Macro-language

"Macrolanguage" redirects here. For macro languages in computer science, see Macro (computer science).

ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. In defining some of its language codes, some are defined as macrolanguages covering either borderline cases between strongly divergent dialects and very closely related languages (dialect continuums), or speech varieties that are considered to be either the same or different languages for ethnic or political rather than linguistic reasons. There are fifty-six languages in ISO 639-2 that are considered to be macrolanguages in ISO 639-3.[1] The use of this category of macrolanguage has been applied in the Ethnologue 16th edition.[2]

Some of the macrolanguages had no individual language as defined by 639-3 in ISO 639-2, e.g. 'ara' (Arabic). Others like 'nor' (Norwegian) had their two individual parts (nno Nynorsk, nob Bokmål) already in 639-2. That means some languages (e.g. 'arb' Standard Arabic) that were considered by ISO 639-2 to be dialects of one language ('ara') are now in ISO 639-3 in certain contexts considered to be individual languages themselves. This is an attempt to deal with varieties that may be linguistically distinct from each other, but are treated by their speakers as forms of the same language, e.g. in cases of diglossia. For example,

  • Generic Arabic, 639-2 [3]
  • Standard Arabic, 639-3 [4]

Types of macrolanguages

  • element that has no ISO 639-2 code: 1 - hbs
  • elements that have two ISO 639-2 codes: 4 - fas, msa, sqi, zho
  • elements that have no ISO 639-1 code: 25
  • elements that do have ISO 639-1 codes: 30
  • elements whose individual languages have ISO 639-1 codes: 2
    • nor - nn, nb
    • hbs - hr, bs, sr

List of macrolanguages

This list only includes official data from http://www.sil.org/iso639-3.

ISO 639-1 ISO 639-2 ISO 639-3 Number of individual languages Name of macrolanguage
ak aka aka 2 Akan language
ar ara ara 30 Arabic language
ay aym aym 2 Aymara language
az aze aze 2 Azerbaijani language
(-) bal bal 3 Baluchi language
(-) bik bik 5 Bikol language
(-) bua bua 3 Buriat language
(-) chm chm 2 Mari language (Russia)
cr cre cre 6 Cree language
(-) del del 2 Delaware language
(-) den den 2 Slave language (Athapascan)
(-) din din 5 Dinka language
(-) doi doi 2 Dogri language
et est est 2 Estonian language
fa fas/per fas 2 Persian language
ff ful ful 9 Fulah language
(-) gba gba 5 Gbaya language (Central African Republic)
(-) gon gon 2 Gondi language
(-) grb grb 5 Grebo language
gn grn grn 5 Guaraní language
(-) hai hai 2 Haida language
(-)[5] (-) hbs 3 Serbo-Croatian language
(-) hmn hmn 21 Hmong language
iu iku iku 2 Inuktitut language
ik ipk ipk 2 Inupiaq language
(-) jrb jrb 5 Judeo-Arabic languages
kr kau kau 3 Kanuri language
(-) kok kok 2 Konkani language
kv kom kom 2 Komi language
kg kon kon 3 Kongo language
(-) kpe kpe 2 Kpelle language
ku kur kur 3 Kurdish language
(-) lah lah 8 Lahnda language
(-) man man 7 Mandingo language
mg mlg mlg 10 Malagasy language
mn mon mon 2 Mongolian language
ms msa/may msa 36 Malay language
(-) mwr mwr 6 Marwari language
no nor nor 2 Norwegian language
oj oji oji 7 Ojibwa language
om orm orm 4 Oromo language
ps pus pus 3 Pashto language
qu que que 44 Quechua language
(-) raj raj 6 Rajasthani language
(-) rom rom 7 Romany language
sq sqi/alb sqi 4 Albanian language
sc srd srd 4 Sardinian language
sw swa swa 2 Swahili language
(-) syr syr 2 Syriac language
(-) tmh tmh 4 Tamashek language
uz uzb uzb 2 Uzbek language
yi yid yid 2 Yiddish language
(-) zap zap 58 Zapotec language
za zha zha 16 Zhuang languages
zh zho/chi zho 13 Chinese language

