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List of viceroys of New Spain

Viceroy of New Spain
Juan O'Donojú
Residence The Viceroy palace
(Now the National Palace)
Appointer The King of Spain
Formation 14 November 1535
First holder Antonio de Mendoza
Final holder Juan O'Donojú
Abolished 28 September 1821

The following is a list of Viceroys of New Spain.

In addition to viceroys, the following list includes the highest Spanish governors of the colony of New Spain, before the appointment of the first viceroy or when the office of viceroy was vacant. Most of these individuals exercised most or all of the functions of viceroy, usually on an interim basis.

Contents

  • Spanish rule before appointment of Viceroy (1492–1535) 1
    • The Indies 1.1
    • New Spain 1.2
  • Viceroys of New Spain (1535–1821) 2
  • See also 3
  • External links 4

Spanish rule before appointment of Viceroy (1492–1535)

The Indies

1492 – 1499 Christopher Columbus, as governor and viceroy of the Indies
1499 – 1502 Francisco de Bobadilla, as governor of the Indies
1502 – 1509 Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres, as governor of the Indies
1509 – 1518 Diego Columbus, as governor of the Indies until 1511, thereafter as viceroy
1518 – 1524 Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, as adelantado (governor-general) of Cuba

New Spain

13 August 1521 – 24 December 1521 Hernán Cortés, Marquis of Valle de Oaxaca
24 December 1521 – 30 December 1521 Cristóbal de Tapia
30 December 1521 – 12 October 1524 Hernán Cortés, Marquis of Valle de Oaxaca, as governor and captain general from 15 October 1522
12 October 1524 – 29 December 1524 Alonso de Estrada, Rodrigo de Albornoz, Alonso de Zuazo
29 December 1524 – 17 February 1525 Gonzalo de Salazar, Pedro Almíndez Chirino, Alonso de Zuazo
17 February 1525 – 20 April 1525 Gonzalo de Salazar, Pedro Almíndez Chirino, Alonso de Estrada, Rodrigo de Albornoz, Alonso de Zuazo
20 April 1525 – 23 May 1525 Gonzalo de Salazar, Pedro Almíndez Chirino, Alonso de Zuazo
24 May 1525 – 28 January 1526 Gonzalo de Salazar, Pedro Almíndez Chirino
29 January 1526 – 24 June 1526 Alonso de Estrada, Rodrigo de Albornoz
25 June 1526 – 3 July 1526 Hernán Cortés, Marquis of Valle de Oaxaca
4 July 1526 – 16 July 1526 Luis Ponce de León
16 July 1526 – 1 March 1527 Marcos de Aguilar
2 March 1527 – 22 August 1527 Alonso de Estrada, Gonzalo de Sandoval, Luis de la Torre
22 August 1527 – 8 December 1528 Alonso de Estrada, Luis de la Torre
9 December 1528 – 21 December 1529 Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, Juan Ortiz de Matienzo, Diego Delgadillo (the first Audiencia)
21 December 1529 – 9 January 1531 Juan Ortiz de Matienzo, Diego Delgadillo (the first Audiencia)
10 January 1531 – 16 April 1535 Sebastián Ramírez de Fuenleal, Vasco de Quiroga, Juan de Salmerón, Alonso de Maldonado, Francisco Ceinos (the second Audiencia)

Viceroys of New Spain (1535–1821)

