World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Looped square

Article Id: WHEBN0003471699
Reproduction Date:

Title: Looped square  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Traffic signs, Saint John's, Valknut, Cross symbols
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Looped square

The ⌘ symbol as seen on a Swedish road sign (No. for national heritage
The ⌘ symbol on a 1977 Finnish coin

The looped square (⌘) is a symbol consisting of a square with outward pointing loops at its corners. It is referred to by this name, for example, in works regarding the command key on Apple computer keyboards.

It is an ancient symbol used by several cultures, but remains in common use today. It belongs to a class of symbols which are called valknute in Norway.[4]


  • Ancient use 1
  • Modern use 2
  • Encoding 3
  • Gallery 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Ancient use

The symbol appears on a number of old objects in Northern Europe. It features prominently on an image stone from Hablingbo, Gotland, Sweden, that was created between 400 and 600 AD.[5]

It is also similar to a traditional heraldic emblem called a Bowen knot.[6]

In Finland, the symbol was painted or carved on houses and barns, and domestic utensils such as tableware, to protect them and their owners from evil spirits and bad luck. The oldest surviving example is a pair of 1000-year-old (Finnish pre-Christian period) wooden skis decorated with the symbol.[7][8]

The looped square also appears on artifacts of the Mississippian culture of the southeastern United States.[1]

Modern use

In modern times, the symbol is commonly found in

  1. ^ a b C. Andrew Buchner (2010). "Cox Mound Gorget". Tennessee Encyclopedia. Tennessee Historical Society. Retrieved 9 May 2013. The Cox Mound, or Woodpecker, gorget style is a ... symbol of Tennessee's prehistoric inhabitants. A gorget was a pendant worn around the neck as a badge of rank... thought to be symbolic of both earthly and supernatural powers; A.D. 1250-1450. 
  2. ^ "Miscellaneous Technical - Range: 2300-23FF" (PDF). Unicode Consortium. 
  3. ^ a b Christina Lingdén (13 November 2012). "Riksantikvarieämbetets symbol" (in Swedish). Riksantikvarieämbetet (Swedish National Heritage Board). Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  4. ^ Municipal arms for Lødingen, blazoned in the Norwegian Royal Decree of 11 May 1984, quoted in Hans Cappelen og Knut Johannessen: Norske kommunevåpen, Oslo 1987, page 197. The term is also used in Anders Bjønnes: Segltegninger fra hyllingene i Norge 1591 og 1610, Oslo 2010, pages 64–65.
  5. ^ a b "The Picture Stone from Havor in Hablingbo". Länsmuseet på Gotland. Archived from the original on 13 September 2008. 
  6. ^ Parker, James (1894). A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry: Cord. Retrieved 18 March 2007. 
  7. ^ Talve, Ilmar (1990). Suomen kansankulttuuri (in Suomi).  
  8. ^ Department of Archaeology. "Ski fragment". Nat'l Board of Antiquities (in Suomi). Helsinki: Finnish Museums Online. p. KM9908:1. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  9. ^ Kare, Susan. "Susan Kare, Iconographer (EG8)". Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Dan Frommer (2 July 2011). "What does Splat mean?". SplatF. Say Media. Retrieved 9 May 2013. Splat refers to the key on a Mac keyboard that’s officially called the Command key. Some old-school Mac nerds — my father included — call it the “splat” key, because the symbol sort of looks like something that went “splat.” The symbol itself, also known as Saint John’s Arms or the “place of interest sign”... is often seen in Northern Europe. 


See also

Migration Period picture stone from Havor, Hablingbo parish, Gotland; Gotland County Museum, Visby 
Designation for Estonian Cultural heritage monuments 
Cox mound gorget (Mississippian culture, found in Tennessee, c.1250–1450) 
Cheese moulds in the Finnish National Museum, Helsinki 
The ⌘ symbol, Rana museum, Norway 
An Apple command key 


In Unicode, it is encoded at U+2318 place of interest sign (HTML ), in the block Miscellaneous Technical.


The symbol later gained international recognition via computing. It is used on Apple keyboards as the symbol for the command key.[10]

[5] however, the symbol is well-represented in Scandinavian artifacts that predate the current castle by centuries.[9]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.