by his pupil Brock.[142] Grade I
Napier of Magdala, Robert Napier, 1st BaronRobert Napier, 1st Baron Napier of Magdala Equestrian statue Queen’s Gate

1891 Sir Joseph Edgar Boehm
Originally stood in Waterloo Place; moved to its current site in 1921. A replica of the statue to Napier in Kolkata. The boundary line with Kensington and Chelsea bisects the length of this statue.[155] In 2004 the artist Eleonora Aguiari wrapped the statue in bright red tape as a comment on Britain’s imperialist past.[156] Grade II
Physical Energy
Equestrian statue Junction of Lancaster Walk and several other walkways, Kensington Gardens

1907 (installed) Watts, George FredericGeorge Frederic Watts
Installed 24 September 1907. Developed by Watts from his equestrian bronze Hugh Lupus (1870–84) for the Duke of Westminster. Gifted to the nation on Watts’s death in 1904, though the cast had not yet been made from the gesso model (now in the Watts Gallery). An earlier bronze cast was incorporated into the Rhodes Memorial (1906–12) in Cape Town, South Africa.[157] Grade II
Peter Pan
Statue West of the Long Water, Kensington Gardens

1912 Sir George Frampton
Unveiled in secret on May Day 1912. The character’s creator, J. M. Barrie, commissioned the sculpture and chose the site, which is Peter’s landing point in the book Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens. Questions were raised in Parliament about the propriety of an author promoting his work in this way.[135][158] Grade II*
Memorial to Esme Percy Drinking fountain with sculpture Palace Gate

1961 Gilley, SilviaSilvia Gilley
A small bronze figure of a terrier on a platform rising from the centre of a shallow circular pool.[159]
Two Bears Drinking fountain with sculpture Junction of North Flower Walk and Budges Walk, near the Italian Gardens, Kensington Gardens

1970
Statue of two embracing bears originally placed in 1939 to commemorate 80 years of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association. The original was stolen but was replaced with a copy in 1970.[160]
St Govor’s Well Drinking fountain Off the Broad Walk, Kensington Gardens

1976
Inscribed: This drinking fountain marks the site of an ancient spring, which in 1856 was named St Govor’s Well by the First Commissioner of Works, later to become Lord Llanover. Saint Govor, a sixth century hermit, was the patron saint of a church in Llanover which had eight wells in its churchyard.[161]
The Arch
Sculpture North bank of the Long Water, Kensington Gardens

1979–80 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Presented by Moore to the nation for installation in Kensington Gardens in 1980, two years after his eightieth birthday exhibition in the nearby Serpentine Gallery. Dismantled in 1996 due to structural instability and re-erected in 2012.[162]
Memorial to Diana, Princess of Wales Floor plaque, tree plaque and eight stone benches Forecourt of the Serpentine Gallery, Kensington Gardens

1997 Finlay, Ian HamiltonIan Hamilton Finlay Coates, PeterPeter Coates and Andrew Whittle (lettering) Pastoral poetry is inscribed on each element of the work. The plaque at the entrance of the gallery is inscribed with the names of trees found at Kensington Gardens a quotation from the eighteenth-century philosopher Francis Hutcheson.[163] Diana was a patron of the Serpentine Gallery.[164]
Mosaic Mosaic Royal Albert Hall, South Porch

2003 Wakely, ShelaghShelagh Wakely Building Design Partnership (new South Porch)[165] A 60,000-piece mosaic inspired by chaos theory.[166]
Balustrade Glass balustrade Royal Geographical Society, Exhibition Road

2004 Long, EleanorEleanor Long Downie, CraigCraig Downie[167] Images of contours, maps and landscapes are etched into the glass panels.[168]
Velocity Wave[168] Glass balustrade Imperial College Sports Centre, Prince’s Gardens

2004–6 Kaufman, PatPat Kaufman Arup Associates The artist consulted scientists at Imperial College researching into the velocity wave patterns of different sporting activities. These patterns were etched into the glass panes at the entrance ramps and stairs to the sports centre, and infilled with resin and gold leaf. The balustrade is lit at night by white LED lights.[169]
Trumpet (or the Tiffany Drinking Fountain) Drinking fountain Junction of the Broad Walk and Mount Walk, Kensington Gardens

2012
Addy, BenBen Addy (of Moxon Architects) The winner, alongside Watering Holes in Green Park, of a RIBA-judged design competition; it was commended for its "formal clarity and elegance".[170] Of the two designs this was thought to be the more "design-led" and Watering Holes the more "art-led".[171]

Royal Albert Hall frieze

Detail of the frieze

The exterior of the Royal Albert Hall (built in 1867–71 to the designs of Francis Fowke and Henry Young Darracott Scott) is embellished with a mosaic frieze composed of sixteen separate designs by multiple artists. This was assembled from 800 slabs prepared by attendees of the South Kensington Museum’s mosaic class; the terracotta was manufactured by Minton, Hollins and Company. The designs are listed below in anti-clockwise order from the north.[172]

# Subject Artist Listing
1 Various Countries of the World bringing in their Offerings
to the Exhibition of 1851
Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet Grade I
2 Music Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
3 Sculpture Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
4 Painting Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
5 Princes, Art Patrons and Artists Armitage, EdwardEdward Armitage
6 Workers in Stone Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
7 Workers in Wood and Brick Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
8 Architecture Yeames, William FrederickWilliam Frederick Yeames
9 The Infancy of the Arts and Sciences Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill
10 Agriculture Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
11 Horticulture and Land Surveying Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
12 Astronomy and Navigation Marks, Henry StacyHenry Stacy Marks
13 A Group of Philosophers, Sages and Students Armitage, EdwardEdward Armitage
14 Engineering Horsley, John CallcottJohn Callcott Horsley
15 The Mechanical Powers Armstead, Henry HughHenry Hugh Armstead
16 Pottery and Glassmaking Pickersgill, Frederick RichardFrederick Richard Pickersgill

Knightsbridge

Part of Knightsbridge lies outside the City of Westminster; for works not listed here see the List of public art in Kensington and Chelsea.

Knightsbridge lies to the south of Hyde Park and on the road to Kensington. Beginning in the 1840s, with Thomas Cubitt’s development of Albert Gate, the area changed from a hamlet into a fashionable suburb.[173]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Stags Statues on gateposts Albert Gate

before 1839 Peter Turnerelli after Francesco Bartolozzi Thomas Cubitt Formerly stood at the Piccadilly entrance to the Deputy Ranger’s Lodge in Green Park; Cubitt acquired the stags prior to the building’s demolition. The gates and stone piers are twentieth-century replacements for Cubitt’s originals of 1844–5.[174] Grade II
Drinking fountain Drinking fountain Outside The Lanesborough

1860
One of the earliest gifts of the [175] Grade II* (with old hospital building)
The Rush of Green or The Bowater House Group Sculptural group Edinburgh Gate

1959 Sir Jacob Epstein
Unveiled April 1961. A mother, father, child and dog, driven by the sound of Pan’s pipes, rush towards Hyde Park. Epstein was adding the finishing touches to the group on the night he died.[176]
Hyde Park Gates Gates Edinburgh Gate


2010 Wendy Ramshaw
Commissioned from the artist and jeweller as part of the One Hyde Park residential development.[177]
Search for Enlightenment Sculptures One Hyde Park

2011 Simon Gudgeon
Unveiled 19 January 2012 to mark the first anniversary of One Hyde Park.[178] The developers, Candy & Candy, had previously installed a cast of the work at Riverside Walk Gardens in 2011 (q.v.).

Lisson Grove

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Maida Vale

See the list of public art in Paddington.

Marylebone

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Mayfair

Mayfair is a residential and commercial area dominated by terraces of town houses.[179] In Grosvenor Square there are several memorials with an American theme, including a memorial garden commemorating the September 11 attacks, due to the presence on that square of the US Embassy.[180] At the southern end of the district, the courtyard of Burlington House (home of the Royal Academy) on Piccadilly is frequently used as a temporary exhibition space for artworks.[181]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Pitt the Younger, WilliamWilliam Pitt the Younger Statue Hanover Square

1831 Chantrey, FrancisFrancis Chantrey
Unveiled 22 August 1831; there was an attempt by reformist opponents of Pitt to pull the statue down on the morning of the unveiling. Concerns for the work’s security might have been the reason for the unusually tall plinth.[182] Grade II
Fountain Nymph Fountain with sculpture Berkeley Square

1867 Munro, AlexanderAlexander Munro
The pedestal inscribed THE GIFT/ OF/ HENRY 3RD MARQUIS OF LANSDOWNE. This Fountain Nymph was Munro’s second treatment of the theme after that for the memorial to Herbert Ingram in Boston, Lincolnshire (1862–3). He also produced a smaller marble version of the Berkeley Square Nymph, which was installed in a public garden in Oxford in around 1970.[183] Grade II
Drinking fountain Fountain with sculpture Mount Street Gardens

1892
George, ErnestErnest George Inscribed THIS FOUNTAIN WAS ERECTED BY HENRY LOFTS IN/ RECOGNITION OF MANY HAPPY YEARS IN MOUNT STREET/ SIR ERNEST GEORGE. RA FECIT 1892. Lofts was an estate agent, and George an architect, to the [184] Grade II
Reynolds, Sir JoshuaSir Joshua Reynolds
Statue Burlington House

1931 Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Scott, Giles GilbertGiles Gilbert Scott Unveiled 12 December 1931.[185] Drury was awarded the commission in 1917, but was too preoccupied with war memorials in the following years to proceed with the work. In 1926 he had to start over with a new composition after his studio assistant failed to keep the first clay figure moist every night, which had resulted in its disintegration.[186] Grade II
Roosevelt, Franklin D.Franklin D. Roosevelt
Statue Grosvenor Square

