World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of school bus manufacturers

Article Id: WHEBN0025219682
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of school bus manufacturers  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Blue Bird Corporation, School bus
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of school bus manufacturers

A school bus is a bus that has been designed primarily for the role of student transport. In the United States and Canada, safety regulations have influenced the design of school buses to an extent that they have evolved into separate vehicles from transit buses, and that an industry has been created to manufacture them. In other parts of the world, vehicles used as school buses are outwardly similar to transit buses.

School Bus Configurations

In most instances, school bus manufacturers are second stage manufacturers; however, a few school buses (typically those of Type D configuration) utilize a body and chassis produced by a single manufacturer. The North American school bus industry produces buses in four different body configurations, listed below:

  • Type A ("cutaway van") school buses are the smallest, typically with a GVWR under 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg). These are constructed from a bus body placed on a cutaway van chassis with a left-side driver's door. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 16–30 passengers.
  • Type B ("integrated") school buses are larger than Type A, with a GVWR over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg). These are constructed from a bus body mounted either to a stripped chassis or to a cowled chassis. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 30–36 passengers.
  • Type C ("conventional") school buses have a GVWR of over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg), typically between 23,000 and 29,500 pounds (10,400 and 13,400 kg). These are constructed from a bus body mounted to a cowled medium-duty truck chassis usually supplied by another manufacturer. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 36–78 passengers.
  • Type D ("transit") school buses have a GVWR of over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg), typically between 25,000 and 36,000 pounds (11,000 and 16,000 kg). They are constructed from a bus body mounted to a separate chassis. Unlike other types of school buses, the entrance door is mounted forward of the front axle.[1] Typical passenger capacity ranges from 54–90 passengers.


School Bus Configurations

Type A school bus
Type B school/activity bus
Type C school bus
Type D school bus
There are four variations of school buses sold in North America.

Lists of Manufacturers

Current Manufacturers
Company Name Current Bus Production Founded Location Notes
Full-line Manufacturers
Blue Bird Corporation
  • Type A (outsourced to Micro Bird, Inc.)
  • Type C
  • Type D
1932 Fort Valley, Georgia
  • Blue Bird is a privately held company owned by The Traxis Group, a subsidiary of Cerberus Capital Management
  • In a joint venture, Blue Bird markets Girardin-produced Type A buses under the Blue Bird name.
IC Bus
  • Type A
  • Type C
  • Type D
2002
Thomas Built Buses, Inc.
  • Type A
  • Type C
  • Type D
1972 High Point, North Carolina


Type A-only Manufacturers
Collins Industries Type A 1967 Hutchinson, Kansas
Micro Bird Type A 1935 Drummondville, Quebec, Canada
  • Micro Bird (formerly known as Girardin Minibus) produces Type A school buses in a joint venture with Blue Bird known as Micro Bird, Inc.
  • Along with small-bus production, Micro Bird is also the Canadian distributor of Blue Bird full-size buses.


Starcraft Bus Type A 1997 Goshen, Indiana
  • Starcraft is a division of Forest River, Inc., a Berkshire Hathaway company.
  • Starcraft announced in November 2009 a joint venture with Toyota's Hino Motors to develop an all-new Type C design.[2] A prototype was unveiled in Fall 2010, but did not enter series production
Trans Tech Type A 2007 Warwick, New York
  • Trans Tech is a division of Transportation Collaborative, Inc.
Van Con Type A Middlesex, New Jersey


Type C-only Manufacturers
Lion Bus Type C 2011 Saint-Jérôme, Quebec, Canada
  • Lion Bus builds Type C buses on a Spartan Motors chassis.
  • Lion is the sole Canadian-based manufacturer of full-sized buses.
Recently Defunct Manufacturers (1980-present)
Company Name Foundation Ceased Production Location Notes


Full-line Manufacturers
AmTran
(American Transportation Corporation)
1980 2002
  • Produced Type A, C, and D buses.
  • Marketed school buses under the Ward name from 1980-1992 (commercial buses adopted AmTran name in 1980.)
  • Re-branded as International, then IC in 2003 after being purchased outright by Navistar International in 1995.
Carpenter Industries, Inc. 1919 2001
  • Produced Type A, B, C, and D buses.
  • Carpenter was shut down in May 2001 by parent company Spartan Motors.
Crown By Carpenter 1996 1999 Richmond, Indiana
  • Produced Type A, B, C, and D buses.
  • Crown by Carpenter was a 1996-99 re-branding of Carpenter using the rights from the purchase of the Crown Coach name.
  • The Crown name was dropped from Carpenter for the 2000 model year by Spartan Motors.
Les Enterprises Michel Corbeil (Corbeil)