List of macrolanguages and the individual languages

aaa–ezz

aka


ISO 639-1 code is ak. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Fanti

  2. Twi

ara


ISO 639-1 code is ar. There are 30 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Algerian Saharan Arabic

  2. Tajiki Arabic

  3. Baharna Arabic

  4. Mesopotamian Arabic

  5. Ta'izzi-Adeni Arabic

  6. Hijazi Arabic

  7. Omani Arabic

  8. Cypriot Arabic

  9. Dhofari Arabic

  10. Tunisian Arabic

  11. Saidi Arabic

  12. Gulf Arabic

  13. South Levantine Arabic

  14. North Levantine Arabic

  15. Sudanese Arabic

  16. Standard Arabic

  17. Algerian Arabic

  18. Najdi Arabic

  19. aryMoroccan Arabic

  20. Egyptian Arabic

  21. Uzbeki Arabic

  22. Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic

  23. Hadrami Arabic

  24. Libyan Arabic

  25. Sanaani Arabic

  26. North Mesopotamian Arabic

  27. bbzBabalia Creole Arabic

  28. Sudanese Creole Arabic

  29. Chadian Arabic

  30. Shihhi Arabic

aym


ISO 639-1 code is ay. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Central Aymara

  2. Southern Aymara

aze


ISO 639-1 code is az. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. azjNorth Azerbaijani

  2. South Azerbaijani

bal


Baluchi. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Eastern Balochi

  2. Southern Balochi

  3. Western Balochi

bik


Bikol. There are 8 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Central Bicolano

  2. Iriga Bicolano

  3. Northern Catanduanes Bicolano

  4. blnSouthern Catanduanes Bicolano

  5. fbl - West Albay Bikol

  6. lbl - Libon Bikol

  7. rbl - Miraya Bikol

  8. ubl - Buhi'non Bikol

bnc


language code for Bontok. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:


  1. ebk - Eastern Bontok

  2. lbk - Central Bontok

  3. obk - Southern Bontok

  4. rbk - Northern Bontok

  5. vbk - Southwestern Bontok

bua


Buriat. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:


  1. bxuChina Buriat

  2. bxmMongolia Buriat

  3. Russia Buriat

chm


Russia. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Eastern Mari

  2. Western Mari

cre


ISO 639-1 code is cr. There are 6 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Moose Cree

  2. crlNorthern East Cree

  3. crkPlains Cree

  4. crjSouthern East Cree

  5. Swampy Cree

  6. cwdWoods Cree

In addition, there are 6 closely associated individual codes.


  1. Naskapi (part of the Cree language group but not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

  2. Montagnais (part of the Cree language group but not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

  3. Atikamekw (part of the Cree language group but not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

  4. French mixed language with strong influences from Ojibwe language group and not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

  5. Ojibwa, Severn (Ojibwa, Northern) (part of the Ojibwa language group with strong influences from the Cree language group and not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

  6. Ojibwa, Western (part of the Ojibwa language group with strong influences from the Cree language group and not included under the cre macrolanguage designation)

In addition, there is 1 other language without individual codes closely associated, but not part of, this macrolanguage code.

  1. Bungee language (mixed language of Cree, Ojibwa, French, English, Assiniboine and Scottish Gaelic)

del


Delaware. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Munsee

  2. Unami

den


Slave. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. North Slavey

  2. South Slavey

din


Dinka. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:


  1. dip - Northeastern Dinka

  2. diw - Northwestern Dinka

  3. dib - South Central Dinka

  4. dks - Southeastern Dinka

  5. dik - Southwestern Dinka

doi


Dogri. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Dogri (individual language)

  2. Kangri

est


ISO 639-1 code is et. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Estonian (Standard Estonian)

  2. Võro

faa–jzz

fas


ISO 639-1 code is fa. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. prsDari Persian

  2. pesWestern Persian

ful


ISO 639-1 code is ff. There are 9 individual language codes assigned for varieties of Fulah:


  1. fubAdamawa Fulfulde

  2. fuiBagirmi Fulfulde

  3. fueBorgu Fulfulde

  4. fuqCentral-Eastern Niger Fulfulde

  5. Maasina Fulfulde

  6. fuvNigerian Fulfulde

  7. Pulaar

  8. Pular

  9. Western Niger Fulfulde

gba


Central African Republic. There are 6-7 individual language codes assigned:


