World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Manassas National Battlefield Park

Article Id: WHEBN0002588219
Reproduction Date:

Title: Manassas National Battlefield Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prince William County, Virginia, Conway-Robinson State Forest, U.S. Route 29 in Virginia, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Battle of Bull Run
Collection: American Civil War Museums in Virginia, Battlefields of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War, Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area, Manassas National Battlefield Park, Museums in Prince William County, Virginia, National Battlefields and Military Parks of the United States, National Register of Historic Places in Fairfax County, Virginia, National Register of Historic Places in Prince William County, Virginia, Parks in Prince William County, Virginia, Parks in Virginia, Prince William County in the American Civil War, Protected Areas Established in 1940, Reportedly Haunted Locations in Virginia, United States National Park Service Areas in Virginia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Manassas National Battlefield Park

Manassas National Battlefield Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Manassas National Battlefield Park
Location Prince William County, Virginia
Nearest city Gainesville, Virginia
Coordinates
Area 5,073 acres (20.53 km2)
Established May 10, 1940
Visitors 715,622 (in 2005)
Governing body National Park Service
Manassas National Battlefield Park
Governing body National Park Service
NRHP Reference # 66000039[1]
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966
Manassas Battlefield sign
Visitor Center entrance at Manassas Battlefield
Cannon at Manassas Battlefield
Period fence at Manassas Battlefield

Manassas National Battlefield Park, located north of Manassas, in Prince William County, Virginia, preserves the site of two major American Civil War battles: the First Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861, and the Second Battle of Bull Run which was fought between August 28 and August 30, 1862 (also known as the First Battle of Manassas and the Second Battle of Manassas, respectively). The peaceful Virginia countryside bore witness to clashes between the armies of the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy), and it was there that Confederate General Thomas J. Jackson acquired his nickname "Stonewall."

Today the National Battlefield Park provides the opportunity for visitors to explore the historic terrain where men fought and died more than a century ago. More than 900,000 people visit the battlefield each year. (In comparison, roughly 15 million people annually visit nearby Washington, DC.[2]) As a historic area under the National Park Service, the park was administratively listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966.

The Henry Hill Visitor Center, on Sudley Road by the south entrance to the park, offers exhibits and interpretation regarding the First Battle of Bull Run, including civil war era uniforms, weapons, field gear and an electronic battle map. The center offers the orientation film "Manassas: End of Innocence", as well as a bookstore.

Contents

  • Historic Sites to see on Battlefield 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4
  • Notes 5

Historic Sites to see on Battlefield

1. Stone House, used as a hospital during both battles. It is near the intersection of Sudley Road and Lee Highway.

2. Stone Bridge, which the Union retreated across after both battles. It crosses just north of Lee Highway at the Fairfax-Prince William Co. line.

3. Brawner's Farm, the opening phase of the second battle. The parking lot is off of Pageland Lane at the western edge of the battlefield. It has recently been renovated to become a museum dedicated to the Second Battle of Bull Run.

4. Battery Heights, where Confederate batteries were deployed to fire on the attacking Union troops at nearby Brawner's Farm. It is off of Lee Highway.

5. Matthews Hill, the opening phase of the 1st battle. It is off of Sudley Road.

6. The Unfinished Railroad Grade, where Jackson deployed his men before the second battle after capturing Pope's supply depot. Off of Featherbed Lane.

7. The Deep Cut, where Pope launched the bulk of his attacks against the Grade. It is off of Featherbed Lane, before you reach the Railroad Grade.

8. Groveton, an extinct Civil War era village. All that remains is the small frame house that Lucinda Dogan lived in. A Confederate Cemetery is nearby. Both are off Lee Highway.

9. New York Monuments, two monuments dedicated to the 5th and 10th NY Reg'ts. These mark where the 5th New York Zouaves lost 123 men in 5 minutes in the advance of Hood's men; off of Lee Highway, near Young's Branch on 5th New York Avenue and cross from the Confederate cemetery at Groveton.

10. Hazel Plain, the plantation of the Chinn family. It now sits in ruins, and only the foundation remains. Directly across from the Henry Hill Visitors Center.

11. Chinn Ridge, across from Hazel Plain. General James Longstreet's massive counterattack during the 2nd battle took place here. A trail leads to a boulder for Union Colonel Fletcher Webster, the son of the famous orator Daniel Webster, who was killed leading a failed attempt at repulsing the Confederate Counterattack.

12. Portici, the plantation of Francis Lewis, now in ruins. This served as the Confederate Headquarters during the 2nd battle, and on the plains surrounding it minor skirmishes between companies.

13. Robinson House, now in ruins (lost to arson in the 1993), was the home of freed slave James Robinson. It is on the Henry Hill Loop Trail, Walking only. It is not accessible by car.

See also

References

External links

  • National Park Service: Manassas National Battlefield Park
  • a National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) lesson planFirst Battle of Manassas: An End to Innocence,

Notes

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ Washington DC GO!
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.