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Matfield Green, Kansas

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Matfield Green, Kansas

Matfield Green, Kansas
City
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Chase County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates:
Country  United States
State  Kansas
County Chase
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
Area[1]
 • Total 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Land 0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,316 ft (401 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 47
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 47
 • Density 340/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66862
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-45150 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0477807 [5]

Matfield Green is a city in Chase County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 47.[6]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Early history 1.1
    • 19th century 1.2
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Area attractions 3
  • Demographics 4
    • 2010 census 4.1
    • 2000 census 4.2
  • Government 5
  • Education 6
    • Primary and secondary education 6.1
  • Infrastructure 7
    • Transportation 7.1
    • Utilities 7.2
  • See also 8
  • Further reading 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century

In 1803, most of the land for Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1859, Chase County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Matfield Green.[7]

Matfield Green was named after Matfield, in England.[8]

A post office existed in Matfield Green from January 11, 1867 to September 30, 1995.[9]

Geography

Knute Rockne memorial at Kansas Turnpike Authority rest stop

Matfield Green is located at (38.159609, -96.562013).,[10] in the scenic Flint Hills[11] of the Great Plains. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Matfield Green has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

Area attractions

Matfield Green has two ranches on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP): Crocker Ranch[13] (NRHP). 1908-1940 Pioneer Bluffs Ranch[14] (NRHP), approximately 1 mile north on K-177 Highway. Pioneer Bluffs is an early twentieth century ranch, consisting of one dozen vintage farm buildings.[15][16]

Demographics

Matfield Green is part of the Emporia Micropolitan Statistical Area.

2010 census

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 47 people, 24 households, and 11 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.7 inhabitants per square mile (129.6/km2). There were 36 housing units at an average density of 257.1 per square mile (99.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 24 households of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 54.2% were non-families. 37.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the city was 58.8 years. 17% of residents were under the age of 18; 0.0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 12.8% were from 25 to 44; 34.1% were from 45 to 64; and 36.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

2000 census

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 60 people, 31 households, and 18 families residing in the city. The population density was 314.9 people per square mile (121.9/km2). There were 34 housing units at an average density of 178.4 per square mile (69.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White.

There were 31 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, and 41.9% were non-families. 38.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.94 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 1.7% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 31.7% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 114.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 128.6 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $27,500, and the median income for a family was $29,375. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $14,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,642. There were 19.0% of families and 19.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 35.7% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.

Government

The Matfield Green government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 1st Monday of each month at 7PM.[17]

  • City Hall, 302 Orient Street.

Education

Primary and secondary education

Cottonwood Falls is part of Unified School District 284.[18][19] All students attend schools in Cottonwood Falls.

Infrastructure

2005 KDOT Map of Chase County (map legend)

Transportation

K-177 highway and BNSF Railway both pass through Matfield Green. Even though the Kansas Turnpike toll road is somewhat close to Matfield Green, a driver must travel to the toll plaza in Cassoday to enter.

Utilities

See also

Further reading

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010".  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  3. ^ "Population Estimates".  
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ The History of Marion County and Courthouse
  8. ^ Heim, Michael (2007). Exploring Kansas Highways. p. 12. 
  9. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  11. ^ Flint Hills Tourism Coalition
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Matfield Green, Kansas
  13. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Crocker Ranch
  14. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Pioneer Bluffs Ranch
  15. ^ Pioneer Bluffs Ranch web site
  16. ^ 'PrairyErth' returns home; The Wichita Eagle, July 17, 2010
  17. ^ Matfield Green - Directory of Public Officials
  18. ^ USD 284
  19. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map

External links

City
  • City of Matfield Green
  • Matfield Green - Directory of Public Officials
Schools
Historical
  • Matfield Green, a "Quiet" town in Chase County, Kansas, History and photographs.
  • TWA Flight 599 Memorial, Knute Rockne crash site.
Maps
  • Matfield Green City Map, KDOT
  • Topo Map of Matfield Green area, USGS
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