  1. bdtBokoto

  2. gbpGbaya-Bossangoa

  3. gbqGbaya-Bozoum

  4. gmmGbaya-Mbodomo

  5. gyaNorthwest Gbaya

  6. mdoSouthwest Gbaya (Retired 2008-01-14)

  7. gsoSouthwest Gbaya

gon


Gondi. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. gnoNorthern Gondi

  2. ggoSouthern Gondi

grb


language code for Grebo. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:


  1. gryBarclayville Grebo

  2. grvCentral Grebo

  3. gecGboloo Grebo

  4. gboNorthern Grebo

  5. grjSouthern Grebo

grn


ISO 639-1 code is gn. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Chiripá

  2. Eastern Bolivian Guaraní

  3. Mbyá Guaraní

  4. Paraguayan Guaraní

  5. Western Bolivian Guaraní

hai


Haida. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. hdnNorthern Haida

  2. haxSouthern Haida

hbs


Serbo-Croatian. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Bosnian

  2. Croatian

  3. Serbian

hmn


Hmong. As of Feb. 2007, 24 individual language codes are included:


  1. hmcCentral Huishui Hmong

  2. hmmCentral Mashan Hmong

  3. cqdChuanqiandian Cluster Miao

  4. hmeEastern Huishui Hmong

  5. hmqEastern Qiandong Hmong

  6. muqEastern Xiangxi Hmong

  7. hmjGejia

  8. Hmong Daw

  9. Hmong Njua

  10. Horned Miao

  11. hmdLarge Flowery Miao

  12. hmlLuopohe Hmong

  13. hujNorthern Guiyang Hmong

  14. hmiNorthern Huishui Hmong

  15. hmpNorthern Mashan Hmong

  16. heaNorthern Qiandong Miao

  17. Small Flowery Miao

  18. hmySouthern Guiyang Hmong

  19. hmaSouthern Mashan Hmong

  20. hmsSouthern Qiandong Miao

  21. hmgSouthwestern Guiyang Hmong

  22. hmhSouthwestern Huishui Hmong

  23. hmwWestern Mashan Hmong

  24. mmrWestern Xiangxi Miao

iku


ISO 639-1 code is iu. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. ikeEastern Canadian Inuktitut

  2. iktWestern Canadian Inuktitut

ipk


ISO 639-1 code is ik. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. esiNorth Alaskan Inupiatun

  2. eskNorthwest Alaska Inupiatun

jrb


Judeo-Arabic. There are 5 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Judeo-Iraqi Arabic

  2. Judeo-Moroccan Arabic

  3. Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic

  4. Judeo-Tunisian Arabic

  5. Judeo-Yemeni Arabic

kaa–ozz

kau


ISO 639-1 code is kr. There are 3 individual language codes assigned in ISO 639-3 for varieties of Kanuri:


  1. kncCentral Kanuri

  2. kbyManga Kanuri

  3. krtTumari Kanuri

There are 2 other related languages that are not considered part of the macrolanguage under ISO 639:


  1. bmsBilma Kanuri

  2. Kanembu

kln


language code for Kalenjin language. With effective from January 14, 2008, there are 9 individual language codes assigned:


  1. eyoKeiyo

  2. Kipsigis

  3. enbMarkweeta

  4. niqNandi

  5. Okiek

  6. Pökoot

  7. spySabaot

  8. tecTerik

  9. Tugen

kok


language code for Konkani macrolanguage. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Goan Konkani (has official recognition as an independent language)

  2. knnMaharashtrian Konkani (no official recognition, treated by some linguists as a dialect of Marathi)

Both languages are referred to as Konkani by their respective speakers.

kom


ISO 639-1 code is kv. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Komi-Permyak

  2. Komi-Zyrian

kon


ISO 639-1 code is kg. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:


  1. kngKoongo

  2. ldiLaari

  3. kwySan Salvador Kongo

kpe


Kpelle language. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Guinea Kpelle

  2. Liberia Kpelle

kur


ISO 639-1 code is ku. There are 3 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Central Kurdish

  2. Northern Kurdish

  3. Southern Kurdish

lah


Lahnda language. There are 8 individual language codes assigned.