Picture Viceroy From Until Monarch
Don Antonio de Mendoza,
Marquis of Mondéjar, Count of Tendilla
14 November 1535 25 November 1550
Charles I
Don Luís de Velasco,
25 November 1550 31 July 1564
Francisco Ceinos,
Dean of the Audiencia
1 August 1564 19 October 1566
Philip II
Don Gastón Carrillo de Peralta y Bosquete,
Third Marquis of Falces
19 October 1566 11 November 1567
Licenciado Alonso de Muñoz and
Licenciado Luís Carrillo
11 November 1567 April 1568
Licenciado Alonso de Muñoz April 1568 14 April 1568
Francisco Ceinos,
Dean of the Audiencia
14 April 1568 4 November 1568
Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza 5 November 1568 4 October 1580
Don Lorenzo Suárez de Mendoza,
Fourth Count of La Coruña
4 October 1580 19 June 1583
Luís de Villanueva y Zapata,
Dean of the Audiencia
19 June 1583 24 September 1584
Pedro de Moya y Contrerás
(Archbishop of Mexico)
25 September 1584 17 October 1585
Don Álvaro Manrique de Zúñiga
First Marquis of Villamanrique
17 October 1585 27 January 1590
Don Luís de Velasco
Marquis of Salinas
27 January 1590 5 November 1595
Don Gaspar de Zúñiga Acevedo y Fonseca,
Fifth Count of Monterrey
5 November 1595 27 October 1603
Don Juan de Mendoza y Luna,
Marquis of Montesclaros
27 October 1603 2 July 1607
Philip III
Don Luís de Velasco,
Marquis of Salinas
2 July 1607 19 June 1611
García Guerra, O.P.
(Archbishop of Mexico)
19 June 1611 22 February 1612
Pedro Otárola,
Dean of the Audiencia
22 February 1612 18 October 1612
Don Diego Fernández de Córdoba,
Marquis of Guadalcázar and Count of Posadas
18 October 1612 14 March 1621
Paz de Valecillo,
Dean of the Audiencia
14 March 1621 11 September 1621
Don Diego Carrillo de Mendoza y Pimentel,
First Marquis of Gélves
12 September 1621 1 November 1624
Philip IV
Vacant
Due to the discrepancy on the arrival of successor Viceroy
from 1 November to 3 November 1624.
Don Rodrigo Pacheco y Osorio de Toledo,
Third Marquis of Cerralvo
3 November 1624 16 September 1635
Don Lope Díez de Aux de Armendáriz,
Marquis of Cadereyta
16 September 1635 28 August 1640
Don Diego Roque López Pacheco Cabrera y Bobadilla,
Seventh Duke of Escalona, Seventh Marquis of Villena and Seventh Count of Xiquena
28 August 1640 10 June 1642
DonJuan de Palafox y Mendoza
(Bishop of Puebla)
10 June 1642 23 November 1642
Don García Sarmiento de Sotomayor,
Second Count of Salvatierra and Marquis of Sobroso
23 November 1642 14 May 1648
Marcos de Torres y Rueda
(Bishop of Yucatan)
15 May 1648 22 April 1649
Matías de Peralta,
Dean of the Audiencia
22 April 1649 28 June 1650
Don Luis Enríquez de Guzmán,
Ninth Count of Alba de Liste and Marquis of Villaflor
28 June 1650 15 August 1653
Don Francisco Fernández de la Cueva,
Eighth Duke of Alburquerque, Marquis of Cuéllar, Count of Ledesma and of Huelma
15 August 1653 16 September 1660
Don Juan de Leyva de la Cerda,
Count of Baños and Marquis of Leyva and of Ladrada
16 September 1660 29 June 1664
Diego Osorio de Escobar y Llamas
(Bishop of Puebla)
29 June 1664 15 October 1664
Don Antonio Sebastián de Toledo Molina y Salazar,
Second Marquis of Mancera
16 October 1664 20 November 1673
Don Pedro Nuño Colón de Portugal y Castro,
Sixth Duke of Veragua, Sixth Marquis of Jamaica and Sixth Count of Gelves
20 November 1673 13 December 1673
Charles II
Payo Enríquez de Rivera Manrique, O.S.A.
(Bishop of Guatemala and Archbishop of Mexico)
13 December 1673 7 November 1680
Don Tomás Antonio Manuel Lorenzo de la Cerda y Aragón
Third Marquis of La Laguna de Camero Viejo
7 November 1680 16 June 1686
Don Melchor Portocarrero y Lasso de la Vega,
Third Count of Monclova
16 June 1686 20 November 1688
Don Gaspar Melchor Baltasar de la Cerda Silva Sandoval y Mendoza,
Eighth Count of Galve, Lord of Salcedón and Tortola
20 November 1688 27 February 1696
Juan de Ortega Cano Montañez y Patiño
(Bishop of Durango, Guatemala, Michoacán and Archbishop of Mexico)
