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Mulayam Singh Yadav

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Mulayam Singh Yadav

Mulayam Singh Yadav
Chairman of the Samajwadi Party
Assumed office
1992
Preceded by Post established
Member of Lok Sabha
In office
2009 – incumbent
Preceded by Dharmendra Yadav
Constituency Mainpuri
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
29 August 2003 – 11 May 2007
Preceded by Mayawati
Succeeded by Mayawati
In office
5 December 1993 – 3 June 1995
Preceded by President's Rule (Administered by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh)
Succeeded by Mayawati
In office
5 December 1989 – 24 January 1991
Preceded by Narayan Dutt Tiwari
Succeeded by Kalyan Singh
Minister of Defence
In office
1 June 1996 – 19 March 1998
Prime Minister H. D. Deve Gowda, I. K. Gujral
Preceded by Pramod Mahajan
Succeeded by George Fernandes
Personal details
Born (1939-11-22) 22 November 1939
Village Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
Political party Samajwadi Party
Spouse(s) (1) Malti Devi, (2) Sadhana Gupta
Relations Ram Gopal Yadav (brother), Ratan Singh Yadav (brother), Abhay Ram Singh Yadav (brother), Rajpal Singh Yadav (brother), Shivpal Singh Yadav (brother), Kamla Devi Yadav (sister)
Children Akhilesh Yadav
Prateek Yadav
Residence Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh
Website Profile

Mulayam Singh Yadav (born 22 November 1939) is an Indian politician who belongs to the Samajwadi Party from Uttar Pradesh. He served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 1989 to 1991, from 1993 to 1995, and from 2003 to 2007. He also served as the Minister of Defence of India from 1996 to 1998 in the United Front government. Currently, he serves in the Lok Sabha representing Azamgarh.[1]

Contents

  • Personal life 1
  • Political career 2
    • First term as chief minister 2.1
    • Second term as chief minister 2.2
    • As union cabinet minister 2.3
    • Third term as chief minister 2.4
    • 2014 Indian General Election 2.5
  • Political views 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

Personal life

Mulayam Singh Yadav was born to Murti Devi Yadav and Sughar Singh Yadav on 22 November 1939 in the village of Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh, India.[2]

He has gained several degrees — a B.A., B.T., and an M.A. in political science — from K. K. College in Etawah, A. K. College in Shikohabad, and B. R. College, Agra University respectively.[2]

Yadav has married twice. His first wife was Malti Devi, whose son is Akhilesh Yadav (born 1973), the current Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.[3] Malti Devi died in May 2003.[4] Yadav's second wife is Sadhna Yadav, with whom he has a son named Prateek Yadav (born 1988).[5][6] Prateek manages land holdings of the Yadav family.[6] Mulayam's second wife was not well-known until February 2007, when the relationship was admitted in India's Supreme Court.[7]

Political career

Yadav was first elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh in 1967. Yadav served eight terms there. He first became a state minister in 1977. Later, in 1980, he became the president of the Lok Dal (People's Party) in Uttar Pradesh which became a part of the Janata Dal (People's Party) afterwards. In 1982, he was elected leader of the opposition in the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Council and held that post until 1985.[2]

First term as chief minister

Yadav first became Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1989.[2]

After the collapse of the V P Singh government at the centre in November 1990, Yadav joined Chandra Shekhar's Janata Dal (Socialist) party and continued in office as chief minister with the support of the Congress Party. His government fell when the Congress withdrew support to his government in April 1991 in reaction to the aftermath of developments at the centre, wherein the Congress party withdrew support to Chandra Shekhar's government. Mid-term elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly were held in mid-1991, in which Mulayam Singh's party lost power to the BJP.

Second term as chief minister

In 1992, Yadav founded his own Samajwadi Party (Socialist Party).[2] In 1993, he allied with the Bahujan Samaj Party for the elections to Uttar Pradesh assembly due to be held in November 1993. The alliance between Samajwadi Party and Bahujan Samaj Party prevented the return of BJP to power in the state. Yadav became chief minister[2] of Uttar Pradesh with the support of Congress and Janata Dal. His stand on movement for demanding separate statehood for Uttarakhand was as much controversial as his stand on Ayodhya movement in 1990 was. There was a firing on Uttarakhand activists at Muzaffarnagar on 2 October 1994, something for which Uttarakhand activists held him responsible. He continued holding that post until his ally opted into another alliance in June 1995.