1948 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick B. W. L. Gallannaugh; Mary Jenks (lettering) Unveiled 12 April 1948 by Eleanor Roosevelt. The standing pose is intended to recall one of the moments when Roosevelt took the oath of office; he usually used a wheelchair due to his paralytic illness. Winston Churchill, who first proposed the statue, had hoped for a seated depiction of the President as a pendant to the statue of Abraham Lincoln on Parliament Square.[187] Grade II
Crouching Figure No. 4 Sculpture Carlos Place

1973 Greco, EmilioEmilio Greco Clavarino, LucaLuca Clavarino (1987 setting) Unveiled 20 November 1987.[188]
Horse and Rider Equestrian statue Dover Street

1974–5 Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink
Frink’s catalogue raisonné notes that these figures personify "the most desirable masculine qualities", namely "speed, resilience[,] intelligence, loyalty, affection, courage, sensitivity, beauty and free sensuality". Another cast was erected in Winchester High Street in 1983.[189]
RAF Eagle Squadrons Memorial Memorial with sculpture Grosvenor Square

1986 Frink, ElisabethElisabeth Frink Kempster, T. A.T. A. Kempster Unveiled 12 May 1986.[190]
Eisenhower, Dwight D.Dwight D. Eisenhower Statue Grosvenor Square

1969 Dean, RobertRobert Dean Mayell Hart and Associates Unveiled 23 January 1989. A gift from the people of Kansas City, Missouri. Other casts of this statue are at West Point Military Academy and Eisenhower’s burial place in Abilene, Kansas.[191]
Hat box motifs Tile motifs Bond Street tube station Jubilee line platforms 1979
Eckersley, TomTom Eckersley [87]
Ducking Pond Row Fountain Fountain with sculpture Hanover Square

1988 Cooper, PaulPaul Cooper
Originally erected in Bond Street.[192]
Taichi Spin Kick Sculpture St Andrew’s Building, 17 Old Park Lane

1991 Ju Ming
[193]
Allies
Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Sculptural group New Bond Street

1995 Holofcener, LawrenceLawrence Holofcener
Unveiled 2 May 1995, shortly before the 50th anniversary of VE Day, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor’s wife gifted the group to the nation, but the Royal Fine Art Commission ruled out a location in a central London park. The Bond Street Association then expressed an interest in the work.[194]
London Tile mural Lancashire Court, on the approach to the Handel House Museum

2001 Czerwinski, MichaelMichael Czerwinski (with Ray Howell)
Scenes of the city in ancient and modern times, hand-painted and in relief.[122]
Salmon Leap Sculpture Outside 40 Berkeley Square

2004 Cooper, MichaelMichael Cooper
Refers to the Tyburn which once ran nearby.[195]
Granite Sculptures Sculptures Curzon Square

2004 Aiken, JohnJohn Aiken Rolfe Judd The bench-like sculptures are formed from black granite from Zimbabwe and silver-grey granite from Portugal spliced together.[196]
Untitled Glass panels on building Princes Street

2004 Beleschenko, AlexanderAlexander Beleschenko
[197]
Aspiration Sculpture In front of Leconfield House, Curzon Street

2006 Brown, JohnJohn Brown
[198]
New Burlington Flare Light installation New Burlington Place

2006 Bleyenberg, MichaelMichael Bleyenberg
[199]
Silence
Sir Simon Milton
Water feature Mount Street / Carlos Place

2011
Ando, TadaoTadao Ando et al. A raised granite-edged pool into which two trees are set, and which emits clouds of water vapour for fifteen seconds every fifteen minutes.[200] Jointly commissioned by the Grosvenor Estate and the Connaught Hotel; Blair Associates Architects and the Building Design Partnership were also involved the project.[201]
Shop ’Til You Drop Graffiti Bruton Lane

2011 Banksy
[202]
Ronald Reagan
Statue Grosvenor Square

2011 Fagan, ChasChas Fagan
Unveiled 4 July 2011. Westminster City Council’s rule that a person may only be commemorated by a statue 10 years after their death was waived so that Margaret Thatcher could perform the unveiling,[203] but she proved too unwell to attend the ceremony. A fragment of the Berlin Wall is incorporated into the pedestal.[204]
Timelines Light installation Wilder Walk

2011 Schönbächler, DanielaDaniela Schönbächler Dixon Jones Architects [205]
Terza Rima
Designs screenprinted onto windows and a bronze panel 9–15 Sackville Street

2011–12 Salter, RebeccaRebecca Salter JM Architects [206]
Portcullis Gates[207] Gates 33 Davies Street

2013 Ramshaw, WendyWendy Ramshaw HOK[208] 3.6 m-high bronze gates with abstract patterns of "flowing lines and intersecting arcs ... reflect[ing] the life and style of Mayfair", which can be lowered at night in the manner of a portcullis.[209]
An Age, An Instant Gate New Burlington Mews 2014 Smith, RonaRona Smith
Unveiled 29 April 2014. The artist took her inspiration from turn-of-the-century pocket watches, as this locale was a centre for the watchmaking trade in the early 20th century when the building’s façade was rebuilt.[210]
Elephant Statue Aspinall's, Curzon Street

The gambling club’s founder, John Aspinall, was a noted wildlife enthusiast whose two animal parks in Kent, Howletts and Port Lympne, are funded by the club’s proceeds.[211]

Millbank

Millbank is a district by the River Thames, east of Pimlico. It is the location of Tate Britain (formerly the Tate Gallery) and the Chelsea College of Arts. The latter institution’s Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground is a large temporary exhibition space for the work of students and established artists.[212]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
The Rescue of Andromeda Sculptural group Outside Tate Britain

1893 Fehr, Henry CharlesHenry Charles Fehr
A plaster model was exhibited in the Royal Academy in 1893 and cast in bronze, probably at the recommendation of Frederic, Lord Leighton. This was bought for the Tate the following year under the terms of the Chantrey Bequest. Initially displayed inside the gallery, it was moved to its present site in 1911, where the sculptor felt it was "swamped by heavy masonry".[213] Grade II*
(with building)
Sir John Everett Millais
Statue John Islip Street, rear of Tate Britain

1904 Sir Thomas Brock
Originally stood by the entrance of the gallery. By 1961 Sir Norman Reid, the Tate’s director, considered the statue to have a "positively harmful" effect and attempted have it replaced by Rodin’s sculpture of John the Baptist. In 2000 the statue was moved to the rear of the building after ownership was transferred from English Heritage to the Tate.[214] Grade II
The Death Of Dirce Sculptural group Outside Tate Britain

1906 Sir Charles Bennett Lawes-Wittewronge
Based on the Farnese Bull, a classical sculpture depicting the same subject. Presented to the Tate by the sculptor’s widow in 1911. A second, larger version in marble is in the grounds of Rothamsted Manor, the sculptor’s family estate in Hertfordshire.[215] Grade II*
(with building)
Two Piece Reclining Figure No. 1 Sculpture McGregor Courtyard, Chelsea College of Arts, Atterbury Road

1959 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Originally installed at the Chelsea School of Art’s newly built Manresa Road campus in 1964, Moore’s sculpture took up residence at the college’s current location in 2010.[216]
Locking Piece
Sculpture Riverside Walk Gardens

1963–4 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Unveiled 19 July 1968. Moore had never been satisfied with the setting of the piece on a multi-faceted plinth by a fountain; these features were removed and the gardens re-landscaped in 2003.[217] Grade II
Jeté
Statue Millbank, south of Tate Britain

1975 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta
Unveiled 16 July 1985. Represents the dancer David Wall making his entrance in the ballet La Bayadère.[218]
Glass canopy Glass canopy Chapter House, Chapter Street

2004 Maestri, KateKate Maestri with Andrew Moor Associates
[219]
Big 4 Sculpture Channel 4 headquarters, Horseferry Road

2007
Freestate and Atelier One Unveiled 16 October 2007, for Channel 4’s 25th anniversary. The separate elements of the sculpture when seen from the right angle form the number 4, in the manner of the channel’s idents. The bare steel structure was designed to be adapted by artists who would create their own “skins”, thus constantly renewing the work.[220]
Search for Enlightenment Sculptures Riverside Walk Gardens

2011 Gudgeon, SimonSimon Gudgeon
Unveiled 9 October 2011.[221] Two large, bronze heads in profile, shallow and hollowed-out with their faces upturned to the sky. The sculptor wished to comment on "the narrowness of consciousness, the vastness of time and the transience of humanity".[222] (See also another casting above.)
Tree sculpture Sculpture The Courthouse, Horseferry Road

2014 Price, TomTom Price Biotecture [223]

Paddington

See the list of public art in Paddington.

