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Ahmed Abdi Godane

Ahmed Abdi Godane
Born (1977-07-10)10 July 1977
Hargeisa, Somalia
Died 1 September 2014(2014-09-01) (aged 37)
Hawaay, Somalia
Nationality Somalia
Ethnicity Somali
Occupation Radical jihadi, terrorist, veteran of the Afghan Jihad
Title Emir (leader) of al-Shabaab[1]

Ahmed Abdi Godane ([3] He succeeded Mukhtar Robow who had held the position for several months after Aden Ayro's death.[4] He was killed in a U.S. drone strike on 1 September 2014 in southern Somalia.[5]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Islamic Courts Union 2
  • Al-Qaeda 3
  • Tensions within Al-Shabaab 4
  • Death 5
  • References 6

Early life

Ahmed Abdi Godane was born in [3] He studied Quran in Hargeisa and won scholarships to study in Sudan and Pakistan. He led a quiet, pious life, and reportedly wrote poetry.[9]

Godane was a veteran of the [6] While in the Somaliland region of Somalia, Godane had worked for Al-Barakat, a Somali remittance company and the local franchise of Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya (AIAI).[7] Godane was accused of involvement in the murder of a British couple, Dick and Enid Eyeington, who ran a school in the region.[9]

Islamic Courts Union

In 2006, Godane became the secretary general of the Executive Council of the Sharif Ahmed who is the previous President of the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia.[7]

Al-Qaeda

In September 2009 Godane appeared in an Al-Shabaab video where he offered his services to Bin Laden.[10] The video appeared to be a response to a Bin Laden from March 2009 in which he urged the Somalis to overthrow the newly elected President of Somalia Sharif Ahmed.[11] In January 2010, Godane, speaking on behalf of Al-Shabaab, released a statement reiterating his support for Al-Qaeda and stated that they had "agreed to join the international jihad of al Qaeda".[12] For his allegiance to Al-Qaeda, the U.S. government announced a $7 million bounty for information leading to Godane's capture.[9]

Tensions within Al-Shabaab

Godane and his close friend

  1. ^ "Q&A: Somalia's conflict".  
  2. ^ "Ahmed Abdi Godane: Somalia's killed al-Shabab leader".  
  3. ^ a b http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4d2d99562.html
  4. ^ "Somalia: Harakat Al-Shabab Mujahideen Leader Calls for Government Soldiers to Hand Over Their Weapon With in Five Days". Mauritius: allAfrica.com. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  5. ^ a b "Shebab's new leader a devout, ruthless hardliner". Agence France-Presse. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2010/sc9904.doc.htm
  7. ^ a b c Hoehne, Markus Virgil. "Counter-terrorism in Somalia: How external interference helped to produce militant Islamism".  
  8. ^ Profile, wardheernews.com; retrieved 5 September 2014.
  9. ^ a b c McConnell, Tristan (1 October 2013). "Who is Al Shabaab leader Ahmed Godane?".  
  10. ^ Profile, fas.org; retrieved 5 September 2014.
  11. ^ Profile, Voice of America; retrieved 5 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Somali rebels unite, profess loyalty to al Qaeda". Reuters. 1 February 2010. 
  13. ^ Profile, Human Rights Watch; retrieved 5 September 2014.
  14. ^ "SOMALIA: President says Godane is dead, now is the chance for the members of al-Shabaab to embrace peace". Raxanreeb. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  15. ^ "Pentagon Confirms Death of Somalia Terror Leader". Associated Press. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "US confirms death of Somalia terror group leader". Associated Press. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  17. ^ "Al-Shabaab in Somalia confirms leader was targeted in US drone strike". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Leader of Qaeda-Linked Somali Group Is Dead, U.S. Says". The New York Times. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  19. ^ Martinez, Michael (5 September 2014). "Top Somali militant killed in U.S. operation, Pentagon says".  
  20. ^ "Leader of Qaeda-Linked Somali Group Is Dead, U.S. Says".  
  21. ^ http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2014/09/shabaab_names_new_em.php

References

On 2 September 2014, al-Shabaab confirmed that Godane was travelling in one of two vehicles hit by a U.S. AGM-114 Hellfire missile strike the previous day. It was not immediately confirmed if Godane himself was among the six militants killed. The vehicles were heading toward the coastal town of Barawe, al-Shabaab's main base.[17] On 5 September 2014, the Pentagon confirmed during the 2014 NATO summit in Wales that Godane had been killed in the attack.[18][19][20] On 6 September 2014, al-Shabaab officially confirmed Godane's death and announced Ahmad Umar as his successor.[5][21]

In August 2014, the Somali government-led Operation Indian Ocean was launched to cleanup the remaining insurgent-held pockets in the countryside.[14] On 1 September 2014, a U.S. drone strike carried out as part of the broader mission killed Al-Shabaab leader Godane.[15] U.S. authorities hailed the raid as a major symbolic and operational loss for Al-Shabaab, and the Somali government offered a 45-day amnesty to all moderate members of the militant group. Political analysts also suggested that the insurgent commander's death will likely lead to Al-Shabaab's fragmentation and eventual dissolution.[16]

Death

[13]

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