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Mandaluyong City

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Mandaluyong City

Mandaluyong City
Lungsod ng Mandaluyong
Highly-Urbanized City
City of Mandaluyong

Shaw Boulevard, one of the city's primary thoroughfares
Official seal of Mandaluyong City
Seal
Nickname(s): Shopping Mall Capital of the Philippines; Tiger City
Motto: Sa Pagkaka-isa may Pag-unlad
(English: In Unity there is Progress)

Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Mandaluyong
Mandaluyong City
Mandaluyong City
Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 14°35′N 121°02′E / 14.583°N 121.033°E / 14.583; 121.033Coordinates: 14°35′N 121°02′E / 14.583°N 121.033°E / 14.583; 121.033

Country Philippines
Region National Capital Region
District Lone District of Mandaluyong City
Cityhood 9 February 1994
Barangays 27
Government[1]
 • Mayor Benjamin D.C. Abalos, Jr. (Lakas-CMD)
 • Vice Mayor Edward Bartolome (Liberal)
 • Sangguniang Panlungsod
Area
 • Total 21.26 km2 (8.21 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 328,699
 • Density 15,461/km2 (40,040/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Zip Code 1550–1556
Dialing code 2
Website mandaluyong.gov.ph

The City of Mandaluyong (Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaluyong) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. Located at the approximate geographical centre of Metro Manila, it is bordered on the west by the country's capital, Manila, to the north by San Juan City, to the east by Quezon City and Pasig City, and by Makati City to the south. Its nicknames are "Tiger City of the Philippines", "Metro Manila's Heart", and the "Shopping Mall Capital of the Philippines".

Among the many attractions in the city is the western half of the Ortigas Center, one of the major centers of business and commerce in the metropolis (the eastern half is in Pasig City). Found within the Mandaluyong portion of the Ortigas Center[3] is the main headquarters of the Asian Development Bank,[4][5] Banco De Oro, and the headquarters of San Miguel Corporation, Southeast Asia's largest food and beverage company. One of the most prominent pharmaceutical laboratories and factories, Unilab, is located here.

Etymology

There are different stories on the origin of the name “Mandaluyong”.

One tells of how the place was abundant with a kind of tree called luyong, now more commonly known as '’anahaw (Saribus rotundifolius[6]), from which beautiful canes and furniture were made.

Another claims that the Spaniards named the place based on the report of a navigator named Acapulco, who saw the rolling hills frequently being lashed at by daluyong (“big waves from the sea”). This seems to confirm traditional pre-Hispanic stories that giant waves from the sea would meet the adjoining hills of the vast lowland, referred to as salpukan ng alon. Felix dela Huerta, a Franciscan historian, observed that the rolling topography of this land resembled giant waves of the sea. As with the etymological legends of many Philippine places, when the foreigners asked as to what the place was called, the locals answered with the description "madaluyong" ("undulating"), later transcribed by Spanish writers into "Mandaluyong" with the addition of an “n”.

Romantic residents, however, peddle the similarly formulaic legend of a Maharlika named Luyong who fell in love with Manda, the lovely daughter of a barangay chieftain. The chieftain had no personal liking for Luyong and forbade him Manda's hand. Luyong overcame this objection by winning a series of tribal contests which was the custom at the time. The couple settled thereafter in a place which was later called “Mandaluyong" by means of joining their names.

History

Mandaluyong formed part of what was once the Kingdom of Sapa of the Great Majapahit Empire around 1300. More than a century later, around 1470, it expanded and was called the Kingdom of Namayan. The vast kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta. Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate and Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman.

Mandaluyong was first known as a barrio of Sta. Ana de Sapa which was part of the District of Paco, Province of Tondo. Named San Felipe Neri by the Spaniards in honour of the patron saint of Rome, it was separated from Sta. Ana de Sapa in 1841.

During the American Occupation, San Felipe Neri was consolidated with the municipality of San Juan del Monte. For several months in 1904, San Felipe Neri became the capital of Rizal Province. However in 1907, San Felipe Neri became an independent municipality when it was partitioned from San Juan, and renamed the Municipality of Mandaluyong by virtue of House Bill № 3836. It achieved city status in 1994.

Long before the Manila Light Rail Transit System finally opened its services in Santolan in the Pasig-Marikina border in the early 2000s, Steam train services had once served those places in the past, even before World War II.