As union cabinet minister

In 1996, Yadav was elected to the eleventh Lok Sabha from Mainpuri constituency.[2] In the United Front coalition government formed that year, his party joined and he was named India's Defence Minister.[2] That government fell in 1998 as India went in for fresh elections, but he returned to the Lok Sabha that year[2] from Sambhal parliamentary constituency. After the fall of Atal Bihari Vajpayee government at the center in April 1999, he did not support the Congress party in the formation of the government at the Centre. He contested Lok Sabha elections of 1999 from two seats, Sambhal and Kannauj, and won from both. He resigned from Kannauj seat for his son Akhilesh in the by-elections.

Third term as chief minister

In 2002, following a fluid post-election situation in Uttar Pradesh, the Bharatiya Janata Party and Bahujan Samaj Party joined to form a government under dalit leader Mayawati, considered to be Mulayam's greatest rival in UP. After a one-and-a-half year stint, the BJP pulled out of the government on 25 August 2003, and enough rebel legislators of the Bahujan Samaj Party left to allow Mulayam to become the Chief Minister, with the support of independents and small parties. Mulayam Singh Yadav was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time in September 2003.[2] It is widely believed that this change was done with the blessings of the BJP, which was also ruling at the Centre then.

In September 2003, when Yadav was sworn in as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, Yadav was a member of the Lok Sabha. In order to meet the constitutional requirement of becoming the member of state legislature within 6 months of being sworn in, Yadav contested the assembly by-election from Gunnaur assembly seat in January 2003-04. Yadav won by a record margin and polled almost 92% of the total votes. Yadav's victory margin of 183,899 votes is the highest margin of victory in assembly elections so far.

With the hope of playing a major role at the center, Yadav contested Lok Sabha elections of 2004 from Mainpuri when Yadav was the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. Yadav won the seat and his party, Samajwadi Party won more seats in Uttar Pradesh than all other parties. However the Congress party, which formed the coalition government at the center after the elections had majority in the Lok Sabha with the support of the communist parties. As a result, Yadav could not play any significant role at the center, Yadav resigned from the Lok Sabha and chose to continue as chief minister of Uttar Pradesh until he lost 2007 election when he lost to BSP.

2014 Indian General Election

Yadav and other members of the SP were criticised for conducting a festival during a crisis following riots in Muzzafarnagar, Uttar Pradesh.[8] He and his party formed a pre-poll alliance for the 2014 Indian General Election that involved ten other parties.[9] He was elected as a member of the 16th Lok Sabha in those elections from two constituencies - Azamgarh and Mainpuri - and subsequently resigned the latter seat.[10][11]

The only other successful SP candidates in the election were relatives of Yadav: his daughter-in-law, Dimple Yadav, and his nephews Dharmendra Yadav, Akshay Yadav and Tej Pratap Singh Yadav.[12]

Political views

The crime of rape became a capital offence in India following the 2012 Delhi gang rape incident. Yadav has opposed this change in the law, saying that "Boys will be boys. Boys commit mistakes".[13] In response to another notable rape case and Yadav's comments, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said “We say no to the dismissive, destructive attitude of, 'Boys will be boys'".[14] On 19 August 2015, Yadav remarked that gang-rapes are impractical and rape-victims in those cases tend to lie.[15] He was summonsed by the judicial magistrate of Kulpahar court in Uttar Pradesh for that remark.[16]

During the 2014 Lok Sabha election campaign, Yadav vowed to abolish use of the English language, computers and mechanised farming. He said that such technology creates unemployment.[17]

  • CJM Som Prabha Mishra ,Lucknow ,UP ordered to police to lodge F I R against Mulayam Singh Yadav ( chief of Samajwadi Party ) under section 156(3) of CRPC.[18]

References

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  18. ^ http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/lucknow-city-12896278.html

Further reading

External links

  • Profile on Samajwadi Party website
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Leader of the Samajwadi Party in the 16th Lok Sabha
2014–present
Incumbent
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