World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Matti Vanhanen


Matti Vanhanen

Matti Vanhanen
Prime Minister of Finland
In office
23 June 2003 – 22 June 2010
President Tarja Halonen
Deputy Antti Kalliomäki
Eero Heinäluoma
Jyrki Katainen
Preceded by Anneli Jäätteenmäki
Succeeded by Mari Kiviniemi
Minister of Defence
In office
17 April 2003 – 24 June 2003
Prime Minister Anneli Jäätteenmäki
Preceded by Jan-Erik Enestam
Succeeded by Seppo Kääriäinen
Personal details
Born (1955-11-04) 4 November 1955
Jyväskylä, Finland
Political party Centre Party
Alma mater University of Helsinki

Matti Taneli Vanhanen (   ) (born 4 November 1955) is a Finnish politician who was Prime Minister of Finland from 2003 to 2010. He was also Chairman of the Centre Party, and in the second half of 2006 he was President of the European Council. In his earlier career he was a journalist. Vanhanen is the son of professor Tatu Vanhanen and Anni Tiihonen.


  • Career 1
    • Vanhanen's first cabinet 1.1
    • Presidential candidate 1.2
    • Vanhanen's second cabinet 1.3
    • Return to politics 1.4
  • Personality 2
  • Campaign funds 3
  • Youth Foundation 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Vanhanen studied [2]

Vanhanen was elected to the Finnish Parliament (Eduskunta) in 1991. As a member of Parliament he was interested in ecological issues. For instance, Vanhanen spoke against the building of a fifth nuclear power plant in 1992, at the same time as serving on the board of electricity corporation Fortum. He served on the Parliamentary Environment Committee 1991–1995, and was chair of the Parliamentary Grand Committee 2000–2001. He was vice-chair of the Centre Party Parliamentary group 1994–2001, and Deputy Chairman of the Centre Party 2000–2003.

Another important topic for Vanhanen was Finland's foreign and security policy. As a specialist on the European Union he was a member of the European Union Constitutional Convention. There he criticised the president of the convention, former French president Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, as authoritarian. Vanhanen has said[3] that he is unenthusiastic about European co-operation, and that he is an "EU pragmatist", so he may be considered a eurosceptic, especially when compared to his EU-enthusiast predecessor Paavo Lipponen.

Vanhanen's first cabinet

Vanhanen resigned from the Constitutional Convention in 2003 when he became Minister of Defense in the cabinet of Prime Minister Anneli Jäätteenmäki. After Jäätteenmäki's resignation, Vanhanen was elected Prime Minister and his first cabinet was formed.

As a politician, Vanhanen is considered to be part of the liberal wing of the old agrarian Central Party, along with the two other Party ministers from Uusimaa region. His government cut the top state income tax rate from 35.5% to 33.5% in 2005 and 32.5% in 2006 (resulting in approximately 55% total tax rate after local government and social security taxes). The corporate tax rate was also lowered to 26% and capital gains to 28% (both formerly 29%), though at the same time dividends were partially made taxable. Vanhanen has said he is willing to continue tax cuts.

Presidential candidate

Vanhanen after Finnish 2006 presidential elections in G8 Summit in Junichiro Koizumi, Stephen Harper, Matti Vanhanen and José Manuel Barroso.

As the Centre Party candidate, Vanhanen challenged President Tarja Halonen in the 2006 Finnish presidential election. He received 18.6% of the vote, coming third to the National Coalition Party's Sauli Niinistö (24.1%) and Social Democrat and incumbent Tarja Halonen (46.3%), and thus did not qualify for the runoff. Vanhanen expressed his support for Niinistö in the runoff election against his coalition partner's candidate Halonen.

The presidential election, and co-operation between Centre Party and National Coalition Party, proved to be a major strain on the government coalition between the Centre Party and Social Democrats. The flashpoint came in March, when the Centre Party demanded national agricultural subsidies to cover farmers' losses when the Finnish exception in the European Union's Common Agricultural Policy was about to expire. At the end of the crisis Vanhanen told his parliamentary group that taxpayers would cover ninety percent or about 100 million euros in losses.

Vanhanen's second cabinet

Vanhanen's second cabinet.

