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Lists of Lepidoptera by region

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Title: Lists of Lepidoptera by region  
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Lists of Lepidoptera by region

The following are the regional Lepidoptera lists by continent. Lepidoptera is the insect order consisting of both the butterflies and moths.

Lepidoptera are among the most successful groups of insects. They are found on all continents, except Antarctica. Lepidoptera inhabit all terrestrial habitats ranging from desert to rainforest, from lowland grasslands to montane plateaus but almost always associated with higher plants, especially angiosperms (flowering plants).[1] Among the most northern dwelling species of butterflies and moths is the Arctic Apollo (Parnassius arcticus), which is found in the Arctic Circle in northeastern Yakutia, at an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level.[2] In the Himalayas, various Apollo species such as Parnassius epaphus, besides others, have been recorded to occur up to an altitude of 6,000 meters above sea level.[3]:221

Some lepidopteran species exhibit Coprophagous pyralid moth species, called sloth moths, such as Bradipodicola hahneli and Cryptoses choloepi, are unusual in that they are exclusively found inhabiting the fur of sloths, mammals found in Central and South America.[4][5] Two species of Tinea moths have been recorded as feeding on horny tissue and have been bred from the horns of cattle. The larva of Zenodochium coccivorella is an internal parasite of the coccid Kermes species. Many species have been recorded as breeding in natural materials or refuse such as owl pellets, bat caves, honey-combs or diseased fruit.[5]

Of the approximately 174,250 lepidopteran species described until 2007, butterflies and skippers are estimated to comprise approximately 17,950, with moths making up the rest.[6][7] The vast majority of Lepidoptera are to be found in the tropics, but substantial diversity exists on most continents. North America has over 700 species of butterflies and over 11,000 species of moths,[8][9] while there are about 400 species of butterflies and 14,000 species of moths reported from Australia.[10] The diversity of Lepidoptera in each faunal region has been estimated by John Heppner in 1991 based partly on actual counts from the literature, partly on the card indices in the Natural History Museum (London) and the National Museum of Natural History (Washington), and partly on estimates:[11]:726

Diversity of Lepidoptera in each faunal region
Palearctic Nearctic Neotropic Afrotropic Indo-Australian
(comprising Indomalayan and Australian regions)
Estimated number of species 22,465 11,532 44,791 20,491 47,286

Species by continent

Africa

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
Algeria Moths Butterflies
Angola Moths Butterflies
Benin Moths Butterflies
Botswana Moths Butterflies
Burkina Faso Moths Butterflies
Burundi Moths Butterflies
Cameroon Moths Butterflies
Canary Islands (Autonomous community of Spain) Moths Butterflies
Cape Verde Moths Butterflies
Central African Republic Moths Butterflies
Chad Moths Butterflies
Comoros Moths Butterflies
Congo, Democratic Republic of (Congo-Kinshasa) Moths Butterflies
Congo, Republic of (Congo-Brazzaville) Moths Butterflies
Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Moths Butterflies
Djibouti Moths Butterflies
Egypt Moths Butterflies
Equatorial Guinea Moths Butterflies
Eritrea Moths Butterflies
Ethiopia Moths Butterflies
Gabon Moths Butterflies
Gambia Moths Butterflies
Ghana Moths Butterflies
Guinea Moths Butterflies
Guinea-Bissau Moths Butterflies
Kenya Moths Butterflies
Lesotho Moths Butterflies
Liberia Moths Butterflies
Libya Moths Butterflies
Madagascar Moths Butterflies
Malawi Moths Butterflies
Mali Moths Butterflies
Mauritania Moths Butterflies
Mauritius Moths Butterflies
Mayotte (Overseas territory of France) Moths Butterflies
Morocco Moths Butterflies
Mozambique Moths Butterflies
Namibia Moths Butterflies
Niger Moths Butterflies
Nigeria Moths Butterflies
Réunion (Overseas department of France) Moths Butterflies
Rwanda Moths Butterflies
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Sao Tome and Principe Moths Butterflies
Selvagens Islands (Part of the parish of of Portugal) Moths Butterflies
Senegal Moths Butterflies
Seychelles Moths Butterflies
Sierra Leone Moths Butterflies
Somalia Moths Butterflies
South Africa Moths Butterflies
Sudan Moths Butterflies
Swaziland Moths Butterflies
Tanzania Moths Butterflies
Togo Moths Butterflies
Tunisia Moths Butterflies
Uganda Moths Butterflies
Zambia Moths Butterflies
Zimbabwe Moths Butterflies

