World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Montreal Botanical Garden

Article Id: WHEBN0000607676
Reproduction Date:

Title: Montreal Botanical Garden  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Olympic Stadium (Montreal), 1976 Summer Olympics, Venues of the 1976 Summer Olympics, Olympic Shooting Range, L'Acadie, Olympic Equestrian Centre, Bromont
Collection: 1931 Establishments in Quebec, 1976 Summer Olympic Venues, Art Deco Architecture in Canada, Articles Containing Video Clips, Botanical Gardens in Canada, Gardens in Canada, Greenhouses, Japanese Gardens in Canada, Museums Established in 1931, Museums in Montreal, National Historic Sites in Quebec, Olympic Athletics Venues, Olympic Modern Pentathlon Venues, Protected Areas Established in 1931, Rosemont–la Petite-Patrie, Visitor Attractions in Montreal
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Montreal Botanical Garden

Montreal Botanical Garden
Jardin botanique de Montréal
The main greenhouse near the entrance
Date opened June 9, 1931
Location Rosemont–La Petite-Patrie, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Land area 75 hectares (190 acres)[1]
Number of species 22,000[1]
Annual visitors 695,404 (2011) including Insectarium[2]
Website /botanical-garden/en.caespacepourlavie
Flower covered Beetle in the Montreal Botanical Garden greenhouse, 2005

The Montreal Botanical Garden (French: Jardin botanique de Montréal) is a large botanical garden in Montreal, Quebec, Canada comprising 75 hectares (190 acres) of thematic gardens and greenhouses. It was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 2008 as it is considered to be one of the most important botanical gardens in the world due to the extent of its collections and facilities.[3][4]


  • Background 1
  • Gardens 2
  • Lion de la Feuillée 3
  • Sport 4
  • Notable directors 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Children at the Montreal Botanical Garden in 1941

The botanical garden is located at 4101 Sherbrooke Street East, at the corner of Pie-IX and Sherbrooke Streets, in Maisonneuve Park, facing Montreal's Olympic Stadium. It contains a greenhouse complex full of plants from around the world, and a number of large outdoor gardens, each with a specific theme. The outdoor gardens are bare and covered with snow from about November until about April, but the greenhouses are open to visitors year round, hosting the annual Butterflies Go Free exhibit from February to April.

The garden was founded in 1931, in the height of the Great Depression, by mayor Camillien Houde, after years of campaigning by Brother Marie-Victorin. The grounds were designed by Henry Teuscher, while the Art Deco style administration building was designed by architect Lucien F. Kéroack.[5]

It serves to educate the public in general and students of horticulture in particular, as well as to conserve endangered plant species. The grounds are also home to a botanical research institution, to the Société d'astronomie de Montréal,and to the Montreal Insectarium; offsite, the Garden staff also administer the Ferme Angrignon educational farm and petting zoo.

While it charges admission, city residents can obtain a pass granting free admission to the outdoor gardens, so many people visit regularly, even if only to sit under the trees. The nearest metro station is Pie-IX, which is located on the corner of the Olympic Stadium.

The Montreal Botanical Garden is one of four nature-focused attractions belonging to the City of Montreal in the Space for Life (French: Espace pour la vie) museum district. The others are the Biodome, the Insectarium, and the Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium, all of which are near the Olympic Stadium.[6]


The Magic of Lanterns, The Chinese Garden

The Chinese Garden is constructed along the traditional lines for a Ming Dynasty Chinese garden. Covering 2.5 hectares, it has many winding paths, an artificial mountain, and a building in the Chinese style housing a collection of bonsai and penjing that have been donated. The garden is populated with Chinese plants. The garden was constructed from 1990-1991 by 50 artisans from the Shanghai Institute of Landscape Design and Architecture, directed by Le Weizhong. The project required 120 containers of material imported from Shanghai, including 500 tonnes of stone from Lake Tai in Jiangsu province.[7]

The Japanese Garden was created in 1988 under the direction of designer Ken Nakajima. Its 2.5 hectares are populated with Japanese plants, and it contains a building in the Japanese style containing an exhibit on tea. The Japanese tea ceremony is performed there during the summer, and anyone can take classes to learn more about it. Other traditional Japanese arts, such as Iaido and Ikebana are occasionally demonstrated there as well. It also includes a large koi pond; visitors often feed the koi. The garden hosts an annual Hiroshima memorial ceremony on the 5th of August, with the hourly ringing of a Japanese Peace Bell made in Hiroshima.[8]

The First Nations Garden was opened in 2001 to honour and present the cultures of the indigenous population of Canada. Species endemic to Quebec and other North American regions are kept in the garden; the maple, birch, and pine trees shade its paths, and the garden brings into focus the medicinal and food plants of the First Nations. It has several totem poles and exhibits demonstrating traditional artwork and construction methods.[9]

The Alpine Garden has several paths winding over a rocky outcrop which is covered with tiny, delicate alpine plants.

Other gardens include the poisonous plants garden (which has samples of various poisonous plants along with information on the effects of various doses), the economic plants exhibit, the flowery brook, and an arboretum. The botanical gardens are also the home to some wildlife; primarily squirrels and ducks, other slightly less common animals such as turtles and herons also live there.

Lion de la Feuillée

Lion de la Feuillée
Location Sherbrooke Street
Type Monument
Material Bronze
Height 1.4 metres (4.6 ft)
Opening date September 28, 1831

The Lion de la Feuillée is a monument located inside the Montreal Botanical Garden. The huge lion that lies at the entrance to the rose garden was donated by the city of Lyon on the occasion of the 350th anniversary of Montreal in 1992.

The first bridge over the Feuillée was open to the public on 28 September 1831 in the heart of the city of Lyon, France. The Feuillée Lion is one of four castings up the original work, created by René Dardel. During the reconstruction of the bridge in 1910, the four lions were relocated. In 1992, one of them was brought to Montreal.[10]


During the 1976 Summer Olympics, it hosted the 20 km walk athletics and the running part of the modern pentathlon event.[11]

Notable directors


  1. ^ a b "About the Botanical Garden". Montreal Botanical Garden. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bilan 2011" (PDF). Tourisme Montréal. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Montreal Botanical Garden". Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada. Parks Canada. Retrieved August 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ Montreal Botanical Garden. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "History of the Montréal Botanical Garden". Montréal Botanical Garden website. Retrieved December 31, 2011. 
  6. ^ What Is Space For Life Retrieved March 22, 2015
  7. ^ Espace pour la vie - Chinese Garden Retrieved March 22, 2015
  8. ^ Espace pour la vie - Japanese Garden Retrieved March 22, 2015
  9. ^ Espace pour la vie - First Nations Garden Retrieved March 22, 2015
  10. ^ City of Montreal Public Art Bureau. Retrieved March 22, 2015
  11. ^ 1976 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. p. 162.

External links

  • Official Homepage of the Montreal Botanical Garden (in English)
  • [2]: Photos of the annual butterfly exhibit and greenhouses (in English and French)
  • Botanical Garden photos (in English and French)
  • Lion de La Feuillée
  • Montreal Botanical Gardens: Le Lion de la Feuillée sculpture in Montreal

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.