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Nap Lajoie

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Nap Lajoie

Nap Lajoie
Second baseman / Manager
Born: (1874-09-05)September 5, 1874
Woonsocket, Rhode Island
Died: February 7, 1959(1959-02-07) (aged 84)
Daytona Beach, Florida
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
August 12, 1896, for the Philadelphia Phillies
Last MLB appearance
August 26, 1916, for the Philadelphia Athletics
MLB statistics
Batting average .339
Hits 3,252
Home runs 82
Runs batted in 1,599
Games managed 700
Win–loss record 377–309
Winning % .550

As player

As manager

Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Inducted 1937
Vote 83.58% (second ballot)

Napoléon "Nap" Lajoie (; September 5, 1874 – February 7, 1959), also known as Larry Lajoie and nicknamed "The Frenchman", was an American professional baseball second baseman and player-manager. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Philadelphia Phillies, Philadelphia Athletics (twice), and Cleveland Naps between 1896 and 1916. He managed the Naps from 1905 through 1909.

Lajoie was signed to the National Leagues's (NL) Phillies in 1896. By the beginning of the twentieth century, however, the upstart American League (AL) was looking to rival the supremacy of the NL and in 1901, Lajoie and dozens of former National League players joined the American League. National League clubs contested the legality of contracts signed by players who jumped to the other league but eventually, Lajoie was allowed to play for Connie Mack's Athletics. During the season, Lajoie set the all-time American League single-season mark for the highest batting average (.426).[1][2][3]:p.76[4]:p.88 One year later, Lajoie went to the Cleveland Bronchos where he would play until the 1915 season when he returned to play for Mack and the Athletics. While with Cleveland, Lajoie's popularity led to locals electing to change the club's team name from Bronchos to Napoleons ("Naps" for short), which remained until after Lajoie departed Cleveland and the name was changed to Indians (the team's present-day name).

Lajoie led the AL in batting average five times in his career and four times recorded the most number of hits. During several of those years with the Naps he and Ty Cobb dominated AL hitting categories and traded batting titles with each other, most notably coming in 1910, when the league's batting champion was not decided until well after the last game of the season and after an investigation by American League President Ban Johnson. Lajoie in 1914 joined Cap Anson and Honus Wagner as the only major league players to record 3,000 career hits. He led the NL or AL in putouts five times in his career and assists three times. He has been called "the best second baseman in the history of baseball" and "the most outstanding player to wear a Cleveland uniform."[5]:p.207[6] Cy Young said, "Lajoie was one of the most rugged players I ever faced. He'd take your leg off with a line drive, turn the third baseman around like a swinging door and powder the hand of the left fielder."[4]:p.86 He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937.


  • Early life 1
  • Major league career 2
    • Philadelphia Phillies and Athletics 2.1
    • Cleveland Bronchos/Naps 2.2
    • Philadelphia Athletics 2.3
    • Minor leagues and retirement 2.4
  • Rivalry with Ty Cobb 3
  • Legacy 4
  • Footnotes 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Early life

Lajoie was born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island, to Jean Baptiste and Celina Guertin Lajoie. The elder Lajoie was French Canadian and had emigrated to the United States. Upon arrival to the U.S. he first settled in Rutland, Vermont, but then moved to Woonsocket, where Lajoie, the youngest of eight surviving children, was born.[7] Throughout his childhood Lajoie received little formal education.[8]

The elder Lajoie, who worked as a teamster and laborer, died not long into the younger Lajoie's childhood, which forced him and his siblings to work to support the family.[9]:p.39 Lajoie dropped out of school to work in a textile mill. He also began playing semi-professional baseball for the local Woonsocket team under the alias "Sandy", because his parents did not approve of their son playing baseball. He earned money as a taxi driver with a horse and buggy and locally was called "Slugging Cabby."[4]:p.88[9]:p.40 "When I told my father I had decided to take the job he was very angry. He shouted that ball players were bums and that nobody respected them, but I was determined to give it a try at least one season," Lajoie later said.[10] He also received the nickname "Larry" from a teammate who had trouble pronouncing Lajoie.[10] Lajoie admired baseball players such as King Kelly and Charles Radbourn.[11]:p.179

