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Mount Clare (Maryland)

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Title: Mount Clare (Maryland)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Charles Carroll (barrister), The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America, American gentry, Éile, National Register of Historic Places listings in South and Southeast Baltimore
Collection: Carroll Family Residences, Georgian Architecture in Maryland, Historic American Buildings Survey in Maryland, Historic House Museums in Maryland, History of Maryland, Houses Completed in 1767, Houses in Baltimore, Maryland, Houses on the National Register of Historic Places in Baltimore, Maryland, Museums in Baltimore, Maryland, National Historic Landmarks in Maryland, Plantations in Maryland, Southwest Baltimore, The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mount Clare (Maryland)

Mount Clare
Mount Clare, December 2011
Mount Clare (Maryland) is located in Baltimore
Mount Clare (Maryland)
Location Carroll Park, Baltimore, Maryland
Area 0 acres (0 ha)
Built 1763
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Georgian
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 70000860
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 15, 1970[1]
Designated NHL April 15, 1970[2]

"Mount Clare" — also known as "Mount Clare Mansion", known today as the Mount Clare Museum House — is the oldest Colonial-era structure in the

  • Mount Clare Museum House - official site
  • Mount Clare, National Park Service, Baltimore:A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
  • Mount Clare, Baltimore City, including undated photo, at the Maryland Historical Trust
  • Mount Clare, Bayard & South Monroe Streets, Carroll Park, Baltimore, Independent City, MD: 7 photos, 18 data pages, at Historic American Buildings Survey maintained by the Library of Congress

External links

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The manor house has been appointed with historically relevant furnishings and is open to the public. Guided tours are preceded by an introductory video and include a walk through the entire house, together encompassing about 45 to 60 minutes.


Beginning in January 2012, a collaborative operating agreement between the City of Baltimore's Department of Recreation and Parks and the B&O Railroad Museum and B&O Railroad Museum, located approximately one mile northeast of Mount Clare, provides seasonal train rides to and from its "Mount Clare Shops" museum complex for visitors, and has developed tours and exhibits noting the railroad and Civil War heritage emphasis of the mansion site. It is also interesting to note that the soon-to-be-constructed/restored/renovation of the second small passenger station ("Mount Clare Station") to supplement its original, little-known, waterfront first station on West Pratt Street (between South Charles and Light Streets along with an extensive complex of workshops, furnaces, warehouses and foundries to maintain the new growing transportation system a mile to the northeast on the edge of the estate were named the "Mount Clare Shops". The Colonial Dames with their experienced staff, volunteers, docents and historians will be telling the story of the mansion itself and its furnishings/decorations with the colonial lifestyle of both the Carroll family (and several subsequent owners in the 19th Century), their relatives and visitors, with the slaves/servants employed in the house, gardens, and outlying grounds and plantation outside of old Baltimore Town.

[5] After the War, and a period as a "beer garden" (the "Schutzengarten"?) by the

The Mansion left the Carroll Family's ownership in 1840, and the house's flanking hyphen wings were demolished. During the American Civil War, (1861-1865), when Baltimore was occupied beginning in May 1861, by northern state militia and then Regular Army forces which surrounded the city with about a dozen forts, fortifications, camps, trenches, earthen berms, bastions and various other impairments, in addition to many military general hospitals and supply depots, making the city second only to the national capital of Washington, D.C. as the most heavily fortified and defended in the world. Mount Clare was used as a headquarters by Union Army forces who fortified the site and named it "Camp Carroll", as a series of earthen forts surrounding Baltimore, then making it the second most fortified city in the world at that time, next to Washington, D.C, the Nation's Capital.

