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March 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Title: March 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)  
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March 25 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

March 24 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - March 26

All fixed commemorations below are observed on April 7 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For March 25th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 12.

Contents

  • Feasts 1
  • Saints 2
  • Pre-Schism Western Saints 3
  • Post-Schism Orthodox Saints 4
    • New Martyrs and Confessors 4.1
  • Other Commemorations 5
    • Icons 5.1
  • Icon Gallery 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8
  • Sources 9

Feasts

Saints

  • Martyrs Pelagia, Theodosia, and Dula of Nicomedia, who suffered under Valentinian (361)[1][4]
  • The Holy Martyr who was formerly an executioner.[5]
  • Venerable Sennouphios the Standard-bearer, of Latomos Monastery in Thessalonica (9th century)[1][6][note 3]
  • Venerable Timon the Hermit (10th century).[7]

Pre-Schism Western Saints

  • Saint Dismas the Good Thief, crucified next to Christ (1st century)[8][9][note 4]
  • Holy 262 Martyrs of Rome.[8][9][10]
  • Saint Quirinus of Tegernsee (Quirinus of Rome), a martyr who suffered in Rome under Claudius II (c. 269)[10][note 5]
  • Saint Irenaeus of Sirmium, Bishop in Pannonia (Hungary), martyred under Diocletian at Sirmium (Mitrovica) (304)[10]
  • Saint Caimin of Inis Cealtra, Bishop-Abbot of Inis Cealtra and possibly the first Bishop of Killaloe (653)[10][11][note 6]
  • Saint Humbert of Maroilles, a disciple of St Amandus who helped found the monastery of Marolles in Belgium (c. 680)[10]
  • Saint Hermenland (Hermeland, Herbland, Erblon), monk at Fontenelle, ordained priest and sent with twelve monks to establish a new monastery on the island of Aindre (Indret) in the estuary of the Loire (c. 720)[10][note 7]
  • Saints Barontius and Desiderius (c. 725)[10][note 8]
  • Saint Kennocha (Kyle, Enoch), nun at a convent in Fife, held in great veneration in Scotland, especially around Glasgow (1007)[10][note 9]
  • Saint Alfwold (Ælfwold II of Sherborne), a monk at Winchester who was chosen as Bishop of Sherborne in 1045 (1058)[10]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints

New Martyrs and Confessors

  • New Hieroconfessor Tikhon, Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia (1925)[1][8][12][14][18][note 11]

Other Commemorations

Icons

  • Synaxis of the Most Holy Theotokos the Burning Bush, on Mount Sinai (Our Lady of the Burning Bush).[21][note 14]
  • Synaxis of the Most Holy Theotokos Evangelístria, kept at the monastery of Aliartos in Boeotia.[22]
  • Synaxis of the Most Holy Theotokos of Kypera,[note 15] kept at the monastery of the Panagia, on the island of Cephalonia.[23]
  • "Annunciation" Icon of the Mother of God (16th century)[8][12]

