World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Loka, Koper

Article Id: WHEBN0016716176
Reproduction Date:

Title: Loka, Koper  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Predloka, Loka (disambiguation), Almerigogna Palace, Assumption of Mary Parish Church (Dekani), St. James's Church (Koper)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Loka, Koper

Loka
Loka is located in Slovenia
Loka
Loka
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates:
Country  Slovenia
Traditional region Littoral
Statistical region Coastal–Karst
Municipality Koper
Area
 • Total 2.42 km2 (0.93 sq mi)
Elevation 161.6 m (530.2 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 76
[1]

Loka (pronounced ; Italian: Lonche)[2][3] is a small village in the City Municipality of Koper in the Littoral region of Slovenia.[4]

Name

The toponym Loka is relatively common in Slovenia. It is derived from the Slovene noun loka 'swampy meadow', from Proto-Slavic *lǫka 'swampy, flood-prone meadow', semantically derived from 'meander'. Toponyms of the same origin are also found in other Slavic countries (e.g., Polish Łąka, Serbian Luka, Bulgarian Shiroka Laka, etc.)[5] The Italian name Lonche reflects the early Slavic nasal vowel.[6]

History

During the Second World War, from March to September 1943 the first regional committee of the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation was headquartered at the house of Ivan Žigante (a.k.a. Peter) in the hamlet of Žgani. Loka was burned by German forces on 12 October 1943.[7]

Church

The local church is dedicated to Saint Cecilia and belongs to the Parish of Predloka.[8] The medieval church was burned by German forces on 12 October 1943 and its ruins were registered as cultural heritage.[9] The parish archive, which had been transferred from Predloka to Loka for safekeeping, was also destroyed in the fire. The church was rebuilt by the villagers in 2005.[10]

Archaeology

The Loka area contains many karst caves. A 1911 archaeological dig in Loka Cave (Slovene: Ločka jama) yielded the bones of a cave bear and part of a human jaw.[7][11] A Neolithic left canine tooth from the jaw was found to contain a beeswax filling in 2012, leading to speculation that it may be the oldest example of a dental filling.[12][13][14][15] The Loka Cave site is part of the archaeological site known as Za gradom ('behind the castle'), named for the ruins of a fort that was part of 15th- and 16th-century fortifications along the Austrian-Venetian border.[11]

References

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ Žitko, Salvator. 1990. Kraški rob in Bržanija: zbornik v počastitev 500-letnice fresk v Hrastovljah. Koper: Pokrajinski muzej Koper, p. 49.
  3. ^ Glonar, Joža. 1933. Poučni slovar, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Umetniška propaganda, p. 32.
  4. ^ Koper municipal site
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 244.
  6. ^ Levstik, Fran. 1862. "Imena slovenskih krajev." Novice gospodarske, obertniške in narodne 20(28) (9 July), p. 233.
  7. ^ a b Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije. p. 137.
  8. ^ Roman Catholic Diocese of Koper List of Churches May 2008
  9. ^ Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 3946
  10. ^ Društvo Gugo Loka (Slovene)
  11. ^ a b Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage reference number ešd 1354
  12. ^ 7(9): e44904. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044904.PLoS ONEBernardini F, Tuniz C, Coppa A, Mancini L, Dreossi D, et al. 2012. "Beeswax as Dental Filling on a Neolithic Human Tooth."
  13. ^ New ScientistBarras, Colin. 2012. "Oldest dental filling is found in a Stone Age tooth"
  14. ^ .Daily Mail"Beeswax filling reveals human dentistry began 6,500 years ago." 2012.
  15. ^ .ABC NewsHall, Ashley. 2012. "Beeswax used for stone age filling."

External links

  • Loka on Geopedia
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.