Pimlico

Pimlico is a triangular area between the River Thames and Belgravia, bounded by Vauxhall Bridge Road to the east and the railway line into Victoria Station in the west.[224]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist / Designer Architect Notes Listing
William Huskisson
Statue Pimlico Gardens

1836 Gibson, JohnJohn Gibson
Commissioned for a site outside the Custom House in Liverpool. This was Gibson’s second version of the statue originally in Huskisson’s mausoleum in St James Cemetery, Liverpool (now in the Walker Art Gallery).[225] Moved to the Royal Exchange before coming to the present site in 1915.[226]
War memorial Crucifix St Saviour’s church, Lupus Street

after 1918
Commemorates parishioners who died in both World Wars.[227]
Dolphin mosaic Mosaic Dolphin Square c. 1937
This mosaic, which has been described as having an "Hellenic" appearance, was originally situated at the main entrance of the Dolphin Square development but was moved to its present location during renovation work.[228]
Spot motif Tiled pattern Pimlico tube station platforms 1972c. 1972 Sedgley, PeterPeter Sedgley
The motif of yellow spray bursts on a white background was inspired by Sedgley’s own op art painting of 1968, Go.[229]
Cooling Tower
Sculpture Bessborough Street, Drummond Gate

1979–82 Paolozzi, EduardoEduardo Paolozzi Whitfield Partners Paolozzi’s cast iron relief panels, painted in aluminium, encase the cooling equipment for the air conditioning of Pimlico tube station. Conceived as a "pivot or ‘marker’" on the route from the tube station to the Tate Gallery, it was described by the architects as "an opportunity to transform a mechanical necessity into a genuine sculpture". Commissioned by the Crown Estate Commissioners.[230]
Dolphin Fountain Fountain with sculptural group Dolphin Square

1987 Butler, JamesJames Butler
Installed to mark the 50th anniversary of the building of Dolphin Square.[231]
Thomas Cubitt
Statue Denbigh Street

1994–5 Fawke, WilliamWilliam Fawke
The site is adjacent to that of the workshops used by Cubitt in the building of Pimlico. He is depicted with a yardstick in hand, selecting a brick to measure from underneath the tarpaulin. Another cast of the statue is in Dorking, Surrey.[232]
The Helmsman Sculpture Pimlico Gardens

1996 Wallace, AndréAndré Wallace
Wallace is primarily interested in subjects involving journeys or transportation. This sculpture, of a figure at the helm of a boat, was the winning entry in a competition between five artists; it was felt to reflect the area’s maritime history.[233]
River Cut Tide Sculpture Riverside walk adjacent to Grosvenor Road

2002 Mason, PaulPaul Mason
Also nearby is a slate tablet, again by Mason, marking the site of the confluence of the river Tyburn and the Thames.[234]
Roller Skater Sculpture Vauxhall Bridge Road

2010 Wallace, AndréAndré Wallace
The artist wished to make a sculpture "that would be positive and dynamic and reflect the youth and vitality of an urban street."[235]
Shack Stack Sculpture Grosvenor Waterside 2010 Wilson, RichardRichard Wilson
A sculpture in aluminium inspired by the ramshackle nature of the sheds often found in British allotments.[236]
Queen Mother’s Commemorative Fountain Fountain Bessborough Gardens
1980 Shepheard, PeterPeter Shepheard
A fountain in aluminium based on a cast of a Thames Embankment featuring two sturgeon.[237][238]

Regent’s Park

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

St James’s

St James’s is the area bounded to the north by Piccadilly, to the west by Green Park, to the south by The Mall and St James’s Park and to the east by the Haymarket.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
William III
Equestrian statue St James’s Square

1807 John Bacon, Jr.
Very likely to a design of the sculptor’s father John Bacon, Senior, dating to 1794. The design is probably inspired by John Michael Rysbrack’s equestrian statue of William III in Queen Square, Bristol.[239] Grade I
Duke of York Column
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Statue on column Waterloo Place

1832–4 Westmacott, RichardRichard Westmacott Wyatt, Benjamin DeanBenjamin Dean Wyatt The Duke, in his Garter robes, stands atop an unfluted Doric column. Westmacott intended for the statue to face north towards Regent Street, but William IV, on the Duke of Wellington’s advice, requested that it face the Horse Guards to the south. The column was completed in 1832 and the statue raised on 3 April 1834.[240] Grade I
George III
Equestrian statue Cockspur Street, facing down Pall Mall

1836c. 1836 Wyatt, Matthew CotesMatthew Cotes Wyatt
Unveiled 3 August 1836 by the Duke of Cumberland. After the King’s death in 1820 Wyatt designed an ambitious multi-figure monument, but there were too few subscriptions for the project to go ahead. Fund-raising recommenced in 1831. The statue came to be nicknamed "the Pigtail and Pump-head".[241] Grade II

Buckingham Palace Gates
Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Forecourt of Buckingham Palace

1850–1 (N)
1904–8 (S)
1911 (centre)
John Thomas, W. S. Frith, Walter Gilbert and Louis Weingartner Decimus Burton and Aston Webb Burton's gates were installed after the removal of [242] Grade I
The Guards Crimean War Memorial
Memorial with sculpture Waterloo Place

1858–62 Bell, JohnJohn Bell
The figures at the base of the plinth are of a Grenadier, a Fusilier and a Coldstream Guard; the crowning figure represents Honour. They are cast in bronze from cannon captured at the Siege of Sevastopol.[243] Grade II
The Boy
Drinking fountain with sculpture St James’s Park

1863 Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey for Robert Jackson & Son
A marble figure of a boy naked to the waist, set on a granite plinth with marble panels. The badly worn and much vandalised sculpture was repaired in 1993 and unveiled by Douglas Hurd.[244] Grade II
Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin Statue Waterloo Place

1866 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Unveiled 15 November 1866. Franklin is depicted in the act of announcing the discovery of the Northwest Passage to his officers and crew. At the back of the pedestal is a map of the Arctic, showing the positions of the boats and crews at the moment of Franklin's burial.[245] Grade II
Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea
Statue Waterloo Place

1867 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley Wyatt, Thomas HenryThomas Henry Wyatt Unveiled 1 June 1867 in Pall Mall. Moved to the courtyard of the War Office, Whitehall, in 1906. In 1915 it was moved to Waterloo Place to become a pendant sculpture to that of Florence Nightingale, which was given a matching pedestal.[246] Grade II
Field Marshal Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde Statue and other sculpture Waterloo Place

1867 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti
The statue stands on a cylindrical granite pedestal; on a lower base projecting from this is a group of Victory seated on a lion.[247] Originally intended for Horse Guards Parade, but when the pedestal was installed there the Admiralty complained that it was blocking their entrance, and the site was changed.[248] Grade II
Field Marshal Sir John Fox Burgoyne Statue Waterloo Place

1877 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm
Originally intended to stand outside the Alfred Gilbert at the end of Burgoyne’s baton.[249] Grade II
John Lawrence, 1st Baron Lawrence Statue Waterloo Place

1885 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm
A replacement for Boehm’s statue of 1882, which was heavily criticised for its realism. This was presented to Lahore, where it proved equally controversial; in 1962 it was brought to Derry and erected in front of Foyle College, Lawrence's old school.[250] Grade II
Queen Victoria Statue Forecourt of 16 Carlton House Terrace

1898–1902c. 1898–1902 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 5 February 1902 by Lord Salisbury in the Junior Constitutional Club, Piccadilly; sold in 1940. Moved to the present site in 1971, when this building was being used as an annexe of the National Portrait Gallery.[251]
Victoria Memorial
Queen Victoria
Memorial with sculpture Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens, The Mall

1901–24 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 16 May 1911 by belle époque fashion.[252] Grade I
Royal Marines Memorial
Memorial with sculpture The Mall

1903 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Jackson, Thomas GrahamThomas Graham Jackson Unveiled 25 April 1903 by the Prince of Wales, on a site now occupied by the Admiralty Citadel. Removed in 1940 and reinstalled on the Mall in 1948.[253] Grade II
Australia Gate Piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

1905–8 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood Webb, AstonAston Webb The nude boys on the two piers hold the 1908 coat of arms of Australia; the western boy is accompanied by a kangaroo and the eastern by a Merino ram.[254] Grade I
Canada Gate
Gates and piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

1905–8 Pegram, Henry AlfredHenry Alfred Pegram Webb, AstonAston Webb The nude boys on the outermost piers hold the 1868 arms of Canada and have attributes referring to fishing and agriculture. The gates were produced by the Bromsgrove Guild.[255] Grade I
South Africa Gate Piers with sculptural decoration Queen Victoria Memorial Gardens

1905–8 Drury, AlfredAlfred Drury Webb, AstonAston Webb The nude boy on the northern pier, representing South Africa, holds a shield with the arms of the Cape Colony; that on the southern, representing West Africa, holds a blank shield.[255] Grade I
Royal Artillery
Boer War Memorial
Memorial with sculpture The Mall

1910 Colton, William RobertWilliam Robert Colton Webb, AstonAston Webb Unveiled 20 July 1910 by the Duke of Connaught. Colton was given the commission after Sir Thomas Brock turned it down due to the pressure of other commitments. Few were pleased with the resulting memorial.[256] Grade II
Captain James Cook
Statue The Mall

1914 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock probably Aston Webb Unveiled 7 July 1914 by the Duke of Connaught. The idea for the memorial was first proposed by the former Prime Minister of New South Wales, who wrote to The Times complaining of the lack of a statue to Cook in London.[257] Grade II
Nightingale, FlorenceFlorence Nightingale
Statue Waterloo Place

1915 Walker, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Walker Wyatt, Thomas HenryThomas Henry Wyatt Unveiled 24 February 1915. The last of a group of three memorials with a Crimean theme on Waterloo Place. The pedestal is a copy of that of the statue of Lord Herbert, and is decorated with bronze reliefs of scenes from Nightingale’s life.[258] Grade II
Captain Robert Falcon Scott
Statue Waterloo Place

1915 Scott, KathleenKathleen Scott
Unveiled 5 November 1915 by Arthur Balfour. The sculptor was Captain Scott’s widow; she produced a marble replica for Christchurch, New Zealand.[259] Grade II
Edward VII
Equestrian statue Waterloo Place

1921 Mackennal, BertramBertram Mackennal Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 20 July 1921 by q.v.).[260] Grade II
Army and Navy Club War Memorial Statue Outside the Army and Navy Club, Pall Mall

1923–6 Gotto, BasilBasil Gotto
Originally stood in the Victorian clubhouse, which was demolished around 1962. The memorial went into storage at the Ministry of Defence. In 2001 it was returned to the club and displayed in a glass case outside its 1960s building.[261]
Mary of Nazareth Statue St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

1925c. 1925 Wheeler, CharlesCharles Wheeler
The sculpture, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1925, was offered to St James’s by Wheeler’s family after his death. It was erected on this site in 1975.[262]
Peace Statue St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

