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Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse

Louis I of Hesse (German: Ludwig) (6 February 1402, Spangenberg - 17 January 1458), called "the Peaceful" was Landgrave of Lower Hesse (Hesse) from 1413-1458.

He was the son of Hermann II, Landgrave of Hesse and Margaret, the daughter of Frederick V of Nuremberg. He married Anna (5 June 1420 - 17 September 1462) daughter of Frederick I, Elector of Saxony on 13 September 1436. Their children were:

  • Louis II (7 September 1438 - 8 November 1471)
  • Henry III (15 October 1440 - 13 January 1483)
  • Hermann IV, Archbishop of Cologne (1450 - 19 October 1508)
  • Elisabeth (1453 - 22 April 1489)
  • Friedrich (1458- 1 June 1463)

After 1425 a conflict with the Electorate of Mainz over claims to power in Hesse broke out into open conflict and Archbishop Conrad III of Mainz suffered a decisive defeat at Fulda in 1427.


External links

  • Ludwig I. v. Hessen Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Band 52, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, p. 115.
Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse
Born: 6 February 1402 Died: 17 January 1458
Preceded by
Hermann II the Learned
Landgrave of Hesse
Succeeded by
Louis II the Frank (Lower Hesse)
Henry III the Rich (Upper Hesse)
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