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Title: Noekeon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: BaseKing, Cobra ciphers, Xor-encrypt-xor, Lai-Massey scheme, BEAR and LION ciphers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Designers Joan Daemen,
Michaël Peeters,
Gilles Van Assche,
Vincent Rijmen
First published 2000-09
Derived from 3-Way, BaseKing
Cipher detail
Key sizes 128 bits
Block sizes 128 bits
Rounds 16

NOEKEON is a family of two block ciphers designed by Joan Daemen, Michaël Peeters, Gilles Van Assche and Vincent Rijmen and submitted to the NESSIE project in September 2000. The two ciphers are "direct mode" NOEKEON, to be used for maximum efficiency where related-key attacks are not possible, and "indirect mode" NOEKEON where they are.

NOEKEON has a 128-bit block and key size. Each round of NOEKEON employs a sequence of self-inverse transformations which can be implemented easily in hardware or software, even where differential power analysis is a concern. It is designed according to a variant of the wide-trail strategy.

Cryptanalysis by Lars Knudsen and Håvard Raddum in April 2001 showed that "indirect mode" NOEKEON was still vulnerable to certain peculiar kinds of related-key cryptanalysis, and showed weaknesses in NOEKEON-variant ciphers which cast doubt on the design strategy behind NOEKEON and thus on its security. As a result it was not a NESSIE selected algorithm.

The authors of NOEKEON contend ("On NOEKEON, no!") that the related-key attacks required to break "indirect mode" NOEKEON are not a practical concern, and that it is as a result of deliberate design that NOEKEON is not vulnerable to the attacks that break the variant ciphers; they assert that NOEKEON is still a good and useful cipher.

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