When word of Lajoie's baseball ability spread, he began to play for other semi-professional teams at $2 to $5 per game ($57 to $142 in current dollar terms). Meanwhile, Lajoie worked as a teamster.[7] He left Woonsocket and his $7.50 ($213 in current dollar terms) working as a taxi driver and joined the Class B New England League's Fall River Indians in 1896 played as a center fielder, first baseman and catcher where he earned $25 weekly ($709 in current dollar terms).[9]:p.40[12]:p.19 He recorded 163 hits in 80 games, and led the team in batting average, doubles, triples, home runs and hits.[13] Lajoie was "widely regarded as an outstanding prospect" and Indians owner Charlie Marston rejected an offer from the Pittsburgh Pirates for Lajoie in exchange for $500 ($14,174 in current dollar terms). He was also scouted by the Philadelphia Phillies and Boston Beaneaters.[12]:p.19

Major league career

Philadelphia Phillies and Athletics

The Philadelphia Phillies of the MLB's National League (NL) purchased Lajoie and teammate Phil Geier from Fall River for $1,500 ($42,522 in current dollar terms) on August 9. Phillies' manager Billy Nash originally went to Fall River intending to sign Geier only but obtained Lajoie when the team agreed to include him in their asking price.[14][15]:p.55 Author David Jordan wrote:

"A legend later grew up that Geier was the main target of Nash's pursuit and that Marston 'threw in' Lajoie in order to get the Phillies to pay the $1,500 asking price. This is hardly likely. While Geier was considered a good prospect, Lajoie was banging the ball at a .429 clip in his first professional season, was a fine fielder, and had already been sought by several big league clubs. Nap Lajoie clearly represented a financial asset to Marston, who did not give him away. The price the Phillies paid was a substantial sum for two minor leaguers in 1896."[12]:p.19

Against the second base, commenting that "[Lajoie would] have made good no matter where I positioned him."[7]

Lajoie hit .363 and led the NL in slugging percentage in 1897 and doubles and RBIs in 1898.[12]:p.20[16][17] He had a .378 batting average in 1899, though he played only 77 games due to an injury.[1] In 1900, he missed five weeks due to a broken thumb suffered in a fistfight with teammate Elmer Flick.[7][18]

John Rogers, described as a "penny-pinching" majority owner of the Phillies, assured Lajoie that he would make the same salary as Delahanty.[19] However, Lajoie discovered that while he was earning $2,600 ($73,705 in current dollar terms), Delahanty earned $3,000 ($85,044 in current dollar terms) (contracts for NL players were not allowed to surpass $2,400).[4]:p.88[20]:p.16 Rogers increased Lajoie's pay by $200 but the damage had already been done. "Because I felt I had been cheated, I was determined to listen to any reasonable American League offer," Lajoie said.[21]:p.96

In 1901, the newly created American League had attracted several of the top players in the competing National League to join its ranks. Rogers declined Lajoie’s request for an increase in salary and as a result, Lajoie jumped to the crosstown

  • Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors)
  • Nap Lajoie at the Baseball Hall of Fame
  • Nap Lajoie at Find a Grave

