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Narasapuram, West Godavari

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Narasapuram, West Godavari

Narasapuram
నరసాపురం
Town
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Sunrise at Valandhar revu near Narsapur
Narasapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Narasapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates:
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District West Godavari
Named for Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy[1]
Talukas Narasapuram
Government
 • Type Municipal council
 • Body Municipality
Area
 • Total 11.72 km2 (4.53 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 2 m (7 ft)
Population [3]
 • Total 58,770
 • Density 5,000/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 534275
Telephone code +91-8814
Vehicle registration AP-37

Narasapuram (or Narasapur) is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] It is a municipality, mandal headquarters of Narasapuram mandal and also the divisional headquarters of Narasapuram revenue division.[5] The town is situated on the banks of the Vasista Godavari River.[6][7] The city exports Lace as the lace industry is more prevalent in the city and its surroundings.[8][9]

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Administration and politics 5
    • Politics 5.1
  • Economy 6
  • Culture 7
  • Tourism 8
  • Higher Education 9
  • Transport 10
    • Railways 10.1
    • Roadways 10.2
    • Waterways 10.3
  • See also 11
  • References 12

Etymology

Narsapur was also known as "Nrusimhapuri". Which indicates Lord Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy,and this town named after the Lord Narasimha Swamy. First it was called as ‘Nrusimhapuram’, gradually it changed into Narasimhapuram, now it is called Narasapuram.

History

The existence of Narsapur dates back to 1173 A.D. Dutch people landed in Narsapur in 1626. Narsapur used as a port by the Dutch and ships and boats were built here. It was noted for its ship building activity and some of the Europeans also were customers at this place. Even, though big ships are not built, the craft is still kept up here by building small boats. In 16th century, Portuguese established their own factory which remained as a trading centre for few years. In the 18th century,Narsapur became an important trading port. From this port, the forest production like teak was exported to other regions. The ports at Kakinada and Narsapuram became famous for manufacturing ships. At present there is no port handling at Narsapur.Madhavayapalem is celebrated as one of the earliest places where the English established a factory and was famous for its trade in cloth. The trade of town has steadily declined since the abolition of the company's factory in 1827. Before independence, British civilians made imports and exports from Narsapur. They built offices for work the sites of the old buildings have been carried away by successive encroachments of the river, which makes a very considerable bend opposite the town.[10]

Geography

Narasapur is located in North latitude of 16°27'N and East longitudes of 81°44'E and is located on the right bank of Vasista Godavari River.[5] River Godavari empties into Bay of Bengal near Antarvedi, at 9.6 km from Narasapur. An oppressive summer season and good seasonal rainfall characterizes the climate and the air is humid throughout the year.

Demographics

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 58,770. The total population constitute, 28,796 males and 29,974 females –a sex ratio of 961 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 29,974 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,665 are boys and 2,456 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 86.24% with 46,266 literates, significantly higher than the district average of 73.00%.[3][11]

Administration and politics

Politics

Narasapuram is represented by Narasapuram (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Under Narasapuram mandal, the town falls in Narasapuram (Lok Sabha constituency). Bandaru Madhava Naidu is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[12]

Economy

There are many industries in and around the town such as International Lace Trade Centre (ILTC),[13] Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India(ONGC),[14] Central Industrial Security Force (CISF),[15] Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI),[16] PanGodavari (Handicrafts),[17] Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme (CHCDS), AWS(Automatic Weather Station) installed and commissioned by IMD.[18] As a ‘gold spot’, it draws customers from West and East Godavari districts. The town is a major trade centre for prawns,dry fish and coconut.[19]

In Andhra Pradesh, Narsapur (West Godavari), is a strong quarter for renowned and intricate handmade crocheted lace-work. The simple maidens at Narsapur have evolved abundant numbers of elegant and elaborate designs to seamless perfection.The turnover of the Narsapur lace cluster in 2007-08 was INR 60 crores through exports alone. More than 80% of this artwork is exported to USA, Europe and Japan. Major domestic markets include Mumbai, Delhi, Colcatta and Tirupur.[20]

