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Loch Ewe

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Title: Loch Ewe  
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Subject: Convoy PQ 13, Convoy JW 51A, List of Allied convoys during World War II by region, Convoy JW 54A, Convoy JW 54B
Collection: Lochs of Highland (Council Area), Sea Lochs of Scotland
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Loch Ewe

Loch Ewe
A Creel Boat on Loch Ewe at dawn
Location Northwest Highlands, Scotland
Coordinates
Primary inflows River Ewe
Primary outflows The Minch
Basin countries United Kingdom
Average depth 15 m (49 ft)
Max. depth 40 m (130 ft)
Islands Isle of Ewe

Loch Ewe (Scottish Gaelic: Loch Iùbh) is a sea loch in the region of Wester Ross in the Northwest Highlands of Scotland. The shores are inhabited by a traditionally Gàidhlig speaking people[1] living in or sustained by crofting villages,[2] the most notable of which, situated on the north-eastern shore, is the Aultbea settlement. The four-mile long River Ewe enters Loch Ewe from the following thirteen lochs of the surrounding basins (the Ardlair basin, the Slattadale basin and the Ghruididh basin):

Contents

  • History 1
    • Tournaig 1.1
    • NATO Z-berths and POL depots 1.2
  • Culture 2
    • Ancient Mariner folklore 2.1
    • Dialect 2.2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

Due to the rugged and inaccessible terrain in which it is located, Loch Ewe has always been an assembly point for maritime trade. Around 1610 the area at the head of Loch Ewe, today known as Poolewe, was urbanised around an iron furnace utilising charcoal produced in the surrounding woodlands for fuel. English ironmasters found it more economic to ship the ore to Poolewe for smelting than to ship the processed charcoal to England to run furnaces there.[3]

The crofting villages which were established in the 1840s,[4] as a result of the local parish's estate being reformed from run-rig to fixed holdings properties,[5] were always quite small. Bualnaliub, nine miles (fifteen kilometres) to the north of Poolewe, had eleven houses and fifty people at the 1841 census – twenty-three of whom were from the same (McIver) family. Mellon Charles, thence four miles (six and a half kilometres) to the west, had two hundred and sixteen people in forty-one houses – including seventeen houses headed by a McLennan.[6][7] Ormiscaig, roughly half-way between them, had ten houses (four headed by McGregors) totalling forty-eight people. One hundred and forty years later, in 1981, the population was ten at Bualnaluib, twenty-four at Ormiscaig and one hundred and ten at Mellon Charles.[4][8]

In 1911 a 70 foot lighthouse was built on the promontory between Gairloch and Poolewe.[9]

Loch Ewe was used as an assembly point for the Arctic Convoys during World War II. Ships from the British, American and other ports gathered here before sailing to Murmansk from September 1942 following the disaster of Convoy PQ 17 in order to confuse German intelligence.[10]

Tournaig

According to the published correspondence of a local resident,[11] the Royal Navy established watchkeeping defences[12] around an inlet to the south-east of Loch Ewe, sourcing the area for its cod, haddock, and mackerel reserves:

NATO Z-berths and POL depots

As of 2006,[13] the Mellon Charles base is still in use, with two berths authorised for nuclear-powered submarine use.[6] The jetty at Aultbea is designated a "Z-berth" to allow NATO's nuclear submarines to return for servicing without warning. A second Z-berth is located in the middle of Loch Ewe itself, marked by a buoy but not appearing on any Ordnance Survey maps.[14]

The Naval Boom Defence depot at Mellon Charles marks the start of the original protective netting which guarded the entrance to the loch. Part of the base is designated a Petroleum, Oil and Lubricants (POL) depot. This provides for the maintenance of visiting warships.

Culture

Loch Ewe is often praised for its scenic beauty, especially in the vistas from the so-called midnight walk (the A832 single-track road to the left of Loch Kernsary[15]) about a mile and a half to the north of Tournaig. This is the subject of many strathspeys still sung today in local ceilidh. Additionally, it has several outposts above the Aultbea foreshore (around Aird Point) giving photo opportunities for tourists travelling inland.

Panoramic view of Loch Ewe
A panoramic view of Loch Ewe looking North with the villages of Aultbea, Ormiscaig and Mellon Charles visible along the Western shore (right-hand side); The NATO POL depot can be seen in the foreground, with the Isle of Ewe a little further out.