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Nap Lajoie Statistics and History".  
  2. ^ a b c "Nap Lajoie Breaks Arm In Fall".  
  3. ^ a b c Cressman, Mark (2008). The A-to-Z History of Base Ball. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris Corporation.  
  4. ^ a b c d e f Rains, Rob (2004). Rawlings Presents Big Stix: The Greatest Hitters in the History of the Major Leagues. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing.  
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Schneider, Russell (2004). Peter L. Bannon, Joseph J. Bannon, Sr. and Susan M. Moyer, eds. The Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia (Third ed.). Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing.  
  6. ^ Corcoran, Cliff (July 22, 2011). "Where does Alomar rank among game's best second basemen?".  
  7. ^ a b c d e f Nap Lajoie at the SABR Bio Project, by David Jones and Stephen Constantelos, retrieved September 11, 2012
  8. ^ Gietshchier, Steven P. (2000). Kirsch, George B.; Harris, Othello; Nolte, Claire E., eds. Encyclopedia of Ethnicity and Sports in the United States. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 280.  
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h Fingers, Rollie; Ritter, Yellowstone (2010). The Rollie Fingers Baseball Bible: Lists and Lore, Stories and Stats. Covington, KY: Clerisy Press.  
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Napoleon Lajoie, Indians great".  
  11. ^ a b c Kalb, Elliot (2005). Who's Better, Who's Best in Baseball?. New York, NY: Mc-Graw Hill.  
  12. ^ a b c d e Jordan, David M. (2002). Occasional Glory: The History of the Philadelphia Phillies. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.  
  13. ^ "1896 Fall River Indians Statistics".  
  14. ^ a b c "Nap Lajoie Out to Make Baseball History; Frenchman One of the Most Popular Players in Game".  
  15. ^ a b c Fleitz, David L. (2001). Shoeless: The Life and Times of Joe Jackson. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.  
  16. ^ "1897 National League Batting Leaders".  
  17. ^ "1898 National League Batting Leaders".  
  18. ^ Maroon, Thomas; Maroon, Margaret; Holbert, Craig (2007). Akron-Canton Baseball Heritage. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 17. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  19. ^ Adler, Richard (2008). Mack, McGraw, and the 1913 Baseball Season. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 11.  
  20. ^ a b Jordan, David M. (1999). The Athletics of Philadelphia: Connie Mack's White Elephants, 1901-1954. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.  
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h McMane, Fred (2000). The 3,000-Hit Club. Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing.  
  22. ^ a b c d Anderson, David W. (2000). More than Merkle: A History of the Best and Most Exciting Season in Human History. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press.  
  23. ^ "Nap Lajoie Was the Leader".  
  24. ^ a b Taylor, Ted (2010). The Ultimate Philadelphia Athletics Record Book 1901-1954. Bloomington, IN: Xlibris.  
  25. ^ Kelly, Robert E. (2009). Baseball's Offensive Greats of the Deadball Era: Best Producers Rated by Position, 1901-1919. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 74.  
  26. ^ "Blow To American League".  
  27. ^ "Baseball Players Enjoined".  
  28. ^ "American League Celebrates 75th Year".  
  29. ^ "1902 Cleveland Bronchos Batting, Pitching & Fielding Statistics".  
  30. ^ "Pneumonia Relapse Fatal to Original Hall-of-Famer".  
  31. ^ a b c d e f Cook, William A. (2008). August "Garry" Herrmann: A Baseball Biography. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.  
  32. ^ "Other Outlaw Clubs Wanted Nap Lajoie".  
  33. ^ "1902 Cleveland Bronchos Schedule, Box Scores and Splits".  
  34. ^ "1902 American League Season Summary".  
  35. ^ a b c d "Cleveland Indians Team History & Encyclopedia".  
  36. ^ "1902 American League Batting Leaders".  
  37. ^ "Nap Lajoie Declares He Will Stay With Cleveland".  
  38. ^ "1903 American League Batting Leaders".  
  39. ^ a b c d Lewis, Franklin A. (2006). The Cleveland Indians. Kent, OH: The Kent State University Press.  
  40. ^ a b Humphreys, Michael A. (2011). Wizardry: Baseball's All-Time Greatest Fielders Revealed. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.  
  41. ^ a b James, Bill (2003). The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract. New York, NY: Free Press.  
  42. ^ "1906 American League Season Summary".  
  43. ^ "1906 American League Batting Leaders".  
  44. ^ "Nap Lajoie Is Falling Down".  
  45. ^ "1908 American League Batting Leaders".  
  46. ^ "1909 American League Batting Leaders".  
  47. ^ "1910 American League Season Summary".  
  48. ^ a b "1910 American League Batting Leaders".  
  49. ^ "Stars Absent From Game". The Troy Northern Budget. October 1, 1911. p. 13. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  50. ^ "Nap Lajoie Will Be Out For Six Weeks".  
  51. ^ "1912 American League Batting Leaders".  
  52. ^ Goodman, Rebecca; Brunsman, Barrett J. (2005). This Day in Ohio History. Cincinnati, OH: Emmis Books. p. 293.  
  53. ^ "Cleveland Indians Team History & Encyclopedia".  
  54. ^ "1915 Philadelphia Athletics Batting, Pitching & Fielding Statistics".  
  55. ^ "1916 Philadelphia Athletics Batting, Pitching & Fielding Statistics".  
  56. ^ "Oakland Athletics Team History & Encyclopedia".  
  57. ^ a b Barzilla, Scott (2002). Checks and Imbalances: Competitive Disparity in Major League Baseball. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company.  
  58. ^ "Nap Lajoie Will Wield Bat Under Banner of Colonel Ebbets This Year".  
  59. ^ "Nap Lajoie Is Declared Free".  
  60. ^ "Nap Lajoie Quits Game".  
  61. ^ a b "Nap Lajoie Could Outguess Hurlers".  
  62. ^ a b c d e Wertheim, L. Jon (September 20, 2010). "The Amazing Race".  
  63. ^ a b Manoloff, Dennis (October 8, 2010). "A century doesn't erase questions surrounding Nap Lajoie's 8-for-8 day".  
  64. ^ Schwarz, Alan (July 31, 2005). "Numbers Are Cast in Bronze, but Are Not Set in Stone".  
  65. ^ Melody, Tom (April 9, 1986). "A Century Of Figures And Facts The Sporting News Is Still Going Strong".  
  66. ^ Vail, James F. (2001). The Road to Cooperstown: A Critical History of Baseball Hall of Fame Selection Process. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 210.  
  67. ^ "Ty Cobb Statistics and History".  
  68. ^ "Nap Lajoie - Induction Speech". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  69. ^ "Three Baseball Greats Selected".  
  70. ^ "1939 Induction Ceremony". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved September 16, 2012. 
  71. ^ McNeil, William F. (2009). All-Stars for All Time: A Sabremetric Ranking of the Major League Best, 1876-2007. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. p. 145.  
  72. ^ "Yanks Failed To Show Much to Nap Lajoie".  
  73. ^ "Nap Lajoie Victim of Pneumonia".  
  74. ^ "Nap Lajoie Laid to Rest".  
  75. ^ "Baseball's 100 Greatest Players". Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  76. ^ "Line-Up for Yesterday by Ogden Nash". Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  77. ^ "1910: The Strangest Batting Race".  
  78. ^ Ty Cobb at the SABR Baseball Biography Project, by Daniel Ginsburg, retrieved September 16, 2012
  79. ^ Gillette, Gary; Spatz, Lyle. "Not Chiseled in Stone: Baseball's Enduring Era and the SABR Era". Retrieved September 16, 2012. 


