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Mohammad Beg

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Mohammad Beg

Mohammad Beg (Persian: محمد بیگ‎‎; died 1672), was a Muslim of Armenian origin, who served as the vizier of the Safavid king (shah) Abbas II (r. 1642–1666) from 1654 to 1661.

Contents

  • Origins 1
  • Biography 2
  • Family 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5

Origins

Mohammad Beg was born in Tabriz to an Armenian family, which originally served as a ghulām ("military slave") of the Safavid dynasty of Iran, but later became tailors.[1] Mohammad Beg's father was Husayn Beg Tabrizi.[1]

Biography

Mohammad Beg is first mentioned in 1643, when he was appointed as the city prefect of

Preceded by
Unknown
Controller of assay
(Mu'ayyir al-Mamalik)

1648–1654
Succeeded by
Hasan Beg
Preceded by
Mohammad Ali Beg
Steward of the royal household
(Nazir-i Buyutat)

1651–1654
Succeeded by
Safi Quli Beg
Preceded by
Khalifa Sultan
Vizier of the Safavid Empire
1654–1661
Succeeded by
Mirza Mohammad Mahdi Karaki
  • Blow, David (2009). Shah Abbas: The Ruthless King Who became an Iranian Legend. London, UK: I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd.  
  • Matthee, Rudi (2011). Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–371.  
  • Babaie, Sussan (2004). Slaves of the Shah: New Elites of Safavid Iran. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–218.  
  • Matthee, Rudi (2010). "ḴALIFA SOLṬĀN".  
  • Newman, Andrew J. (2008). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. pp. 1–281.  
  •  
  • Roemer, H.R. (1986). "The Safavid period". The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Timurid and Safavid periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 189–351.  

Sources

  1. ^ a b c d e Matthee 2011, p. 46.
  2. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 51.
  3. ^ Newman 2008, p. 71.
  4. ^ Newman 2008, p. 85.
  5. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 50.
  6. ^ Babaie 2004, p. 71.
  7. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 47.
  8. ^ Newman 2008, p. 213.
  9. ^ a b Babaie 2004, p. 72.
  10. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 52.
  11. ^ a b c Matthee 2011, pp. 48–49.

References

Furthermore, one Muhammad Beg's nephews served as the vizier of the governor of Gilan. During most of the reign of Abbas II, all of silver and silk commerce was controlled by the family of Mohammad Beg.[9]

Mohammad Beg had a son named Amin Beg, who would later serve as the mu'ayyir al-mamalik in Isfahan. Mohammad Beg's two brothers, Ughan Beg and Husayn Beg, both served as the shahbandar of Bandar Abbas. Their uncle, Shamshir Beg, also served in the office, and was succeeded by Muhammad Beg's cousin Isa Khan Beg.[11] When Mohammad Beg was appointed as the nazir-i buyutat in 1651, he gave his previous office, mu'ayyir al-mamalik, to one of his other brother, Hasan Beg.[11] Furthermore, when Mohammad Beg was appointed vizier, he appointed Hasan Beg as the court master tailor (qaychachi-bashi).[11]

Family

In 1661, Mohammad Beg, after having failed to diminish the power of the his rivals, was forced to resign from the vizier office.[9] He was then exiled to Qom. In 1672, shah Suleiman I (r. 1666–1694) offered Mohammad Beg to become vizier once again, which he agreed to, but while on his way to Isfahan, he died. According to the French traveler Jean Chardin, Mohammad Beg had been poisoned by Suleiman's vizier Shaykh Ali Khan Zangana.[10]

[8][7][6] in 1658).Kerman in 1656/7 and Semnan in 1656/7, Ardabil in 1654, Hamadan Mohammad Beg also had the empire more centralized by converting more land into the crown domain ([5][4] In 1646, Mohammad Beg was appointed as the port-master/harbourmaster (

[2]

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