World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Municipalities of Spain

Article Id: WHEBN0008767500
Reproduction Date:

Title: Municipalities of Spain  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lleida, Aldea del Fresno, Algemesí, Anchuelo, Arroyomolinos, Madrid
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Municipalities of Spain

Municipality
Category Municipality
Location Spain
Found in Province, comarca or commonwealth
Government Municipal council

The municipalities of Spain (Spanish: municipios, IPA: ; sing. municipio)[note 1] are the basic level of Spanish local government.

Organisation

Each municipality forms part of a province which in turn forms part or the whole of an autonomous community (17 in total plus Ceuta and Melilla): some autonomous communities have additional second level subdivisions, such as comarcas (districts) or mancomunidades (commonwealths). There are a total of 8,118 municipalities in Spain, including the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla.[1]

The average population of a municipality is about 5,300, but this figure masks a huge range: the most populous Spanish municipality is the city of Madrid, with a population of 3,255,944 (2009) , while several rural municipalities have fewer than ten inhabitants (Villarroya, La Rioja, had a population of 10 in 2009). The area of the municipal territory (Spanish: término municipal) usually ranges 2-40 km², but municipalities such as Tremp (Lleida) cover more than 300 km².

The organisation of the municipalities is governed by a 2 April 1985 law, completed by the 18 April 1986 royal decree. The Statutes of Autonomy of the various autonomous communities also contain provisions concerning the relations between the municipalities and the autonomous governments. In general, municipalities enjoy a large degree of autonomy in their local affairs: many of the functions of the comarcas and provinces are actually municipal powers pooled together.

Each municipality is a corporation with independent legal personality: its governing body is called the ayuntamiento (municipal council or corporation), a term often also used to refer to the municipal offices (city and town halls). The ayuntamiento is composed of the mayor (Spanish: alcalde), the deputy mayors (Spanish: tenientes de alcalde) and the plenary assembly (pleno) of councillors (concejales).

The mayor and the deputy mayors are elected by the plenary assembly, which is itself elected by universal suffrage on a list system every four years. The plenary assembly must meet publicly at least every three months at the seat of the ayuntamiento. Many ayuntamientos also have a governing commission (comisión de gobierno), named by the mayor from among the councillors; it is required for municipalities of more than 5,000 inhabitants. The governing commission, whose role is to assist the mayor between meetings of the plenary assembly, may not include more than one third of the councillors.

Translation of terms

Spain's cities and main towns.
English Spanish Catalan /
Valencian
Galician Basque
Municipality Municipio Municipi Concello or Municipio Udalerria
Municipal
council
Ayuntamiento Ajuntament or Casa de la vila Concello Udala
Mayor Alcalde Alcalde or Batlle Alcalde Alkatea
Deputy Mayor Teniente de alcalde Tinent d'alcalde Tenente de alcalde Alkateordea
Governing
commission
Comisión de gobierno Comissió de govern Comisión de goberno Gobernu batzordea
Plenary
assembly
Pleno Ple Pleno Osoko bilkura
Councillor Concejal Regidor Concelleiro Zinegotzia

See also

General:

Notes

  1. ^ In other languages of Spain:

References

  1. ^ INE.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.