See also

  • a Major League Baseball has not revised Cobb's batting average, which would then designate Lajoie as the 1910 batting champion. The Sporting News wrote of statistical evidence showing Cobb's 1910 season statistics had been tampered with and he was given two extra base hits but MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn declined to announce Lajoie the winner.[77] Both the Society for American Baseball Research and list Lajoie as having the higher batting average and thus, the batting champion.[48][78][79]


Line-Up for Yesterday

L is for Lajoie
Whom Clevelanders love,
Napoleon himself,
With glue in his glove.

Ogden Nash, Sport magazine (January 1949)[76]

Lajoie is mentioned in the poem "Line-Up for Yesterday" by Ogden Nash:

During spring training before the 1928 season, Lajoie commented on the 1927 New York Yankees. "Of course, you could see a lot of loafing going on but if that club is the greatest of all times, you just know that we had a lot of clubs in my time who were world champions and didn't know it."[72] He died in Daytona Beach, Florida in 1959, at the age of 84 from complications associated with pneumonia.[73][74] He had fallen in the autumn of 1958 and fractured his arm.[2] His wife had died earlier in 1951.[10] In 1999, he ranked number 29 on The Sporting News' list of the "100 Greatest Baseball Players", and was a nominee for the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.[75]

Lajoie ended his career with a lifetime .338 batting average. His career total of 3,242 hits was the second-most in MLB history at the time of his retirement, behind only Honus Wagner's total (3,420). Lajoie's 2,521 hits in the American League was that league's record until Cobb surpassed his mark.[67] He was among the second group of players elected to the Hall of Fame in 1937 and was later inducted on June 12, 1939, when the Hall opened that same year.[68] Lajoie obtained the greatest number of votes as he led induction mates Tris Speaker (165 votes) and Cy Young (153) with 168 votes (83.6 percent of ballots) from the Baseball Writers' Association of America.[69][70] Lajoie led all second basemen in the NL in putouts (1898) and the AL four times in his career (1901, 1903, 1906, and 1908). From 1906–1908 he led the AL in assists (amongst second basemen).[1] He also led the league in double plays six times in his career.[40]:p.339 Baseball historian William McNeil rates Lajoie as the game's greatest second baseman, when combining both offensive and defensive impact.[71] Bill James argues, "In the last 20 years several statistical analysts...have credited Lajoie with immense defensive value...this analysis is incorrect. He was a competent fielder, even a good fielder. He was not a defensive superstar."[41]:p.487

Nap Lajoie's plaque at the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum


"To date, it seems that no one knows for certain who won that 1910 batting title. Total Baseball, which is now the official major-league record, lists both men at .384 in its seasonal section, but its player register has Lajoie at the same number and Cobb at .383—so even the various editors of that source do not, or cannot, agree."[66] Jon Wertheim wrote in Sports Illustrated 100 years after the event, "The statistics for the Detroit players had been crossed out and nullified. Every Detroit player, that is, except one: Ty Cobb. It takes something less than a detective to arrive at the conclusion that at some point Johnson (or someone in the league office, anyway) realized the error and decided to conceal it."[62]

The Sporting News published an article written by Paul MacFarlane in its April 18, 1981, issue where historian Pete Palmer had discovered that while Cobb's September 24 doubleheader was not correctly tabulated (perhaps purposefully) according to the correct date, the second game's statistics were in fact included in the next day's ledger, thus incorrectly recording a second 2-for-3 performance from Cobb which meant Lajoie's average was greater.[62][64][65] Author James Vail wrote in 2001:

Johnson had the matter investigated, and after having Cobb's September 24 doubleheader statistics re-checked, discovered only the first game of Cobb's statistics had been scored, but not the second game, in which he went 2-for-3. This put Cobb's suggested actual batting average at .385, again ahead of Lajoie's. In the end, Johnson ruled that Lajoie's sacrifice bunt should have been recorded as a hit (which would have allowed him to go 9-for-9) but that Cobb's batting average was greater, recording 196 hits in 509 at bats to Lajoie's 227 hits in 591 at bats.[62] Johnson asked Chalmers if his company would award an automobile to each player, to which he agreed. Initially Lajoie refused the car but eventually relented and accepted it.[63] Cobb said, "I am glad that I won an automobile and am especially pleased that Lajoie also gets one. I have no one to criticize. I know the games were on the square and I am greatly pleased to know that the affair has ended so nicely."[31]:p.125 Lajoie said, "I am quite satisfied that I was treated fairly in every way by President Johnson, but I think the scorer at St. Louis made an error in not crediting me with nine hits. However, I am glad that the controversy is over. I have the greatest respect for Cobb as a batter and am glad of his success."[31]:p.125

Lajoie and the Naps faced a doubleheader against the St. Louis Browns in Sportsman's Park, Cleveland's final two games of the season. After a sun-hindered fly ball went for a stand-up triple and another batted ball landed for a cleanly hit single, Lajoie had five subsequent hits – bunt singles dropped in front of rookie third baseman Red Corriden (whose normal position was shortstop), who was playing closer to shallow left field on orders, it has been suggested, of manager Jack O'Connor.[63] In his second at bat of the second game, Lajoie reached base on another bunt but the runner on first base advanced. According to the rules of that time, the hit was scored a sacrifice and thus, Lajoie did not record an official at bat. He finished the doubleheader a perfect 8-for-8 and his batting average increased to .384, .001 greater than Cobb's mark. Although the AL office had not officially announced the results, Lajoie began to receive congratulations from fans and players, including eight of Cobb's Detroit Tigers teammates. Most players in the league preferred Lajoie's personality to that of Cobb's.[31]:p.124 Coach Harry Howell is reported to have said to the game's official scorer, E.V. Parish, "to do well by Lajoie."[62] Howell was reported to have offered a bribe to Parish, which described in Al Stump's biography of Cobb, was a $40 ($978 in current dollar terms) suit. Parish refused the offer and the resulting uproar ended in O'Connor and Howell being banned from the major leagues by AL President Ban Johnson.

The Lajoie-Cobb rivalry reached a peak in 1910, when Hugh Chalmers of the Chalmers Auto Company (a direct predecessor to modern-day Chrysler) promised a Chalmers 30 Roadster to the season's batting champion.[62] The public became fascinated with the daily statistics of Lajoie and Cobb in what became known as the Chalmers Race. Sports bettors, who by this time followed the sport attentively, also followed the daily reports with interest. Cobb took the final two games, a doubleheader, off against the Chicago White Sox, confident that his average was safe and would allow him to win the AL batting title—unless Lajoie had a near-perfect final day. Going into the final game of the season, Cobb's average led Lajoie's, .383 to .376.