The soon-to-be-famous foundries, shops, forges and other equipment sheds and shacks would be known as the "B&O Railroad Museum"), in addition to the main temporary one at the southeast corner of West Pratt and South Charles Streets, near the "Basin's" waterfront piers. The "Mount Clare" name which was also attached to the nearby growing neighborhood in the early 19th Century was also home to an increasing complex of foundries, shops, mechanics, industries and businesses supplying equipment, workmen, contractors and businesses, all revolving around the business of "the road". Famous American industrialists, inventors, manufacturers were attracted to the growing industrial capabilities of the area such as Peter Cooper, (1791-1883), of New York who designed the first steam engine locomotives for the railroad when it quickly shifted from the horse-drawn power used during its first four years and Ross Winans, (1796-1877), who further developed locomotives and various other equipment, (followed by his son Thomas Dekoven Winans, with his Russian contracts and work), two of several others who worked with the Company or as contractors and later established their own businesses or foundries nearby. Hundreds of workers with specialized industrial skills, both citizens and recent foreign immigrants worked in southwest Baltimore and lived nearby in the surrounding streets and communities. Other nearby neighborhoods were: "Poppleton", "Union Square", and "East Baltimore", along with the earlier "Pigtown", (also known by the gentrified 1980's as "Washington Village").

By the 1820s, nearby to the east as the street grid of the city began growing and inching closer towards the southwest with its rows and lines of streets and alleys filled with the dense development of small brick rowhouses of various styles. Under the competitive economic pressure to the City and the Washington, D.C. to the western Appalachian Mountains and Cumberland, Maryland caused a long reaction among leading citizens and leaders of the City. The forming by several businessmen and industrialists, after hearing details of the incredible new transportation technology now being used in Great Britain from several of its leading merchants, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, was formed in 1827 which included Charles Carroll of Carrollton, (1737-1832), as one of its directors and the important ceremonial position of setting the "First Stone" for the railroad at the end of the big parade, festivities and ceremonies on "Independence Day", July 4, 1828, near the old house.

[6] After Barrister Charles' death in 1783, his widow made further changes, connecting the outbuildings and adding a greenhouse to the orangery and expanding the laundry, resulting in a complex about 360 feet long. These additions, along with other alterations, were in the more current style of

orangery. In 1768, Charles added the projecting bay and Palladian window that dominate the entry facade today. The kitchen wing was enlarged and an office wing was added for balance, resulting in a symmetrical nine-part elevation.[6] The house was completed about 1767.[5]

This area had originally been near the first selected site by the appointed Town Commissioners for the new "Baltimore Town" on the site to be laid out in 1729. A different location, further northeast on "The Basin", head of the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River was chosen after the landowner John Moale objected to the project on the theory that he had located important iron ore deposits there that he intended to eventually mine and exploit. One hundred and twenty years earlier, during the first explorations and mapping by the famed Captain John Smith, (1580-1631), of the northern Chesapeake Bay, on his 1608 map he had labeled what is now called the "Patapsco River" as "Bolus" river, from the Latin, meaning red soil, usually holding iron mineral deposits.

The first building on the "Mount Clare" property was built by Patapsco River where some wharves and docks existed along with a small iron-making foundry after brother John's death and began construction between 1757 and 1760 (unfortunately mistakenly listed for years on museum brochures and tourist information as 1754).


A circa 1912 stable, once used to house the Baltimore City Department of Recreation and Parks' Park Ranger horses, is restored and now used for classroom space as well as a rental facility for-events and meetings. [5] They have since been converted to a library and a colonial-era kitchen exhibit.[4] but these do not reflect historical construction that were originally on the estate.[5] on either side in 1910 as a concealed public toilets structure,hyphens. The City of Baltimore built Palladian pavilions connected by Palladian window"Mount Clare" features a portico on the front facade with a projecting bay above. The upper bay contains a



  • Description 1
  • History 2
  • Access 3
  • Gallery 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

"Mount Clare" has been maintained by the "The National Society of Colonial Dames in Maryland, the local chapter of The National Society of The Colonial Dames of America" since 1917, after the City of Baltimore, purchased a large portion of the former estate in 1890 as its third large landscaped park.[4] In 1970, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places and designated a National Historic Landmark.

, just a short distance away in 1828. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the richest man in America in his later years, also the layer of the "first stone" of the new Declaration of Independence, (1737-1832), longest living signer of the Charles Carroll of Carrollton and a distant relative of Ireland in Éile, (1723-1783), a descendant of the last Gaelic Lords of Charles Carroll the Barrister plantation beginning in 1763 by barrister Carroll family It was built on a [3]

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