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Manglisi

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Manglisi

Manglisi
მანგლისი
Environs of Manglisi
Environs of Manglisi
Manglisi
Manglisi
Location in Georgia
Coordinates:
Country Georgia
Region Kvemo Kartli
Municipality Tetritsqaro
Daba 1926
Elevation 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 2,752

Manglisi (cathedral of the Mother of God. It also functions as a mountain spa and health resort.

Geography and climate

Manglisi is located on the southern slopes of the Algeti river valley. It is located at about 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) above sea level and enjoys a subtropical climate, with warm summers (average temperature in July, 19°C) and mild winters (average temperature in January, −2°C). Annual precipitation is 700 mm. Manglisi also functions as a mountain resort.[2]

Etymology

The etymology of "Manglisi" may be related to the [6]

History

Antiquity and Middle Ages

The cathedral of Manglisi

In the early Bronze Age, the territory of Manglisi was part of the wider region, home to a kurgan culture.[7] By the early Middle Ages, Manglisi and its environs strategically located on the course of the Algeti river formed a territorial unit known as Manglis-khevi, "the valley of Manglisi".[5]

The Mtskheta and Erusheti, one of the earliest church establishments in Kartli (Iberia) following King Mirian's conversion to Christianity in the 330s. According to the 11th-century historian Leonti Mroveli, Manglisi was the first place which the bishop John of Kartli, returning from his mission to Constantinople with a group of Byzantine priests and masons, chose to build a Christian church. There, the chronicle continues, he left the relics brought from Constantinople as presents of the emperor Constantine the Great, to the disappointment of King Mirian who wanted to have the relics at his capital, Mtskheta.[8]

Manglisi became a seat of the homonymous bishopric under [10] Manglisi was dispossessed of its relic, the foot-rest (suppedaneum) of the Lord, by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius who passed through Kartli during his war with Iran in the 620s.[11][12]

The valley of Manglisi appears in possession of the Prince Vakhushti claims, they thought one of the frescoes in the church depicted Muhammad seated upon a lion.[19] The fresco is, in fact, an image of St. Mammes of Caesarea.[20]

Russian rule

Manglisi in 1892

After the arrival of the Russian: Манглис, Manglis) was chosen, in 1823, by General Aleksey Yermolov as the headquarters of one of the regiments under his command, to be called, after 1827, the 13th Erivansky Grenadier Regiment for its role in the victory at Erivan in the war with Persia.[21] On this occasion, the Russian authorities had also transplanted some civilian families from the neighboring districts. By the early 1850s, Manglis

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