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Movable seating

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Movable seating

Movable seating is a feature of some facilities like stadiums, often known as convertible stadiums, or moduable stadiums. It allows for the movement of parts of the grandstand to allow for a change of the playing surface shape. This allows games that use various shaped playing surfaces such as an oval field, for cricket and/or Australian rules football; or a rectangular field, for football (soccer), rugby league, rugby union, American football, and/or Canadian football; or a diamond field, for baseball; to be played in the same stadium. This is particularly useful in Australia and the United States, where various professional sports with varying field configurations are popular spectator pastimes. The process of conversion from one form to another is time consuming - depending on the stadium it can take from 8[1] to 80[2] hours. Many stadiums were built in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s to host both baseball and American football.

Contents

  • Stadiums with movable seating 1
  • Future stadiums with movable seating 2
  • Proposed stadiums with movable seating 3
  • Former stadiums with movable seating 4
  • References 5

Stadiums with movable seating

ANZ Stadium showing a configuration of seating in progress.

Future stadiums with movable seating

  • Arena 92, currently under construction in another Paris suburb, Nanterre, as the new home of the Racing 92 rugby union club, will feature a movable seating block similar to that of Saitama Super Arena, allowing it to accommodate field or court sports. The stadium, scheduled to open in late 2016, was initially selected as a venue for the 2017 World Men's Handball Championship, using its arena-style configuration, but organizers later decided not to use the venue.
  • Atlanta Falcons and the new Major League Soccer team Atlanta United, will have retractable lower-bowl seats along the sidelines. This will allow an appropriate playing area for soccer, whose regulation field is nearly 20 meters wider than that of American football.
  • U.S. Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, home of the Minnesota Vikings (National Football League), currently under construction, is scheduled to open in 2016. The stadium is purposed for football but will be able to convert to baseball for the University of Minnesota men's baseball team. The stadium is also scheduled to host basketball and professional wrestling events.

Proposed stadiums with movable seating

Former stadiums with movable seating

  • Shea Stadium in New York was built to function as both a football and baseball stadium. The New York Mets called Shea Stadium home from 1964 until 2008. The New York Jets played there from 1964 until 1983. Field level seats were arranged in two crescent shaped sections that could be moved on below-ground rails. In the football configuration these sections faced each other from opposite sides of the playing field. For baseball, the sections were rotated so that they would come close to meeting in the territory behind home plate. One section would be along the first base side foul line while the other was on the third base side. One consequence of the movable sections was that in the baseball configuration the seats were a larger distance from the foul lines than in most baseball-only parks. The seats also directly faced the foul line regardless of where they were located. Fans seated beyond first or third base would have to turn to face the infield. Another problem was that moving the seats damaged the grass playing surface. Late season Mets games often had sections of dead grass in the corners of the outfield from when the seats were moved for Jets games. [7] After the Jets moved to Giants Stadium in New Jersey following the 1983 NFL season, the seats were left in the baseball configuration. Seats were later added along the baselines, reducing the size of foul territory.
  • Candlestick Park (aka 3Com Park from 1995 until 2003) in San Francisco was opened in 1960 as a baseball-only stadium for the San Francisco Giants. In 1971 the San Francisco 49ers football team moved in, which required the stadium to be significantly expanded and altered which resulted in a shape like few other stadiums in the world. The Giants moved to AT&T Park after the 2000 season, and the stadium remained in its football configuration for the rest of its life. The 49ers moved to Levi's Stadium after the 2013 season, and demolition of Candlestick Park began in February 2015.

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^ skyscrapercity.com - Olympic Stadium
  5. ^
  6. ^ http://www.canberratimes.com.au/news/local/sport/general/barr-prefers-one-super-stadium/1824401.aspx
  7. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/page2/story?page=lukas/080926
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