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Maçanet de Cabrenys

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Maçanet de Cabrenys

Maçanet de Cabrenys

Seal

Coordinates: 42°23′19″N 2°45′7″E / 42.38861°N 2.75194°E / 42.38861; 2.75194Coordinates: 42°23′19″N 2°45′7″E / 42.38861°N 2.75194°E / 42.38861; 2.75194

Country Spain
Autonomous Community Catalonia
Province Girona
Comarca Alt Empordà
Government
 • Mayor Lluís Carbó Sagué (CiU)
Area
 • Total 67.9 km2 (26.2 sq mi)
Elevation 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 • Total 723
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Website http://www.ddgi.cat/cabrenys/

Maçanet de Cabrenys is a municipality in the comarca of Alt Empordà, Girona, Catalonia, Spain. It also belongs to the subcomarca of Alta Garrotxa. It includes the villages of Arnera, Les Creus, Les Mines, Les Salines, Tapis, Els Vilars, and Oliveda. It is situated at the foot of the Eastern Pyrenees, with the Rivers Arnera and Frausa. It has numerous springs, which makes it attractive for tourism, the largest source of revenue, together with dryland farming and animal husbandry. It has a water bottling facility.

The center (370 m) is located in a valley between the two highest points of the municipal territory, the Puig de Les Salines (1331 m) and the roc de Frausa (1445 m).


History

Last century, near the river Arnera there were found neolitical axe, together with the menhir called La Pedra Dreta. Those findings show that the valley of the Arnera was populated from prehistoric periods. The first documented mention of the place appears in the precept of Louis the Pious in 814, in which it says that Céret limits south with villam quae dicitur Macanetum.

In 954 count Guifré II of Besalú gave to the monastery of Sant Pere of Camprodon the allodium of Tapis, to build the sanctuary of Les Salines. During the Medium Age it was fortified, and there are still remains of the wall with three covers of the 15th century. In 1440 they added de Cabrenys to Maçanet, because the village happens to belong to the barony of Cabrenys, a line of the lineage of the Rocabertí. In 1553 the black plague annihilates half of the population. In July 1675 lieutenant-general Le Bret,[1] with 1.500 men, plunders the village.

Economy

There are many sources, what joined to his climate, attracts a lot of tourism. That is the main source of economic income, together with construction, agriculture and livestock. There is a water bottling plant. There was textile industry, and factories that made cork caps. Now there are a lot of restaurants. There was a big factory of pipes. Now it remains a small workshop. Agriculture, livestock and forest industry have almost disappeared.

Places of interest

Church of Sant Martí

The church of Sant Martí, built in the 12th or 13th centuries, belongs to the late romanesque. It consists of a single rectangular nave covered by a vault in arc, and a semicircular apse covered by a vault in the form of an almond. The portal is formed by an eardrum cantilever with four arches and an arquivolta. The door, made of wood, has wrought iron details characteristic of that time.

Chapel of Sant Sebastià

It was built after the outbreak of plague at the end of the 16th century, by popular contributions. The present chapel is a reform made in the 18th century.

Sanctuary of Our Lady of Les Salines

It is situated almost in the summit of the mountain of this name. At 1,100 metres of height and 15 kilometres from the village. It was built in 1271 and reformed in the 18th century.

Tapis


Tapis is a hamlet in the municipality of Maçanet de Cabrenys. It is cited for the first time in a document dated 954. In 2005 it had 25 inhabitants.

Church of Sant Briç

It is a building from the late 12th or early 13th century. From a single nave, two side chapels form transept. The apse, semicircular, with almond-shaped turn, opens onto the shed by means of a double arch. The slenderness of the turn, the proportions, the style and the structure of the capitals of the portal are elements that represented the final stage of Romanesque art.

Mountains of Maçanet de Cabrenys

Notes

References

External links

  • Alta Garrotxa Consortium
  • Salines Bassegoda Consortium
  • Information from the Catalan Institute of Statistics
  • Website about Maçanet de Cabrenys, including articles, photos, and links
  • Official tourist information
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