After the March 2007 election the Centre Party narrowly remained the largest party after losing four seats. However their coalition partner, the SDP, lost eight seats and the centre-right National Coalition Party gained ten. Vanhanen's second cabinet was formed on a centre-right basis, with minor partners the Green League and the Swedish People's Party.

A scandal involving Vanhanen's second cabinet began rolling in May 2008, after the leader of the Centre Party's parliamentary group

Political offices
Preceded by
Jan-Erik Enestam
Minister of Defence
Succeeded by
Seppo Kääriäinen
Preceded by
Anneli Jäätteenmäki
Prime Minister of Finland
Succeeded by
Mari Kiviniemi
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Wolfgang Schüssel
President of the European Council
Succeeded by
Angela Merkel
  • (Finnish) Official site

External links

  1. ^ "Yleisen valtio-opin laitos". 31 March 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  2. ^ Matti Vanhanen, Suomenmaa 30.7.1985
  3. ^ "". 12 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  4. ^ "Vanhanen: Finland to Rethink Security Following Crisis in Georgia". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  5. ^ "Vanhanen: Eläkeiän korotus lähti minun aloitteestani". 28 February 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  6. ^ "Vanhanen: Eläkeiän nostolla maksetaan laman laskut". 25 February 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  7. ^ """PM Vanhanen: "Necessary to Raise Pension Age. 8 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  8. ^ "SAK uhkaa katkaista välit hallitukseen". 3 February 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  9. ^ "Mari Kiviniemi Wins Centre Chair, Taking Over as PM". Yle. 12 June 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "Vanhasesta Perheyritysten liiton toimitusjohtaja". Kaleva. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Matti Vanhanen paljastaa, mikä veti takaisin politiikkaan". Ilta-Sanomat. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Valitut ehdokkaat Koko maa". Ministry of Justice. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015. 
  13. ^ taz, die tageszeitung. "Archiv". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  14. ^ "/ Five advisors, zero advice?". 30 May 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  15. ^ "Matti Vanhanen, Suomenmaa 30.7.1985". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  16. ^ Petteri Tuohinen (21 April 2009). "Petteri Tuohinen ‘Vanhanen: Lansimaat voisivat ottaa oppia Kiinan tehokkuudesta’ Helsingin Sanomat 21.4.2009". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  17. ^ "China smothers Vanhanen in cordial language 29.4.2009". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  18. ^ "Viihde | 01.08.2006 | Matti Vanhanen ja Susan viihtyvät yhdessä". 8 January 2006. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  19. ^ "Helsingin Sanomat – International Edition – People". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  20. ^
  21. ^ Supreme Court upholds privacy violation conviction against Susan Ruusunen and publisher for kiss-and-tell book
  22. ^ "Helsingin Sanomat" (in Suomi). Retrieved 2010-07-22. 
  23. ^ "MTV3 Internet >Uutiset – Kotimaa". 21 October 2005. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  24. ^ "Finland's secret weapon". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  25. ^ "Helsingin Sanomat – International Edition". Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  26. ^ Matti Ylönen Veroparatiisit, 20 ratkaisua varjotalouteen Like 2008 page 108 (Finnish)
  27. ^ Helsingin Sanomat 17 September 2009 A4
  28. ^ Harmaan talouden tutkija: Veroparatiisien tutkintaan ei panosteta Suomessa yle 24 March 2013
  29. ^ Vanhanen: No talk of campaign funding in Youth Foundation, Former Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen took the witness stand today in the trial of former leaders of the Youth Foundation yle 10 October 2012


See also

Vanhanen served as Chairman of the Youth Foundation from 1998 to 2003 and Deputy chairman from 1981 to 1997. The prosecution claims the Youth Foundation donated under the direction of Centre Party MP Antti Kaikkonen funding of over 90,000 euros for his own campaign and that of other Centre Party MPs including Matti Vanhanen. Prosecutors say this contravened the Foundation's own rules and laws governing such institutions.[29]

