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Massachusetts World War II Army Airfields

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Title: Massachusetts World War II Army Airfields  
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Subject: Logan International Airport, Hanscom Air Force Base, List of airports in Massachusetts, Otis Air National Guard Base
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Massachusetts World War II Army Airfields

During World War II, the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) established numerous airfields in Massachusetts for training pilots and aircrews of USAAF fighters and bombers.

Most of these airfields were under the command of First Air Force or the Army Air Forces Training Command (AAFTC) (A predecessor of the current-day United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command). However the other USAAF support commands (Air Technical Service Command (ATSC); Air Transport Command (ATC) or Troop Carrier Command) commanded a significant number of airfields in a support roles.

It is still possible to find remnants of these wartime airfields. Many were converted into municipal airports, some were returned to agriculture and several were retained as United States Air Force installations and were front-line bases during the Cold War. Hundreds of the temporary buildings that were used survive today, and are being used for other purposes.

Major Airfields

Air Technical Service Commannd

432d/433d Army Air Force Base Unit
Was: Hanscom Airport (1947)
Was: Bedford Airfield (1948)
Now: Hanscom Air Force Base (1948-present)
Joint use USAAF/Navy/Civil Airport
Now: Logan International Airport (IATA: BOS, ICAO: KBOS, FAA LID: BOS)

First Air Force

25th Army Air Force Base Unit
Was Westover Air Force Base (1947-1974)
Now: Westover Joint Air Reserve Base (1974-present)
307th Army Air Force Base Unit
Used by United States Navy briefly around 1944
Was: Camp Devens Airfield (1926-1934)
Was: Fort Devens Airfield (1934-1977)
Was: Moore Army Airfield (1945-1995)
Now: Soon to be turned into an industrial park
308th Army Air Force Base Unit
Transferred to United States Navy, May 1944-1946
Was: Otis Air Force Base (1952-1973)
Now: Otis Air National Guard Base (1973-present)

References

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
  • Thole, Lou (1999), Forgotten Fields of America¬†: World War II Bases and Training, Then and Now - Vol. 2. Pictorial Histories Pub . ISBN 1-57510-051-7
  • Military Airfields in World War II - Massachusetts

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