"Nap Lajoie reached the milestone later in the summer with even less hoopla, in an age when individual records received little attention from the press and were generally scorned by many players. Players overly worried about their individual stats were often unpopular with teammates. The modesty of Wagner and Lajoie over their achievements contrasted sharply with Cobb's ambition and overriding interest in his individual numbers."[22]:p.132

For the first part of the 20th century, Lajoie and Cobb's statistics rivaled each other like few other players in the American League.[57]:p.10 In 1908, Honus Wagner and Lajoie recorded their 2,000th career hit. Baseball historian David Anderson wrote:

Rivalry with Ty Cobb

Several years after his retirement, a story in The Milwaukee Sentinel talked of Lajoie's ability to "outguess any pitcher." Lajoie faced pitcher Red Donahue, who avoided pitching fastballs to Lajoie after seeing him go 4-for-4 against a fellow pitching mate. Donahue instead made pitches on the outside corner, to which Lajoie reached over "and hit them with ease."[61] Donahue then proceeded to aim a pitch at Lajoie's head and he proceeded to hit a home run. "That's the kind I eat," he said.[61]

In 1917, Lajoie joined the Toronto Maple Leafs of the International League as manager. At the age of 42, Lajoie won the league's batting title with batting average of .380. He appeared in 151 of 156 games and for the first time in his career, played on a team that won a pennant.[21]:p.100 He later was signed by the Brooklyn Dodgers for $3,000 ($47,038 in current dollar terms) in March 1918 but the contract was annulled by the Commissioner's office and made a free agent to which Lajoie was "well pleased".[58][59] Later that same year he joined the Indianapolis Indians of the American Association as player-manager. He helped lead the team to a third-place finish but the season was impacted due to the U.S.'s involvement in World War I. Lajoie made his services available to the draft board but they rejected his offer.[9]:p.43 On December 27, 1918, Lajoie announced his retirement from baseball.[21]:p.101[60]

Minor leagues and retirement

The following season, 1915, Lajoie returned to the Athletics when Mack signed him to a contract.[14] In his first season back with the Athletics, he finished with a .280 batting average but the team ended the season in last place with a 43–109 record.[1][54] The 1916 season would be Lajoie's last in the majors. In his final major league game, he hit a triple to help Athletics pitcher Joe Bush win his no-hitter.[21]:p.100 Lajoie, aged 41 years, played in 113 games and finished with a .246 average.[1] Philadelphia's season record was worse than the previous season's franchise-low record, and finished in last place again with a 36–117 record.[55] The Athletics' winning percentage (.235) is the franchise's worst winning percentage (through 2012 season).[56][57]:p.105

Philadelphia Athletics

Only two other major league players had attained 3,000 career hits until Lajoie hit a double on September 27, 1914, and so joined Cap Anson and Honus Wagner in the 3,000 hit club.[3]:p.77[14] Lajoie recorded the hit off Yankees pitcher Marty McHale in a 5–3 Naps win.[5]:p.22[52] His .258 batting average for the season, however, was the lowest since he had joined the majors in 1896.[1] The Naps finished in last place in the American League standings with a 51–102 record, their worst record since joining the league and the franchise's lowest winning percentage (.333).[53] Lajoie requested that Somers trade him and the club obliged, selling Lajoie to the Athletics for the waiver price and in so doing, Lajoie returned to Philadelphia.[5]:p.22[39]:p.74

Lajoie's dissatisfaction with the Naps' play worsened. "You can't win in the major leagues unless you have players who know the game. We don't have time to teach and train youngsters up here. Our job is to win pennants, not run schools," he said.[39]:p.65 Franklin Lewis, sports writer and author, wrote "Lajoie, in spite of his marvelous fielding and tremendous batting, was not exactly a darling of the grandstand as a manager."[39]:p.52 Lajoie recommended to Somers on August 17, 1909, he find the team a new manager, although he wanted to remain on the club as a player. Somers responded to Lajoie by giving him more time to finalize his decision but when Lajoie came back days later and announced the same decision, Somers acted quickly to find a replacement. Lajoie later described the decision to take on the added duties as a player-manager as the biggest mistake of his career as he felt it negatively affected his play.[10] The highest-paid player in the league, he also offered a $10,000 ($262,481 in current dollar terms) reduction in salary. Somers promoted Naps coach Deacon "Jim" McGuire to manager.[5]:p.17 The team finished 71–82 while Lajoie's .324 average was third in the AL and 33 doubles second.[46] The Naps finished 1910 71–81 but Lajoie had one of his better seasons statistically as he led the majors with a .384 average[a] and 227 hits, both categories bettered only in Lajoie's 1901 campaign.[47][48] His 51 doubles, a career-high, and 304 total bases led the majors, the fourth and final time in his career he would lead the majors in the latter category.[1] Lajoie missed significant parts of back-to-back seasons, the first in 1911 when he appeared in just 90 games.[1][49] Stovall, the former Naps first baseman, replaced McGuire as the club's manager and the Naps finished 80–73.[5]:p.19 Lajoie was forced to sit out six weeks of the 1912 season when he sprained his back in May during a practice session in Chicago.[50] He played in 117 games on the season, an increase of the 90 he played in one season before, but Cleveland, who had hired Joe Birmingham as the team's fifth manager since Lajoie gave up the role in 1909, finished 75–78.[1][5]:p.19 Lajoie and Joe Jackson tied for the team lead with 90 RBIs.[5]:p.20 He finished fourth in the AL with a .368 batting average.[51] In 1913, Birmingham and Lajoie had arguments in the open, including one incident in June when Lajoie cursed Birmingham openly to reporters after being benched during a batting slump.[5]:p.20 Lajoie hit .335 on the year, the last time he would hit over .300 in his career.[1]

