World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Muggles (recording)

Article Id: WHEBN0002191577
Reproduction Date:

Title: Muggles (recording)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Louis Armstrong, Muggle (disambiguation), 1928 compositions, Mezz Mezzrow, Earl Hines
Collection: 1928 Compositions, Louis Armstrong Songs, Songs About Cannabis
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Muggles (recording)

Muggles by Louis Armstrong

"Muggles" is the title of a recording by Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra,.

Development

It was recorded in Chicago on December 7, 1928. The title refers to the use of the word "muggles" as a slang term for marijuana amongst jazz musicians of the 1920s and 1930s. Armstrong was an enthusiastic user of marijuana, which was legal in most American states at the time.

The personnel of this recording were, in addition to Armstrong on trumpet, Fred Robinson, trombone; Jimmy Strong, clarinet; Earl Hines, piano; Mancy Carr (not "Cara" as his name has often been misspelled) on banjo, and Zutty Singleton on drums.

"Muggles" is in the 12-bar blues form. It starts out with some rather modernistic Hines piano work for the time with Singleton playing sensitively on the brushes. Robinson then takes a gutsy lead without breaking the mood, followed by a chorus by Strong showing the influence of Jimmie Noone. The rest of the band then stops for 2 measures while Armstrong starts a chorus on an adventuresome break subtly playing with the rhythm. The horns then play chords behind Armstrong's excellent 2 choruses of solo. The rhythm gently suggests double-time on the first chorus, giving a sense of acceleration without actually speeding up the tempo, then returns to the dreamy feel of the tune's beginning for the final chorus, with Hines creating fills behind Armstrong.

This was the only side issued from the recording session that day. It is one of the last four sides Armstrong made before moving to New York City where, while he remained magnificent, especially without Hines (who had been his musical director in Chicago), the bands backing him up were often less interesting, and he switched from recording original compositions to covering popular songs.

"Muggles" is regarded } {Documentation}


[]-->}} as one of Armstrong's masterpieces. It was originally issued on Okeh 8703, a 78 RPM disc in Okeh's race record series. The recording has been reissued numerous times, and is available on compact disc. "Muggles" has been covered by later jazz musicians, including Nicholas Payton.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.