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Ministry of Finance (Indonesia)

 

Ministry of Finance (Indonesia)

Republic of Indonesia
Ministry of Finance
Kementerian Keuangan
Ministry overview
Formed 19 August 1945 (1945-08-19)
Jurisdiction  Indonesia
Headquarters Jalan Dr. Wahidin Raya No. 1 Jakarta
Ministers responsible
Website .id.gokemenkeu

Ministry of Finance is a ministry in Indonesia that hold responsibility on finance and state assets. The ministry is led by a minister and responsible to President. The motto is Nagara Dana Rakça that means guardian of state finance.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Colonial Period 1.1
    • Early Independence 1.2
  • Portfolio and Responsibility 2
  • Organisation 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

Colonial Period

Dutch, as Dutch East India Company, was given octrooi to print money at period of Governor General Jan Pieterszoon Coen. Since 17 century, Dutch East India Company was increasing state cash. The company raise state cash by obligation to surrender agricultural product (verplichte leverentie), restriction of agricultural production (contingenten, which increase the price) and obligation to plant strategic agricultural product such as coffee (preangerstelsel).[1]

However, British took over of Dutch East India as part of War of the Sixth Coalition and sent Stamford Raffles as Lieutenant-Governor. Stamford Raffles instituted reformation as land tax (landrent), which changed former Dutch system, to enable the society to buy British product with money. The reform was fail to introduce standardised monetary system because of lack of support from local aristocracy and inadequate society knowledge about money and tax calculation.[1]

After the Napoleonic Wars, Dutch East India was returned to Dutch from British as Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814. Governor General Du Bus resumed economic development and established De Javasche Bank as part of financial and payment system reform. In 1836, van den Bosch introduced forced plantation (cultuurstelsel) to produce global-favored product. Forced plantation was replacement to land tax system and had intent to introduce monetary economics to society. Forced plantation and forced labour had sufficient effect to introduce monetary economics.[1]

Government policy was shifted into liberal economics. The policy was implemented as "laissez faire, laissez passer", which economics responsibility is shifted to private sector. Department of Finance (Departement van Financien) was established to co-ordinate, develop and support financial administration. Centralized financial administration was done to make easy management of state revenue and expenditure.[1]

Second World War made the Dutch colonial government in hard position as Japanese offensive. Before the Japanese landing, President of De Javasche Bank, Dr. G.G. van Buttingha Wichers, sent gold deposit to South Africa and Australia through Cilacap. Japanese colonial government was forcing the surrender of British, Dutch and Chinese Bank and invasion money. The war made financial crisis.[1]

Early Independence

After the Japanese surrender, Indonesia declared her independence. Economics situation was very dire because of high inflation level (as circulation of De Javasche Bank money, Dutch East Indies money and Japanese Yen). Dr. Samsi, as Minister of Finance, had information that Escompto Bank at Surabaya held reserve money from Dutch Colonial Government.[1]

Portfolio and Responsibility

Organisation

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f History of Ministry of Finance (Indonesian)
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