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Mazzara Airfield

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Mazzara Airfield

Mazzara Airfield
Part of Twelfth Air Force
Coordinates
Type Military airfield
Site information
Controlled by United States Army Air Forces
Site history
Built 1943
In use 1943
Battles/wars Operation Avalanche (invasion of Salerno, Italy)
Garrison information
Garrison 316th Troop Carrier Group
Mazzara Airfield is located in Italy
Mazzara Airfield
Mazzara Airfield
Location of Mazzara Airfield, Italy

Mazzara Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Italy, which was located about 3 km north-northeast of Mazara del Vallo on Sicily.

It was built before 1943 and used by Axis forces before being sized by elements of the United States Fifth Army during the Sicilian Campaign. Once in Allied hands, it was used by the United States Army Air Force Twelfth Air Force 316th Troop Carrier Group between 1 September and 18 October 1943 [1] The unit had three squadrons of C-47 Skytrain transport aircraft, used for carrying cargo, personnel and for paratrooper combat drops. The first components were the 45th and 46th Troop Carrier Squadrons, arriving from Enfidaville Airfield, Tunisia on 1 September; Group headquarters and the 35th Troop Carrier Squadron arrived on 3 September[2]

The airfield was not used during Operation Husky (invasion of Sicily). It appears to have been a staging airfield for Operation Avalanche (invasion of Salerno, Italy). Since there were no airborne parachute landings during the Salareno invasion, it likely ferried supplies and personnel. Once Allied ground forces were on mainland Italy, the American use of the airfield appears to have ended; the 316th moved on to another airfield at Borizzo Airfield, Sicily.

When the Americans pulled out the airfield was abandoned. Today the outline of what may have been the main runway can be seen in aerial imagery.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ Maurer, Maurer, Air Force Combat Units of World War II, Office of Air Force history (1961). ISBN 0-405-12194-6
  2. ^ Maurer, Maurer. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force: World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1982.

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