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Nalewka

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Title: Nalewka  
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Subject: Liqueur, Lithuanian cuisine, Vodka, Polish liqueurs, Polish vodkas
Collection: Polish Cuisine, Polish Liqueurs, Polish Vodkas
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Nalewka

A variety of nalewkas in various stages of preparation

Nalewka (IPA: ) is a traditional Polish category of alcoholic beverage.[1] Similar to medicinal tinctures,[2] it is usually 40 to 45% strong (though some can be as strong as 75%),[3] and is made by maceration of various ingredients in alcohol, usually vodka or neutral spirits. Among the ingredients often used are fruits, herbs, spice, sugar or molasses.[2] The name nalewka is currently being registered for national appellation within the European Union.[2][4] Unlike ordinary liqueurs, nalewkas are usually aged.[4][5] Taste-wise, it is similar to apple and fruit-flavored brandies such as calvados or eau-de-vie (or Canadian maple syrup-infused whiskey), but is much sweeter, almost liqueur-like.

The name is also misleadingly used for a variety of alcoholic cocktails sold in Poland, usually of low quality and low content of alcohol. It could also be confused with its false friend cognate, nalivka (Russian, Ukrainian: наливка), popular in Ukraine at least since the 17th century and in Russia at least since the 19th century.[6][7][8] While the Polish nalewka is an infusion, i.e., made by infusing the berry/herb/fruit flavour into hard liquor, the Ukrainian/Russian nalivkas are made by filling the jar with berries, sugar and water, sealing it, and letting the content ferment for about 6 months. Thus, the Ukrainian/Russian nalivkas are much weaker (usually containing not more than 18–20% of alcohol),[9] sweeter and have a more concentrated berry aroma.[10] The proper name for a Russian analogue of a Polish nalewka would be nastoika, infusion. (Russian: настойка, Ukrainian: настоянка, literally, tincture).[11] Large well-stocked Russian bars feature hundreds of such nastoikas, made by infusing various herbs (e.g., tarragon), vegetables (e.g., pepper, horseradish), fruits (e.g., lemon) and berries (e.g., cranberry) into vodka. For example, Stolichnaya exports 15 various nastoikas.

Contents

  • Ingredients 1
  • Notes 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Ingredients

The colour of coffee-based nalewka after three years of aging, half of that time in a wooden barrel

Most nalewkas have their proper name derived either from their main ingredient or from the name of their traditional place of production. The recipes for nalewkas were at times kept secret by some of the szlachta families, and they were only given to the senior children upon the death of the father.[2] Common ingredients of nalewkas are fruits, herbs, spices, coffee, honey, sugar, and molasses. Some examples of ingredients:

Notes

1.^ Technically some varieties of gin are also nalewkas.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b c d Jan Rogala (2003). Nalewki zdrowotne, czyli 102 przepisy na alkohol który wspomaga organizm (in Polski). Warsaw, Baobab. p. 108.  
  3. ^ a b Grzegorz Russak. "Nalewki staropolskie – chluba przeszłości, nadzieja przyszłości". Polonia.org (in Polski).  
  4. ^ a b Zdzisław T. Nowicki (2002). Domowe piwa, cydry, wina, nalewki, likiery i kremy (in Polski). Gdynia, Galion. p. 324.  
  5. ^ Jan Makosiński (1911). Przepisy do przyrządzania wódek, rozolisów, rumów, araków, likierów, cognaców, esencyi ponczowych, krupników i grogu (in Polski). Kraków-Kielce, Avis. p. 43. 
  6. ^ Наливки на водке и без нее http://www.ermak.su/vodka/nalivki.htm
  7. ^ John Frederick Erdmann (1825). "Manners and Customs of the Russians in the Government of Kasan". The cabinet of foreign voyages and travels. London: Treuttel & Würtz. p. 81. 
  8. ^ "Наливка".  
  9. ^ "Наливка".  
  10. ^ "Наливка". Российский гуманитарный энциклопедический словарь (in Русский) 2 (I ed.). St. Petersburg: Гуманитарный издательский центр ВЛАДОС. 2002.  
  11. ^ "Настойка". Малый Академический Словарь русского языка (in Русский) 2 (IV ed.). Moscow:  

External links

  • Nalewka Tarninówka
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