World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mineola, Texas

Article Id: WHEBN0000136842
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mineola, Texas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Wood County, Texas, Willie Brown (politician), U.S. Route 80, Mineola Black Spiders, Adam Moore
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mineola, Texas

Mineola, Texas
City
Downtown Mineola
Downtown Mineola
Location of Mineola, Texas
Location of Mineola, Texas
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Texas
County Wood
Incorporated (city) 1877
Area
 • Total 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)
 • Land 5.3 sq mi (13.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 417 ft (127 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,515
 • Density 851.9/sq mi (329.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 75773
Area code(s) 903
FIPS code 48-48648[1]
GNIS feature ID 1341708[2]
Website http://www.Mineola.com

Mineola is a city in Wood County, Texas, United States. It lies at the junction of U.S. highways 69 and 80, eighty miles east of Dallas in southwestern Wood County. The population was 4,515 at the 2010 census.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Demographics 4
    • Religion 4.1
  • Education 5
  • Transportation 6
  • Notable people 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Etymology

The town was incorporated as the railroads arrived. It is believed by some that a railroad official combined the names of two prominent locals' daughters Minnie and Olla to create the city name Mineola. While these two girls did exist, the more likely story is that the city was named after the railroad official's hometown of Mineola, New York because of the area's beauty.

History

Mineola came into existence when the railroads built lines through the Eastern part of the state. In 1873 the East Texas timber belt, timber was plentiful for railroad tiemaking and lumber. During the community's first sixty years, farm products included cotton, livestock, fruit, and berries. A chair factory opened in 1886, became a crate and basket factory in 1900, and operated until 1952. Highway improvement, the Magnolia Pipeline Company gas line, and the establishment of a railroad terminal caused growth during the 1920s, and the discovery of oil in parts of Wood County and construction of a T&P railroad shop spurred the economy during the 1940s. By 1930 the population was 3,000, and by 1970 it was 4,000. Diversified farming gave way to cattle raising and watermelon crops by 1950. The Mineola Watermelon Festival began in 1948. Subsequently, sweet-potato farming, a creamery, a nursery, and a company that supplies poles and pulpwood to the telephone company helped the economy.

The town remains a shipping center. The Mineola Memorial Library, largely financed by H. W. Meredith, was completed in 1960. Nearby Lake Holbrook, also completed in 1962, attracts residents and visitors. The Meredith Foundation has provided large sums for educational and cultural purposes since 1962. Meredith Hall Civic Center, completed in 1977, is used by large and small groups for varied events. The population of Mineola in 1980 was 4,346. The manufacture of women's clothing, sporting goods, electronic connectors, fertilizer, and cattle feed and the packaging of dry beans and meat provide employment for many people. The Wood County Airport, five miles (8 km) north of Mineola, was completed in 1984. A new city hall complex was completed in 1986, and a two-school facility was completed in 1987. The population of Mineola in 1990 was 4,321.

Geography

Mineola is located at (32.666008, -95.489147).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.8 km²), of which, 5.3 square miles (13.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.75%) is water.

Climate

Mineola enjoys weather typical of East Texas, which is unpredictable, especially in the spring time. All of East Texas has the humid subtropical climate typical of the Southeast in North America.

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high °C (°F) 14 (58) 16 (62) 19 (66) 24 (76) 28 (83) 32 (90) 34 (94) 35 (95) 31 (88) 26 (80) 18 (66) 15 (60) 25 (77)
Avg low °C (°F) 3 (39) 5 (41) 7 (46) 12 (54) 16 (62) 21 (71) 22 (73) 22 (72) 18 (65) 13 (57) 7 (45) 4 (40) 13 (56)
Avg. # of Rainy days 6 5 5 6 6 3 3 2 3 4 5 5 58
Source: WeatherBase.com

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,611 people, 1,779 households, and 1,197 families residing in the city. The population density was 859.6 people per square mile (332.1/km²). There were 1,993 housing units at an average density of 376.5 per square mile (145.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.19% White, 13.38% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.44% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.95% of the population.

There were 1,779 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $37,528. Males had a median income of $29,938 versus $20,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,945. About 16.2% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Religion

  • First Baptist Mineola is one of the largest churches in the Wood county area with an enrollment record of about 850.
  • Sand Springs Baptist Church is a Baptist church located just west of Mineola. The church has a regular Sunday attendance of about 350.
  • Broad Street Church of Christ
  • New Hope Baptist Church

Education

The City of Mineola is served by the Mineola Independent School District.

Transportation

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links

  • Mineola, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online
  • Mineola.com - Official City Website.
  • MineolaBuzz.com - Private business website.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.