World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of rulers of Tibet

Article Id: WHEBN0026727366
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of rulers of Tibet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Tibet, Dalai Lama, Ganden Phodrang, Tibetan Empire, List of modern political leaders of Tibet
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of rulers of Tibet

Part of a series on the
Potala Palace
See also
Tibet portal

Below is a list of rulers of Tibet from the beginning of documented history. Included are regimes with their base in Central Tibet, that held authority over at least a substantial portion of the country.

The Yarlung Dynasty[1]

See also

Sakya lamas[2]

  • Sakya Pandita Kunga Gyaltsen 1216–1251 (Mongol protégé 1240)
  • Phagpa Drakpa Gyaltsen 1251–1280 (nephew)
  • Dharmapala Raksita 1280–1282 (nephew)
  • Jamyang Rinchen Gyaltsen 1286–1303 (of Sharpa lineage)
  • Zangpo Pal 1306–1323 (nephew of Phagpa Drakpa Gyaltsen)
  • Khatsun Namkha Lekpa Gyaltsen 1325–1341 (son)
  • Jamyang Donyo Gyaltsen 1341–1344 (brother)
  • Lama Dampa Sonam Lotro Gyaltsen 1344–1347 (brother)
  • Lotro Gyaltsen 1347–1365 (nephew)

Sakya imperial preceptors[3]

  • Phagpa Drakpa Gyaltsen 1270–1274
  • Rinchen Gyaltsen 1274–1279 (brother)
  • Dharmapala Raksita 1282–1286 (nephew)
  • Yeshe Rinchen 1286–1291
  • Drakpa Odzer 1291–1303
  • Jamyang Rinchen Gyaltsen 1304–1305 (brother of Yeshe Rinchen)
  • Sangye Pal 1305–1314 (brother of Drakpa Odzer)
  • Kunga Lotro Gyaltsen 1314–1327 (great-nephew of Phagpa Drakpa Gyaltsen)
  • Kunga Lekpa Chungne Gyaltsen 1328–1330 (brother)
  • Kunga Gyaltsen 1331–1358 (brother)

Phagmodrupa Dynasty[4]

Rinpungpa Dynasty[5]

Tsangpa Dynasty[6]

Khoshut protector rulers[7]

  • Gushri Khan 1642–1655
  • Dayan Khan 1655–1668 (son)
  • Tenzin Dalai Khan 1668–1696 (son)
  • Tenzin Wangchuk Khan 1696–1697 (son)
  • Labzang Khan 1697–1717 (brother)

Phola princes[7]

  • Pholanas (Sonam Tobgye) 1728–1747
  • Gyurme Namgyal 1747–1750 (son)

Dalai Lamas[7]

Image Name Date of birth Dalai Lama From Dalai Lama Until Date of death
1st Dalai Lama
Gedun Drub 1391 N/A 1474
2nd Dalai Lama
Gedun Gyatso 1475 1492 1542
3rd Dalai Lama
Sonam Gyatso 1543 1578 1588
4th Dalai Lama
Yonten Gyatso 1589 1601 1617
5th Dalai Lama
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso 1617 1642 1682
6th Dalai Lama
Tsangyang Gyatso 1683 1697 1706
7th Dalai Lama
Kelzang Gyatso 1708 1720 1757
8th Dalai Lama
Jamphel Gyatso 1758 1762 1804
9th Dalai Lama
Lungtok Gyatso 1805 1810 1815
10th Dalai Lama
Tsultrim Gyatso 29 March 1816 1826 1837
11th Dalai Lama
Khedrup Gyatso 1 November 1838 1842 31 January 1856
12th Dalai Lama
Trinley Gyatso 26 January 1857 1860 25 April 1875
13th Dalai Lama
Thubten Gyatso 12 February 1876 1879 17 December 1933
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso 6 July 1935 17 November 1950 Alive

See also


  1. ^ Christopher I. Beckwith, The Tibetan Empire in Central Asia. Princeton 1987, pp. 226-9; Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, Tibet. A Political History. Yale 1967.
  2. ^ Luciano Petech, Central Tibet and the Mongols. Rome 1990.
  3. ^ Luciano Petech, 1990.
  4. ^ Giuseppe Tucci, Tibetan Painted Scrolls. Rome 1949; Giuseppe Tucci, Deb T'er Dmar Po Gsarma. Rome 1971; Per K. Sorensen & Guntram Hazod, Rulers on the Celestial Plain. Wien 2007; Olaf Czaja, Medieval rule in Tibet, Vol. I-II. Wien 2013.
  5. ^ Giuseppe Tucci, 1949; Giuseppe Tucci, 1971; Olaf Czaja, 2013.
  6. ^ Giuseppe Tucci, 1949; Hugh E. Richardson, A Short History of Tibet. New York 1962.
  7. ^ a b c Hugh E. Richardson, 1962; Tsepon W.D. Shakabpa, 1967.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.