Icon Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days today include:
    • Evangelos (Angelo),
    • Evangelia (Angela).
  3. ^ Venerable Sennouphios was an acetic of Nitria, who saw a vision of an icon of our Lord Jesus Christ, Who instructed him to go to Latomos Monastery in Thessalonica, where he would see this same icon.
  4. ^ "At Jerusalem, the commemoration of the good Thief, who confessed Christ on the cross, and deserved to hear from Him these words: "This day thou shalt be with Me in paradise.""[9]
  5. ^ "At Rome, St. Quirinus, martyr, who after losing his goods, suffering imprisonment in a dark dungeon, and being severely scourged, was put to death with the sword, and thrown into the Tiber. The Christians found his body in the island of St. Bartholomew and buried it in the Pontian cemetery."[9]
  6. ^ An ascetic who lived as a hermit on an island in Lough Derg in Ireland. Many disciples were attracted to him on account of his holiness. Later he founded a monastery and church on the island of the Seven Churches and worked with St Senan. A fragment of the Psalter of St Caimin, copied in his own hand, still exists.
  7. ^ "In Indre, an island of the Loire, the abbot St. Hermelandus, whose glorious life is attested by signal miracles."[9]
  8. ^ Barontius became a monk at Lonrey near Bourges in France. As a result of a vision he became a hermit, set out for Italy, and settled near Pistoia. There he lived very ascetically with another monk, called Desiderius, who is also honoured as a saint.
  9. ^ See also: Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). St. Kennocha, Virgin in Scotland. The Lives of the Saints. Volume III: March. 1866. (Bartleby.com).
  10. ^ His service is celebrated on June 1.[1] He spent time in Ukraine and his name was formally entered into the Ukrainian Orthodox calendar as a result.[17]
  11. ^ His service is celebrated on September 26.[1]
  12. ^ From antiquity the Orthodox Church has celebrated with special liturgical joy the occurrence when Pascha falls on March 25 (Old Style) - the Feast of the Annunciation, calling it "Kyriopascha," "the Lord's Pascha". It was precisely on the coincidence of the Feasts of the Annunciation and Pascha on March 25, 1821 (Old Style), that Greece challenged the Turkish Yoke. Kyriopascha has also manifested its miraculous Grace to our own generation by its most recent occurrence in 1991, the year of the demise of Communism in Russia.
  13. ^ The Greek revolt was precipitated on March 25, 1821, when Bishop Germanos of Patras raised the flag of revolution over the Monastery of Agia Lavra in the Peloponnese. The cry "Freedom or Death" became the motto of the revolution.[20]
  14. ^ The icon of the Most Holy Theotokos of the Burning Bush is commemorated at Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai.
  15. ^ An ancient city, in the municipality of Xyniada.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i March 25/April 7. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Εὐαγγελισμὸς τῆς Ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ The Annunciation of our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἁγίες Θεοδοσία καὶ Πελαγία οἱ Μάρτυρες. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος ἐκ δημίων Μάρτυρας. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Σεννούφιος ὁ Σημειοφόρος. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Τίμων ὁ Ἐρημίτης. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.24.
  9. ^ a b c d e The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.86-87.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i March 25. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  11. ^ Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73). St. Cammin, Abbot. The Lives of the Saints. Volume III: March. 1866. (Bartleby.com). Retrieved: 2013-06-22.
  12. ^ a b c d e f April 7 / March 25. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Παρθένιος τοῦ Κιέβου. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ a b (Russian) 25 марта (ст.ст.) 7 апреля 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  15. ^ March 24/April 6. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Σάββας ὁ Νέος ὁ ἐν Καλύμνῳ. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ a b Dr. Alexander Roman. March. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Τύχων Πατριάρχης Μόσχας. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ Hieromonk Cassian. A Scientific Examination of the Orthodox Church Calendar - Ch. 9: Liturgical Havoc Wreaked by the "New Julian" Calendar. Eds. Archbishop Chrysostomos and Hieromonk Gregory. Etna, CA: Center for Traditionalist Orthodox Studies, 1998. Retrieved: 2013-07-12.
  20. ^ a b "Greek Independence Day." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica 2009 Ultimate Reference Suite. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Σύναξις Ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου τῆς Βάτου, ἐν τῷ ὄρει Σινᾶ. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Σύναξις Ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου τῆς Εὐαγγελίστριας. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Σύναξις Ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου τῶν Κηπουραίων. 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.

Sources

  • March 25/April 7. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • April 7 / March 25. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Orthodox Calendar. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • March 25. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. March. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.24.
  • March 25. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.86-87.
  • Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 132-134.

Greek Sources

  • Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) 25 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  • (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 25 Μαρτίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).

Russian Sources

  • (Russian) 7 апреля (25 марта). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  • (Russian) 25 марта (ст.ст.) 7 апреля 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
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