1926c. 1926 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman
As Hardiman died in 1949 leaving his Southwood Memorial for the churchyard unfinished, the sculptor’s widow gave this earlier work to St James’s as a substitute and as a memorial to her husband.[263]
Memorial to Queen Alexandra of Denmark
Memorial with sculpture Marlborough Road

1926–32 Gilbert, AlfredAlfred Gilbert
Unveiled 8 June 1932 by Duke of Clarence’s tomb, the Queen had expressed a wish that he sculpt her memorial should he outlive her. Gilbert, aged 78, was knighted the day after its unveiling.[264] Grade I
George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Statue Carlton House Terrace

1930 Mackennal, BertramBertram Mackennal
Unveiled 20 March 1931 by Stanley Baldwin. The statue stands opposite the viceroy’s former house. Mackennal had previously sculpted Curzon’s tomb effigy in All Saints Church, Kedleston.[265] Grade II
Memorial to Julius Salter Elias, 1st Viscount Southwood Memorial with sculpture St James’s churchyard, Piccadilly

1948 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman Richardson, AlfredAlfred Richardson At the entrance to the Garden of Remembrance financed by Southwood, a newspaper magnate. Putti on dolphins and playing musical instruments refer to his charitable work for the children’s hospital at Great Ormond Street.[266] Grade II
Sundial Armillary sphere Pickering Place before 1953
[267]
George VI
Statue Carlton House Terrace

1955 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Soissons, Louis deLouis de Soissons (1955)

Donald Insall (2008)

Unveiled 21 October 1955 by Queen Elizabeth II. The statue was moved forward from its original setting in 2008 to form part of a joint memorial with the King’s wife, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother.[268] Grade II
Memorial to Queen Mary of Teck Plaque with relief sculpture Junction of The Mall and Marlborough Road

1967 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Stone, Alan ReynoldsAlan Reynolds Stone (lettering) Unveiled 7 June 1967. The profile portrait is a bronze replica of the memorial to Queen Mary at St Mary Magdalene’s church, Sandringham, Norfolk.[269]
Memorial to WPC Yvonne Fletcher Stele St James’s Square

1985
Unveiled 1 February 1985 by Margaret Thatcher. The first memorial to be erected by the Police Memorial Trust, founded in response to Fletcher’s shooting during a siege of the Libyan embassy on the Square.[270]
General Charles de Gaulle Statue Carlton Gardens

1993 Conner, AngelaAngela Conner Wiehahn, BernradBernrad Wiehahn Unveiled 23 June 1993 by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. De Gaulle (who requested that no statues be raised to him) gestures with his left hand towards 4 Carlton Gardens, the headquarters of the Free French from 1940.[265]
Eclipse
Charles Moore, 11th Earl of Drogheda
Fountain with sculpture Economist Plaza

1996 Conner, AngelaAngela Conner
The memorial fountain consists of two moving discs mounted on a wall, which slowly fill up with water. In 2008 Conner voiced her displeasure with the Economist’s neglect of the work’s upkeep.[271]
Two Wave Form Sculpture Outside Anglo American Head Office, 20 Carlton House Terrace

1999 Carter, John SydneyJohn Sydney Carter
Commissioned by Westminster City Council.[272]
Stag Statue St James’s Square

2001 Cornish, MarcusMarcus Cornish
Commissioned by the developer Patrick Despard for Cleveland House, St James’s Square. As the sculpture did not find favour with the building’s occupants, it was presented to the trustees of the square.[273]
Beau Brummell Statue Jermyn Street

2002 Sedlecká, IrenaIrena Sedlecká
Unveiled 5 November 2002 by Princess Michael of Kent. Sedlecká originally conceived the sculpture for the Bond Street site now occupied by Lawrence Holofcener’s Allies.[274]
National Police Memorial
Memorial with stele The Mall, in front of the Admiralty Citadel

2005 Arnoldi, PerPer Arnoldi Foster and Partners Unveiled 26 April 2005 by Queen Elizabeth II. The memorial incorporates a ventilation shaft for the London Underground, faced with black granite and containing a Roll of Honour.[275]
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Memorial with statue and relief sculpture The Mall

2009 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson (statue)

Paul Day (reliefs)

Buttress, DonaldDonald Buttress, Donald Insall Unveiled 24 February 2009 by Queen Elizabeth II. Part of a joint memorial to the Queen Mother and her husband George VI, which incorporates William McMillan’s 1955 statue of the latter. A cast of Jackson's statue is to be erected in Poundbury, Dorset.[276]
Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park
Statue Waterloo Place

2010 Johnson, LesLes Johnson
Unveiled 15 September 2010, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Britain. Previously a larger, fibreglass version of the statue was displayed on the Fourth Plinth at Trafalgar Square for six months. It is now at the Royal Air Force Museum in Hendon.[277]
Palmerston, Henry John Temple, 3rd ViscountHenry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston Relief Pickering Place
[278]

St John’s Wood

See the list of public art in St Marylebone.

Soho

[280] In 1874 the square was bought by Albert Grant, a company promoter and MP, who had its gardens made over to a design by James Knowles.[281] This saw the installation of the Shakespeare fountain and busts of four historical residents of the locale, positioned near the sites of their former homes.[280] In a refurbishment of 1989–92 two busts, those of William Hogarth and John Hunter, exchanged places.[282] A more radical renovation carried out between 2010 and 2012 was criticised for its removal of all of the sculptures on the square except for that of Shakespeare.[283]

In 1997 the artist Rick Buckley began attaching plaster casts of his own nose to buildings in London as a comment on the increasing use of CCTV surveillance. His actions were not publicised until 2011, by which time a number of urban myths concerning the noses had been contrived. One of these told of the "Seven Noses of Soho" (though there were in fact many more outside that district), which would bring "infinite wealth" to any person able to find all seven.[284]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect Notes Listing
Charles II Statue Soho Square

1681 Cibber, Caius GabrielCaius Gabriel Cibber
Originally formed the crowning element of a fountain at the centre of Soho Square. In 1875 the badly weathered statue was moved to the garden of Grim’s Dyke, Harrow Weald, later the home of W. S. Gilbert. It was returned to the square in 1938, according to the wishes of Gilbert’s widow.[285] Grade II
George II Statue Golden Square

1720 Nost, JohnJohn Nost the Elder
A statue of an allegorical figure in Roman costume, made for [286] Grade II
Shakespeare, WilliamWilliam Shakespeare
Fountain with statue Leicester Square

1874 Fontana, GiovanniGiovanni Fontana after Peter Scheemakers Sir James Knowles Unveiled 3 July 1874. Based on William Kent and Scheemakers’s memorial to Shakespeare in Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey. The scroll held by the figure of the Bard bears a quotation from Twelfth Night (Act 4, Scene 2): THERE IS NO DARKNESS BUT IGNORANCE[287] Grade II
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury
Fountain with statue Piccadilly Circus

1885 Sir Alfred Gilbert Ince, HowardHoward Ince (consulted on design) Unveiled 29 June 1893. Gilbert criticised contemporary statues for being too literal and inartistic, and chose instead to symbolise Lord Shaftesbury’s philanthropy with an allegorical figure.[288] This was intended to represent Anteros or "The Angel of Christian Charity", but it became popularly identified with the Greek god’s twin brother Eros. Grade I
Sir Henry Irving
Statue Irving Street

1910 Sir Thomas Brock
Unveiled 5 December 1910. The street between the statue and the National Portrait Gallery, formerly Green Street, was renamed in the actor’s honour in 1938. The formal gardens were laid out, with railings bearing the monogram HI, for the Festival of Britain in 1951; these were unveiled by Sir Laurence Olivier.[289] Grade II
Mosaics
Glass mosaics Tottenham Court Road tube station 1980–6[290] Paolozzi, EduardoEduardo Paolozzi
The mosaics on the Central line platforms are replete with references to the neighbourhood above ground, particularly its shops selling books, musical instruments and electronics, whereas those on the two Northern line platforms are abstract in design. The mosaics between the entrance and the platforms were the final part of the scheme to be completed.[291]
Chaplin, CharlieCharlie Chaplin
Statue Leicester Place

1981 Doubleday, JohnJohn Doubleday
Unveiled 16 April 1981 in Leicester Square, by Sir Ralph Richardson. A slightly modified version was erected in Vevey, the Swiss town Chaplin made his home, the following year. In the square’s refurbishment of 1989–92 the statue was moved from the south-western corner to a site north of the Shakespeare fountain,[292] and in that of 2010–12 it was removed altogether. It was installed on the current site in 2013.[293]
Chinese lions Sculptures Gerrard Street

1985
Unveiled 29 October 1985 by the Duke of Gloucester at the formal opening of Chinatown. A gift from the People’s Republic of China.[294]
Ode to the West Wind Mural 17 Noel Street

1989 Vines, LouiseLouise Vines and the London Wall Mural Group
Inspired by the eponymous poem of 1819 by Percy Bysshe Shelley, who lived around the corner in 15 Poland Street; the mutilated tree is also a reference to the Great Storm of 1987. Originally proposed in 1986 by the Soho Jazz Festival, who then abandoned the commission; it was subsequently taken up by The Soho Society.[295]
The Spirit of Soho Mural Broadwick Street

1991 FreeForm Arts Trust
Saint Anne, as patroness of Soho, is portrayed in a dress bearing a map of the district. At her feet are gathered several former residents, including Casanova and Marx. Six smaller scenes depict forms of work and leisure characteristic of the area. Restored in 2006.[296]
Cantonal Tree
Swiss Court, off Leicester Square

1991
Unveiled 15 April 1991, to mark the 700th anniversary of the founding of the Swiss Confederation. The street was also given its current name for that occasion. Displays the arms of Switzerland’s 26 cantons.

