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Marshall County, Kansas

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Title: Marshall County, Kansas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: List of townships in Kansas, Blue Rapids, Kansas, Marysville, Kansas, Oketo, Kansas, Summerfield, Kansas
Collection: 1855 Establishments in Kansas Territory, Kansas Counties, Marshall County, Kansas
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Marshall County, Kansas

Marshall County, Kansas
Marshall County Courthouse
Map of Kansas highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Seat Marysville
Largest city Marysville
Area
 • Total 905 sq mi (2,344 km2)
 • Land 900 sq mi (2,331 km2)
 • Water 4.9 sq mi (13 km2), 0.20%
Population
 • (2010) 10,117
 • Density 11/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .com.kansasgov.marshallwww

Marshall County (standard abbreviation: MS) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 10,117.[1] The largest city and county seat is Marysville.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Law and government 2
  • Geography 3
    • Adjacent counties 3.1
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
    • Unified school districts 5.1
  • Communities 6
    • Cities 6.1
    • Unincorporated communities 6.2
    • Ghost towns 6.3
    • Townships 6.4
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
  • External links 11

History

The Oregon Trail crosses Marshall County. The Infamous Donner Reed Party rested along the banks of our rivers and lost one of it's members Sarah Keyes who is still buried at Alcove Springs (located outside of Marysville). Many documented pioneer bodies are buried surrounding Alcove Spring.

In 1849 Francis James Marshall, from Weston, Missouri, came to Marshall County and established a ferry service on the Big Blue River at "Independence Crossing." A few years later Francis Marshall decided to stay on in Marshall County and make it his home. He moved his Ferry business to an upper crossing now known as Marysville (the city is named after Marshall's own wife Mary).[3]

On May 30, 1879, the "Irving, Kansas Tornado" passed through Marshall county. This tornado measured F4 on the Fujita scale and had a damage path 800 yards (730 m) wide and 100 miles (160 km) long. Eighteen people were killed and sixty were injured.

The Marshall County Historical Society resides in the counties historic courthouse. Which is now a Museum and Research Library. The building is grand and beautiful.

Law and government

Marshall County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 905 square miles (2,340 km2), of which 900 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 4.9 square miles (13 km2) (0.5%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

The Irving stone marker southeast of Blue Rapids.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,965 people, 4,458 households, and 3,026 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 4,999 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.14% White, 0.23% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,458 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.70% were married couples living together, 5.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.10% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 23.60% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,089, and the median income for a family was $39,705. Males had a median income of $28,361 versus $19,006 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,090. About 6.40% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.60% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

  • Marysville USD 364
  • Vermillion USD 380
  • Valley Heights USD 498
Historical
  • Axtell USD 488 (Marshall County) and Sabetha USD 441 (Nemaha County) consolidated to create Prairie Hills USD 113.[12]

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Marshall County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Townships

Marshall County is divided into twenty-five townships. The city of Marysville is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ History of Kansas Vol. 2 By Andreas
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ School consolidations in Kansas for past decade; Topeka-Capital Journal; July 24, 2011.

Further reading

  • History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
  • Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)

External links

County
  • Marshall County
Historical
  • Marysville Museum
Tornados
  • Irving, KS Tornado
  • Historical Tornado
Maps
  • Marshall County Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Highway Maps: Current, Historic, KDOT
  • Kansas Railroad Maps: Current, 1996, 1915, KDOT and Kansas Historical Society
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