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Lwów-Warsaw School of Logic

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Title: Lwów-Warsaw School of Logic  
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Subject: Lviv, Warsaw School (mathematics), Tadeusz Czeżowski, Lviv University, Polish School of Mathematics, Ostap Ortwin
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Lwów-Warsaw School of Logic

The Lwów–Warsaw school of logic was a Polish school of thought headed by Kazimierz Twardowski, who had been a student of Franz Brentano, and is regarded as the "father of Polish logic."


The Lwów–Warsaw school of logic lay at the origin of Polish logic and was closely associated with the Warsaw school of mathematics. It began as a more general philosophical school but steadily moved toward logic. In the 1930s Alfred Tarski initiated contacts with the Vienna Circle. In addition to Brentano, his pupils Anton Marty, Alexius Meinong and Edmund Husserl also considerably influenced Polish philosophy and the Lwów–Warsaw school of logic.

Principal topics of interest to that school included formal ontology, mereology, and universal or categorial grammar.

Notable members of the school included:

See also


  • Coniglione, F., Polish Scientific Philosophy: The Lvov–Warsaw School, Amsterdam-Atlanta:Rodopi, 1993.
  • Jadacki Jacek and Paśniczek Jacek (eds.), ISBN 978-90-420-2068-9.
  • Lapointe Sandra, Wolenski Jan, Marion Mathieu (eds.), The Golden Age of Polish Philosophy: Kazimierz Twardowski's Philosophical Legacy Dordrecht:Springer ISBN 90-481-2400-X.
  • Smith, Barry, Austrian Philosophy, Chicago, Open Court Publishing Company, 1994.
  • Szaniawski, K., ed., The Vienna Circle and the Lvov–Warsaw School, Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer.
  • Woleński, Jan, Logic and Philosophy in the Lvov–Warsaw School, Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster: Reidel, 1989.

External links

  • The Lvóv-Warsaw School, by Francesco Coniglione, in the Polish Philosophy Page
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Archives of the Lvov-Warsaw School, multi-institutional initiative to digitize and research the manuscripts of Twardowski and the school members

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