Asia

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
Abkhazia[Europe 1] Moths Butterflies
Afghanistan Moths Butterflies
Akrotiri and Dhekelia[Europe 1] (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom located on Cyprus) Moths Butterflies
Armenia[Europe 1] Moths Butterflies
Azerbaijan[Europe 1] Moths Butterflies
Bahrain Moths Butterflies
Bangladesh Moths Butterflies
Bhutan Moths Butterflies
British Indian Ocean Territory[Asia 1] (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Brunei Moths Butterflies
Cambodia Moths Butterflies
China Moths Butterflies
Christmas Island[Asia 2] (External territory of Australia) Moths Butterflies
Cocos (Keeling) Islands[Asia 2] (External territory of Australia) Moths Butterflies
Cyprus[Europe 1] Moths Butterflies
[Europe 1] Moths Butterflies
India Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of the Western Ghats
Indonesia Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of Sulawesi
Iran Moths Butterflies
Iraq Moths Butterflies
Israel Moths Butterflies
Japan Moths Butterflies
Jordan Moths Butterflies
Kazakhstan Moths Butterflies
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North Korea) Moths Butterflies
Korea, Republic of (South Korea) Moths Butterflies
Kuwait Moths Butterflies
Kyrgyzstan Moths Butterflies
Laos Moths Butterflies
Lebanon Moths Butterflies
Malaysia Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of Peninsular Malaysia
Maldives Moths Butterflies
Mongolia Moths Butterflies
Myanmar (Burma) Moths Butterflies
Nepal Moths Butterflies
Oman Moths Butterflies
Pakistan Moths Butterflies
Palestinian territories Moths Butterflies
Philippines Moths Butterflies
Qatar Moths Butterflies
Saudi Arabia Moths Butterflies
Singapore Moths Butterflies
Sri Lanka Moths Butterflies
Syria Moths Butterflies
Taiwan Moths Butterflies
Tajikistan Moths Butterflies
Thailand Moths Butterflies
Timor-Leste (East Timor) Moths Butterflies
Turkey[Europe 1] Moths Butterflies
Turkmenistan Moths Butterflies
United Arab Emirates Moths Butterflies
Uzbekistan Moths Butterflies
Vietnam Moths Butterflies
Yemen Moths Butterflies
  1. ^ The British Indian Ocean Territory is sometimes considered as an African territory, since it was historically part of Mauritius.
  2. ^ a b Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands are sometimes considered as Oceanian territories, since they are dependent territories of Australia.

Europe

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
Albania Moths Butterflies
Andorra Moths Butterflies
Austria Moths Butterflies
Azores Moths Butterflies
Belarus Moths Butterflies
Belgium Moths Butterflies
Bosnia and Herzegovina Moths Butterflies
Bulgaria Moths Butterflies
Croatia Moths Butterflies
Czech Republic Moths Butterflies
Denmark Moths Butterflies
Estonia Moths Butterflies
Faroe Islands Moths Butterflies
Finland Moths Butterflies
France Moths Butterflies
Germany Moths Butterflies
Greece Moths Butterflies
Hungary Moths Butterflies
Iceland Moths Butterflies
Ireland Moths Butterflies
Italy Moths Butterflies
Latvia Moths Butterflies
Liechtenstein Moths Butterflies
Lithuania Moths Butterflies
Luxembourg Moths Butterflies
Macedonia Moths Butterflies
Madeira Moths Butterflies
Malta Moths Butterflies
Moldova Moths Butterflies
Montenegro Moths Butterflies
Netherlands Moths Butterflies
Norway Moths Butterflies
Poland Moths Butterflies
Portugal Moths Butterflies
Romania Moths Butterflies
Russia[Europe 2] Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast
Serbia Moths Butterflies
Slovakia Moths Butterflies
Slovenia Moths Butterflies
Spain Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of Minorca
Sweden Moths Butterflies
Switzerland Moths Butterflies
Ukraine Moths Butterflies
United Kingdom Moths Butterflies
  1. ^ a b c d e f g The following countries and territories are also often considered as European:
  2. ^ Russia is generally considered as a European country more than an Asian country, even though most of its territory is in Asia, since most of its population and also its capital are in Europe, and it has close political and historical ties with Europe.

