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Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish

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Title: Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Languages of Finland, Toponyms of Finland
Collection: Languages of Finland, Place Names by Language, Populated Places in Finland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish

Two names for the same city on a Finnish road sign.

Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish. Many places in the country have different names in Finnish and Swedish, both being official endonyms.


  • Regions 1
  • Municipalities 2
  • Districts in cities and towns 3
    • Helsinki 3.1
  • See also 4


English name
(often the same
as the Finnish
Finnish name Swedish name
Central Finland Keski-Suomi Mellersta Finland
Central Ostrobothnia Keski-Pohjanmaa Mellersta Österbotten
Kainuu Kainuu Kajanaland
Kymenlaakso Kymenlaakso Kymmenedalen
Lapland Lappi Lappland
North Karelia Pohjois-Karjala Norra Karelen
Northern Ostrobothnia Pohjois-Pohjanmaa Norra Österbotten
Northern Savonia Pohjois-Savo Norra Savolax
Ostrobothnia Pohjanmaa Österbotten
Päijänne Tavastia Päijät-Häme Päijänne-Tavastland
Pirkanmaa Pirkanmaa Birkaland
Satakunta Satakunta Satakunta
South Karelia Etelä-Karjala Södra Karelen
Southern Ostrobothnia Etelä-Pohjanmaa Södra Österbotten
Southern Savonia Etelä-Savo Södra Savolax
Southwest Finland Varsinais-Suomi Egentliga Finland
Tavastia Proper Kanta-Häme Egentliga Tavastland
Uusimaa Uusimaa Nyland
Åland Islands Ahvenanmaa Åland


Some Finnish municipalities with endonyms in both Finnish and Swedish, the majority language of the municipality stands first:

Districts in cities and towns


See also

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