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Nagara (drum)

Nagara, s. XX, Odisha (India), in Museu de la Música de Barcelona
Other names Naghara, Doli, Koltuk Davulu, Dhol, Baraban
Classification Percussion instrument
Playing range
Rope tensioned

The nagara (Caucasus regions. It has different names, according to the territory in which it is played. This membranophone is different from the dhol and nagara of India.


  • Nagara in Azerbaijan 1
  • Nagara in Turkey 2
  • Doli in Georgia 3
  • Dhol in Armenia 4
  • Baraban 5
  • Jergh 6
  • Gallery 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

Nagara in Azerbaijan

There is a proverb in the Azerbaijani language that says "toy-dan-sora-naghara!" This literally means after the wedding ceremonies naghara![2]

This instrument helped the doctors to deal with bad Book of Dede Korkut) (The Book of my Grandfather). Instruments resembling the Naghara were also well known in ancient Egypt.[3]

Thus, according to the rich scientific and musical heritage of this instrument in Azerbaijan, it seems that not only did they listen to music for enjoyment and entertainment, but they perceived music as a potent force in the prevention and treatment of various diseases.

Nagara in Turkey

The nağara (also called koltuk davulu) is a Turkish folk drum or percussion instrument. It is placed under the arm and beaten with the hands. It is longer compared to the regular drums and its diameter is smaller.

Doli in Georgia

The doli is played across Caucasus. The body consists of a hollow wooden cylinder covered with leather tightly attached to it with iron rings. It is played by palms and fingers, under or over the arm, while sitting or dancing. It is struck in the center to get the forte effect and at the edges to get a piano effect. The doli’s height and diameter of the body and head is about 3 to 1. It is mostly men who play the doli. In performance, the doli creates the rhythm of the dance. The doli is often combined with other regional instruments including the chonguri, the chiboni, the salamuri, the buzika and the duduki.

Dhol in Armenia

The dhol is a common folk instrument played in modern day Armenia, as well as historically throughout Armenian history. The dhol may be played with sticks, mallets, or with the palms of the hands and the fingers. Once used during military campaigns, the dhol is now played in folkloric trios (the duduk and zurna complementing the dhol) and orchestra.

The Armenian Highlands have been home to Armenians for thousands of years, so it is believed that either the Armenian merchants from Silk Road brought the instrument from India, or vis-versa.


In Circassia and Dagestan, this type of cylindrical folk drum (with two skin heads) is called the baraban. It is different from the baraban (drum) of mainland Russia, which is played with sticks. See also Circassian Music.


In Chechnya there is a double-headed drum named jergh or watt.


See also


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b

External links

  • page for the Naghara at nasehpour website
  • Youtube Video - Baraban from Circassia
  • Youtube Video - Baraban from Dagestan
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