Culture

  • Sri Kapila Malleswara Swamy Temple is believed to have been constructed between 11th and 12th century. The place is also known as 'Gopada Kshetra'.The ashram of Sage "Kapila" was located at the spot where the current temple stands.The Shivling was established by the Sage Kapila. Once a cowherd noticed one of his cow shedding milk involuntarily on a particular spot daily. On inquiry the cowherd discovered the Shivling.The cow that used to shed milk was brown in color. As brown is known as Kapila in Sanskrit, hence the name Kapila Malleswara Swamy for the temple.[21]
  • Sri AdiKesava Emberumaanar Swamy Temple is a famous temple in Narsapur.It is one of the famous Sri Vaishnava temples in India.It was Constructed nearly 300 Years back by Sri Prasannagresara Puppala Ramanappa Naidu,a translator working for the British East India Company, to fulfill his acharya U.Ve Sriman Eunni Ramanujacharya swamy‘s desire. This is the image temple of SriPerumbudur Temple which is famous as avatara Sthala of Saint Ramanuja, the great philosopher of Vaishnavism. This temple follows Sri Perumbudur temple tradition. This is only one of its kinds in Andhra Pradesh.The temple history tells that if the vampires will take a dip in that swamy Pushkarini, they destroy all their curses that’s why we called that the place as Abhinava Bhoothapuri. U.Ve Sriman Kidambi GopalaKrishnamacharya Swamy wrote in his Kavyas about the main Utsavas of the temple.[22]
  • Christ Lutheran Church is a huge congregation lying in the Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church and is also a member church belonging to West Godavari synod.The corner stone was set up in the year of 1923 by Fr. Heyer and Fr. Barger. The Christ Lutheran Church started functioning in the year 1929.Christ Lutheran Church is regarded as a milestone in the town. It is a nice structure of the brick. It was constructed in the style of gothic architecture along with a brick exterior. Its bell tower goes to an amazing altitude and accommodates a bell, which yields a very good tone. Its bell was made in Watervliet lying in New York by the Meneely Bell Foundry and was known to have been one of the best bells of the church ever sold from this foundry. This church also consists of a magnificent stained glass for altar.[23]

Tourism

Godavari Pushkaram is celebrated every 12 years in Narasapuram to take a holy dip in the Vasista Godavari River.[24] This river is said to have been brought in by the famous Maharishi Vashishtha- one of the seven great sages of the Hindu Mythology.The place draws people from the world over throughout the year owing to its unique rarity: the merging of the mighty Bay of Bengal and Vasista River, which is a tributary of the River Godavari.The place of confluence where the mighty ocean and the river is called the "Sapta Sagara Sangam Pradesam".It is also known as the "Anna Chelli Gattu".[25] The Perupalem Beach[26] is located at a distance of 20 kilometers from the town.The Perupalem Beach is however the crowning glory of the town.[27]

Higher Education

Taylor High School is one of the major landmarks in Narsapuram showcasing the Dutch and the British buildings. The high school was founded by British Educationist and local Revenue Officer H. Taylor in 1852, and was later named after him.[28] The ‘manyam veerudu’ (jungle hero) Alluri Sitarama Raju had his schooling in this institution before he led the Rampa rebellion against the British.[29] Chilakamarti Lakshmi Narasimham, a freedom fighter and a noted Telugu litterateur also attended the school.[30]

Swarnandhra College of Engineering and Technology (Autonomous) was established in the year 2001 at Seetharamapuram,Narsapur.This college is Permanently Affiliated to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada.[31] Sri Yerramilli Narayanamurthy college was established in the year 1949 in Narsapur Town of west Godavari on the banks of river Godavari.It attained the status of the full-fledged college in 1956 and has been elevated to Post-Graduate level in the year 1989-90.This college was founded in the year 1949 as "THE NARSAPUR COLLEGE" BY SriYerramilli Narayanamurthy, an eminent Advocate and educationalist to cater the needs and to improve the facility of collegiate education in the Godavari Districts.[32]