  1. jatJakati

  2. Khetrani

  3. Mirpur Panjabi

  4. hnoNorthern Hindko

  5. phrPahari-Potwari

  6. skrSaraiki

  7. hndSouthern Hindko

  8. Western Panjabi

Note that lah does not include Panjabi/Punjabi (pan).

lav


Latvian. Its ISO 639-1 code is lv. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Latgalian

  2. Standard Latvian

luy


Luhya language. With effective from January 14, 2008, there are 14 individual language codes assigned:


  1. bxkBukusu

  2. East Nyala

  3. idaIdakho (Idakho-Isukha-Tiriki)

  4. lkbKabras

  5. lkoKhayo

  6. lksKisa

  7. ragLogooli

  8. lriMarachi

  9. lrmMarama

  10. Nyore

  11. lsmSaamia

  12. ltsTachoni

  13. ltoTsotso

  14. lwgWanga

man


Mandingo language. There are 7 individual language codes assigned.


  1. emkEastern Maninkakan

  2. myqForest Maninka

  3. mwkKita Maninkakan

  4. mkuKonyanka Maninka

  5. Mandinka

  6. mscSankaran Maninka

  7. mlqWestern Maninkakan

mlg


ISO 639-1 code is mg. There are 11-12 individual language codes assigned:


  1. xmvAntankarana Malagasy

  2. Bara Malagasy

  3. mshMasikoro Malagasy

  4. bmmNorthern Betsimisaraka Malagasy

  5. pltPlateau Malagasy

  6. skgSakalava Malagasy

  7. bjqSouthern Betsimisaraka Malagasy (Retired 2011-05-18)

  8. bzcSouthern Betsimisaraka Malagasy

  9. tkgTesaka Malagasy

  10. tdxTandroy-Mahafaly Malagasy

  11. txyTanosy Malagasy

  12. xmwTsimihety Malagasy

mon


ISO 639-1 code is mn. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. khkHalh Mongolian

  2. mvfPeripheral Mongolian

msa


ISO 639-1 code is ms. There are 13 individual language codes assigned:


  1. btjBacanese Malay

  2. bveBerau Malay

  3. Bukit Malay

  4. coaCocos Islands Malay

  5. Jambi Malay

  6. Kedah Malay

  7. mqgKota Bangun Kutai Malay

  8. Malay (specific)

  9. Manado Malay

  10. maxNorth Moluccan Malay

  11. Pattani Malay

  12. msiSabah Malay

  13. vktTenggarong Kutai Malay

mwr


Marwari language. There are 6 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Dhundari

  2. rwrMarwari (India)

  3. mveMarwari (Pakistan)

  4. wryMerwari

  5. Mewari

  6. Shekhawati

nor


ISO 639-1 code is no. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Norwegian Bokmål

  2. Norwegian Nynorsk

oji


ISO 639-1 code is oj. There are 7 individual language codes assigned:


  1. Chippewa (Ojibwa, Southwestern)

  2. ojbOjibwa, Northwestern

  3. Ojibwa, Central

  4. Ojibwa, Mississaga (Ojibwa, Eastern)

  5. Ojibwa, Severn (Ojibwa, Northern)

  6. Ojibwa, Western

  7. otwOttawa

In addition, there are 3 closely associated individual codes.


  1. Algonquin language (part of the Ojibwe language group but not included under the oji macrolanguage designation)

  2. Potawatomi language (formerly part of the Ojibwe language group and not included under the oji macrolanguage designation)

  3. French mixed language with strong influences from Ojibwe language group and not included under the oji macrolanguage designation)

In addition, there are 2 other languages without individual codes closely associated, but not part of, this macrolanguage code.

  1. Broken Ojibwa (pidgin language used until the end of the 19th century)
  2. Bungee language (mixed language of Cree, Ojibwa, French, English, Assiniboine and Scottish Gaelic)
See also

orm


ISO 639-1 code is om. There are 4 individual language codes assigned:


  1. gaxBorana-Arsi-Guji Oromo

  2. Eastern Oromo

  3. Orma

  4. West Central Oromo

paa–zzz

pus


ISO 639-1 code is ps. There are 3 individual language codes assigned.