Ancient Mariner folklore

In his compedium of folk and dialogues and mythological apologues of the Scottish peasantry, and the folkish customs employed in recounting them, "still linger in the remote western islands of Barra; where, in the long winter nights, the people would gather in crowds to listen to those whom they considered good exponents of the art. At an earlier date, – but still, at that time [in the mid twentieth century], within living memory, – the custom survived at Poolewe in Ross-shire where the young people were used to assemble [sic] at night to hear the old ones recite the tales which they had learned from their fore-fathers. Here, and at earlier dates in other parts of the country also, the demand for stories would further be supplied by travelling pedlars, or by gaberlunzie men, or pauper wandering musicians and entertainers, or by the itinerant shoemaker or tailor – 'Whip-the-Cat' as he was nicknamed, – both of which last were accustomed to travel through thinly-populated country districts, in the pursuit of their calling, and to put up for the night at farm-houses, – where, whilst plying their needles, they would entertain the company with stories.

"The arrival of one of these story-tellers in a village was an important event. As soon as it became known, there would be a rush to the house where he was lodged, and every available seat – on bench, table, bed, beam, or the floor – would quickly be appropriated. And then, for hours together – just like some first-rate actor on a stage – the story-teller would hold his audience spell-bound. During his recitals, the emotions of the recitor were occasionally very strongly excited, as were also those of his listeners, who at one time would be on the verge of tears, at another give way to laughter. There were many of these listeners, by the way, who believed firmly in all the extravangances narrated.

And such rustic scenes as these, as I [will show], have by no means been without their marked upon Scottish literature."[16]

Dialect

Ross-shire dialect English is spoken in Red Point (nearby Gairloch) and Poolewe. It is "somewhat similar to that of the Southern Hebridean [Harris and Barra] dialects." Pre-aspiration involves "a very distinct and long h, often with a slight velar friction; though this h is different from x, which has more friction, and there exist such pairs as bohk 'a buck' boc ~bcxk 'poor' bochd. When the occlusive is palatal, h is not affected by the palatality."[17]

References

  1. ^ Gàidhlig (Scottish Gaelic) Local Studies Volume 9: Wester Ross: Lochbroom and Gairloch PDF (604.1 KiB)
  2. ^ Report of the Public Local Inquiry into Objections to the Deposit Draft Wester Ross Local Plan: Chapter 26 - Aultbea PDF (1790.6 )
  3. ^ Whyte; Whyte, Kathleen A. (1991). The Changing Scottish Landscape: 1500-1800. History of the British Landscape Series. Taylor & Francis. p. 213.  
  4. ^ a b Pollack, Neil (18 February 2008). "Aultbea, Ormiscaig and Bualnaluib were crofting villages where meagre livings were extracted". Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  5. ^ Mackintosh, S. The Parish of Gairloch - in The Third Statistical Account of Scotland. 
  6. ^ a b  
  7. ^ 1841 Census Index - Results on the surname McLennan
  8. ^ Caird, J. B. (1994). Peoples and Settlement in North-West Ross. pp. The Making of the Gairloch Crofting Landscape.  
  9. ^ Engineering correspondents (1911-10-25). "New Lighthouse".  
  10. ^ Woodman, Richard (2004). Arctic Convoys 1941-1945. John Murray.  pg.260
  11. ^ Sanders, Andrew (12 February 2005). "On the HMS Vanguard's Visit to Loch Ewe". The Life and Times of the Royal Navy Battleship HMS Vanguard. Retrieved 20 July 2008. 
  12. ^ Siddall, Howard, J. "Chapter Four: To War in HMS Repulse". And So...: A Stoker's Story - from Scapa to Crete, Stalag and Home. Peter Siddall (peter.siddall1@btopenworld.com). Retrieved 20 July 2008. 
  13. ^ Wester Ross Local Plan - Adopted June 2006 - Settlement Development Areas PDF (1137.8 KiB)
  14. ^ Defence Fuel Depots
  15. ^ Murphy, Alan (2001). Scotland Highlands and Islands Handbook. Footprint Travel Guides. p. 255.  
  16. ^ Douglas, George (2000). Scottish Fairy and Folk Tales. Dover Publications. pp. 8–10.  
  17. ^ Borgstrøm, Carl H. J. (1940). The dialects of the Outer Hebrides. Norwegian Universities Press. p. 100. 
  • Scotland Fishery Reserves Services: Loch Ewe Ecosystem Monitoring
  • A Bathymetrical Survey of the Fresh-Water Lochs of Scotland, 1897-1909, p. 210 PDF (94.6 KiB)
  • Clan Stories: The Russian Convoys
  • Songs of Wester Ross

External links

  • The Gairloch and Loch Ewe Action Forum
  • The Poolewe-Little Gruinard walk
  • Rèidio dà Locha
  • Laxdale Ladies' waulking group competing in the Wester Ross Provincial Mod
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