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Title: Macarrônico  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vinish, Runglish, Finglish, Lunfardo, Dunglish
Collection: Extinct Languages of South America, Italian Language, Languages of Brazil, MacAronic Language, Portuguese Language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Português macarrônico (Portuguese pronunciation: , "macaronic Portuguese", pronounced by its speakers) is an Italian-Portuguese macaronic language that was widely spoken by Italian immigrants in Brazil (especially in the Greater São Paulo area and elsewhere in the São Paulo state) well until the 1950s.

It is not to be confused with the more strongly conserved Talian dialect, based primarily with Venetian lexicon and grammar, and contribution of other northern Italian languages, and spoken by more isolated communities primarily in southern Brazil and Espírito Santo, while macarrônico is a more characteristically urban code-switching that often fades away with time according to the speaker.

In spite of its near-extinction, it significantly influenced the Portuguese spoken by people in the state of São Paulo, most importantly when it comes to the paulistano dialect.

See also

  • Adoniran Barbosa, composer in português macarrônico
  • Carcamano, the dated pejorative term for Italians in Brazil
  • Cocoliche, the analogous Spanish-Italian interlanguage in the River Plate area

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