  1. pstCentral Pashto

  2. Northern Pashto

  3. pbtSouthern Pashto

que


ISO 639-1 code is qu. As of April 2007 there are 44 individual language codes assigned for Quechua varieties.


  1. qvaAmbo-Pasco Quechua

  2. qxuArequipa-La Unión Quechua

  3. Ayacucho Quechua

  4. qvcCajamarca Quechua

  5. qvlCajatambo North Lima Quechua

  6. qudCalderón Highland Quichua

  7. qxrCañar Highland Quichua

  8. Chachapoyas Quechua

  9. Chilean Quechua

  10. qugChimborazo Highland Quichua

  11. qxcChincha Quechua

  12. qxaChiquián Ancash Quechua

  13. qwcClassical Quechua

  14. qwaCorongo Ancash Quechua

  15. Cusco Quechua

  16. qveEastern Apurímac Quechua

  17. qubHuallaga Huánuco Quechua

  18. qvhHuamalíes-Dos de Mayo Huánuco Quechua

  19. qwhHuaylas Ancash Quechua

  20. qvwHuaylla Wanca Quechua

  21. qviImbabura Highland Quichua

  22. qxwJauja Wanca Quechua

  23. Lambayeque Quechua

  24. qvjLoja Highland Quichua

  25. qvmMargos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha Quechua

  26. qvoNapo Lowland Quechua

  27. qulNorth Bolivian Quechua

  28. qvnNorth Junín Quechua

  29. qxnNorthern Conchucos Ancash Quechua

  30. qvzNorthern Pastaza Quichua

  31. Pacaraos Quechua

  32. qxhPanao Huánuco Quechua

  33. qxpPuno Quechua

  34. qxlSalasaca Highland Quichua

  35. qvsSan Martín Quechua

  36. qxtSanta Ana de Tusi Pasco Quechua

  37. qusSantiago del Estero Quichua

  38. qwsSihuas Ancash Quechua

  39. South Bolivian Quechua

  40. qxoSouthern Conchucos Ancash Quechua

  41. qupSouthern Pastaza Quechua

  42. quwTena Lowland Quichua

  43. qurYanahuanca Pasco Quechua

  44. quxYauyos Quechua

raj


Rajasthani language. There are 6 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Bagri

  2. gdaGade Lohar

  3. gjuGujari

  4. hojHadothi

  5. Malvi

  6. Wagdi

rom


Romany language. There are 7 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Balkan Romani

  2. Baltic Romani

  3. rmcCarpathian Romani

  4. rmfKalo Finnish Romani

  5. Sinte Romani

  6. Vlax Romani

  7. Welsh Romani

In addition, there are 8 individual codes not part of this macrolanguage but they are categorized as mixed languages.


  1. rgeRomano-Greek

  2. rmdTraveller Danish

  3. Angloromani

  4. Traveller Norwegian

  5. Lomavren

  6. Caló

  7. rmuTavringer Romani

  8. rsbRomano-Serbian

In addition, there is a language without an individual code assigned, which it is not part of this macrolanguage.

  1. Erromintxela (Basque-Romani mix)

sqi


ISO 639-1 code is sq. As of June 2006 there are 4 individual language codes assigned for Albanian languages:


  1. aaeArbëreshë Albanian

  2. Arvanitika Albanian

  3. Gheg Albanian

  4. Tosk Albanian

srd


ISO 639-1 code is sc. There are 4 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Campidanese

  2. Gallurese

  3. Logudorese

  4. Sassarese

swa


ISO 639-1 code is sw. There are 2 individual language codes assigned:


  1. swcCongo Swahili

  2. Swahili

syr


Syriac language. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

  2. Chaldean Neo-Aramaic

tmh


Tamashek language. There are 4 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Tahaggart Tamahaq

  2. Tamasheq

  3. Tawallammat Tamajaq

  4. Tayart Tamajeq

uzb


ISO 639-1 code is uz. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Northern Uzbek language

  2. Southern Uzbek language

yid


ISO 639-1 code is yi. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Eastern Yiddish

  2. Western Yiddish

zap


Zapotec language. There are 57 individual language codes assigned.