In Marikina, there is a street named "Daangbakal", also called by the names of "Shoe Avenue Extension", "Munding Avenue" and "Bagong Silang". There is also a similar "Daangbakal" in the San Mateo-Montalban (Rodriguez) area, and on the maps one can notice that the two roads should have been connected with each other. In fact, as the name suggests in Tagalog, these streets were once a single railway line. The two sides of the "Daangbakal" roads were once connected by a bridge in the San Mateo-Marikina border. However, as the railroad tracks have been largely ignored after the Japanese Occupation and was transformed into separate highways, the railway connection was abandoned.

The old railroad tracks, called the Marikina Line, was connected from Tutuban station in Manila, passing through Tramo (Brgy. Rosario, Pasig) coming all the way to the town of Marikina up to Montalban. On the northern end of the "Daangbakal" road in Montablan is a basketball court. That basketball court which stands today, surrounded by the Montalban Catholic Church and Cemetery, was once the railway station terminus of that particular line.

The present-day Santo Niño Elementary School in Marikina was said to be a train depot. And also it was said that a railroad station once stood in the Marikina City Sports Park.

The Marikina Line was completed in 1906, and continued its operation until 1936. It was said that the Japanese Imperial Army made use of this railway line during the Second World War. These railways were dismantled during the 1960's and were converted into ordinary roads.

Today, the citizens are dependent on Tricycles, Jeepneys, Taxis, FX, Buses, and AUV's which contribute to the everyday unusual and unbearable traffic of Metropolitan Manila. Even now, there is uncertainty in the Northrail project, which links Manila to the northern provinces of Luzon, because of corruption within the project's construction.

Aside from the Marikina Line, two other lines have existed before but are now removed permanently.

First is the Cavite Line, which passed through Paco, Parañaque, Bacoor and up to Naic, Cavite. Completed in 1908, its operation continued until 1936.

Second is the Antipolo Line, which passed through Santa Mesa, Mandaluyong, Pasig, Cainta, Taytay, up to Antipolo near the "Hinulugang Taktak" Falls. There is also a street named "Daangbakal" in Antipolo, where like the "Daangbakal" roads on Marikina and San Mateo, a railway line once existed. The railroad tracks also passed through what is now the Ortigas Avenue Extension. Its operation ceased in 1917.

Barangays

Mandaluyong is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

District Barangay Land Area
(has.)
Population
(2007)[7]
Population
(2010)[2]
1 Addition Hills 121.19 81,221 86,731
1 Bagong Silang 14.26 3,747 4,652
2 Barangka Drive 24.54 12,134 12,227
2 Barangka Ibaba 16.92 9,372 9,241
2 Barangka Ilaya 47.45 4,185 5,049
2 Barangka Itaas 17.21 11,212 11,061
2 Buayang Bato 7.26 999 1,340
1 Burol 2.78 2,322 2,606
1 Daang Bakal 17.34 2,980 3,931
1 Hagdan Bato Itaas 18.36 9,431 10,102
1 Hagdan Bato Libis 15.48 6,241 6,716
1 Harapin Ang Bukas 4.89 4,069 4,073
1 Highway Hills 105.12 18,682 22,684
2 Hulo 29.30 20,850 21,107
2 Mabini-J. Rizal 11.88 4,826 6,773
2 Malamig 29.52 6,898 7,007
1 Mauway 60.06 21,700 25,129
2 Namayan 30.60 4,846 5,706
1 New Zañiga 21.96 5,413 6,354
2 Old Zañiga 42.48 6,674 7,712
1 Pag-Asa 12.60 3,112 3,688
2 Plainview 115.92 24,706 24,396
1 Pleasant Hills 20.33 6,495 5,648
1 Poblacion 24.12 14,778 15,191
2 San José 3.18 7,629 7,041
2 Vergara 15.12 4,928 4,645
1 Wack-Wack Greenhills 294.48 6,126 7,889

Demographics

Economy

Shaw Boulevard is one of the major roads in Mandaluyong
Intersection of EDSA and Shaw Boulevard

Mandaluyong is deemed as the "Tiger City" because of its notable number of shopping malls, entertainment hubs, offices, financial hubs, and hotels.

Commercial activities

Typical of cities in metropolitan areas, Mandaluyong has its own share of commercial strips and a central business district. The former, consisting mostly of banks (Map ~ Financial Institutions), offices and service establishments, stretch along public transport routes thereby serving both local consumers and passers-by from the neighboring localities. Major commercial strips of the city include the stretch of Boni Avenue, Shaw Boulevard, Libertad-Sierra Madre area, Kalentong, San Francisco, part of Martinez, Sgt. Bumatay towards Barangka Drive and Pinatubo towards EDSA.