North America

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
Anguilla Moths Butterflies
Antigua and Barbuda Moths Butterflies
Aruba (Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Moths Butterflies
Bahamas Moths Butterflies
Barbados Moths Butterflies
Belize Moths Butterflies
Bermuda (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Bonaire (Special municipality of the Netherlands) Moths Butterflies
British Virgin Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Canada Moths Butterflies
Cayman Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Clipperton Island (Overseas territory of France) Moths Butterflies
Costa Rica Moths Butterflies
Cuba Moths Butterflies
Curaçao (Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Moths Butterflies
Dominica Moths Butterflies
Dominican Republic Moths Butterflies
El Salvador Moths Butterflies
Greenland (Self-governing territory of Denmark) Moths Butterflies
Grenada Moths Butterflies
Guadeloupe (Overseas department of France) Moths Butterflies
Guatemala Moths Butterflies
Haiti Moths Butterflies
Honduras Moths Butterflies
Jamaica Moths Butterflies
Martinique (Overseas department of France) Moths Butterflies
Mexico Moths Butterflies
Montserrat (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Navassa Island (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Nicaragua Moths Butterflies
Panama Moths Butterflies
Puerto Rico (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Saba (Special municipality of the Netherlands) Moths Butterflies
Saint Barthélemy (Overseas collectivity of France) Moths Butterflies
Saint Eustatius (Special municipality of the Netherlands) Moths Butterflies
Saint Kitts and Nevis Moths Butterflies
Saint Lucia Moths Butterflies
Saint Martin (Overseas collectivity of France) Moths Butterflies
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (Overseas collectivity of France) Moths Butterflies
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Moths Butterflies
Sint Maarten (Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands) Moths Butterflies
Trinidad and Tobago Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
United States of America Moths Butterflies
United States Virgin Islands (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies

South America

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
Argentina Moths Butterflies
Bolivia Moths Butterflies
Brazil Moths Butterflies
Chile Moths Butterflies
Colombia Moths Butterflies
Ecuador Moths Butterflies
Falkland Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
French Guiana (Overseas department of France) Moths Butterflies
Guyana Moths Butterflies
Paraguay Moths Butterflies
Peru Moths Butterflies
Suriname Moths Butterflies
Uruguay Moths Butterflies
Venezuela Moths Butterflies

Oceania

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
American Samoa (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Ashmore and Cartier Islands (External territory of Australia) Moths Butterflies
Australia Moths Butterflies
Butterflies of Tasmania
Butterflies of Victoria
Butterflies of Lord Howe Island
Baker Island (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Cook Islands (Territory in free association with New Zealand) Moths Butterflies
Coral Sea Islands (External territory of Australia) Moths Butterflies
Easter Island (Special Territory of Chile) Moths Butterflies
Fiji Moths Butterflies
French Polynesia (Overseas collectivity of France) Moths Butterflies
Guam (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Hawaii (State of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Howland Island (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Jarvis Island (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Johnston Atoll (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Kingman Reef (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Kiribati Moths Butterflies
Marshall Islands Moths Butterflies
Micronesia Moths Butterflies
Midway Atoll (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Nauru Moths Butterflies
or New Caledonia (Sui generis collectivity or special collectivity of France) Moths Butterflies
New Zealand Moths Butterflies
Niue (Territory in free association with New Zealand) Moths Butterflies
Norfolk Island (Self-governing territory of Australia) Moths Butterflies
Northern Mariana Islands (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Palau Moths Butterflies
Palmyra Atoll (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Papua New Guinea Moths Butterflies
Pitcairn Islands (Overseas territory of the United Kingdom) Moths Butterflies
Samoa Moths Butterflies
Solomon Islands Moths Butterflies
Tokelau (Dependent territory of New Zealand) Moths Butterflies
Tonga Moths Butterflies
Tuvalu Moths Butterflies
Vanuatu Moths Butterflies
Wake Island (Insular area of the United States of America) Moths Butterflies
Wallis and Futuna (Overseas collectivity of France) Moths Butterflies

Antarctica

No Lepidoptera species are known from the continent of Antarctica. However, there are records from nearby islands.

Flag Country or territory Moths Butterflies
French Southern and Antarctic Lands (Overseas territory of France) Moths Butterflies

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^

See also

For other lists see Category:Lepidoptera by country and Category:Lepidoptera by region.

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