Lajoie finished the season tied for third-most in hits (168) while Cobb's batting average, slugging and on-base percentages, and hit total led the American League.[45] Baseball historians have suggested the managerial duties Lajoie took on impacted his offensive numbers.[22]:p.42

"Clarke...was newly married and asked Lajoie for a day off so that he could go home. Lajoie refused. Clarke sulked and walked over to warm up pitcher Addie Joss. On the first pitch, he stuck out a finger and the ball broke it cleanly. With blood streaming from his hand, Clarke waved it defiantly in front of Lajoie. "Now can I go home?" asked Clarke. He was out five weeks, and Cleveland lost the pennant to Detroit by half a game."[21]:p.98–99

In June of the 1907 season, Lajoie's .296 average, "an average even now that scores of players would be glad to accept,"[44] put him at risk for hitting below .300 for the first time in his career. He also missed 15 games due to a recurrence of sepsis which he contracted during the 1905 season.[5]:p.15 Lajoie and Naps first baseman [15]:p.57[21]:p.98 He finished the season with an average of .299.[1] Naps owner Charles Somers received a trade offer from the Detroit Tigers for the Naps' Elmer Flick and Tigers' Ty Cobb. Tigers manager Hughie Jennings called Somers and told him he was offering the trade because Cobb was not getting along with several teammates. Somers decided to retain Flick, saying, "We'll keep Flick. Maybe he isn't as good a batter as Cobb, but he's much nicer to have on the team."[5]:p.16 The Naps finished the regular season in second place to the Tigers with a 90–64 record, a half-game behind the Tigers (who finished 90–63 and were not forced to make-up a rained out game in accordance with league rules).[5]:p.16 Lajoie was partly blamed for the Naps' second-place finish. Author Fred McMane described an instance during the season between Naps catcher Nig Clarke and Lajoie.

:p.41[9] In 1906 he married Myrtle Smith and the couple moved to a small farm outside Cleveland.[43] Lajoie finished second in the AL to [42][1] Lajoie led the majors in 1906 in hits (214) and doubles (48) and the Naps finished third in the AL again with a winning record, 89–64.

"Nap Lajoie was not only the team's superstar, after 1905 he was also the manager. He was more than that—hell, the team was actually called the "Naps" in his honor, as if Lajoie was the team. If Lajoie was in the habit of covering second base every play, the shortstop certainly wasn't going to tell him not to."[41]:p.489

Lajoie contracted sepsis from an untreated spike injury after a game in July 1905.[31]:p.63 Dye from Lajoie's stockings entered his bloodstream and led to blood poisoning.[39]:p.48 (A rule was put into place requiring white socks to be worn underneath a player's colored socks.)[40]:p.339 The injury worsened and Lajoie eventually came to games in a wheelchair. Amputation of the affected leg was also discussed.[20]:p.32 The injury and illness kept Lajoie out until August 28 when he began play again and returned as the team's first baseman. Before the season was over he also sustained an injury to his ankle from a foul tip during an at bat and missed the remainder of the season (he continued to manage from the bench).[5]:p.14 He finished the season having only appeared in 65 games (a career-low, other than his rookie season when he was not called up until well after the season had begun).[1] The Naps finished with a 76–78 record.[35] Baseball historian Bill James wrote of Lajoie's higher-than-normal career putout total and importance to Cleveland:

During the 1904, Lajoie received a suspension after he spat tobacco juice in an umpire's eye.[9]:p.41 He later informally replaced Bill Armour as the team's manager (Armour submitted his resignation on September 9 but as team captain, Lajoie had already been acting as the Naps' field manager). After the season had concluded, Lajoie was officially named manager.[5]:p.14 He still managed to lead the majors with a .376 batting average as he recorded his second consecutive league batting title.[1] He also led the majors in hits (208), doubles (49), RBIs (102) and slugging percentage (.546).[1] Lajoie forbade card playing and gambling from his players during the regular season.[22]:p.107 As a manager, Lajoie was also described as "much too lenient with his players."[21]:p.98

For the remainder of 1902 and most of 1903, Lajoie and Flick traveled separately from the rest of the team, needing to avoid entering Pennsylvania so as to avoid a subpoena (the only team they could legally play with inside state limits was the Phillies). When the Naps went to play in Philadelphia, Lajoie and Bernhard would go to nearby Atlantic City to help pass the time.[31]:p.36 The issue was finally resolved when the leagues made peace through the National Agreement in September 1903 (which also brought the formation of the World Series).[5]:p.13[9]:p.40 To begin the 1903 season, the club changed its name from the Bronchos to the Naps in honor of Lajoie after a readers' poll result was released by the Cleveland Press.[5]:p.13 (The team was officially the Blues in their inaugural AL season but changed to the Bronchos for the 1902 season.)[35] The Bronchos finished the season 77–63 and Lajoie finished his first full season with the club again the AL's batting champion with a .344 average.[35] He also led the league in slugging percentage (.518), finished second in doubles (41), third in RBIs (93) and tied for fifth in home runs (7).[38] In the off-season he contracted pleurisy.[10]

Lajoie, nicknamed "The Frenchman" and considered baseball's most famous player at the time, arrived in Cleveland on June 4 and his play was immediately met with approval from fans.[9]:p.41[15]:p.55[24]:p.17 The Bronchos drew 10,000 fans to League Park in Lajoie's first game.[5]:p.12[10] The Bronchos' record at the time Lajoie and fellow Athletics teammate, Bill Bernhard, joined was 11–24 and improved to 12–24 after the team's inaugural game with their new players, a 4–3 win over the Boston Americans.[5]:p.13[33] The team went on to finish 69–67, fifth in the AL, for the franchise's first winning record since the AL began as a league.[34][35] After his first season with the Bronchos, Lajoie's .378 average led all AL players.[36] New York Giants manager, John McGraw, was rumored to want to sign Lajoie but Lajoie stated his intentions when he said "...for I intend to stick to Cleveland."[37]

Cleveland Bronchos/Naps

In April 1902, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania overruled an earlier decision by the Court of Common Pleas and upheld the reserve clause in contracts between players and NL clubs. President of the Chicago National League Club Jim Hart said the state Supreme Court's decision had dealt "a fatal blow to the rival league" and NL clubs "have won a great victory."[26] The Phillies' Rogers obtained an injunction barring Lajoie from playing baseball for any team other than his team.[27] However, a lawyer discovered the injunction was only enforceable in the state of Pennsylvania. The courts ruled the reserve clause was not valid for players who signed with an AL team.[28] Mack responded by trading Lajoie and Bill Bernhard to the then-moribund Cleveland Bronchos, whose owner, Charles Somers, had provided considerable financial assistance to the A's in the early years.[29][30][31]:p.36 Lajoie was also pursued by Charles Comiskey, owner of the Chicago White Sox.[32]

Lajoie c. 1908

[25] Author Robert Kelly writes: "The .422 batting average of Lajoie still stands as an AL record. To some degree, however, it is tainted. The 1901 season was the first for the AL and the level of competition was presumably evolving. Such questions, however, in no way cast doubt on the extraordinary batting ability of the second baseman."[7] Mack said of Lajoie, "He plays so naturally and so easily it looks like lack of effort.":p.341[24][1] (350). His 125 RBIs led the AL and his 14 home runs were a career-best and his 48 doubles are a Philadelphia Athletics' bases (.643), and slugging percentage (.463) and on-base For the 1901 season, Lajoie led the majors in doubles (48), and led the majors in hits (232), batting average (.426), runs (145), :p.179[11] in 1881.Abner Dalrymple with the bases loaded in an 11–7 game after intentionally walked, Lajoie became the second Major Leaguer to be Clark Griffith' Chicago White Sox That same year in a game against the [23]

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