Victoria

Victoria is roughly described as the area around Victoria station. It includes the conservation areas of Broadway and Christchurch Gardens, Grosvenor Gardens and the environs of Westminster Cathedral. Particularly noteworthy examples of architectural sculpture can be found at 55 Broadway, where in 1928–9 sculptors including Eric Gill and Henry Moore were engaged on representations of the Four Winds; two further figures, Night and Day, were carved by Jacob Epstein.[297] A great deal of public art by recent graduates of art schools in London was incorporated into Cardinal Place, a development of 2005.[298]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Sir Sydney Waterlow, 1st Baronet Statue Westminster City School, Palace Street

1901 Frank Taubman
Unveiled 27 June 1901. A replica of the statue in Waterlow Park, Highgate.[299]
Christ in Majesty with the Virgin and Saints Joseph, Peter and Edward Tympanum mosaic Westminster Cathedral

1916 Robert Anning Bell John Francis Bentley Based on a sketch by Bentley dated to 1895–6 and later worked up in colour by his assistant John Marshall,[300] Bell’s mosaic was criticised for its background of white tiles instead of the traditional gold.[301] Grade I
Rifle Brigade Memorial Memorial with sculpture Grosvenor Gardens

1924–5 John Tweed
Unveiled 25 July 1925. The rifleman in contemporary uniform in the centre is flanked by an officer (on the left) and a private in early 19th-century uniform.[302] Grade II
Marshal Ferdinand Foch Equestrian statue Grosvenor Gardens

1930 Georges Malissard F. Lebret Unveiled 5 June 1930.[303] A replica of a statue erected outside Marshal Foch’s headquarters in Cassel.[304] The choice of an existing work by a French sculptor caused some dissatisfaction. The site was chosen so that the statue would be seen by French visitors arriving in London at Victoria station.[305] Grade II
Cameo of Queen Victoria Tiled pattern Victoria station Victoria line platforms 1968 Edward Bawden after Benjamin Pearce
Bawden produced an original linocut of the Queen’s profile for this scheme but it was rejected;[306] the final design is based on a silhouette by Pearce.[88]
Suffragette Memorial Sculpture Christchurch Gardens

1970 Lorne and Edwin Russell Paul Edward Paget Unveiled 14 July 1970. A bronze scroll in the shape of the letter S balancing on a conical pedestal. Inscribed NEARBY CAXTON HALL WAS/ HISTORICALLY ASSOCIATED/ WITH WOMEN′S SUFFRAGE/ MEETINGS & DEPUTATIONS/ TO PARLIAMENT.[307]
Field Mashal Harold Alexander, 1st Earl Alexander of Tunis
Statue Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk

1985 James Butler
Unveiled 9 May 1985 by the Queen Mother. Alexander had a particular affection for the old Guards Chapel (almost completely destroyed by bombing in 1944), having spent much time there as a subaltern.[308]
Gates Gates 111 Buckingham Palace Road

1986 Giuseppe Lund
Gates of jagged aluminium.[309]
Chalice Fountain 123 Buckingham Palace Road

1991 Pye, WilliamWilliam Pye
Unveiled 24 June 1991 by Lord St John of Fawsley (according to the pavement plaque). A stainless steel basin, its circumference bounded by cables suspended from above which define a cylindrical shape in the air. The idea was suggested to the sculptor by the hanging lamps in the Sultan Hassan Mosque in Cairo.[310]
The Flowering of the English Baroque
Henry Purcell
Sculpture Christchurch Gardens

1995 Glynn Williams
Unveiled 22 November 1995, the tercentenary of Purcell’s death, by Princess Margaret. The sculptor described the design as "a rising explosion of activity, a tree to the musical evolution of the 17th century". This was the first major sculptural commission by Westminster City Council.[311]
Big Painting Sculpture Sculpture Cardinal Place

1996–8 Patrick Heron Julian Feary Commissioned when the complex was still known as Stag Place. Based on several gouache studies by Heron of brightly coloured floating shapes connected by linear patterns. Neon tubes light up the work at night.[312]
Lioness and Lesser Kudu Sculptural group Grosvenor Gardens

1998 Jonathan Kenworthy
Installed on this site in 2000; another cast already stood in the grounds of Eaton Hall, the Duke of Westminster’s estate in Cheshire.[313]
Cypher Sculpture Outside the Asticus Building, 21 Palmer Street

2003 Tim Morgan
The sculpture, commissioned by the Cass Sculpture Foundation, consists of thousands of glass rods bound together within a circular steel belt.[314]
Stacked Glass Sculpture Sculpture Cardinal Place

2005 Tony Burke Jane Wernick Associates (engineer) The work comprises one twisting wall of stacked green glass and another curving; these are set on a cylindrical plinth.[315]
Route Panels set in pavement Cardinal Place

2005 Joy Gerrard
Nine discs of varying sizes set in the pavement of the Cardinal Place development at various points in a pedestrian’s route; they are inlaid with smaller coloured discs.[316]
LP4 Kinetic sculpture Cardinal Place

2005 Nathaniel Rackowe
Two slabs of oblong welded steel panels (with a gap at the top of the grid forming a "machiolation") hold in place a thin cathode light tube; the whole structure is set into a rotating turntable flush with the pavement.[317]
Queen Victoria Statue Victoria Square

2008 Catherine Anne Laugel
The Queen is depicted as a young woman of 20, the age she would have been when construction on the square began.[318]
Back-lit fused glass boxes Back-lit fused glass boxes InterContinental London Westminster hotel, Broadway

2012 Moor, AndrewAndrew Moor Associates Dexter Moren Associates [319]
Memorial to Victims of Violence Commemorative stone with plaque Christchurch Gardens

2013 (unveiled) Jim Martins[320]
Unveiled 5 June 2013.[321]
Wind Sculpture Sculpture Howick Place

2014 Yinka Shonibare
Unveiled 7 April 2014. The work simulates a piece of batik fabric (a signature material for Shonibare) billowing in the wind.[322]
Flanders Fields 1914–2014 Memorial Outside the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, Birdcage Walk 2014
Blanckaert, PietPiet Blanckaert The memorial garden was opened on 6 November 2014 by Queen Elizabeth II; King Philippe of the Belgians was also present.[323] The memorial is a gift from Belgium. A low circular wall, within which is planted soil from the war cemeteries of Flanders, is inscribed with the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae.[324]

Victoria Embankment

The Victoria Embankment is a road and river-walk on the north bank of the River Thames, formed from land reclaimed during the construction of Joseph Bazalgette’s sewerage system in the late 19th century.[325] From 1864 a sequence of public gardens called the Victoria Embankment Gardens was created from this land; running from north-east to south-west these are called Temple Gardens, the Main Garden, the Whitehall Garden and finally the Ministry of Defence section, built 1939–59.[326] All four gardens contain works of commemorative sculpture and more memorials are on the river-walk or road itself, making the Embankment one of the principal sites for commemoration in London. One of these memorials, the National Submarine War Memorial, lies outside the borough, in the City of London.[327]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Cleopatra's Needle
Thutmose III and Ramesses II
Obelisk Adelphi Steps, near Hungerford Bridge

1450 BCc. 1450 BC
George John Vulliamy One of a pair of obelisks erected in Heliopolis by Thutmose III; two centuries later the inscriptions to Ramesses II were added and in 12 BC they were moved to Alexandria. Presented to Britain in 1819, but not brought to London until 1878. Its companion was re-erected in Central Park, New York, in 1881.[328] Grade I
Boadicea and Her Daughters
Boudica
Sculptural group Near Westminster Pier

1856–83 Thornycroft, ThomasThomas Thornycroft and Sir William Hamo Thornycroft Jackson, Thomas GrahamThomas Graham Jackson The elder Thornycroft’s magnum opus, brought to completion by his son. The style of the figures was out of fashion by the time the group was installed here in 1902.[329] Grade II
Brunel, Isambard KingdomIsambard Kingdom Brunel
Statue Near Temple tube station

1861c. 1861 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti Shaw, Richard NormanRichard Norman Shaw Erected 1877. This and Marochetti’s statue of Euston station were originally planned for Parliament Square. Shaw’s masonry screen, then a complete novelty but much imitated since, may have been intended to block the tube station from view.[330] Grade II
Lieutenant General Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

1871 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Unveiled 17 August 1871. Permission for a statue to Outram in Trafalgar Square had been refused in 1861. Trophies of arms representing his Indian campaigns rest on the corners of the pedestal.[331] Grade II
Benches
Benches Victoria Embankment

1872–4
Lewis and George John Vulliamy 21 cast iron and timber benches set along the Embankment, all to a design depicting winged sphinxes in their terminal arm-brackets, except for that opposite the junction with Horseguards Avenue, which depicts seated camels instead.[332] Grade II
Mill, John StuartJohn Stuart Mill
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Temple Gardens

1878 Woolner, ThomasThomas Woolner
Unveiled 26 January 1878.[333] The first statue specifically designed for a site on the Embankment.[334] Grade II
Two sphinxes
Statues Cleopatra’s Needle


1878 Mabey, Charles HenryCharles Henry Mabey Vulliamy, George JohnGeorge John Vulliamy Modelled on a sphinx from the time of Thutmose III in the Duke of Northumberland's collection at Alnwick Castle.[335] Grade I
(with obelisk)
Raikes, RobertRobert Raikes
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1880 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 3 July 1880 by the Earl of Shaftesbury. Replicas were made in 1929 for the 150th anniversary of the first Sunday school, established by Raikes in Gloucester; they stand in that city and in Toronto.[336] Grade II
Tyndale, WilliamWilliam Tyndale
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

