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Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón

Detail of the American Coast Map by Diego Ribero (1529), where the Southern Half of the East coast of the current S is named as Tierra de Ayllon
Map detail from Diego Ribero (1529)

Lucas Vázquez de Ayllón (c. 1475, probably Castile, Spain – 18 October 1526) was a Spanish explorer who in 1526 established the short-lived San Miguel de Gualdape colony, the first European attempt at a settlement in what is now the continental United States. Ayllón's account of the region inspired a number of later attempts by the Spanish and French governments to colonize the southeastern United States.

A licentiate and sugar planter on Feast of Archangels).

They looked for an area suitable for colonization approximately 15 km north, near Sapelo Sound.[1]

Ayllón was a member of the Real Audiencia in Santo Domingo. De Ayllón had received from Charles V in 1523 a grant for the land explored in 1521 by Francisco Gordillo and slave trader Captain Pedro de Quejo (de Quexo).[2][3] On the 1521 expedition, Gordillo and de Quejo had kidnapped about 70 natives, including one named Francisco de Chicora when baptized. He survived in Hispaniola, learning Spanish and working for Ayllón. When Ayllón took Chicora to Spain with him, they met with the court chronicler, Peter Martyr, and Chicora talked with him at length about his people and homeland, Chicora, and about neighboring provinces.

In 1525 Ayllón sent Quejo northward and received reports of the coastline from as far north as the Delaware Bay.[4] In 1526, his new colony used African slave-labour, perhaps the first instance within the present territory of the United States. Ayllón died in the colony in 1526, purportedly in the arms of a Dominican friar.[5]

Ayllón's rough-hewn town withstood only about a total of three months, enduring hunger, disease, scarcity of supplies, and troubles with the local natives. Of the colony of 600 people Ayllón had brought with him, only 150 survivors made their way back to Hispaniola that winter. Most scholars consider attempts to locate the San Miguel settlement (Tierra de Ayllón) any farther north, even as far north as the Chesapeake Bay, to be unsubstantiated conjecture.[6]

Ayllón and his settlers lost one of their ships near the mouth of Winyah Bay. State archaeologists are working to locate the site of the wreck. Ayllón's colony was the first European colony in what is now the United States, preceding Jamestown, Virginia by 81 years, and St. Augustine, Florida (the first successful colony) by 39 years.

Contents

  • See also 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

See also

Notes

  1. ^  
  2. ^ Charles M. Hudson; Carmen Chaves Tesser (1994). Forgotten Centuries: Indians and Europeans in the American South, 1521-1704. University of Georgia Press. p. 36.  
  3. ^ Hoffman, Paul E. (1980). "A New Voyage of North American Discovery: Pedro de Salazar's Visit to the "Island of Giants"". The Florida Historical Quarterly 58 (4): 415–426.  
  4. ^ "Francisco Gordillo and Pedro de Quejo". Retrieved 2008-12-29. 
  5. ^ Margaret F. Pickett; Dwayne W. Pickett (15 February 2011). The European Struggle to Settle North America: Colonizing Attempts by England, France and Spain, 1521-1608. McFarland. p. 26.  
  6. ^  

References

  •  "Lucas Vásquez de Ayllón".  

External links

  • Short biography
  •  "Ayllón, Lucas Vázquez de".  
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