27 February 1696 18 December 1696
Don José Sarmiento y Valladares,
Count of Moctezuma and of Tula
18 December 1696 4 November 1701
Juan de Ortega Cano Montañez y Patiño
(Archbishop of Mexico)
4 November 1701 27 November 1702
Philip V
Don Francisco V Fernández de la Cueva Enríquez y Fernández de la Cueva,
Tenth Duke of Alburquerque and Marquis of Cuéllar
27 November 1702 13 November 1710
Don Fernando de Alencastre Noroña y Silva,
First Duke of Linares and Marquis of Valdefuentes
13 November 1710 16 July 1716
Don Baltasar de Zúñiga Guzmán Sotomayor y Mendoza,
Duke of Arión and Marquis of Valero
16 July 1716 15 October 1722
Don Juan de Acuña y Bejarano,
Second Marquis of Casa Fuerte
15 October 1722 17 March 1734
Louis I
From 1700–1724, Philip V of Spain was the king; then from 1724–1746. Louis I only reigned in 1724.
Juan Antonio de Vizarrón y Eguiarreta
(Archbishop of Mexico)
17 March 1734 17 August 1740
Philip V
Don Pedro de Castro Figueroa y Salazar,
First Duke of La Conquista and First Marquis of Gracia Real
17 August 1740 22 August 1741
Pedro Malo de Villavicencio,
President of the Audiencia
23 August 1741 2 November 1742
Don Pedro Cebrián y Agustín,
Fifth Count of Fuenclara
3 November 1742 9 July 1746
Don Juan Francisco de Güemes y Horcasitas,
First Count of Revillagigedo
9 July 1746 9 November 1755
Ferdinand VI
Don Agustín de Ahumada y Villalón,
Marquis of Amarillas
10 November 1755 5 February 1760
Francisco Antonio de Echávarri,
Dean of the Audiencia
5 February 1760 28 April 1760
Francisco Cajigal de la Vega 28 April 1760 5 October 1760
Charles III
Don Joaquín de Montserrat,
Marquis of Cruillas
5 October 1760 24 August 1766
Don Carlos Francisco de Croix,
Marquis of Croix
24 August 1766 22 September 1771
Don Antonio María de Bucareli y Ursúa,
Marquis of Valleheroso and Count of Jerena
22 September 1771 9 April 1779
Francisco Romá y Rosell,
Regent of the Audiencia
10 April 1779 22 August 1779
Martín de Mayorga Ferrer,
Captain General of Guatemala
23 August 1779 28 April 1783
Matías de Gálvez y Gallardo,
Captain General of Guatemala
28 April 1783 20 October 1784
Vicente de Herrera y Rivero,
Regent of the Audiencia
20 October 1784 17 June 1785
Don Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid,
Viscount of Galveston and Count of Gálvez
17 June 1785 30 November 1786
Eusebio Sánchez Pareja y Beleño
Regent of the Audiencia
30 November 1786 8 May 1787
Alonso Núñez de Haro y Peralta
(Archbishop of Mexico)
8 May 1787 16 August 1787
Manuel Antonio Flores Maldonado Martínez Ángulo y Bodquín 16 August 1787 16 October 1789
Don Juan Vicente de Güemes Pacheco de Padilla y Horcasitas,
Second Count of Revillagigedo
17 October 1789 11 July 1794
Charles IV
Don Miguel de la Grúa Talamanca de Carini y Branciforte,
First Marquis of Branciforte
12 July 1794 31 May 1798
Don Miguel José de Azanza,
Duke of Santa Fe
31 May 1798 30 April 1800
Félix Berenguer de Marquina 30 April 1800 4 January 1803
José de Iturrigaray 4 January 1803 16 September 1808
Pedro de Garibay 16 September 1808 19 July 1809
Joseph Bonaparte
Francisco Javier de Lizana y Beaumont
(Archbishop of Mexico)
19 July 1809 8 May 1810
Ferdinand VII
Pedro Catani 8 May 1810 14 September 1810
Don Francisco Javier Venegas,
Marquess of Reunión and of New Spain
14 September 1810 4 March 1813
Don Félix María Calleja del Rey,
First Count of Calderón
4 March 1813 20 September 1816
Don Juan Ruiz de Apodaca,
First Count of Venadito
20 September 1816 5 July 1821
Francisco Novella Azabal Pérez y Sicardo 15 July 1821 21 July 1821
Juan O'Donojú 21 July 1821 28 September 1821

See also

External links

  • (Spanish) List of viceroys and other colonial rulers at the Mexican government site
  • (Spanish) Cronología de los Gobernantes de México 1325–2000 (Powerpoint)
  • (Spanish) List of Spanish colonial officials before the viceroyalty
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