Transport

Railways

Narsapur is the Terminal(end) station in west godavari district. The town is well connected to Hyderabad. It is the terminal station in the Vijayawada  – Bhimavaram  – Narsapuram sections of Vijayawada railway division. The depot at Narsapuram undertakes primary maintenance and repairs of 08 express and 09 passenger trains.[33] It is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[34]

Roadways

APSRTC, the state owned public transport service operated from Narsapur Bus depot to major cities and towns and even to smaller villages. National Highway 216 starting at Narsapuram and terminating at NH 5 near Ongole reduces the travel time on the coastal corridor between Kolkata  – Chennai route.

Waterways

Narasapur Port (proposed to be developed as minor Port), Fishing harbor and ONGC Jetty.[35] Narsapur is well connected with EastGodavari through ferry along the river Godavari.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://areaprofiler.gov.in/aboutUsIntgeratedPES.do?stateCode=28&lbCode=6063&languageId=1
  2. ^ "Elevation for Narasapuram". Veloroutes. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 5 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department - AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 9. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 460, 470. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Nagaraja, G (10 October 2012). "Narsapur civic body set to get a voice". The Hindu (Narsapur). Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Edgar Thurston (2011). The Madras Presidency with Mysore, Coorg and the Associated States (reissue ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 25.  
  8. ^ "Handicraft exports jump 44 p.c. in November". The Hindu (New Delhi). 27 December 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  9. ^ http://gdwlace.com/lace/
  10. ^ http://www.godavarimahapushkaram2015.org/about-narasapuram/history/
  11. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "AP Legislature MLAs". AP State Portal. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "International lace trade centre to be set up at Narsapuram in AP". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 2015-10-11. 
  14. ^ "ONGC". godavarimahapushkaram2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  15. ^ "CISF". Cntral Industrial Security Force. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  16. ^ "CMFRI". Central Marine Fisheries Institute. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "Pangodavari". pangodavari. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "List of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS)" (PDF).  
  19. ^ http://www.godavarimahapushkaram2015.org/about-narasapuram/
  20. ^ http://www.pangodavari.com/history.html/
  21. ^ "Sri Kapila Malleswara Swamy Temple at Naraspur in Andhra Pradesh ~ Hindu Blog". www.hindu-blog.com. https://plus.google.com/b/109887203735821345748/. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  22. ^ http://antaryami.net/darpanam/2013/04/22/sri-adikesava-perumal-brahmotsavams-narsapur/
  23. ^ http://www.indiamapped.com/churches-in-india/christ-lutheran-church-narsapur/
  24. ^ Hyland, Paul (1994). Indian balm : travels amongst fakirs and firewarriors. London: TPP. p. 52.  
  25. ^ http://aptdc.gov.in/blog/history-of-antarvedi/
  26. ^ http://www.coastaltourism.in/perupalem-beach/
  27. ^ http://www.indiatemplesinfo.com/india/category/travel/tourist-places-in-south-india/andhra-pradesh-tourism/
  28. ^ "A major landmark fallen on bad days". The Hindu. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  29. ^ "Alluri Sita Rama Raju Biography". Baynews. Retrieved 24 April 2015. 
  30. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/a-major-landmark-fallen-on-bad-days/article5965002.ece
  31. ^ "Swarnandhra College of Engineering & Technology - Home". www.swarnandhra.ac.in. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  32. ^ "About us | Shri YN Collage". www.sriyncollege.org. Retrieved 2015-10-13. 
  33. ^ "South Central Railway". Scr.indianrailways.gov.in. Retrieved 2013-12-29. 
  34. ^ "Divisional info" (PDF).  
  35. ^ http://www.apports.in/in/content/view/47/66/
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