1884 Boehm, Joseph EdgarJoseph Edgar Boehm Godwin, Edward WilliamEdward William Godwin Unveiled 7 May 1884. Erected by the British and Foreign Bible Society to commemorate their 80th anniversary, and the supposed 400th anniversary of Tyndale’s birth.[337] Grade II
Burns, RobertRobert Burns
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1884 Steell, JohnJohn Steell
Unveiled 26 July 1884 by Lord Rosebery. A variation on Steell’s 1880 statue of Burns in Central Park, New York; other versions are in Dundee (erected 1880) and Dunedin, New Zealand (erected 1887).[338] Grade II
Memorial to Henry Fawcett
Drinking fountain with plaque Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1886 Grant, MaryMary Grant and George Frampton Champneys, BasilBasil Champneys Unveiled 27 July 1886. Grant produced the portrait relief and Frampton, then at an early stage in his career, provided the ornamental sculpture. The erroneous "signature" reads MARY GRANT SC/ 1896; this was added in 1897.[339] Grade II
Sir Henry Bartle Frere, 1st Baronet
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

1887 Brock, ThomasThomas Brock
Unveiled 5 June 1888 by the Prince of Wales. Frere is represented in privy counsellor’s uniform, with the robe and collar of a Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India and the insignia of the Order of the Bath.[340] Grade II
General Charles George Gordon
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

1888 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft Waterhouse, AlfredAlfred Waterhouse Unveiled 16 October 1888 in Trafalgar Square. The pedestal was inspired by that of Le Sueur’s Charles I near that location (q.v.). Removed in 1943 for the temporary display of a Lancaster bomber and re-erected on this site in 1953. A cast of 1889 is in Melbourne.[341] Grade II
Forster, William EdwardWilliam Edward Forster Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1889 Pinker, Henry Richard HopeHenry Richard Hope Pinker
Unveiled 1 August 1890. Erected outside the (now demolished) London School Board offices, appropriately enough as Forster was responsible for the act of Parliament which provided compulsory state education for all children.[342] Grade II
Memorial to Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Plaque with bust Near Embankment Pier, facing Northumberland Avenue

1901 Simonds, George BlackallGeorge Blackall Simonds
Unveiled 6 November 1901.[343] Inscribed FLVMINI VINCVLA POSVIT ("he put the river in chains"), referring to Bazalgette’s construction of London’s sewers, which also resulted in the creation of the Embankment.[344] Grade II
Memorial to Sir Arthur Sullivan
Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1902 John, William GoscombeWilliam Goscombe John
Unveiled 10 July 1903 by Princess Louise. Inscribed with a quotation from The Yeomen of the Guard (1888), IS LIFE A BOON?/ IF SO, IT MUST BEFALL/ THAT DEATH, WHENE’ER HE CALL/ MUST CALL TOO SOON.[345] Grade II
Memorial to Walter Besant Plaque Near Savoy Place

1902 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Erected 1904. A cast of an identical monument in the crypt of St Paul’s Cathedral, unveiled in 1903.[346] Grade II
Gates Gates Norman Shaw Buildings, Derby Gate

1904 (erected) Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield (designer of gates) Shaw, Richard NormanRichard Norman Shaw These ornate wrought-iron gates were acquired by Shaw after he saw them displayed in an exhibition of Arts and Crafts; they were installed here during the construction of his second building for the New Scotland Yard, now known as the Norman Shaw South Building.[347] Grade II*
Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 2nd Baronet, of Brayton
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1909 McGill, DavidDavid McGill
Unveiled 20 July 1909 by H. H. Asquith. The pedestal was originally decorated with bronze statuettes representing Temperance, Charity, Fortitude and Peace; these were stolen in 1979.[348] Grade II
Lions’ heads Lion’s head masks Victoria Embankment, at intervals beneath lamps on the river side of the river wall 1910 Bayes, GilbertGilbert Bayes
The bronze masks have mooring rings in their mouths.[349] For the tide to rise of the level of the lions’ mouths would be a sign of severe flooding, so a saying has arisen, “if the lions drink, London will sink”.[350]
Memorial to William Thomas Stead Plaque Temple Pier

1913 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 5 July 1920. Portrait relief with two small figures of Fortitude and Sympathy. A replica was unveiled in Central Park, New York, in 1921.[351] Grade II
Memorial to Richard Norman Shaw Plaque Norman Shaw North Building

1914 Thornycroft, William HamoWilliam Hamo Thornycroft Lethaby, WilliamWilliam Lethaby Unveiled 13 July 1914. Lethaby commended Thornycroft on his posthumous likeness of Shaw: "You must have remembered much, the curled over lip and the serious smiling, saucy look are so alike..." The building is generally regarded as Shaw’s masterpiece.[352] Grade I (building)
Memorial to W. S. Gilbert Plaque Near Embankment Pier

1914 Frampton, GeorgeGeorge Frampton
Unveiled 31 August 1915. Portrait relief with figures of Tragedy and Comedy; the latter contemplates a doll dressed as the Mikado. Anthony Hope, who was on the memorial committee, took credit for the epitaph HIS FOE WAS FOLLY/ AND HIS WEAPON WIT, though the exact phrasing was not his.[353] Grade II
Anglo-Belgian Memorial
Screen with sculptural group and reliefs Victoria Embankment, facing Cleopatra’s Needle

1920 Rousseau, VictorVictor Rousseau with a Mr Francis Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield Unveiled 12 October 1920. A gift from Belgium to thank Britain for her assistance in the First World War. Rousseau modelled the central bronze group and Francis, a student at the Royal College of Art, was tasked with the initial carving of the stone elements, which was finished by Rousseau.[354] A corresponding memorial is in Brussels. Grade II*
Imperial Camel Corps Memorial
Statue on pedestal with reliefs Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1920 Major Cecil Brown
Unveiled 22 July 1921. The sculptor was himself a member of the Corps.[355] Grade II
Royal Air Force Memorial
Pylon with sculpture Whitehall Steps

1923 Dick, William ReidWilliam Reid Dick Blomfield, ReginaldReginald Blomfield Unveiled 13 July 1923 by the Prince of Wales. A pylon of Portland stone surmounted by a gilded eagle, perched on a globe. Commemorates RAF personnel killed in both world wars.[356] Grade II
Memorial to Samuel Plimsoll Bust on pedestal with other sculpture Victoria Embankment

1929 Blundstone, Ferdinand VictorFerdinand Victor Blundstone
Unveiled 21 August 1929. The plinth is flanked by bronze figures of a sailor and Justice. The Plimsoll line is used as a motif on the railings on either side.[357] Grade II
Cheylesmore Memorial
Major-General Herbert Eaton, 3rd Baron Cheylesmore
Screen Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1930
Lutyens, EdwinEdwin Lutyens Unveiled 17 July 1930. Sir Reginald Blomfield, the architect of the Anglo-Belgian Memorial, objected to Lutyens’s work being "plastered onto the back" of his own.[358] Grade II
King’s Reach Memorial Stele with plaque and sculpture Temple Pier

1936 Doman, CharlesCharles Doman Cooper, EdwinEdwin Cooper Unveiled 20 January 1936. Commemorates the naming of this stretch of the river after [359]
Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

1961 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan Richardson, AlbertAlbert Richardson Unveiled 19 July 1961 by Harold Macmillan. Richardson was an old friend of Trenchard’s and offered to design the pedestal free of charge.[360] Grade II
Charles Portal, 1st Viscount Portal of Hungerford Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

1975 Nemon, OscarOscar Nemon
Unveiled 21 May 1975 by Harold Macmillan. The statue is set on a triangular slate pedestal, partly intended to evoke the shape of an aerofoil. Portal gazes upwards in the direction of the RAF Memorial.[361]
Murals Murals Embankment tube station, all platforms 1985 Denny, RobynRobyn Denny Arup Associates This scheme won a Brunel Award for outstanding visual design in 1989.[362]
Savoy Hotel Centenary Memorial
Richard D'Oyly Carte and other chairmen and managing directors of the Savoy Hotel up to 1989
Armillary sphere and cistern Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1989 Daniel, ChristopherChristopher Daniel Casson, HughHugh Casson Inaugurated 30 March 1989. The inscriptions on the armilla include the hotel's motto (‘FOR EXCELLENCE WE STRIVE’) and lines from Gilbert and Sullivan’s Savoy opera, Ruddigore (1887): ‘EVERY SEASON HAS ITS CHEER’/ ‘LIFE IS LOVELY ALL THE YEAR’.[363]
Michael Faraday Statue Savoy Place

1989 Foley, John HenryJohn Henry Foley and Thomas Brock
Unveiled 1 November 1989. Cast of an 1874 marble sculpture in the Royal Institution, completed by Brock after Foley’s death. The original gilding has worn away entirely.[364]
Chindit Memorial
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden

1990 Forster, FrankFrank Forster Price, DavidDavid Price Unveiled 16 October 1990. Crowned with a bronze Chinthe or Burmese temple guardian, the Chindits’ namesake. Medallions to the front and rear reproduce the force’s badge and the portrait of their founder Orde Wingate.[365]
Lady Henry Somerset’s Children’s Fountain
Drinking fountain with statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Main Garden

1991 Davis, Philomena DavidsonPhilomena Davidson Davis after George Edward Wade
Unveiled 29 May 1897. Wade’s original sculpture for the temperance campaigner’s memorial was stolen in 1971; it was replaced by Davis’s replica only in 1991.[366] Grade II
Fleet Air Arm Memorial (Daedalus)
Royal Naval Air Service and Fleet Air Arm
Statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Ministry of Defence section

2000 Butler, JamesJames Butler Trehearne and Norman Unveiled 1 June 2000 by the Prince of Wales. The figure of Daedalus as a modern pilot reflects on his fallen comrades. He stands atop a column which rises out of a plinth reminiscent of the prow of a ship.[367]
Battle of Britain Monument
Memorial with sculpture Victoria Embankment, near Richmond Terrace

2005 Day, PaulPaul Day Dyson, TonyTony Dyson Unveiled 18 September 2005 by the Prince of Wales. Adapted from a Victorian granite plinth which originally housed a ventilator for the Underground.[368]
Korean War Memorial Memorial with statue Victoria Embankment Gardens, Whitehall Garden 2014 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson
Unveiled 3 December 2014. A statue of a British soldier stands in front of a Portland stone obelisk on a base of Welsh slate. The memorial is a gift of the Republic of Korea.[369]

Westminster

[373] Another two political memorials (one of which, the Buxton Memorial Fountain, was moved by Wornum from Parliament Square) and The Burghers of Calais, a work on an historical theme by Auguste Rodin, are to be found in Victoria Tower Gardens.

