World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Llancaiach Branch

Article Id: WHEBN0021970590
Reproduction Date:

Title: Llancaiach Branch  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ynysybwl, Nelson, Caerphilly, Llancaiach Colliery, Lady Windsor Colliery, Albion Colliery
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Llancaiach Branch

Llancaiach Branch

The Llancaiach Branch was a railway branch line in South Wales. Financed and operated by the Taff Vale Railway, on amalgamation became part of the Great Western Railway in 1923. Designed and mainly operated as a coal mining freight railway, its creation and demise was wholly defined by the South Wales Coalfield.


Designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel as an extension to the main Taff Vale Railway, it ran from Stormstown Junction, just north of Pontypridd on the line to Merthyr Tydfil,[1] for 3 miles 29 chains (5.4 km) to the Llancaiach Colliery.[2]


The line opened for freight only on 25 November 1841,[3] due to its 1:11 incline and the resultant need to operate as a cable-assisted railway.[4] The railway called its northern terminus at the Llancaiach Colliery "Nelson," after a local public house.[3]

In 1858 the Newport, Abergavenny and Hereford Railway completed its Taff Vale Extension railway from Pontypool to Quakers Yard, building its station on the level with the Llancaiach Branch and also calling it Nelson. Two years later, an agreement was reached and the TVR Llancaiach Branch extended to access the NA&HR station.[3] In 1873 a deviation avoided the incline from Stormstown Junction, although it remained steep by railway standards at 1:40.[3]

The 1887 closure of the Llancaiach Colliery caused the line to become placed into "care and maintenance" for 6months, until the opening of the Albion Colliery, and the later 1888 extension to Ynysybwl for servicing of the Lady Windsor Colliery.[3]

Passenger services

Passenger services started on 1 June 1900, with TVR steam railmotors running from Pontypridd to the joint NA&HR station at Nelson. The Royal Train visited the branch on 27 June 1912.

Bus competition eroded passenger traffic, with services to Nelson ceasing on 12 September, 1932.[3] Services remained open to Ynysybwl until 1953.[5]


As the various collieries declined, so did the Llancaiach Branch. It closed to through traffic in 1970, and remained open to service the Lady Windsor Colliery, until it also closed in 1988.

Much of the track bed of the branch was consumed or destroyed when the A470 dual carriageway was constructed from the late 1960s.[3]


External links

  • RailBrit page on the Llancaiach Branch
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.