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Madison County, Ohio

Madison County, Ohio
Madison County Courthouse
Seal of Madison County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 16, 1810[1][2]
Named for James Madison[3]
Seat London
Largest city London
Area
 • Total 467 sq mi (1,210 km2)
 • Land 466 sq mi (1,207 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010) 43,435
 • Density 93/sq mi (36/km²)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .us.oh.madison.cowww

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,435.[4] Its county seat is London.[5] The county is named for James Madison, President of the United States and was established on March 1, 1810.[6]

Madison County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2008, Madison County, which spans Interstates 70 and 71 as they converge on Columbus, was cited by the Ohio State Highway Patrol as leading the state for the most number of speeding tickets in excess of 20-mph over the posted limit.[7] Despite a population of around 42,000 in 2006,[8] over 7,700 such tickets were issued in three years. Approximately 3 of Madison County's 18 fatal crashes in 2006 and 2007 occurred on interstates.[9] Madison County is also home to the Ohio Peace Officer Training Academy, the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification & Investigation, and several prison facilities.[10]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Libraries 4
  • Communities 5
    • City 5.1
    • Villages 5.2
    • Townships 5.3
    • Census-designated places 5.4
    • Unincorporated communities 5.5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

In 1850, the county contained 24 churches and one newspaper office, had a total population of 10,015, and the county's public school system had 3838 pupils.[11] With agriculture as the primary business, that same year the county produced 726,451 bushels of corn, 19,308 tons of hay, 120,696 pounds of wool, and 128,948 pounds of butter.[11] In 1900, the county had a population of 20,590.[12]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 466 square miles (1,210 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[13]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 40,213 people, 13,672 households, and 10,035 families residing in the county. The population density was 86 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 14,399 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.75% White, 6.24% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,672 households out of which 35.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 117.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,212, and the median income for a family was $50,520. Males had a median income of $35,251 versus $26,119 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,721. About 6.20% of families and 7.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Libraries

The following libraries serve the communities of Madison County.

Communities

Map of Madison County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Madison County Online Services". Madison County, Ohio. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  2. ^ Williams, James (1887). The revised statutes of the state of Ohio, Volume 3. The Wrighton Printing Company. p. 583. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. 
  4. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Madison County data".  
  7. ^ "AGGRESSIVE DRIVING: 20mph+ Over the Speed Limit", Ohio State Highway Patrol, Traffic Safety Bulletin, Feb 13, 2008. [5], retrieved 2008-02-17
  8. ^ U.S. Census Quick Facts : Madison County, Ohio [6], retrieved 2008-02-17
  9. ^ "Madison County Fatal Crashes, 2006-2008", Ohio State Highway Patrol, [7], retrieved 2008-02-17
  10. ^ "No radar needed in Ohio", Motor Trend [8], retrieved 2011-05-25
  11. ^ a b Thomas Baldwin & J. Thomas, A new and complete gazetteer of the United States, Lippincott, Grambo & Co, 1854, Pg. 643
  12. ^ Stella Shoemaker Wilson, Ohio, Macmillan, 1902, Pg. 97
  13. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  17. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder".  

External links

  • Madison County Government's website
  • Madison County Chamber of Commerce
  • Early Biographies of Madison County, Oh.

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