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Artist Architect / Designer Notes Listing
St Peter, St Paul, Faith and Hope Statues College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1686 Gibbons, GrinlingGrinling Gibbons and Arnold Quellin
Four marble statues from the altarpiece of the Catholic chapel at the Palace of Whitehall, commissioned by James II and designed by Sir Christopher Wren. The altarpiece was dismantled after the Whitehall Palace fire of 1695. These fragments are in very poor condition.[374]
Canning, GeorgeGeorge Canning
Statue Parliament Square

1832 Sir Richard Westmacott
Erected 2 May 1832 in New Palace Yard; in its current location since 1949. The features are based on the portrait bust of Canning by Sir Francis Chantrey, who was "not at all pleased with the preference shewn to Mr. Westmacott".[375] Grade II
Richard Coeur de Lion
Richard I
Equestrian statue Old Palace Yard

1856 Marochetti, CarloCarlo Marochetti
Unveiled 26 October 1860. Casting of a clay model exhibited at the 1851 Great Exhibition to much acclaim; John Ruskin considered it "the only really interesting piece of historical sculpture we have".[376] Grade II
Westminster Scholars War Memorial
Column with sculpture Broad Sanctuary

1861 Philip, John BirnieJohn Birnie Philip Sir George Gilbert Scott Commemorates Edward the Confessor and Henry III (builders of Westminster Abbey), Elizabeth I (second founder of the school) and Queen Victoria.[378] Grade II
Buxton Memorial Fountain
Inscribed to Buxton, Wilberforce, Clarkson, Macaulay, Brougham, Lushington et al.
Drinking fountain Victoria Tower Gardens

1865–6 Earp, ThomasThomas Earp (figures now lost) Teulon, Samuel SandersSamuel Sanders Teulon with Charles Buxton Erected in Parliament Square in 1865–6. Commissioned by Charles Buxton as a memorial to his father Sir Thomas Buxton and his colleagues in the Abolitionist movement, particularly those associated with the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833. Removed in 1949 and re-erected on this site in 1957.[379] Grade II*
Derby, Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl ofEdward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
Statue Parliament Square

1874 Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Unveiled 11 July 1874. Derby is represented wearing his robes as Chancellor of Oxford University. The bronze reliefs around the pedestal depicting scenes from his life were executed by Noble’s assistant, Horace Montford.[380] Grade II
Palmerston, Henry John Temple, 3rd ViscountHenry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
Statue Parliament Square

1876 Woolner, ThomasThomas Woolner
Unveiled 2 February 1876. Palmerston is portrayed in middle age, before he became Prime Minister. The pedestal departs from the "Gothic" model of the nearby statues of Derby and Peel.[381] Grade II
Sir Robert Peel
Statue Parliament Square

1877 (unveiled) Noble, MatthewMatthew Noble
Initially a statue of Peel was commissioned from Carlo Marochetti. This was ready by 1853 but was considered to be far too large. Marochetti produced a smaller work which was placed at the entrance to New Palace Yard; this was removed in 1868 and melted down in 1874.[382] Grade II
Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield
Statue Parliament Square

1883 Raggi, MarioMario Raggi
Unveiled 19 April 1883. The statue was the "shrine" of the Primrose League, a conservative association established in Disraeli’s memory, who left wreaths in front of it every year on "Primrose Day", the anniversary of his death.[383] Grade II
The Burghers of Calais
Sculptural group Victoria Tower Gardens

1895 Rodin, AugusteAuguste Rodin Gill, EricEric Gill (lettering) Unveiled 19 July 1915. The National Art Collections Fund bought the cast in 1910. Rodin wanted the work situated "near the statue of William the Conqueror" (sic) but eventually agreed on a site in Victoria Tower Gardens.[384] Relocated and given its current pedestal in 2004.[385] Grade I
Cromwell, OliverOliver Cromwell
Statue New Palace Yard

1899 Sir William Hamo Thornycroft
Unveiled 18 November 1899.[386] The decision to erect a statue to Cromwell was controversial; the Irish Nationalist Party forced the withdrawal of public funds to pay for the statue. Instead an anonymous donor, rumoured to be Lord Rosebery, paid for the work.[387] Grade II
War memorial Cross Churchyard of St John’s, Smith Square, facing Dean Stanley Street

after 1918
Commemorates the 120 parishioners of the church who died in World War I.[388]
Lincoln, AbrahamAbraham Lincoln
Statue Parliament Square

1920 (unveiled) Saint-Gaudens, AugustusAugustus Saint-Gaudens McKim, Mead & White Unveiled July 1920. A replica of the statue of Lincoln in [389] Grade II
Drinking fountain with two groups of a nanny goat and kid Drinking fountain with sculptural groups Victoria Tower Gardens

1923 Miss Harris assisted by Charles Sargeant Jagger
Given by Henry Gage Spicer, the director of a paper firm, for the poor children of the area who used the Gardens as a playground. The extent of "Miss Harris’s" involvement in the art deco sculptures is questionable.[390]
Pankhurst, EmmelineEmmeline Pankhurst
Statue with side screens and piers Victoria Tower Gardens

1930 Walker, Arthur GeorgeArthur George Walker Sir Herbert Baker Unveiled 6 March 1930 by Stanley Baldwin. Moved to the present site in 1956. The stone screens were added in 1959 as a memorial to Christabel Pankhurst. Two bronze plaques show, on the right, a portrait medallion of Christabel Pankhurst and, on the left, the design on the WSPU prisoners’ badge.[391] Grade II
George V
Statue Old Palace Yard

1947 (unveiled) Sir William Reid Dick Sir Giles Gilbert Scott Unveiled 22 October 1947 by Portland for the duration of the conflict.[392] Grade II
Smuts, JanJan Smuts
Statue Parliament Square

1956 Sir Jacob Epstein possibly Charles Holden Unveiled 7 November 1956. Winston Churchill, on his return to power in 1951, wished to erect a statue to Smuts; he was, however, unable to perform the unveiling due to illness. The pedestal is of granite from South Africa.[390] Grade II
Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65
Sculpture Abingdon Street Gardens (College Green)

1962–5 Moore, HenryHenry Moore
Unveiled 1 November 1967. A gift by Henry Moore and the Contemporary Art Society.[393] Over the years the work’s condition deteriorated because its legal owner was unknown.[394] The House of Commons accepted ownership of the sculpture in 2011; it is now part of the Parliamentary Art Collection.[395]
Churchill, WinstonWinston Churchill
Statue Parliament Square

1973 Ivor Roberts-Jones
Unveiled 1 November 1973 by Lady Clementine Spencer-Churchill. Churchill indicated his desire for a statue of himself in this spot during Wornum’s reconfiguration of Parliament Square. An early version of the statue was felt to bear too close a resemblance to Benito Mussolini and had to be modified.[396] Grade II
Crucifixion Sculptural group College Garden, Westminster Abbey 1974 Plazzotta, EnzoEnzo Plazzotta
A group depicting the crucified Christ with the Good and Bad Thieves, donated to the Dean and Chapter of Westminster Abbey in 1993.[397]
Jubilee Fountain
Silver Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Fountain with sculpture New Palace Yard

1977 Pytel, WalentyWalenty Pytel
Unveiled 4 May 1977 by Queen Elizabeth II. The two tiers of animals represent the continents: on the lower tier are a lion for Africa, a unicorn for Europe and a tiger for Asia, on the upper an eagle for the Americas, a kangaroo for Australia and a penguin for Antarctica.[398]
Memorial to Innocent Victims of Oppression, Violence and War Plaque in pavement Broad Sanctuary

1996
Unveiled 10 October 1996 by Queen Elizabeth II.[399]
Golden Jubilee Sundial
Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II
Analemmatic sundial in pavement Old Palace Yard

2002
Newark, QuentinQuentin Newark Parliament’s gift to the Queen on her Golden Jubilee. The inscription around the rim is from Henry VI, Part 3: To carve out dials quaintly, point by point, thereby to see the minutes how they run: how many makes the hour full complete, how many hours brings about the day, how many days will finish up the year, how many years a mortal man may live.[400]
Mandela, NelsonNelson Mandela
Statue Parliament Square

2007 Ian Walters
Unveiled 29 August 2007. Westminster Council had earlier refused permission for placing the statue in Trafalgar Square adjacent to South Africa House.[401] On a visit to London in 1961, Mandela had joked that one day his statue would replace that of Jan Smuts; they now both have statues in Parliament Square.[402]
George, David LloydDavid Lloyd George
Statue Parliament Square

2007 (unveiled) Williams, GlynnGlynn Williams
Unveiled 25 October 2007 by the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall. Stands on a plinth of slate from Penrhyn Quarry, North Wales.[403]
Fruit sculptures Sculptures Abbey Orchard Estate courtyard

2012 Staton, SarahSarah Staton
Gigantic sculptures of English fruit, made to appear as if they have fallen from the plane trees nearby.[404] The scheme won the UK Landscape Award for Artworks in 2012.[405]