Industrial activities

These activities are mostly concentrated within the EDSA-Shaw-Pioneer area and along Pasig River.

Although prominent in the manufacture of foods, medicines and laboratory equipment, these industries are gradually declining in number, opting to relocate in newly-developed industrial zones outside Metropolitan Manila.

In the Pasig River area, particularly in Barangays Namayan and Mabini J. Rizal, areas formerly industrial are now the sites for residential subdivisions and townhouses.

In the EDSA-Shaw-Pioneer area, the transformation is toward a more economically profitable and globally competitive commercial activity.

Factories & Industries:

Shopping malls

Shopping malls plays an important role in the economy of the city.

  • SM Megamall- is a large shopping mall located in the Ortigas business district of Metro Manila. It one of the largest SM Supermall developed and operated by SM Prime Holdings, the largest mall operator in the Philippines owned by Henry Sy Sr. The mall has two buildings interconnected with a bridge. The SM Megamall surpassed the SM Mall of Asia by 2,000 m2 (22,000 sq ft) and is now the second largest shopping mall in the Philippines. The mall has a maximum capacity of 4 million people. It is as large as the Changi Airport Terminal 2 in Singapore.
  • Shangri-La Plaza Mall- is an upscale shopping mall situated in the Ortigas Center, a business/commercial district of Mandaluyong City. It is surrounded by four streets in the commercial area, namely, Internal Avenue, St. Francis Avenue, Shaw Boulevard and the major highway EDSA. Affectionately called The Shang, this seven-story structure is also accessible through the Shaw Boulevard MRT Station in the fifth floor which connects it to the Manila Metro Rail Transit System. It is also the only retail arm of Kuok Group of Companies, the owner of the worldwide chain of Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts. The mall has several international stores such as Gucci, Calvin Klein, Burberry, Dolce and Gabbana, Hugo Boss and Polo Ralph Lauren.
  • Forum Robinsons- is a specialty mall within Cybergate, a modern business and residential complex at the corner of EDSA and Pioneer Street in Mandaluyong. The shopping center highlights information technology product categories such as computers, cellphones and other mobile/wireless gadgets, digital cameras, and audio-video and computer gaming equipment. Complementing this mix are four anchor stores, four cinemas and a wide array of satisfying shopping, dining, amusement and service outlets.
  • St. Francis Square Mall- is one of the notable shopping center in the city, the mall is a modern low-rise building holding a 3,000 capacity auditorium and houses over 1,000 stalls and stores.

Health

Mandaluyong has several private and public hospitals & health center, namely the privately owned Dr. Victor R. Potenciano Medical Center along EDSA and Unciano General Hospital on Boni Avenue, and the government hospital Mandaluyong City Medical Center also on Boni Avenue. The city is also home to the Philippine’s prime psychiatric health institution, the National Center for Mental Health located along Nueve De Febrero Street. Many residents, specifically the middle-to-upper class medical clientele visits the nearby Medical City in Ortigas Center.

The Dr. Victor R. Potenciano Medical Center is a tertiary care hospital that has a 189-bed capacity within its 10-storey hospital building. It is the first ISO certified hospital in Metro Manila. The hospital specializes in internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics – gynecology, pediatrics, ophthalmology, otorhinolaryngology, oncology, and orthodontics. Its specialized centers, such as the oncology center, heart station and cardiac rehab center, respiratory care center, breast clinic, ICU, pediatric ICU, and maternal ICU, are equipped with modern medical facilities together with physicians highly trained in their fields. Complementing these is the 5-storey Physicians’ Center, which houses the doctors’ clinics and other important lectures.

Education

Three major colleges and universities are located in Mandaluyong, namely: Don Bosco Technical College, Jose Rizal University and Rizal Technological University (the only state-owned university in the city).

Don Bosco Technical College (DBTC or Don Bosco Mandaluyong) on Gen. Kalentong Street is a private Catholic higher-education institution, owned and operated by the Salesians of Don Bosco that offers all-boys grade school and high school education, and co-educational tertiary education. The school, established in 1953, also offers vocational couses through the Manpower Skills & Training Center. Its College department specializes in engineering and technical courses, while the High School and Grade School Departments offer a dual-curriculum (Academic and Technical) and a Science specialization to help students nourish their skills in whatever field they choose to pursue in the future. It is situated on the historic grounds of the former the site of the Katipuneros, that evolved into the San Carlos Seminary, right before housing DBTC's campus.

