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Narashino

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Narashino

Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan
習志野市
City
Area around JR Tsudanuma Station
Area around JR Tsudanuma Station
Flag of Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan
Flag
Official seal of Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan
Seal
Location of Narashino in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Narashino in Chiba Prefecture
Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan is located in Japan
Narashino-shi, Chiba, Japan
 
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Taisuke Miyamoto (since May 2011)
Area
 • Total 20.99 km2 (8.10 sq mi)
Population (April 1, 2012)
 • Total 165,164
 • Density 7,870/km2 (20,400/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Acacia
- Flower Hydrangea
Phone number 047-451-1151
Address 1-1 Saginuma, Narashino-shi, Chiba-ken
275-8601
Website City of Narashino

Narashino (習志野市 Narashino-shi) is a city located in northern Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

As of February 2011, the city has an estimated population of 165,164 and a population density of 7,870 persons per km². The total area is 20.99 km².[1][2]

Contents

  • Geography 1
    • Surrounding municipalities 1.1
  • History 2
  • Economy 3
  • Transportation 4
    • Railways 4.1
    • Highways 4.2
  • Education 5
  • Local attractions 6
  • Notable places 7
  • Sister city relations 8
  • Noted people from Narashino 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Geography

Narashino is located in far northwestern Chiba Prefecture, bordered by Tokyo Bay to the southwest.[3] The city is located on the Shimōsa Plateau and reclaimed land fill on Tokyo Bay.[2]

Surrounding municipalities

History

The area around Narashino has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Archaeologists have found shell middens and numerous other remains from Jomon period, as well as burial tumuli from the Kofun period. However, for most of its history, the area was a sparsely populated wetland and swamp along the northern shore of Edo Bay.

After the Meiji Restoration, Tsudanuma (津田沼村 Tsudanuma-mura) was founded within Chiba District on April 1, 1889 on the merger of five small hamlets with a total population of 4500 people. The area only began to develop with the coming of the railway, and Tsudanuma was raised to town status on March 3, 1903, with a population of 6,000.

The Narashino area of Tsudanuma was used for cavalry maneuvers by the Imperial Guard and the early Imperial Japanese Army, and was visited by the Meiji Emperor early in the Meiji period (1868 – 1912).[4][2] A prisoner of war camp was built in 1904 to house POWs from the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 and World War I. The Imperial Japanese Army Narashino School was the main training school for cavalry, and later for tank warfare.[1]

On August 1, 1954, Tsudanuma merged with a portion of the neighboring city of Chiba (the former town of Makuhari) to form the new city of Narashino. [4]

Economy

Narashino is a regional commercial center and a bedroom community for nearby Chiba and Tokyo. The coastal area, mostly on reclaimed land is part of the Keiyō Industrial Zone and is home to much heavy industry, especially related to chemical processing.

Transportation

Railways

Highways

Education

Local attractions

Notable places

  • Yatsu-higata (谷津干潟), a Ramsar Site and protected wetlands for migratory birds. The spring and summer months see an increase of jellyfish and small crabs to the wetlands.[3]
  • Yatsu Bara-en (谷津バラ園), a rose garden which displays over 6000 individual blossoms in May and October. The garden was founded with Yatsu Yūen (谷津遊園), an amusement park which was managed by Keisei Electric Railway and closed in 1982. When the park was closed, the city bought the garden, and has managed it since that time.

Sister city relations

Noted people from Narashino

References

  1. ^ a b "Narashino". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012.  
  2. ^ a b c "習志野(市)" [Narashino]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012.  
  3. ^ a b "習志野" [Narashino]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012.  
  4. ^ a b "習志野" [Narashino]. Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012.  
  5. ^ "Interactive City Directory".  

External links

  • Narashino City official website (Japanese)
  • Narashino City official website (English)
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