Youth Foundation

Matti Vanhanen received 25,000 euros for his presidential election campaign in 2006 from Ahti Vilppula via his company Helsingin Mekaanikkotalo. Mekaanikkotalo is owned by Procomex in Luxembourg and further by Kilbrin Investments Limited in the Virgin Islands.[26] In 2009 it was found out that this finance was not included in the finance announcement. Also Sauli Niinistö had not announced his finance 50,000 € from Ahti Vilppula in 2006 by 2009.[27] Expert of state tax losses based on tax havens Mr Markku Hirvonen continues to state in 2013 that the resources in Finland are not sufficient to stop the tax losses.[28]

Campaign funds

During the ASEM 2006 meeting in Helsinki, French president Jacques Chirac described Vanhanen, perhaps jokingly, as "the sexiest man in Finland."[24] Vanhanen is about 198 cm (6'6"). He is left-handed.[25]

In a 2006 book commissioned for the presidential elections, Se on ihan Matti, Vanhanen compared the Finnish tabloid press to the KGB and Stasi, former Soviet Union and East German secret police agencies.[23]

After ending his dating relationship with Kuronen (Ruusunen), Vanhanen got engaged to Sirkka Mertala in 2009. This relationship ended in 2010.[22]

Later there were claims in the tabloid press of affairs during and after his marriage. After his divorce, Susan Kuronen (she later changed her last name to Ruusunen) was widely linked to Vanhanen.[18] but their relationship broke down.[19] In February 2007, Kuronen released a tell-all book The Prime Minister's Bride, which actually boosted the prime minister's popularity with the public. Tens of thousands of Finns signed an online petition against the book and some bookstores refused to put it on the shelf.[20] Vanhanen sued Kuronen for invasion of privacy in March 2007, following the March elections. In 2010 the Supreme Court of Finland upheld the privacy violation conviction against Susan Ruusunen and her publisher.[21]

Vanhanen married Merja Vanhanen in 1985. They have two children: Annastiina (born 1991) and Juhana (born 1994). Matti Vanhanen and Merja Vanhanen unexpectedly announced their divorce on 6 April 2005, which had political repercussions for the self-styled family man.

In 2009, he visited China and credited the government for being systematic, as well as being able to place clear priorities and to mobilise the required resources to accomplish them. In his opinion, the Western world ought to note the example of China, where policies are implemented rapidly and effectively.[16] He said he was impressed of the progress the country has made in dealing with difficult issues.[17]

Matti Vanhanen was against the independence movement in the Baltic States during the 1980s. In his column in Suomenmaa in 1985, Vanhanen condemned the Baltic independence movement both for "wishing to change the Soviet system" and for "indifference towards the post Second World War reality." Vanhanen claimed that the difference between capitalism and socialism was not significant; and that instead of being concerned about the Soviet system, it would be better to concentrate, for example, on the research of Finno-Ugric languages.[15]

Vanhanen has been characterised as uncharismatic and even boring, which he has attempted to turn to his advantage in tense political situations. Vanhanen is known for being an teetotaler, saying that he does not like the taste of alcohol.[13] He has been quoted as denying ever taking advice from other persons.[14]

Vanhanen and the 35th President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
The Nordic prime ministers meeting in Denmark, 2010. From left to right: Fredrik Reinfeldt (Sweden), Jens Stoltenberg (Norway), Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir (Iceland), Lars Løkke Rasmussen (Denmark), Matti Vanhanen (Finland).


In November 2014, Vanhanen announced that he would leave the Family Business Network.[11] He was elected to the parliament in the 2015 elections with 11,304 personal votes.[12]

Return to politics

In 2010, the Finnish police investigated whether Vanhanen had been wrong not to disqualify himself in certain cabinet decisions on financial contributions to an organisation affiliated with the Centre Party, which had previously financed Vanhanen's presidential campaign. Because the charges concerned Vanhanen's actions while in office, the decision whether he should be prosecuted fell to the Constitutional Law Committee of the Finnish Parliament. The Committee decided not to prosecute Vanhanen.

In December 2009, Vanhanen announced that he would step down as chair of the Centre Party at its June 2010 convention. Mari Kiviniemi was chosen to the position and she also inherited the position as Prime Minister.[9] In September 2010 Vanhanen started as the head of the Family Business Network Finland and left the parliament.[10]

[8] His proposal was fiercely opposed by the [7][6][5] Vanhanen has proposed raising the retirement age from the current 63 to 65 years.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.