  1. zaqAloápam Zapotec

  2. zpoAmatlán Zapotec

  3. zooAsunción Mixtepec Zapotec

  4. zafAyoquesco Zapotec

  5. zadCajonos Zapotec

  6. zpvChichicapan Zapotec

  7. zpcChoapan Zapotec

  8. zcaCoatecas Altas Zapotec

  9. zpsCoatlán Zapotec

  10. zppEl Alto Zapotec

  11. zteElotepec Zapotec

  12. zpgGuevea De Humboldt Zapotec

  13. ztuGüilá Zapotec

  14. Isthmus Zapotec

  15. Lachiguiri Zapotec

  16. zplLachixío Zapotec

  17. ztlLapaguía-Guivini Zapotec

  18. ztpLoxicha Zapotec

  19. zpyMazaltepec Zapotec

  20. zamMiahuatlán Zapotec

  21. zawMitla Zapotec

  22. zpmMixtepec Zapotec

  23. zacOcotlán Zapotec

  24. zaoOzolotepec Zapotec

  25. zpePetapa Zapotec

  26. zpjQuiavicuzas Zapotec

  27. ztqQuioquitani-Quierí Zapotec

  28. zarRincón Zapotec

  29. ztmSan Agustín Mixtepec Zapotec

  30. zpxSan Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec

  31. zabSan Juan Guelavía Zapotec

  32. zpfSan Pedro Quiatoni Zapotec

  33. zptSan Vicente Coatlán Zapotec

  34. ztnSanta Catarina Albarradas Zapotec

  35. zpnSanta Inés Yatzechi Zapotec

  36. zpiSanta María Quiegolani Zapotec

  37. Santiago Xanica Zapotec

  38. zasSanto Domingo Albarradas Zapotec

  39. zaaSierra de Juárez Zapotec

  40. zpdSoutheastern Ixtlán Zapotec

  41. zsrSouthern Rincon Zapotec

  42. zatTabaa Zapotec

  43. zttTejalapan Zapotec

  44. zpzTexmelucan Zapotec

  45. ztsTilquiapan Zapotec

  46. zpkTlacolulita Zapotec

  47. zphTotomachapan Zapotec

  48. zaxXadani Zapotec

  49. ztgXanaguía Zapotec

  50. zpuYalálag Zapotec

  51. zaeYareni Zapotec

  52. ztyYatee Zapotec

  53. zavYatzachi Zapotec

  54. zpbYautepec Zapotec

  55. ztxZaachila Zapotec

  56. zpwZaniza Zapotec

  57. zpqZoogocho Zapotec

In addition, there is an individual code not part of this macrolanguage because it is categorized as a historical language.


  1. xzpAncient Zapotec

zha


ISO 639-1 code is za. There are 16 individual language codes assigned.


  1. zchCentral Hongshuihe Zhuang

  2. zhdDai Zhuang

  3. zehEastern Hongshuihe Zhuang

  4. zgbGuibei Zhuang

  5. zgnGuibian Zhuang

  6. zlnLianshan Zhuang

  7. zljLiujiang Zhuang

  8. zlqLiuqian Zhuang

  9. zgmMinz Zhuang

  10. zhnNong Zhuang

  11. zqeQiubei Zhuang

  12. zygYang Zhuang

  13. zybYongbei Zhuang

  14. zynYongnan Zhuang

  15. zyjYoujiang Zhuang

  16. zzjZuojiang Zhuang

zho


ISO 639-1 code is zh. There are 13 individual language codes assigned, some with their own dialects:


  1. Min Dong

  2. Jin

  3. Mandarin

  4. cpxPuxian Min

  5. Huizhou

  6. Min Zhong

  7. Gan

  8. Hakka

  9. Xiang

  10. mnpMin Bei

  11. Min Nan

  12. Wu

  13. Yue (Cantonese)

Although the

ISO 639 also lists codes for historical languages, respectively.

See also

zza


language code for Zaza language. There are 2 individual language codes assigned.


  1. Dimli

  2. Kirmanjki

See also

References

External links

  • ISO 639-3 Macrolanguage Mappings
  • ISO 639-3 Macrolanguage Mappings in MultiTree
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