World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mercedes Valdivieso

Article Id: WHEBN0006398660
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mercedes Valdivieso  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Liceo Javiera Carrera alumni, List of novelists by nationality, Chilean American, Women in Chile
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mercedes Valdivieso

Mercedes Valdivieso
Mercedes Valdivieso at Rice University
Born (1924-03-01)March 1, 1924
Santiago, Chile
Died August 3, 1993(1993-08-03) (aged 69)
Santiago, Chile
Occupation author and feminist theorist
Nationality Chile

Mercedes Valdivieso (March 1, 1924 – August 3, 1993) was a Chilean writer, known since her earliest writings for the subversive nature of her texts. She was born in Santiago, Chile.[1] She first wrote La Brecha (“Breakthrough”) in 1961, which is considered to be a landmark feminist Latin-American novel.[1] This novel caused dismay from the reactionary segment of society and loud applause from the critics and is considered a revolutionary departure from the traditional treatment of the feminine role in marriage. “Breakthrough” is a novel that ends with the heroine's awareness that she didn’t really need to depend upon a man in order to lead a fulfilling life. The book enjoyed an unexpected publishing success and went through five consecutive editions. Mercedes Valdivieso had the extreme audacity to become an innovator; she bridged the gap between romantic and domestic fiction in a society where women have been viewed as a sexless gender, icons of virtue, and depending on men to meet the necessities of life. Valdivieso also was founder and director of Adan, a men's magazine, and Breakthrough, a feminist publication,[1] she published articles in newspapers and magazines and she gave many lectures and speeches. She taught literature at the University of Peking, at the University of Houston, at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches,at University of St. Thomas in Houston and she was a Professor Emeritus at Rice University.[1]


  • La Brecha, novel, Zig Zag Publishing Company, Santiago de Chile, 1961, 5 editions, 160 pages.
  • Babel, a story in Antologia del Cuento Realista Chileno, by moretic y Orellana,Austral (publishers), Santiago de Chile, 1962
  • La Tierra que les Dí, novel, Zig Zag, Santiago de Chile, 1963, 2 editions. Translated into Polish, Dziesiec Palcow, Czytelnik, 1968.
  • Los Ojos de Bambú, novel, Zig Zag, Santiago de Chile, 1964, 250 pages.
  • Las Noches y un Dia, novel, Seix Barral, Barcelona, 1971, 257 pages.
  • Breakthrough, translated by Graciela S. Daichman, 1988.
  • Maldita yo entre las Mujeres, historic novel, Planeta, Santiago de Chile, 1991.

Selected articles

  • Ruptura y Tradicion, interview with Octavio Paz, Ercilla, Santiago de Chile, January 1970.
  • Del Tlatoani al Caudillo, extensive reproduction of an interview with Octavio Paz, in Literary Supplement of Siempre, Mexico, April 1970.
  • Two Literary Approaches to the Problem of Existence: El Extranjero by A.Camus and El Tunel by E.Sabato, Spanish-Brazilian Publication, University of Houston, 1970.
  • Gabriela Mistral: Fundadora de una Tradicion, El Sol de Mexico, Literary Supplement, Mexico, January, 1976.
  • World Hope in Sisterhood, Breakthrough (newspaper), Houston, January, 1976.
  • La Octava Cara del Dado, El Sol de Mexico, Literary Supplement, Mexico, January 1976.
  • Imagenes de una era Contradictoria, El Sol de Mexico, Literary Supplement, Mexico, March 1976.
  • Congreso Interamericano de Mujeres Escritoras, El Sol de Mexico, Newspaper, May 1976.


  1. ^ a b c d

External links

  • Mercedes Valdivieso's Website
  • Chilean Memory
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.