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List of synagogues

This is a list of synagogues around the world.

Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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  • Egypt

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  • India: Mumbai: Knesset Eliyahoo, Magen David, Tifferth Israel, Etz Haeem, Shaar Rason, Shaar Haramamin. In the suburbs of Mumbai there are two synagogues—at Thana and Kurla—accessible by commuter train. In the Konkan Region of Maharashtra there are ten synagogue buildings (including those in Pen, Panvel, and a string of small towns and villages, but most are no longer or irregularly functioning, yet the buildings remain in adequate condition.

Ahmedabad: Magen Abraham, a nice Art Deco structure in the center of the city. Pune: There are two synagogues in Pune Camp—Magen David (built in the late 19th century by the Baghdadi Jews), Succoth Sholam (constructed by the Bene Israel Jews). New Delhi: Judah Hyam Prayer Hall. Kolkata (Calcutta): Magen David Synagogue, Beth El Synagogue, and the closed Neveth Shalom Synagogue. The three buildings, located in close proximity to one another in the center of the city, were built by the Baghdadi Jews in the late 19th to early 20th century. Kochi: Paradesi Synagogue in the Mattancherry area (functioning), Tekkumbagam Synagogue also in Mattancherry (closed and in derelict condition), Tekkumbagam Synagogue in the Ernakulam area (closed), Kadavumbagam Synagogue also in Ernakulam (now operated by a local Jews as the Cochin Blossoms plant/fish business. Parur (Paravoor), Kerala Synagogue (45 minutes north of Kochi, now closed belonged to K. J. Regina is the owner of 8.680 cents of property together with Synagogue (known by the name Kadavumbagam Synagogue) and all other things attached there to comprised in Survey No. 601/3 of Mattancherry Village. K. J. Regina purchased the aforesaid property by virtue of Sale Deed No. 337/99 of S.R.O., Kochi dated 23.1.1999 from V.G. Antony. The property originally belonged to Jewish Agency, Bombay. The Director of Jewish Agency Bombay Moses Felber appointed S.S. Koder as his lawful attorney to execute sale deed in favour of Jewish Agency Bombay. The power of attorney holder S.S. Koder executed Sale Deed No. 2764/81 of S.R.O., Kochi, on behalf of Jewish Agency Bombay in favour of M/s. Vanaja Traders. The aforesaid Vanaja Traders executed sale deed No. 3740/90 dated 15.11.1990 of S.R.O. Kochi in favour of V.G. Antony. And V.G. Antony executed the aforesaid property in favour of K.J.Regina. After the execution of Sale Deed No. 337/99, K. J. Regina has affected mutation, obtained Patta No. P 2173 of Mattancherry Village, paying tax and is in peaceful possession and enjoyment of the same. The Synagogue is known by the name Kadavumbagam Synagogue and its early history is unclear. Some local narratives indicate that it was established as early as 1130 and the name was taken from a synagogue that existed in Cranganore. Other oral story reveals that the aforesaid synagogue was built in 1400 when Jews abandoned the nearby Kochangadi Synagogue just south of Jew Town, and that it was ruined and then rebuilt by Muthaliyar in 1539. The aforesaid Synagogue had two storied gate house facing to the water front and jetty where the passenger ferry docks. Today two storied gate house is totally destroyed and encroached by natives and only portion of the former synagogue alone is existing and it is no longer possible to experience the former synagogue in its original context. But enough of the aforesaid Kadavumbagom Synagogue remains standing to recognize it as a quintessential example of Vernacular Kerala Architecture for its material, construction, technique, massing and details. In recent decades the remaining structure and its surrounding courtyard has been poorly maintained. About 4 decades after the building was left behind by the departing congregation in the mid 1950s and thereafter it is locked and left idle. Now the aforesaid synagogue is a gabled building from the front with its flaked walls. The large wooden windows and doors and shutters once punctured the aforesaid synagogues thick walls now been removed and closed by bricks which obstructs the natural light and ventilation inside the synagogue. Since the synagogue is being laid idle for the past several decades, the roof, walls and the main front entrance doors perished so that birds, reptiles and stray animals encroached the synagogue and made it as their shelter. The remaining structure isif not protected the same may resulting to total destruction. By Advocate. Sreekanth S.Nair. High Court of Kerala. Mala, Kerala Synagogue (an hour and a quarter north of Kochi, now closed, and controlled by the local municipality). Chendamangalam (Chennamangalam) Synagogue, Kerala (forty-five minutes north of Kochi, now closed but operating as a Jewish museum—open daily, except Mondays). Main article: Synagogues in India See www.cochinsyn.com.

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  • Romania:
  • Russia:

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  • Zambia: Lusaka Synagogue (Lusaka) There were once synagogues in Ndola, Kitwe, and Mufulira, Zambia of the Copperbelt Region, but they are now African churches. Ndola's former synagogue, now used by the Catholic Church as offices, and they built a new prayer space for church services. In Kitwe, the former synagogue is today owned and operated by the Salvation Army. The synagogue in Livingstone is also now an African church. There was once a Jewish community in the Copperbelt Region town of Luwansha, but it is unclear whether any former synagogue was built and still stands.
  • Zimbabwe: Bulawayo Hebrew Congregation (Bulawayo), Harare Hebrew Congregation (Harare). There were once three synagogues in the Midlands region of the country—in Kadoma (building destroyed), Kitwe (building used by an African church, and Gewru (building used as a church today).

References

  1. ^ Plotz, David (2003-01-22). "David Plotz in Africa". Slate Magazine. Retrieved 21 August 2009. 
  2. ^ List of Synagogues in Berlin
  3. ^ "Synagogues of the World: Honduras". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2009-03-30. 

Waronker, Jay A. Articles (2007, 2009, 2010) appear in KULANU (www.kulanu.org) on the synagogue architecture of Zambia.

External links

  • Synagogues of the World on the Jewish Virtual Library
  • The Jewish History Resource Center, Project of the Dinur Center for Research in Jewish History, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS
  • JewishDirectory.com
  • Worldwide directory of Chabad Centers
  • Images of synagogues in the archives of the Center for Jewish Art at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • The Bezalel Narkiss Index of Jewish Art


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