Whitehall

Whitehall, a street that takes its name from the royal palace destroyed in 1698, is the ceremonial route linking Trafalgar Square with the Palace of Westminster and is lined with government buildings.[406] It is also at the centre of the highest concentration of memorials in the City of Westminster, in which 47% of the total number of such works in the borough are located.[407] The wider area of Whitehall also includes Horse Guards Parade, another important ceremonial space, and Horse Guards Road, which forms its western boundary with St James’s Park. The area’s monuments are predominantly military in character, foremost among them being the Cenotaph, which is the focal point of the national Remembrance Sunday commemorations each year.[408]

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes Listing
Cádiz Memorial Memorial Horse Guards Road

1814 (base)
A French mortar mounted on a Chinese dragon, presented by Spain in thanks for Wellington’s lifting of the Siege of Cádiz in 1812. The base was made in 1814 at the Royal Arsenal, Woolwich.[409] Grade II
Cambridge, Prince George, Duke ofPrince George, Duke of Cambridge
Equestrian statue Whitehall, opposite the Old War Office

1907 Jones, AdrianAdrian Jones Belcher, JohnJohn Belcher Unveiled 15 June 1907.[410] Jones was appointed a Member of the Royal Victorian Order for this work.[411] In 2012 the sword was broken off by a man who had stripped naked and mounted the statue in what was described as a "psychotic episode".[412] Grade II
Devonshire, Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke ofSpencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire
Statue Junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall

1909–10 Hampton, HerbertHerbert Hampton Ince, HowardHoward Ince Unveiled 14 February 1911. The statue of the Duke in his Garter robes stands on a pedestal of Darley Dale stone. Edward VII, as a close friend of the Duke, took a personal interest in the memorial, asking Hampton to bring the modello to Buckingham Palace for his inspection.[413] Grade II
Clive, Robert Clive, 1st BaronRobert Clive, 1st Baron Clive
Statue King Charles Street, facing Horse Guards Road

1912 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed Clarke, George SomersGeorge Somers Clarke Erected 1912 in the gardens of Lord Curzon, who felt that Clive had been insufficiently honoured for his role in establishing the British Empire in India. A marble version was also created for erection in Calcutta.[414] Grade II
Cenotaph
Memorial Whitehall

1920 Wood, Francis DerwentFrancis Derwent Wood Sir Edwin Lutyens Unveiled 11 November (Armistice Day) 1920 by [415] Grade I
Field Marshal Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley
Equestrian statue Horse Guards Road

1920 Sir William Goscombe John
Unveiled 25 June 1920 by the Lord Tredegar in Cathays Park, Cardiff. Trafalgar Square was initially considered as the location for this statue. It was stored for safekeeping at Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, between 1941 and 1949.[416] Grade II
Field Marshal Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts
Equestrian statue Horse Guards Road

1924 Poole, HenryHenry Poole after Harry Bates Allison, RichardRichard Allison Unveiled 30 May 1924 by the Duke of Connaught.[417] A scaled-down replica of Bates’s 30-foot high bronze of Lord Roberts, erected in Calcutta in 1896. Another, earlier replica by Poole is in Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow.[418] Grade II
Royal Naval Division Memorial
Fountain with obelisk Horse Guards Road

1925 Broadbent, EricEric Broadbent and F. J. Wilcoxson Sir Edwin Lutyens Unveiled 25 April 1925 by Winston Churchill.[419] Inscribed with words from the poem "1914. III. The Dead" by Rupert Brooke, who served in the RND.[420] Put into storage 1939, re-erected outside the Old Royal Naval College at Greenwich in 1959, and returned to its original site in 2003.[419] Grade II
Field Marshal Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener
Statue Horse Guards Road

1926 Tweed, JohnJohn Tweed
Unveiled 9 June 1926 by the Prince of Wales.[421] Set against a stone screen abutting the garden wall of 10 Downing Street.[422] A larger national memorial to Kitchener, the tomb designed by Sir William Reid Dick, had been erected in St Paul's Cathedral the previous year.[421] Grade II
Guards Division War Memorial
Memorial with sculpture Horse Guards Parade

1926 Ledward, GilbertGilbert Ledward Bradshaw, H. ChaltonH. Chalton Bradshaw Unveiled 16 October 1926. The bronze figures represent five individual soldiers from the Grenadier, Coldstream, Scots, Irish and Welsh Guards; they were cast from captured German guns. After it sustained bomb damage in the Blitz, Ledward asked that some of the "honourable scars of war" be left on the memorial.[423] Grade II
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig
Equestrian statue Whitehall

1937 Hardiman, Alfred FrankAlfred Frank Hardiman Pierce, Stephen RowlandStephen Rowland Pierce Unveiled 10 November 1937. The statue aroused great controversy, comparable even with the reaction to Epstein’s early works. The depiction of the horse was deemed to be unnatural; Country Life noted that its legs were in the position for urinating.[424] Grade II*
Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein
Statue Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

1980 Nemon, OscarOscar Nemon
Unveiled 6 June 1980 by the Queen Mother. The texture of the lower parts of the statue was achieved by mixing old plaster from the studio floor with fresh plaster at the modelling stage. Another cast stands in Brussels,[425] at a traffic intersection called Montgomery Square.
Mountbatten of Burma, Admiral of the Fleet Louis Mountbatten, 1st EarlAdmiral of the Fleet Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Statue Mountbatten Green, off Horse Guards Road

1983 Belsky, FrantaFranta Belsky Pollard, CharlesCharles Pollard (Lettering by David Kindersley) Unveiled 2 November 1983 by Queen Elizabeth II. The statue stands on a pedestal at the centre of a low stepped pyramid, a scheme much reduced in ambition from Belsky’s competition-winning design which included fountains representing the four seas. The financial constraints and "a very restrictive brief" resulted in a finished work which dissatisfied the sculptor.[426]
Field Marshal William Slim, 1st Viscount Slim
Statue Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

1990 Roberts-Jones, IvorIvor Roberts-Jones Kindersley, DavidDavid Kindersley (lettering) Unveiled 28 April 1990 by Queen Elizabeth II. Roberts-Jones had fought in the Burma Campaign of World War II, in which Slim was a commander.[427]
Field Marshal Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke
Statue Whitehall, outside the Ministry of Defence

1993 (erected) Roberts-Jones, IvorIvor Roberts-Jones Kindersley, DavidDavid Kindersley (lettering) Unveiled 25 May 1993 by Queen Elizabeth II. For the installation of this, the last of the statues of Field Marshals on what was formerly called Raleigh Green, the area was re-configured by the landscape architects RMJM and the statue of Sir Walter Raleigh (q.v.) removed to Greenwich.[428]
Gurkha Memorial
Brigade of Gurkhas
Statue Horse Guards Avenue

1997 Jackson, PhilipPhilip Jackson after Richard Reginald Goulden Highton, Cecil DennyCecil Denny Highton Unveiled 3 December 1997 by Queen Elizabeth II. Modelled on a 1924 sculpture by Goulden in the Foreign Office. The Hong Kong Handover transferred the Gurkhas’ headquarters to the United Kingdom, which until that point had no memorial to the brigade.[429]
Royal Tank Regiment Memorial
Sculptural group Whitehall Court

2000 Mallock, VivienGeorge Henry Paulin Rainsford, ChristopherChristopher Rainsford for HOK International Unveiled 13 June 2000 by Queen Elizabeth II. The group depicts the five-man crew of a World War II-era Comet tank; it is an enlarged version of Paulin’s statuette of 1953 in the Tank Museum, Bovington, Dorset. Mallock’s husband had been an officer in the RTR in the 1960s.[430]
Monument to the Women of World War II
Plinth with reliefs Whitehall

2005 Mills, John W.John W. Mills Quarme, GilesGiles Quarme Unveiled 9 July 2005 by Queen Elizabeth II. Around the plinth are reliefs of servicewomen’s clothing and protective costumes, appearing as if they have been hung up at the end of a working day.[431]
Bali Bombings Memorial
Memorial Horse Guards Road, rear of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office

2006 Cook, MartinMartin Cook Breeze, GaryGary Breeze Unveiled 12 October 2006, the fourth anniversary of the bombings, by the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall. The memorial consists of a granite globe carved with 202 doves for each of the individuals killed in the bombings, and a wall inscribed with their names.[432]

Removed from Whitehall

Image Title / individual commemorated Type Location Date Sculptor Architect / Designer Notes
Sir Walter Raleigh
Statue Raleigh Green, Whitehall 1959 McMillan, WilliamWilliam McMillan
Unveiled 28 October 1959 by the US Ambassador John Hay Whitney.[433] Moved to a site outside the Old Royal Naval College in Greenwich in 2001,[434] as it was out of scale with the statues of Lords Montgomery, Slim and Alanbrooke which had since been erected on the green.[435]

Labyrinth by Mark Wallinger

In 2013 the artist Mark Wallinger was invited to produce an artwork to mark the 150th anniversary of the London Underground. He devised a scheme which involved installing panels with designs of labyrinths in vitreous enamel on all 270 Underground stations.[436] The works are numbered according to the order in which their stations were visited in a particular record-breaking journey of 2009 which took in every station on the network.[437]

32 works in the series are in the City of Westminster; they are located at Baker Street (58), Bayswater (238), Bond Street (137), Charing Cross (62), Covent Garden (230), Edgware Road (Bakerloo line) (56), Edgware Road (Circle and other lines) (239), Embankment (63), Great Portland Street (200), Green Park (232), Hyde Park Corner (233), Lancaster Gate (135), Leicester Square (231), Maida Vale (53), Marble Arch (136), Marylebone (57), Oxford Circus (60) Paddington (55 and 240), Piccadilly Circus (61), Pimlico (105), Queensway (134), Regent’s Park (59), Royal Oak (241), St James’s Park (102), St. John’s Wood (199), Temple (100), Tottenham Court Road (138), Victoria (103), Warwick Avenue (54), Westbourne Park (241) and Westminster (101) stations.[438]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ward-Jackson 2011, p. xix
  2. ^ Westminster City Council, pp. 21 and 23
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