1985

2007

St-Lin-Laurentides, Quebec, Canada
  • Produced Type A, C, and D buses.
  • Type C and D full-size buses sold in Canada only.
  • Assets acquired by Collins Industries in 2007
  • Exists today in the United States as Collins subsidiary Corbeil Bus Corporation.
Superior Coach Company
  • 1982
  • 1985
Lima, Ohio
  • Produced Type A, B, C, and D buses.
  • Superior employees created Mid Bus in 1981.
  • Full-size bus production ended after 1985 (design later used by New Bus, Inc.).
Ward Body Works 1933 1980
  • Produced Type A, B, C, and D buses.
  • Filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1980; re-organized as American Transportation Corporation (AmTran) in 1981.
  • Successor AmTran continued use of Ward brand name (on school buses) until 1992.
Wayne Corporation
1837 1992
  • Produced Type A, B, C, and D buses.
  • Wayne underwent several changes of ownership before ending up as Richmond Transportation Corporation from 1985-92.
  • Wayne Wheeled Vehicles (the successor to Wayne Corporation) was a subsidiary of Harsco Corporation and ceased operations in 1995.
Wayne Wheeled Vehicles 1992 1995 Marysville, Ohio
  • Produced Type A, C, and D buses.
  • Wayne Wheeled Vehicles (the successor to Wayne Corporation) was a subsidiary of Harsco Corporation.
  • Continued production of Wayne Corporation products.
Type A-only Manufacturers
Coach and Equipment Manufacturing Penn Yan, New York[3]
  • A manufacturer of van conversions to Type A school buses from the early 1970s to the mid-1990s [4]


Liberty Bus Lima, Ohio
  • Produced a small number of Type A school buses in early 2000s.
Mid Bus Corporation 1981 2008
  • Created by employees of Superior Coach Company to continue production of Type A school buses.
  • Acquired by Collins Bus Corporation in 1998.
  • Since 2008, Mid Bus products are re-badged Collins models.
U.S. Bus Corporation
Suffern, New York
  • Producer of Type A buses in 1990s and early 2000s.
Type C/D-only Manufacturers
Crown Coach Corporation 1904 1991
  • Produced Type D buses
  • Subsidiary of GE Railcar from 1987-1991.
  • Rights to the Crown name were purchased in May 1991 by Carpenter Body Works.
Gillig Corporation 1890 1993 Hayward, California
  • Produced Type C and D buses.
  • Ended school bus production in 1993; still produces mass-transit buses.


New Bus, Inc.[5][6][7] 1988 1990 Chickasha, Oklahoma
  • Produced a small number of Type C and Type D buses in the late 1980s.
  • Type C buses were continuation of Superior production.


TAM-USA[8] 1991 1991
  • TAM-USA was an importer of Yugoslavian-built TAM buses
  • A small number of school bus bodies (Type D) were manufactured in Yugoslavia and fitted with American drivetrain components in California.

Historical Manufacturers (before 1980)
Company Name Ceased Production Location Notes
Hackney Brothers Body Company[9] c. 1966 Wilson, North Carolina
  • Produced Type C buses on Ford chassis.
Kenworth-Pacific 1957 Renton, Washington
  • Produced Type D buses.
  • Kenworth subsequently sold their bus tooling and equipment to Gillig.
Northern Coach [10]
Wisconsin
  • Produced a small number of "Northern-Air" Type C buses in the late 1970s.
Oneida Products Corporation[11] 1960
  • From 1952-1960, Oneida was owned by professional car manufacturer Henney Motor Company.
  • Oneida was purchased in 1960 by Marmon-Herrington.
Perley A. Thomas Car Works 1972 High Point, North Carolina
  • Produced Type C and D buses; best known for streetcar production.
  • Perley A. Thomas Car Works was re-organized into Thomas Built Buses in 1972.
Union City Body Company[12] 1957 Union City, Indiana
  • Produced Type C buses.
  • Union City is now a supplier of bodies for UPS.

See Also

  • List of buses

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.