A good number of city officials of Mandaluyong are alumni of Don Bosco,[8] including incumbent City Mayor, Hon. Benjamin Abalos, Jr. (HS '79);[9] former Vice Mayor, Hon. Renato Sta. Maria (HS '65);[10] City Councilors Edward Bartolome (HS '96),[11] Noel Bernardo (HS '79),[12] and Jonathan Abalos (HS '85).[13] Other notable alumni include "King of Pinoy Rap," Francis Magalona (HS '81);[14] and actor Ricky Davao (HS '78).[15]

The Plaridel Campus of Arellano University, a private nonsectarian university is an institution for secondary and higher education, located along New Panaderos Extension.

Another institution for higher education in the city is Jose Rizal University (JRU), which is a private nonsectarian university found along Shaw Boulevard. Its broad spectrum of degree programs includes the fields of engineering, economics, commercial sciences, business administration, education, nursing, and law. Prominent figures that have come from JRU include the former Philippine president Ramon Magsaysay, bankers Alfredo Antiporda and Peter Kaw Sek, Bienvenido Tantoco of the Rustan's Corporation, and former education secretary Dr. Armand V. Fabella. Before gaining university status the school was widely known as Jose Rizal College (JRC).

Rizal Technological University (RTU) is the city’s only state university. It was established on 11 July 1969, and is located on Boni Avenue. The university’s roster of undergraduate and graduate programs encompass the fields of pure and applied sciences, political science, psychology, statistics, public administration, business and entrepreneurial technologies, education, engineering and industrial technologies, nursing, and astronomy. The school was also widely known as Rizal Technological College (RTC) before becoming a university.

Other colleges in the city include the Our Lady of Guadalupe Colleges (specializing in Medicine and Nursing), STI and AMA (both specializing in Computer Technology education, both located on Shaw Boulevard), NAMEI Polytechnic Institute (specializing in Marine Sciences), and the International Baptist College.

The city is also home to Lourdes School of Mandaluyong (est. 1959), a Franciscan-Marian all-boys school, located in the Ortigas Center district managed by the OFM Capuchins; La Salle Green Hills (est. 1959), a private all-boys high school, managed by the De La Salle Brothers, located along Ortigas Avenue; and Saint Pedro Poveda College (est. 1960), another famous all-girls institution, offering pre-school, grade school, high school, and college education. Although the official school address is Quezon City, part of the lot Poveda's campus stands on is under Mandaluyong City.

Mandaluyong High School (est. 1977) is the oldest public high school in the city. City of Mandaluyong Science High School (est. 1996), a public science high school on E. Pantaleon St.

Scholarship

The City offers free College Scholarship (CMCS) to less fortunate but deserving individuals: the City of Mandaluyong Collegiate Scholarship Program. It was the brainchild of former Mayor Benjamin Abalos, Sr. together with his son and current Mayor Benhur Abalos, Jr. Former Councilor Delfin M. Asistio chairs the City Education Program Executive Committee who handles the scholarship program.

Media

Television stations

  • TV5 Media Center
  • Solar Television Network

Sister cities

Local government

2013 Local Election Results:[17]

Position Candidate Party Total Votes
Representative
Lone Legislative District
Neptali M. Gonzales II Liberal
92,950
City Mayor Benjamin D.C. Abalos Jr. Lakas-CMD
77,183
City Vice Mayor Edward G. Bartolome Liberal Party
72,345
City Councilors
1st Sanggunian District
Charisse Abalos Lakas-CMD
49,144
Antonio D. Suva Lakas-CMD
45,177
Ayla V. Alim Liberal
37,335
Luisito E. Espinosa Nationalist Peoples Coalition
32,443,
Grace Antonio United Nationalist Alliance
37,818
Alex I. Santos Liberal Party
32,584
2nd Sanggunian District
Cherry Lynn Pablo-Santos Nationalist Peoples Coalition
37,048
Fernando S. Ocampo Lakas-CMD
21,807
Rodehl B. Bacar Independent
21,047
Jesus C.Cruz Liberal Party
25,136
Alexander C. Sta. Maria Liberal Party
26,835
Francisco O. Esteban Lakas-CMD
22,989

See also

  • List of renamed cities and municipalities of the Philippines

References

External links

  • Official Homepage of the Mandaluyong City Government
  • Geophysical and Biological Environment of Mandaluyong City
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